Scientific Name - Commelina communis L.
Popular names - erba miseria, asiatic dayflower.
Distribution and Habitat - grows naturally in East Asia, prefer shade and moist forests in 0-6000 altit.
Description - annual species, 30-40 cm stem prostrata and zigzag hairy. Leaves alternate, with guaina ± cylindrical, lamina lanceolata, 1-2 x 3-8 cm round basis. Flowers hermaphrodite, zigomorfe, three-apple, surrounded by a shoulder bracteiforma; separator arranged alternate petals green, 2 blue, heart-spatula, and the 3rd lower. Blooms in July-September. Biloculara capsule, elliptic, 5-7 mm. Two seeds in each box, yellow-brown, 2-3 mm long. 2n = 90
Requirements - prefer shady sites with moist soils and rich in humus.
Propagation - by seed or stem cuttings.
Diseases and Pests - Kordyana commelinae, Phyllosticta commelinicola, Physalospora commelinae, Ustilago commelinae, Lema coronata, Aphis commelinae.
Properties and Uses - a cultivated ornamental species, tends to sponteinza in ruderal environments.
Curiosity - can become invasive in NE China, causing serious problems.
Genus name Linne dedicated botanists and Johan Caspar Commelin; 'communis' means 'growing in colonies, groups'.
Commelina genus species is often confused with species of the genus Tradescantia, both belonging to the same family, Commelinaceae. Commelina flowers genre has two large petals and a small petal, flowers from three species of Tradescantia petals are equal in size.
Lychnis flos-cuckoo - cuckoo flower
Lychnis flos-cuckoo - perennial species, native to Europe, Siberia and the Caucasus, grows spontaneously in grassy places, wet the edge of ponds, through meadows and wet meadows, from 0 to 1600 m altitude.
Lilium candidum - lily
Lilium candidum - geofita bulbous, originating in the Mediterranean region, rising to 600-700 m altitude.
The lily is a symbol of purity and chastity, became the symbol of the Virgin Mary and the archangel Gabriel.
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.
Herbaceous perennial. Rhizome long, soft, or short and nodosa. Stem 1 m tall, sterile stems short. Leaves alternate, short stalks, lamina linear - ovata, margins entire, nervatiune parallel. Blossom terminal umbela-loose.
Galanthus elwesii - bulbous species, native to Asia Minor, was discovered in western Turkey, in 1874, by HJ Elwes.
Genus name comes from Prince Raimondo di Sangro (1710-1771) of San Severo, born in Naples, Italy. In 1753 Carl Linnaeus in Species Plantarum, including the genus Sansevieria in Aloe. Sansevieria genus was stabilized by Thunberg in 1794 described the second species, S. thyrsiflora and S. aethiopica.
Hyacinthus orientalis - bulbous perennial with linear to lance-shaped, channeled, bright green leaves, 15-35 cm long. Is classified as an ornamental, and is native to the Mediterranean region. The essential oils found only in the flowers have been used in cosmetics and soap fragrances.
Pontederia cordata L.
Species aquatic perennial, 45-60 cm tall, thin rhizome. Leaves basal, erect, ovat-lanceolata, with the cord; long petiole. Flowers violet-blue, rarely white, with an upper lobe yellow blossom disposed in ear type. Perianth campanulata, Revol tube after blooming, 6 stamens, 3 more unequal, May 3 children; anther elliptic, blue. Blooms in June-September. The fruit contains a single seed, indehiscent.