Scientific Name - Commelina communis L.
Popular names - erba miseria, asiatic dayflower.
Distribution and Habitat - grows naturally in East Asia, prefer shade and moist forests in 0-6000 altit.
Description - annual species, 30-40 cm stem prostrata and zigzag hairy. Leaves alternate, with guaina ± cylindrical, lamina lanceolata, 1-2 x 3-8 cm round basis. Flowers hermaphrodite, zigomorfe, three-apple, surrounded by a shoulder bracteiforma; separator arranged alternate petals green, 2 blue, heart-spatula, and the 3rd lower. Blooms in July-September. Biloculara capsule, elliptic, 5-7 mm. Two seeds in each box, yellow-brown, 2-3 mm long. 2n = 90
Requirements - prefer shady sites with moist soils and rich in humus.
Propagation - by seed or stem cuttings.
Diseases and Pests - Kordyana commelinae, Phyllosticta commelinicola, Physalospora commelinae, Ustilago commelinae, Lema coronata, Aphis commelinae.
Properties and Uses - a cultivated ornamental species, tends to sponteinza in ruderal environments.
Curiosity - can become invasive in NE China, causing serious problems.
Genus name Linne dedicated botanists and Johan Caspar Commelin; 'communis' means 'growing in colonies, groups'.
Commelina genus species is often confused with species of the genus Tradescantia, both belonging to the same family, Commelinaceae. Commelina flowers genre has two large petals and a small petal, flowers from three species of Tradescantia petals are equal in size.
Cosmos sulphureus - used as an ornamental species for borders or groups, in association with Asclepias curassavica, Coreopsis tinctoria, Oenothera fruticosa, Rudbeckia hirta, Salvia farinacea, Solidago canadensis, Tagetes erecta.
Originally from Europe and western Asia, growing on wet soils and peat, from plain to 1800 m altitude.
Perennial herbaceous, stem 7-40 cm high. Caulinare different from the basal leaves, the basal are lobate, and those are areas caulinare. Flower 3-5 cm diameter, white, yellow or red; 3.5 sepa obsolete; 5 or more petals, stamens numerous. Fruit achenes, top acuminata recurbat, 4,5-5,6 x 3,0-3,7 mm, brown doll. 2n = 16.
Semi-evergreen or evergreen species that cover the ground well. Leaves linear alternee or rosettes on stems, 1.5-2 cm long and 2 mm wide, Sesia, subulate. Cimoasa blossom or panic terminal flower formed of 3.9. Corola formed of 5 petals emarginate at top, obovata, 1 cm long, 5 mm wide, glabra, 1.3 cm long tube. 5 stamens, in the corolla tube of different heights.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful
Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.
Herbaceous perennial, rustic. Rhizome with roots beam. Nastriforme leaves, gathered in bouquets. Raceme blossom or panic, small bracts, perianth campanulata, tepale united at the base, ovata, yellow or orange, 6 stamens attached to corolla tube, ovary inferior. Fruit capsule dehiscence.
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic
Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.
Aloe vera Mill.
Allium cepa L. - onion
Herbaceous biennial, bulb white, gold, red or purple, 5-8 x 3.10 cm. Leaves persistent, 4-10, fistula, 30-100 x 3-20 mm. Umbela blossom persistent, erect, compact, rear obsolete, ovata, ± equal, leading to acute acuminata.