Scientific name - Cornus sanguinea L.
Popular names - Sanger, wood puciossanguinella, bloodtwig, Common Dogwood
Distribution and Habitat - grows all over Europe, rarer in the north, in the thicket, forest edges and edges of streets, from plain to 1000 m altitude.
Description - obsolete shrub, 2-4 m high. Hardwood white. Branches long, yellow-green on the shaded, red-Blood on the sun exposed, in their youth are Pelo, then glabrata. Brown-gray bark is exfoliating longitudinally. Leaves opposite, simple, up to 5.9 cm long, 3-5 ribs unsec obvious that the top, stalks, stalks 6-12 mm long, limb ovat, the round, dark green on the green on the upper and lower often pubescent. Autumn leaves are red-Blood. Corymb every 20-50 flowers Corola 4 white petals. Spherical drupe fruit contains 2 seeds, black-blue, red stalk, inedible.
Requirements - calcareous soil, clay and sand.
Management - is clipped once in 3-5 years.
Propagation - by seeds, the seeds require 3 months of stratification.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Compress' 1.8-2.4 m high, stem gray-brown, short internoduri.
'Mietzschii' autumn foliage is pink-red color. It was introduced in 1900.
'Winter Beauty' was named by Andre van Nijnatten in Zundert, Netherlands, in 1987.
Properties and Uses - The leaves are food for Callophrys Rubi and Cyaniris argiolus. Fruits are food for Bombacylla garrulus.
Bark is very rich in tannins and is used in folk medicine as astringent. Fruits harvested at ripening,tonic-astringent properties gastrointestinal device.
Trees and shrubs
Tilia tomentosa - silver linden
Tree with dense crown, rich, 30 m high, with branches erect, rounded. Lujerii annual geniculati, brown-yellow, gray tomentosi with buds ovoid, with two external scales equal, also felt. At first bark is smooth and gray, mature form shallow longitudinal furrows.
Alnus cordata - alder of Corsica
Alnus cordata is a deciduuous tree, native to Italy and Corsica, occurs naturally in poorly drained soils, in semi-shade. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure, dry conditions as well as a dusty atmosphere. Is cultivated as ornamental trees in gardens and parks.
Drypetes natalensis (Harv.) Hutch
Small tree, 10 m high, branches edges. Leaves alternate, language narrow oblong or elliptic, round base, asymmetrical, margins deeply soirees, shiny dark green on the upper face, and green inside. Stipele linear, 0.1 cm. Flowers in bundles, appear in the armpit leaves and on old wood, male flowers are nested sepa 4.5, 0 petals
Teline canariensis - shrub native (endemic) of Tenerife and Gran Canaria, grows at the edge of forests of Pinus radiata and Laurus canariensis novo in association with Neotinea maculata, Hypericum reflexum and Cystus sympithifolius, from 500 to 1500 m altitude.
Deciduu tree, 9-18 m high, crown iregulata, spherical, pyramid. Bark is thin, green, gray thorns present on the trunk and branches. Leaves alternate, palmately-compound, 5-7 folio, folio elliptic, margin evening, nervatiune pinnate, green, autumn remain ever green. Flowers solitary, axillary, hermaphrodite, pentamere, actinomorfe, pink or white.
Polygala chamaebuxus - perennial, evergreen, subfrutescenta, native to Central, Eastern and South-East, it grows on rocky places in alpine floor.
Dianthus sylvestris - perennial species, the stem short and woody. Increase the debris, limestone bedrock, from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Species are cultivated as ornamental for rocarii.
Harpephyllum caffrum - evergreen tree, endemic to southern Africa, Eastern Cape to KwaZulu-Natal and southern Mozambiqului, grows in coastal forests.
Rhipsalis grandiflora Haworth 1819