Scientific name - Cornus sanguinea L.
Popular names - Sanger, wood puciossanguinella, bloodtwig, Common Dogwood
Distribution and Habitat - grows all over Europe, rarer in the north, in the thicket, forest edges and edges of streets, from plain to 1000 m altitude.
Description - obsolete shrub, 2-4 m high. Hardwood white. Branches long, yellow-green on the shaded, red-Blood on the sun exposed, in their youth are Pelo, then glabrata. Brown-gray bark is exfoliating longitudinally. Leaves opposite, simple, up to 5.9 cm long, 3-5 ribs unsec obvious that the top, stalks, stalks 6-12 mm long, limb ovat, the round, dark green on the green on the upper and lower often pubescent. Autumn leaves are red-Blood. Corymb every 20-50 flowers Corola 4 white petals. Spherical drupe fruit contains 2 seeds, black-blue, red stalk, inedible.
Requirements - calcareous soil, clay and sand.
Management - is clipped once in 3-5 years.
Propagation - by seeds, the seeds require 3 months of stratification.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Compress' 1.8-2.4 m high, stem gray-brown, short internoduri.
'Mietzschii' autumn foliage is pink-red color. It was introduced in 1900.
'Winter Beauty' was named by Andre van Nijnatten in Zundert, Netherlands, in 1987.
Properties and Uses - The leaves are food for Callophrys Rubi and Cyaniris argiolus. Fruits are food for Bombacylla garrulus.
Bark is very rich in tannins and is used in folk medicine as astringent. Fruits harvested at ripening,tonic-astringent properties gastrointestinal device.
Trees and shrubs
Asclepias currasavica - scarlet milkweed
Asclepias currasavica - species used as ornamental plants for small gardens, in combination with other herbs such as Echinacea purpurea, Ratibida pinnata, ornamental grasses.
Abutilon darwinii - ornamental shrub originating in S Brazil. In hot climates are grown as ornamental plants in parks and gardens in cold climates are grown in pots for indoor or greenhouse.
Tibouchina urvilleana - shrub, to 4 m high. Belong to the genus Tibouchina about 350 species of shrubs and undergrowth of tropical America, most of them being found across the globe species grown as ornamentals.
Lotus maculatus Breitf.
Herbaceous, with the stem wood, under-shrub pendulum. Strain up to 1.5 m high, glabra, gray-green silky, internoduri 35-45 mm stipele children. Leaves imparipenat, 5 folio; foliole 10-25 x 1 mm, subulate or linear, convex upper and concave lower edges entire, top obtuse-rounded, surface moderately pubescent.
Acanthus mollis - Bear's Breeches
Native of the Mediterranean area, grows in gardens like ornamentals. Flower can be over 1.8 m tall, the purple-pink bracts contrasting with the white flowers. Prefer shelter and deep, moist soil.
Antennaria dioica - perennial species, growing on acid soils, deciduous and coniferous forests, subalpine and alpine meadows, from 100-2300 (rare 3100).
Ceratonia siliqua L.
Dioecious tree, 8 meters high. Body iregulat, erect with the latita. Gray-brown bark with longitudinal fissures. Vast and dense crown. The branches are fine young tomentoase become glabrata with timpu. Leaves persistent, alternate, paripenat-compound, with 2.5 pairs of Folio, ovata, coriacee, margin entire, glossy dark green on the upper
Pachira aquatica growing naturally along rivers in Central and South America. Is cultivated in world wide like ornamental, in hedges or solitary. Resistant to drought anf flooding.
The seeds of P. aquatica are delicious raw, boiled or roasted. Young leaves and flowers are also edible. The seeds are high in protein and edible oil.