Scientific Name - Corylus avellana L.
Synonyms - Corylus sylvestris Salisb.
Popular names - Hazel, nocciolo, avellano, acciardello, hazelnut.
Distribution and Habitat - common species in Europe and western Asia, from plain to 1200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.
Description - shrub 3-4 feet tall. Leaves alternate, top acuminata, double-toothed edges, ribs evident, pubescent on the underside, dark green on top, lighter green on the bottom. Petiole short, tomentos. Male flowers in Amenti pendula, yellow. Female flowers are ovoid shape, with a shock of red stamens. Fruit achenes, 14-20 x 10-15, locked in an involucre. 2n = 22.
Growth rate -
Toleratente - tolerate temperatures down to -15 ° C.
Requirements - prefer rich soil, moist, well-drained, sunny or partially sunny exhibitions.
Cultivars - 'Barcelona', 'Clark' Delle Langhe ',' Lewis ',' Tonda Romanian. "
Properties and Uses - grown in gardens and parks in ornamental and fruit, nuts.
The seeds can be eaten raw or cooked, sweet or salty.
Curiosity - the seeds are rich in oil, protein, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, iron and vitamin B6.
The scientific name 'avellana' derives from the Italian town of Avella, a name given by Linnaeus.
In Vienna, Austria, particularly where a cake is the main ingredient is peanuts.
Trees and shrubs
Banksia ericifolia, originally from Australia, Blue Mountains. In 1992, Banksia ericifolia was chosen as the official emblem of Sydney.
Evergreen shrub, 1.2 m high. Strain with 4 edges. Leaves opposite, membranous, soft, dark green upper side and reddish on the underside, nervatiune obvious, limb oblong-lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, base cuneata, 8-12 x 20-30 cm. Cime axillary inflorescences. Calyx with 4 SEPA.
Thunberg mysorensis is used as an ornamental species for rapid growth and flowers arranged in raceme. Blooms in July-September.
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Bark gray young branches are yellow-green. Leaves alternate; paripenat-compound, 4-6 pairs of folio oval-elliptic, 10-35 mm long, dark green in summer and autumn yellow, 5-10 cm long; spinescente Stipe. Flowers solitary, Corola yellow, 20-25 mm long, increase the armpit leaves, blooming from May to June.
Legousia speculum-veneris - Venus looking-glass
French botanist Legousia is dedicated Legouz name of Garland, founder of the botanical gardens in Digione 1773; speculum-veneris = mirror of Venus because of the corolla form.
Speculum-Veneris Legousia can become invasive of cereal fields.
Lysimachia vulgaris - perennial species, herbaceous with underground rhizome widespread in temperate regions of Europe and Asia, grows in wet environments, wetlands, side channels and water courses, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Indigofera jucunda - shrub or small tree, evergreen, native to the forests of Africa, Kwazulu-Natal, near rocks and rivers.
A new species of Lathyrus L. in Turkey