Scientific name - Cleome spinosa L.
Popular names - spider flower.
Distribution and Habitat - native to South America.
Description - herbaceous annual. Stem herbaceous, simple, viscid-pubescent, 1 m high. Leaves alternate, petiolate, palmate-compound. Petiole 10-15 cm long, glandular and pubescent. Folio 5-7, onblong-anceolate to elliptic, top acute - acuminata, the conical, 15 cm long, margin entire, glandular-pubescent on the upper surface and slightly pubescent on the underside. Raceme blossom, dense, compact, terminal. Pedicel 5 cm long, glandular pubescent. Bracts foliacee, cordiform ovata, with thorns at the base. Corola 4 petals, pink-red, 3 cm long, elliptic, glabra. Spurs 7 mm long. 6 stamens erect. Ovary green, 4 mm long, glabru. Sepa 4, attenuated, glandular-pubescent. Blooms in May-June. Fruit Silicwill, 3-5 cm long, glabru.
Requirements - well-drained soil in full sun.
Propagation - by seeds, directly into garden soil, spring or in August. Germinate in 10-12 days. Distance between plants 45-60 cm.
Natural partners and Garden - Ageratum houstonianum, Antirrhinum majus, Argyranthemum frutescens, Celosia elegans, Gladiolus callianthus, Monarda didyma, Nicotiana sylvestris, Salvia farinacea, Salvia guarantiaca, Tagetes sp., Verbena bonariensis, Zinnia elegans.
Arabis turrita - herbaceous annual native to Europe, growing on limestone cliffs, rocky coasts, in the bushes in the plain region until mountain floor.
Scrophularia nodosa - perennial species, grows in wet forests, rape and besides water, from 0-1800 m altitude.
Stachys officinalis - a species native to Europe and the Caucasus, grass grows on soils, pastures arid and mountainous deciduous paduride collinear, from 0 to 1800 m altitude.
Impatiens parviflora - species herbaceous annual. Hailing from northeast Asia, Europe grow in the forests of beech, river edges, from 500 to 1200 m altitude.
Portulaca grandiflora - annual species, succulent, native to Brazil. Can be used in parks and gardens as ornamental species for borders or pots on terraces species for sunny.
Dasiphora fruticosa - deciduu shrub, native of Asia, grows on wet soils and wet rocks.
Sinningia speciosa Nees - Gloxinia
Actinotus periculosus (Apiaceae), new perennial species in Australia