Scientific name - Cornus sanguinea L.
Popular names - Sanger, wood puciossanguinella, bloodtwig, Common Dogwood
Distribution and Habitat - grows all over Europe, rarer in the north, in the thicket, forest edges and edges of streets, from plain to 1000 m altitude.
Description - obsolete shrub, 2-4 m high. Hardwood white. Branches long, yellow-green on the shaded, red-Blood on the sun exposed, in their youth are Pelo, then glabrata. Brown-gray bark is exfoliating longitudinally. Leaves opposite, simple, up to 5.9 cm long, 3-5 ribs unsec obvious that the top, stalks, stalks 6-12 mm long, limb ovat, the round, dark green on the green on the upper and lower often pubescent. Autumn leaves are red-Blood. Corymb every 20-50 flowers Corola 4 white petals. Spherical drupe fruit contains 2 seeds, black-blue, red stalk, inedible.
Requirements - calcareous soil, clay and sand.
Management - is clipped once in 3-5 years.
Propagation - by seeds, the seeds require 3 months of stratification.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Compress' 1.8-2.4 m high, stem gray-brown, short internoduri.
'Mietzschii' autumn foliage is pink-red color. It was introduced in 1900.
'Winter Beauty' was named by Andre van Nijnatten in Zundert, Netherlands, in 1987.
Properties and Uses - The leaves are food for Callophrys Rubi and Cyaniris argiolus. Fruits are food for Bombacylla garrulus.
Bark is very rich in tannins and is used in folk medicine as astringent. Fruits harvested at ripening,tonic-astringent properties gastrointestinal device.
Trees and shrubs
Malacothamnus fasciculatus Greene
Evergreen shrub, vigorous, well branched, 1-4.5 m high. The stem and leaves are pubescent, stellate hairs. Leaves alternate, petiolate; language ovat-round, palmate lobate, 0-7 lobes rounded, toothed margins, 2.11 cm. Blossom spike, flowers Sesi.
Evergreen shrub originating in Southern Ireland and Mediterranean regions, grows slowly, up to 3 to 10 m, reddish bark, young branches are red-hot, dense crown. Leaves alternate, elliptic-lanceolata, 5-10 cm long, parties, except ribs smooth, glossy dark green, pinnate nervatiune. Flowers white to pale pink, sometimes stained with red, 5-10 mm long, campanulata, odorless, ready to panicule 5 cm long, anther clocks.
Carpinus betulus - hard wood shaft with durable but less humid conditions. Suprta trimming and better suited for bonsai training.
Cassia angustifolia - ornamental shrub, belongs to the family Fabaceae, native of northern Africa.
Perennial species, 30 cm height, 60-90 cm diameter, forming a dense bush covering the ground well. Leaves linear-lanceolata, margin entire, shiny dark green, 2,5-4 cm long x 3.6 mm wide. Flowers white, 4 petals, blossom type corymb, 9 cm diameter, January-June period of prosperity. Fruit silicula, 7 mm long.
Liana Wood, single, semi-evergreen, perennial. Strain gray-brown with prominent lenticele. Leaves alternate, palmately-compound, 5 folio ribbed stipelate. Oblonga call to Foliolele ovat-elliptic, the round, ribbed 4.5 to 10 cm long. Raceme axillary blossom, clocks, male flowers are arranged terminal
Lotus maculatus Breitf.
Herbaceous, with the stem wood, under-shrub pendulum. Strain up to 1.5 m high, glabra, gray-green silky, internoduri 35-45 mm stipele children. Leaves imparipenat, 5 folio; foliole 10-25 x 1 mm, subulate or linear, convex upper and concave lower edges entire, top obtuse-rounded, surface moderately pubescent.
Acanthus mollis - Bear's Breeches
Native of the Mediterranean area, grows in gardens like ornamentals. Flower can be over 1.8 m tall, the purple-pink bracts contrasting with the white flowers. Prefer shelter and deep, moist soil.
Symphoricarpos - Hurmuz
Shrubs decide, prostate or erect, 90-120 cm, originating in the U.S.. Buds scaly, 1.5 mm long. Leaves simple, opposite, short petiolate, 7 cm long. Raceme blossom. Campanulata Flowers in raceme children. Calyx tube slightly globos; Corola campanulata, 4-5 lobes. Fruit drupe, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, S. albus and S. occidentalis fruits white, pink-coral S. orbiculatus fruit. A fruit contains two seeds oblongata.