Scientific Name - Commelina communis L.
Popular names - erba miseria, asiatic dayflower.
Distribution and Habitat - grows naturally in East Asia, prefer shade and moist forests in 0-6000 altit.
Description - annual species, 30-40 cm stem prostrata and zigzag hairy. Leaves alternate, with guaina ± cylindrical, lamina lanceolata, 1-2 x 3-8 cm round basis. Flowers hermaphrodite, zigomorfe, three-apple, surrounded by a shoulder bracteiforma; separator arranged alternate petals green, 2 blue, heart-spatula, and the 3rd lower. Blooms in July-September. Biloculara capsule, elliptic, 5-7 mm. Two seeds in each box, yellow-brown, 2-3 mm long. 2n = 90
Requirements - prefer shady sites with moist soils and rich in humus.
Propagation - by seed or stem cuttings.
Diseases and Pests - Kordyana commelinae, Phyllosticta commelinicola, Physalospora commelinae, Ustilago commelinae, Lema coronata, Aphis commelinae.
Properties and Uses - a cultivated ornamental species, tends to sponteinza in ruderal environments.
Curiosity - can become invasive in NE China, causing serious problems.
Genus name Linne dedicated botanists and Johan Caspar Commelin; 'communis' means 'growing in colonies, groups'.
Commelina genus species is often confused with species of the genus Tradescantia, both belonging to the same family, Commelinaceae. Commelina flowers genre has two large petals and a small petal, flowers from three species of Tradescantia petals are equal in size.
Semi-evergreen or evergreen species that cover the ground well. Leaves linear alternee or rosettes on stems, 1.5-2 cm long and 2 mm wide, Sesia, subulate. Cimoasa blossom or panic terminal flower formed of 3.9. Corola formed of 5 petals emarginate at top, obovata, 1 cm long, 5 mm wide, glabra, 1.3 cm long tube. 5 stamens, in the corolla tube of different heights.
Anemone hupehensis var. japonica
Anemone hupehensis var. japonica - a species native to China and Japan, was first described by Carl Thunberg in Flora Japonica.
Salpichroa organifolia - perennial, rhizomatic and subfrutescenta. Hailing from South America, naturalized and naturalized French Atlantic coast, around the Mediterranean, Corsica and Spain wet substrates increases from 0 to 600 m altitude.
Ageratum houstonianum - rods
Ageratum houstonianum is an ornamental species cultivated for borders, cut flowers or pots. In Europe it is cultivated as ornamental plants in the 1800.
Allium brussalisii (Aliaceae), new species from Greece
Anthurium amnicola - herbaceous perennial, epiphytic, originally from Panama, rainforest grows from 600 to 900 m altitude.
Herbaceous perennial, rustic. Rhizome with roots beam. Nastriforme leaves, gathered in bouquets. Raceme blossom or panic, small bracts, perianth campanulata, tepale united at the base, ovata, yellow or orange, 6 stamens attached to corolla tube, ovary inferior. Fruit capsule dehiscence.
Hedychium coronarium - white ginger
Herbaceous perennial, 1-1.5 m inaltme, fleshy rhizome. Leaves alternate, decidue, language sessile 28-40 x 4.7 cm, narrow elliptic, apex long-acuminata, the acute glabra on top, the furry bottom steps. Flowering 4.10 x 3.6 cm. Bractei persistent ovat-triangulation, green, 4-7 x 2-4 cm, margins membranous.