Scientific Name - Corylus avellana L.
Synonyms - Corylus sylvestris Salisb.
Popular names - Hazel, nocciolo, avellano, acciardello, hazelnut.
Distribution and Habitat - common species in Europe and western Asia, from plain to 1200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.
Description - shrub 3-4 feet tall. Leaves alternate, top acuminata, double-toothed edges, ribs evident, pubescent on the underside, dark green on top, lighter green on the bottom. Petiole short, tomentos. Male flowers in Amenti pendula, yellow. Female flowers are ovoid shape, with a shock of red stamens. Fruit achenes, 14-20 x 10-15, locked in an involucre. 2n = 22.
Growth rate -
Toleratente - tolerate temperatures down to -15 ° C.
Requirements - prefer rich soil, moist, well-drained, sunny or partially sunny exhibitions.
Cultivars - 'Barcelona', 'Clark' Delle Langhe ',' Lewis ',' Tonda Romanian. "
Properties and Uses - grown in gardens and parks in ornamental and fruit, nuts.
The seeds can be eaten raw or cooked, sweet or salty.
Curiosity - the seeds are rich in oil, protein, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, iron and vitamin B6.
The scientific name 'avellana' derives from the Italian town of Avella, a name given by Linnaeus.
In Vienna, Austria, particularly where a cake is the main ingredient is peanuts.
Trees and shrubs
Daphne mezereum - spurge Laurel
Daphne mezereum - deciduu shrub, native of Europe and Western Asia, cultivated as an ornamental shrub.
All species of the genus Daphne are toxic. Contact with fruit juice or resin skin irritation.
Evergreen shrub, 3-4 m high. Leaves alternate, long-petiolate, palmately-compound, with 7.9 Folio, coriacee, folio obovata, glabra, margin entire, nervatiune pinnate, petiole thin, 12-15 cm long. Blossom terminal, glabra, 20 cm long, flowers arranged in umbele raceme, 0.7-1 cm in diameter, pedicel 5.8 mm long. Fruit drupe, ovoid, orange, 5 x 4 mm.
Alnus cordata - alder of Corsica
Alnus cordata is a deciduuous tree, native to Italy and Corsica, occurs naturally in poorly drained soils, in semi-shade. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure, dry conditions as well as a dusty atmosphere. Is cultivated as ornamental trees in gardens and parks.
Pimelea physodes is a species indigenous to Australia. Stem erect, branched, 0.2-1 m high and 80 cm in diameter. Leaves opposite, Sesia, elliptic, acute nested. Capital terminal, solitary, nutant, large bracts, 4-6 cm, yellow, green, red or purple, perianth roots, the average tube, stamens long.
Thlaspi montanum L.
Thlaspi montanum var. montanum is toxic and cause death of larvae of Pieris rapa.
Thlaspi montanum var. siskiyouense is a serpentine endemic from southwestern Oregon.
Sedum acre - perennial species, succulent, native to Europe and the Mediterranean Basin, from 600 to 2200 m altitude, common dry soil, sand, walls, rocks and limestone soils.
Tree 25 m high. Trunk erect, branched. Ritidom smooth, dark gray. Crown broad, thick, tapered. Leaves persistent, alternate, coriacee, lamina ovat-oblong, acute, entire and slightly wavy edge on the upper side and glossy green color, on the underside is brown-rust, pubescent, ribbed central rib obvious; nervatiuni pinnate secondary.