Scientific name - Cornus sanguinea L.
Popular names - Sanger, wood puciossanguinella, bloodtwig, Common Dogwood
Distribution and Habitat - grows all over Europe, rarer in the north, in the thicket, forest edges and edges of streets, from plain to 1000 m altitude.
Description - obsolete shrub, 2-4 m high. Hardwood white. Branches long, yellow-green on the shaded, red-Blood on the sun exposed, in their youth are Pelo, then glabrata. Brown-gray bark is exfoliating longitudinally. Leaves opposite, simple, up to 5.9 cm long, 3-5 ribs unsec obvious that the top, stalks, stalks 6-12 mm long, limb ovat, the round, dark green on the green on the upper and lower often pubescent. Autumn leaves are red-Blood. Corymb every 20-50 flowers Corola 4 white petals. Spherical drupe fruit contains 2 seeds, black-blue, red stalk, inedible.
Requirements - calcareous soil, clay and sand.
Management - is clipped once in 3-5 years.
Propagation - by seeds, the seeds require 3 months of stratification.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Compress' 1.8-2.4 m high, stem gray-brown, short internoduri.
'Mietzschii' autumn foliage is pink-red color. It was introduced in 1900.
'Winter Beauty' was named by Andre van Nijnatten in Zundert, Netherlands, in 1987.
Properties and Uses - The leaves are food for Callophrys Rubi and Cyaniris argiolus. Fruits are food for Bombacylla garrulus.
Bark is very rich in tannins and is used in folk medicine as astringent. Fruits harvested at ripening,tonic-astringent properties gastrointestinal device.
Trees and shrubs
Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.
Bush, 60-150 cm tall. Branches green, thin, pubescent, with 4.12 edges. Leaves pubescent, with some softwood apuncte, leaves from the branches are placed 3.6 in each verticil, language ovat-elliptic, 8.5-16 x 6-9 mm, top acute, sparsely toothed, leaves are opposite dinsre top Lujerul, linear, whole.
Hydrangea - Hortensia
Genus includes 80 species, the most popular are H. macrophylla, H. arborescens, H. paniculata and H. quercifolia. Shrub or voluble species with opposite leaves. Flowers solitary or grouped in inflorescences type corymb, Raceme. Ovary compound, 2-10 rags, below. Capsule truncata. Seeds numerous, ribbed.
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Bark gray young branches are yellow-green. Leaves alternate; paripenat-compound, 4-6 pairs of folio oval-elliptic, 10-35 mm long, dark green in summer and autumn yellow, 5-10 cm long; spinescente Stipe. Flowers solitary, Corola yellow, 20-25 mm long, increase the armpit leaves, blooming from May to June.
Evergreen shrub, 3-4 m high. Leaves alternate, long-petiolate, palmately-compound, with 7.9 Folio, coriacee, folio obovata, glabra, margin entire, nervatiune pinnate, petiole thin, 12-15 cm long. Blossom terminal, glabra, 20 cm long, flowers arranged in umbele raceme, 0.7-1 cm in diameter, pedicel 5.8 mm long. Fruit drupe, ovoid, orange, 5 x 4 mm.
Alnus incana (L.) Moench - white alder
Mano tree or shrub that can reach 20 m, with stem often crooked, crown with branches thick, upward, lush foliage, lujerii in young gray, pubescent. Bark smooth, shiny, whitish gray, the old copies, to the base with shallow cracks. Wide elliptical leaves up to ovata, by 4.10 cm long, 4-6 cm wide, rounded to the double needle and lobe, pointed, gray green face, white inside gray, furry, ready alternative.
Pachira aquatica growing naturally along rivers in Central and South America. Is cultivated in world wide like ornamental, in hedges or solitary. Resistant to drought anf flooding.
The seeds of P. aquatica are delicious raw, boiled or roasted. Young leaves and flowers are also edible. The seeds are high in protein and edible oil.