Scientific name - Cocos nucifera
Popular names - English: coconut, coconut palm, Palau: IRU, New Guinea: Niu, Portuguese: coco da Bahia, coco da India, Romanian: coconut; Spanish: cocotero, Palma de coco, German: Kokospalme, Philippines - niyog, Russian : Kokos, China: Yeh Tzu.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from the coasts of South Asia (Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines) and Melanesia.
Description - Palm mono, with one strain. Trunk erect, gray, 20 m high and 50 cm in diameter. Paripenat-leaves are compound, folio 200-250 pairs of linear-lanceolata. 4,5-5,5 m long Frondele and stalks are covered quarter length. Foliolele have 1,5-5 cm wide. Ribbed rachides may be green or bronze. About 12-18 leaves per year increase in November. Flowers arranged in blossom typespadix. Spadix's axis is 1-1.5 m long by 40-60 arms. Periantul composed of male flowers have 6 tepale, 3.2 x 3.5 mm, unequal, nested, triangulation, 6 stamens. Female flowers are global periantului elements arranged on two rows, 30 mm diameter, ovary tricarpelar. Periantul persist in the mature fruit. Fruit drupe, epicarp smooth endocarp 2-5 mm thick, fibrous mezocarp ellipsoidal, 3 angles, green, brown, orange or yellow, 850-3700 g at maturity. The seeds are dark brown, usually is a single seed. n = 16. Per year produces about 50-80 fruit.
Requirements - Minimum temperature 4.12 ° C, maximum temperature 28-37 ° C, atmospheric humidity of 85%. Tolerate temperatures of 0 ° C, alkaline soil pH above 8 and acidic soils of pH 4-5 or higher. Ideal pH is between 5,5-7. Prefers light soils and exhibitions sunny. Fertilization to 2 weeks.
Diseases and pests - Lepidoptera, defoliation of Cocosului. Psychidae species, Gelechioidea, and consume only Zygaenidae superficial tissues, causing necrotic areas on the underside of leaves.
Natural partners and Garden
Cultivars and varieties - 'Ceylon Tall', 'Indian Tall', 'Jamaica Tall'.
Properties and Uses - Coconut oil is used in cosmetics for skin ingirjirea. Water from ripe seeds are diuretic. Immature core is laxative. The liquid inside the seeds is used as a beverage. The oil extracted from the seed core is used for cooking, margarine, ice cream.
100 g coconut contains: 346 calories, 3.5 g protein, 35 g fat, 9.4 g carbohydrate, 4 g fiber, 13 mg calcium, 95 mg phosphorus, 1.7 mg iron, 23 mg sodium, 256 mg potassium.
100 g coconut milk contains: 22 calories, 0.3 protein, 0.2 fat, 4.7 carbs, 20 mg step, 13 mg phosphorus, 25 mg sodium, 147 mg potassium.
Where can adapt to climate conditions can be used as ornamental trees for alignment. Have removed the dried leaves and inflorescences to not cause damage.
Cocos sp. resembles very much Syagrus sp., Cocos nucifera differentiate themselves through very large female flowers tepale round fruit with mezocarp fiber, and endosperm in the central cavity partially filled with fluid.
Babasaheb B. Desai - Seeds Handbook - CRC, 2004
Beatrice H. Krauss, Martha Noyes - Plants in Hawaiian Medicine - Bess Press, 2001
David Pimentel - Encyclopedia of Pest Management - CRC, 2007
David W. Nellis - Seashore Plants of South Florida and the Caribbean - Pineapple Press, 1994
Frederic Rosengarten Jr. - The Book of Edible Nuts - Dover Publications, 2004
Gil Nelson - The Tree of Florida - Pineapple Press, 1998
James A. Duke - Handbook of Nuts - CRC, 2000
Trees and shrubs
Evergreen shrub, 1.2 m high. Strain with 4 edges. Leaves opposite, membranous, soft, dark green upper side and reddish on the underside, nervatiune obvious, limb oblong-lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, base cuneata, 8-12 x 20-30 cm. Cime axillary inflorescences. Calyx with 4 SEPA.
Wisteria sinensis - Chinese wisteria
Wisteria sinensis - is considered invasive in some places around the globe. In most cases become established in places where it is cultivated ornamental.
Where there is danger of becoming glycineinvasive is better to be replaced with Aristolochia macrophylla, Bignonoa capreolata, Campsis radicand, Lonicera sempervirens, Wisteria frutescens.
Mutisia subspinosa Cav.
Undergrowth voluble, 2-3 m long. Strain poorly ramified, glabra, wavy, yellow-green, 3-wing, green wing, needle-spin, axillary buds are white tomentosi. Leaves alternate, Sesia, language hasta, 8-10 x 0.6-1.3 cm, green, toothed margins, 10-14 pairs of teeth mucronata, long-attenuated peak and ended with a Carcel
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita
Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.
Rosa gallia L.
Bush, 100-150 cm tall, robust system radically, lignificat produces underground runners. The stems are green, with red points. Leaves imparipenate; 3.7 Folio, oval or elliptical, or short stalks Sesi, evening edge, glabra upper surface and glossy, the lower part is lighter and has many glandular hairs
Lilium bulbiferum - bulbous species, native to Europe, growing in mountain and submontane grasslands and forests from 500-2200 m altitude. Cultivated as ornamental species on all continents.
Galanthus nivalis L.
Bulbous perennial species with herbaceous matter, erect, bulb ovoid, dark brown tunic, 1.5 x 2.4 cm. Leaves basal, 20 cm long, linear-lanceolata, rounded at the top. Flowers generally solitary, clocks, accompanied by a shoulder 3-4 cm long, 3 tepale flower is composed of external and internal 3 tepale erection of about 1cm, biloba, white with green spots
Lilium candidum - lily
Lilium candidum - geofita bulbous, originating in the Mediterranean region, rising to 600-700 m altitude.
The lily is a symbol of purity and chastity, became the symbol of the Virgin Mary and the archangel Gabriel.
Agapanthus species. Cultivation and maintenance
Anigozanthos rufus - Leg of kangaroo
Herbaceous rizomatoasa, Geof, 100-150 cm height. Mate leaves, gray-green, glabra, evergreen, 20-40 x 2-6 cm, margins scabrous. Escape very branched, tomentos. Inflorescences numerous, raceme. Red-purple flowers with pear, rare yellow-orange. Perianth law zigomorfic, lobate, tubular tomntoase, red, 25-35 mm long