Scientific name - Cocos nucifera
Popular names - English: coconut, coconut palm, Palau: IRU, New Guinea: Niu, Portuguese: coco da Bahia, coco da India, Romanian: coconut; Spanish: cocotero, Palma de coco, German: Kokospalme, Philippines - niyog, Russian : Kokos, China: Yeh Tzu.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from the coasts of South Asia (Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines) and Melanesia.
Description - Palm mono, with one strain. Trunk erect, gray, 20 m high and 50 cm in diameter. Paripenat-leaves are compound, folio 200-250 pairs of linear-lanceolata. 4,5-5,5 m long Frondele and stalks are covered quarter length. Foliolele have 1,5-5 cm wide. Ribbed rachides may be green or bronze. About 12-18 leaves per year increase in November. Flowers arranged in blossom typespadix. Spadix's axis is 1-1.5 m long by 40-60 arms. Periantul composed of male flowers have 6 tepale, 3.2 x 3.5 mm, unequal, nested, triangulation, 6 stamens. Female flowers are global periantului elements arranged on two rows, 30 mm diameter, ovary tricarpelar. Periantul persist in the mature fruit. Fruit drupe, epicarp smooth endocarp 2-5 mm thick, fibrous mezocarp ellipsoidal, 3 angles, green, brown, orange or yellow, 850-3700 g at maturity. The seeds are dark brown, usually is a single seed. n = 16. Per year produces about 50-80 fruit.
Requirements - Minimum temperature 4.12 ° C, maximum temperature 28-37 ° C, atmospheric humidity of 85%. Tolerate temperatures of 0 ° C, alkaline soil pH above 8 and acidic soils of pH 4-5 or higher. Ideal pH is between 5,5-7. Prefers light soils and exhibitions sunny. Fertilization to 2 weeks.
Diseases and pests - Lepidoptera, defoliation of Cocosului. Psychidae species, Gelechioidea, and consume only Zygaenidae superficial tissues, causing necrotic areas on the underside of leaves.
Natural partners and Garden
Cultivars and varieties - 'Ceylon Tall', 'Indian Tall', 'Jamaica Tall'.
Properties and Uses - Coconut oil is used in cosmetics for skin ingirjirea. Water from ripe seeds are diuretic. Immature core is laxative. The liquid inside the seeds is used as a beverage. The oil extracted from the seed core is used for cooking, margarine, ice cream.
100 g coconut contains: 346 calories, 3.5 g protein, 35 g fat, 9.4 g carbohydrate, 4 g fiber, 13 mg calcium, 95 mg phosphorus, 1.7 mg iron, 23 mg sodium, 256 mg potassium.
100 g coconut milk contains: 22 calories, 0.3 protein, 0.2 fat, 4.7 carbs, 20 mg step, 13 mg phosphorus, 25 mg sodium, 147 mg potassium.
Where can adapt to climate conditions can be used as ornamental trees for alignment. Have removed the dried leaves and inflorescences to not cause damage.
Cocos sp. resembles very much Syagrus sp., Cocos nucifera differentiate themselves through very large female flowers tepale round fruit with mezocarp fiber, and endosperm in the central cavity partially filled with fluid.
Babasaheb B. Desai - Seeds Handbook - CRC, 2004
Beatrice H. Krauss, Martha Noyes - Plants in Hawaiian Medicine - Bess Press, 2001
David Pimentel - Encyclopedia of Pest Management - CRC, 2007
David W. Nellis - Seashore Plants of South Florida and the Caribbean - Pineapple Press, 1994
Frederic Rosengarten Jr. - The Book of Edible Nuts - Dover Publications, 2004
Gil Nelson - The Tree of Florida - Pineapple Press, 1998
James A. Duke - Handbook of Nuts - CRC, 2000
Trees and shrubs
Annona muricata is ornamental species. Fructul is edible as it is consumed fresh, as dessert, or mixed with ice cream or milk. Fruits containing vitamin B (0.07 mg/100g) and C (20 mg/100g), calcium and phosphorus.
Prunus cerasifera - corcodus
Prunus cerasifera - is grown for its edible fruit jams are made and cultivars and varieties are found all over the world species grown as ornamentals in parks and gardens, or green street.
Liquidambar styraciflua - a native of North and Central America, grows in forests of Pinus sp. and Quercus sp. 900 to 200 m altitude.
Lonicera xylosteum - shrub originating from Europe, the Caucasus and Siberia, growing at the edge of deciduous forests, from lowland to 1600 m altitude. They prefer warm places and limestone associated with Cornus sanguinela, Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus padus and Rubus idaeus.
Melia azedarach L.
Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.
Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.
Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.
Herbaceous perennial. Rhizome long, soft, or short and nodosa. Stem 1 m tall, sterile stems short. Leaves alternate, short stalks, lamina linear - ovata, margins entire, nervatiune parallel. Blossom terminal umbela-loose.
Allium brussalisii (Aliaceae), new species from Greece
Galanthus nivalis L.
Bulbous perennial species with herbaceous matter, erect, bulb ovoid, dark brown tunic, 1.5 x 2.4 cm. Leaves basal, 20 cm long, linear-lanceolata, rounded at the top. Flowers generally solitary, clocks, accompanied by a shoulder 3-4 cm long, 3 tepale flower is composed of external and internal 3 tepale erection of about 1cm, biloba, white with green spots
Lilium candidum - lily
Lilium candidum - geofita bulbous, originating in the Mediterranean region, rising to 600-700 m altitude.
The lily is a symbol of purity and chastity, became the symbol of the Virgin Mary and the archangel Gabriel.
Aloe vera Mill.