Scientific name - Cleome spinosa L.
Popular names - spider flower.
Distribution and Habitat - native to South America.
Description - herbaceous annual. Stem herbaceous, simple, viscid-pubescent, 1 m high. Leaves alternate, petiolate, palmate-compound. Petiole 10-15 cm long, glandular and pubescent. Folio 5-7, onblong-anceolate to elliptic, top acute - acuminata, the conical, 15 cm long, margin entire, glandular-pubescent on the upper surface and slightly pubescent on the underside. Raceme blossom, dense, compact, terminal. Pedicel 5 cm long, glandular pubescent. Bracts foliacee, cordiform ovata, with thorns at the base. Corola 4 petals, pink-red, 3 cm long, elliptic, glabra. Spurs 7 mm long. 6 stamens erect. Ovary green, 4 mm long, glabru. Sepa 4, attenuated, glandular-pubescent. Blooms in May-June. Fruit Silicwill, 3-5 cm long, glabru.
Requirements - well-drained soil in full sun.
Propagation - by seeds, directly into garden soil, spring or in August. Germinate in 10-12 days. Distance between plants 45-60 cm.
Natural partners and Garden - Ageratum houstonianum, Antirrhinum majus, Argyranthemum frutescens, Celosia elegans, Gladiolus callianthus, Monarda didyma, Nicotiana sylvestris, Salvia farinacea, Salvia guarantiaca, Tagetes sp., Verbena bonariensis, Zinnia elegans.
Ajuga chamaepitys - herbaceous annual Euro-Mediterranean, grows around the Mediterranean, in warm and dry, up to 1500 m altitude.
Impatiens balsamina - a species herbaceous annual, native to China and India. cultivated as ornamental plants in parks and gardens. It can be grown as potted plants, but watered regularly.
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.
Perennial herbaceous, stem 7-40 cm high. Caulinare different from the basal leaves, the basal are lobate, and those are areas caulinare. Flower 3-5 cm diameter, white, yellow or red; 3.5 sepa obsolete; 5 or more petals, stamens numerous. Fruit achenes, top acuminata recurbat, 4,5-5,6 x 3,0-3,7 mm, brown doll. 2n = 16.
Evergreen shrub, 1.2 m high. Strain with 4 edges. Leaves opposite, membranous, soft, dark green upper side and reddish on the underside, nervatiune obvious, limb oblong-lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, base cuneata, 8-12 x 20-30 cm. Cime axillary inflorescences. Calyx with 4 SEPA.
Tussilago windbag - coltsfoot
From the Latin Tussilago tussis = cough on the plant's medicinal properties, windbag is the old name of poplar because of similarities between these species leaves.
Windbag Tussilago Tussilago is the only species of the genus.
Dioscorides, used potbal leaves as a substitute for tobacco, and to treat cough and asthma.
Bush single, thorny, 2-4 m high. Branches long, arched, with many thorns collected 3; in young yellow, then brown, yellow-gray in old age. Yellow Wood. Leaves simple, outdated, short stalks; oblung language, dark green, glossy on top, the more open on the underside, edge finely toothed, are inserted into the beam to ascela thorns.
Bush deciduu, wood. Iregulata crown, branches couples glabra, 4-5 m high. Leaves alternate, simple, rough, 12 x 2-4 cm long, the upper part at first is tomentoasa then becomes glabra, opaque green, the underside is silver viloasa easy.