Scientific name - Cornus sanguinea L.
Popular names - Sanger, wood puciossanguinella, bloodtwig, Common Dogwood
Distribution and Habitat - grows all over Europe, rarer in the north, in the thicket, forest edges and edges of streets, from plain to 1000 m altitude.
Description - obsolete shrub, 2-4 m high. Hardwood white. Branches long, yellow-green on the shaded, red-Blood on the sun exposed, in their youth are Pelo, then glabrata. Brown-gray bark is exfoliating longitudinally. Leaves opposite, simple, up to 5.9 cm long, 3-5 ribs unsec obvious that the top, stalks, stalks 6-12 mm long, limb ovat, the round, dark green on the green on the upper and lower often pubescent. Autumn leaves are red-Blood. Corymb every 20-50 flowers Corola 4 white petals. Spherical drupe fruit contains 2 seeds, black-blue, red stalk, inedible.
Requirements - calcareous soil, clay and sand.
Management - is clipped once in 3-5 years.
Propagation - by seeds, the seeds require 3 months of stratification.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Compress' 1.8-2.4 m high, stem gray-brown, short internoduri.
'Mietzschii' autumn foliage is pink-red color. It was introduced in 1900.
'Winter Beauty' was named by Andre van Nijnatten in Zundert, Netherlands, in 1987.
Properties and Uses - The leaves are food for Callophrys Rubi and Cyaniris argiolus. Fruits are food for Bombacylla garrulus.
Bark is very rich in tannins and is used in folk medicine as astringent. Fruits harvested at ripening,tonic-astringent properties gastrointestinal device.
Trees and shrubs
Deciduu or semi-evergreen shrub, prostrat, 50-150 cm tall and 1.2-1.8 m wide, often branched, with horizontal branches. Buds are pink opening spring. Suborbiculare or elliptical leaves, glossy dark green. The flowers are pink, small, almost Sesi, 1-2, anther white blooms in May-June, attracting bees.
Evergreen ornamental plant of the Theaceae family, native from Eastern Asia, its origin is still controversial, being considered by some as species indigenous from Japonia and, by others, from China. It was introduced into Europe by the Portuguese in 1542 and soon spread to Spain, England, France and Italy; into United States at the beginning of the 18th century, and in Australia during the mid 19th century.
Shrub or small tree, evergreen, 1-4 m high. Prostrata strain or upward. Green stalk, glabra, thin, flexible, geniculati. Leaves 2-6 cm long, oblong-elliptic, top obtuse or acute, margin fine teeth 3 ribs prominent upper front glabra, 12-15 mm long stalks.
Teline nervosa - endemic of the Canary Islands, rape increases from 650 to 700 m altitude, in association with Aeonium undulatum, Carlina salicifolia, Crambe pritzelii, Hypericum canariensis, Olea europaea subsp. cerasiformis, Sonchus leptocephalus.
Pachira aquatica growing naturally along rivers in Central and South America. Is cultivated in world wide like ornamental, in hedges or solitary. Resistant to drought anf flooding.
The seeds of P. aquatica are delicious raw, boiled or roasted. Young leaves and flowers are also edible. The seeds are high in protein and edible oil.
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome cylindrical. Reddish stem, 80-100 cm tall, easy hirsuta-pubescent, branched. Leaves alternate, petiolare, lanceolata-ovata, margine evening, slightly pubescent; to the top of the stem leaves are Sesi.
Viola odorata - bluebells
Viola odorata - herbaceous plant, perennial, native to Europe and Asia Minor, grows through groves, bushes, meadows, deciduous forest edge, in plain and hilly region.
Harpephyllum caffrum - evergreen tree, endemic to southern Africa, Eastern Cape to KwaZulu-Natal and southern Mozambiqului, grows in coastal forests.
Nemophila maculata - a species endemic in California, Nevada and Sierra Sacramento Valley provinces, increases from 0 to 3100 m altitude cultivated for ornamental purposes in all regions of the world.