26
Oct
2009
Cornus sanguinea
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Cornus sanguinea L.

Synonyms --

Popular names - Sanger, wood puciossanguinella, bloodtwig, Common Dogwood

Distribution and Habitat - grows all over Europe, rarer in the north, in the thicket, forest edges and edges of streets, from plain to 1000 m altitude.

Description - obsolete shrub, 2-4 m high. Hardwood white. Branches long, yellow-green on the shaded, red-Blood on the sun exposed, in their youth are Pelo, then glabrata. Brown-gray bark is exfoliating longitudinally. Leaves opposite, simple, up to 5.9 cm long, 3-5 ribs unsec obvious that the top, stalks, stalks 6-12 mm long, limb ovat, the round, dark green on the green on the upper and lower often pubescent. Autumn leaves are red-Blood. Corymb every 20-50 flowers Corola 4 white petals. Spherical drupe fruit contains 2 seeds, black-blue, red stalk, inedible.

Requirements - calcareous soil, clay and sand.

Management - is clipped once in 3-5 years.

Propagation - by seeds, the seeds require 3 months of stratification.

Cultivars and varieties - 'Compress' 1.8-2.4 m high, stem gray-brown, short internoduri.

'Mietzschii' autumn foliage is pink-red color. It was introduced in 1900.

'Winter Beauty' was named by Andre van Nijnatten in Zundert, Netherlands, in 1987.

Properties and Uses - The leaves are food for Callophrys Rubi and Cyaniris argiolus. Fruits are food for Bombacylla garrulus.

Bark is very rich in tannins and is used in folk medicine as astringent. Fruits harvested at ripening,tonic-astringent properties gastrointestinal device.

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