22
Feb
2011
Corylus avellana - hazelnut
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida
9
0

Scientific Name - Corylus avellana L.

Synonyms - Corylus sylvestris Salisb.

Popular names - Hazel, nocciolo, avellano, acciardello, hazelnut.

Distribution and Habitat - common species in Europe and western Asia, from plain to 1200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.

Description - shrub 3-4 feet tall. Leaves alternate, top acuminata, double-toothed edges, ribs evident, pubescent on the underside, dark green on top, lighter green on the bottom. Petiole short, tomentos. Male flowers in Amenti pendula, yellow. Female flowers are ovoid shape, with a shock of red stamens. Fruit achenes, 14-20 x 10-15, locked in an involucre. 2n = 22.

Growth rate -

Toleratente - tolerate temperatures down to -15 ° C.

Requirements - prefer rich soil, moist, well-drained, sunny or partially sunny exhibitions.

Cultivars - 'Barcelona', 'Clark' Delle Langhe ',' Lewis ',' Tonda Romanian. "

Properties and Uses - grown in gardens and parks in ornamental and fruit, nuts.

The seeds can be eaten raw or cooked, sweet or salty.

Curiosity - the seeds are rich in oil, protein, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, iron and vitamin B6.

The scientific name 'avellana' derives from the Italian town of Avella, a name given by Linnaeus.

In Vienna, Austria, particularly where a cake is the main ingredient is peanuts.

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