Scientific Name - Corylus avellana L.
Synonyms - Corylus sylvestris Salisb.
Popular names - Hazel, nocciolo, avellano, acciardello, hazelnut.
Distribution and Habitat - common species in Europe and western Asia, from plain to 1200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.
Description - shrub 3-4 feet tall. Leaves alternate, top acuminata, double-toothed edges, ribs evident, pubescent on the underside, dark green on top, lighter green on the bottom. Petiole short, tomentos. Male flowers in Amenti pendula, yellow. Female flowers are ovoid shape, with a shock of red stamens. Fruit achenes, 14-20 x 10-15, locked in an involucre. 2n = 22.
Growth rate -
Toleratente - tolerate temperatures down to -15 ° C.
Requirements - prefer rich soil, moist, well-drained, sunny or partially sunny exhibitions.
Cultivars - 'Barcelona', 'Clark' Delle Langhe ',' Lewis ',' Tonda Romanian. "
Properties and Uses - grown in gardens and parks in ornamental and fruit, nuts.
The seeds can be eaten raw or cooked, sweet or salty.
Curiosity - the seeds are rich in oil, protein, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, iron and vitamin B6.
The scientific name 'avellana' derives from the Italian town of Avella, a name given by Linnaeus.
In Vienna, Austria, particularly where a cake is the main ingredient is peanuts.
Trees and shrubs
Pachira aquatica growing naturally along rivers in Central and South America. Is cultivated in world wide like ornamental, in hedges or solitary. Resistant to drought anf flooding.
The seeds of P. aquatica are delicious raw, boiled or roasted. Young leaves and flowers are also edible. The seeds are high in protein and edible oil.
Polygala chamaebuxus - perennial, evergreen, subfrutescenta, native to Central, Eastern and South-East, it grows on rocky places in alpine floor.
Aesculus hippocastanum - common horsechestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum - is used in parks and gardens, the tree line, solitary or in groups. The flowers are bees, and seeds contain starch, protein, tannin, saponin and edible oil, which can be manufactured soap, technical oil, glue, medicines. Species not produce forest wood is of poor quality.
Prunus armeniaca - apricot
Prunus armeniaca - shrub or small tree, native of northeastern China, knew and cultivated worldwide for its edible fruit.
The seeds of Prunus armeniaca extract oil used in perfume industry, cosmetics and pharmacy.
Menzies ferruginea Smith
Shrub 1-2 m tall, thin stalk, reddish brown, slightly pubescent, terminal buds in bouquets, bark red-brown to gray-brown, thin, becomes scaly. Leaves alternate, decidue, nervatiune pinnate, obovata-elliptic, 3-6 cm long, dark green on upper and pale green inside, margins entire or soirees.
Cucumis sativus L. - cucumber
Herbaceous annual, monoecious, climbing, 1-4 m. Leaves alternate, palmate-lobate, lobes acute and angulosi-toothed, 7-20 x 7-15 cm, scabrous, 5-20 cm long stalks. Flowers unisexuat-mono, pentamere, calyx Vilos, 5 sepa narrow-triangular, 0.5-1 cm long; Corola campanulata, yellow-gold petals 2 cm long
Cichorium intybus - Chicory
Herbaceous biennial or perennial. Stem erect, with branches hispida, geniculate .30 to 120 cm tall. Roots spindle, long on break leaving a bitter white latex. Basal leaves in rosette, petiolate, lamina oblong-lanceolata, lirat-pinatifide or toothed, 30 x 12 cm. The leaves are caulinare Sesi, alternate, oblong-lanceolata.
Eryngium campestre - rostogol
Eryngium campestre - a species native to Central and S, V Asia, grows on rocky places, sandy in dry meadows and pastures, along roads.