Scientific Name - Commelina communis L.
Popular names - erba miseria, asiatic dayflower.
Distribution and Habitat - grows naturally in East Asia, prefer shade and moist forests in 0-6000 altit.
Description - annual species, 30-40 cm stem prostrata and zigzag hairy. Leaves alternate, with guaina ± cylindrical, lamina lanceolata, 1-2 x 3-8 cm round basis. Flowers hermaphrodite, zigomorfe, three-apple, surrounded by a shoulder bracteiforma; separator arranged alternate petals green, 2 blue, heart-spatula, and the 3rd lower. Blooms in July-September. Biloculara capsule, elliptic, 5-7 mm. Two seeds in each box, yellow-brown, 2-3 mm long. 2n = 90
Requirements - prefer shady sites with moist soils and rich in humus.
Propagation - by seed or stem cuttings.
Diseases and Pests - Kordyana commelinae, Phyllosticta commelinicola, Physalospora commelinae, Ustilago commelinae, Lema coronata, Aphis commelinae.
Properties and Uses - a cultivated ornamental species, tends to sponteinza in ruderal environments.
Curiosity - can become invasive in NE China, causing serious problems.
Genus name Linne dedicated botanists and Johan Caspar Commelin; 'communis' means 'growing in colonies, groups'.
Commelina genus species is often confused with species of the genus Tradescantia, both belonging to the same family, Commelinaceae. Commelina flowers genre has two large petals and a small petal, flowers from three species of Tradescantia petals are equal in size.
Sternbergia lutea - geofita bulbs, grow at the edge of deciduous forests, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Dianthus barbatus - perennial herb, native to southern Europe, grows at the edge of forests, bushes and meadows. Cultivated in parks and gardens as ornamentals.
Pedicularis rostrata-capitata - grows on alpine and subalpine meadows, cave sites, 1800-2400 m altitude.
Pedicularis rostrata-capital belongs to the family Orobanchaceae, which contain parasites or semiparazite, with or without chlorophyll, leaf bracteiforme.
Genus Felicia was named the Cassini AHG in 1818 by Felix, a German official at Regensburg who died in 1846.
Felicia amelloides first cinerary amelloides was named by Linnaeus in 1763 and in 1894 named Felicia amelloides.
Musa sp. - Bananas
Herbaceous perennial, 2-9 m high. Fibrous roots may reach up to 1.5 m deep. Trunk false shoots. 6-20 leaves arranged spiral around the edge at first, wrapped trunk. Unisexuate hermaphrodite flowers in bunches, each bunch is covered by a red to purple bracts.
Saccharum officinarum - Sugar cane
Herbaceous perennial strain neramificata, 3-4 m high, 3-5 cm diameter. Roots of two ways, first type is formed from Butas after planting, are thin and bends, the second type of primary shoots grow roots flashy and less branched, with all the old roots are brown and dry.
Planta voluble, originally from Indonesia and the Philippines. Cordiforme leaves, green with white spots, 6-8 cm long, thin stalks, 3-4 cm long, adult leaves oblong-or cordiforme lanceolata, 10-15 cm long, petiole 1.5-2 cm long.
Ornithogalum umbelatum L. - balusca
Bulbous perennial species. Basal leaves semi-erect, linear, ribbed white-silver center, 25-30 cm long. Raceme with 6-20 corymb blossom type flowers, 2 cm diameter; tepale white with green on the outside, 6 stamens, 1 pistil.