Scientific Name - Corylus avellana L.
Synonyms - Corylus sylvestris Salisb.
Popular names - Hazel, nocciolo, avellano, acciardello, hazelnut.
Distribution and Habitat - common species in Europe and western Asia, from plain to 1200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.
Description - shrub 3-4 feet tall. Leaves alternate, top acuminata, double-toothed edges, ribs evident, pubescent on the underside, dark green on top, lighter green on the bottom. Petiole short, tomentos. Male flowers in Amenti pendula, yellow. Female flowers are ovoid shape, with a shock of red stamens. Fruit achenes, 14-20 x 10-15, locked in an involucre. 2n = 22.
Growth rate -
Toleratente - tolerate temperatures down to -15 ° C.
Requirements - prefer rich soil, moist, well-drained, sunny or partially sunny exhibitions.
Cultivars - 'Barcelona', 'Clark' Delle Langhe ',' Lewis ',' Tonda Romanian. "
Properties and Uses - grown in gardens and parks in ornamental and fruit, nuts.
The seeds can be eaten raw or cooked, sweet or salty.
Curiosity - the seeds are rich in oil, protein, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, iron and vitamin B6.
The scientific name 'avellana' derives from the Italian town of Avella, a name given by Linnaeus.
In Vienna, Austria, particularly where a cake is the main ingredient is peanuts.
Trees and shrubs
Dovyalis caffra - kei-apple
Dovyalis caffra - fruit edible, with a high vitamin C content (80-120 mg/g), potassium (600 mg), and makes an excellent jam.
Robinia pseudoacacia - Acacia
Tree, 25 m high, crown iregulata, oval, open. Maroni stalk, thin, tomato-brown of thorns present 1.5-2.5 cm long. Small buds superimposed. Leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, 7-19 folio elliptical, obovata, opposite, entire edge, nervatiune pinnate, 4-5 cm long, green or green glauca, are yellow in autumn.
Shrub 4 m high, dense crown. Bark brown, rough. Leaves persistent, coriacee, simple, language spatulate, entire edge, top round, the obovata, central rib obvious, and glossy dark green upper side, more open bottom, glabra, arranged in vertical false. Blossom umbela
Cornus sanguinea grows throughout Europe, rarer in the north, in the thicket, forest edges and edges of streets, from plain to 1000 m altitude.
Centaurea is the third - century genre that many species in Turkey, with 189 taxa. Most of these taxa are endemic in the whole country or a limited area. Value for Centaurea endemism in Turkey is 60%.
Kizildaghensis Centaurea Centaurea is very similar to kotschy. C. kotschy doll is simple, plum, very long compared to the new species has double doll and nauseating.
Ilex perado - small tree, port pyramidal, evergreen. Originally from the Canary Islands, dense forests grow in the Aqua Garcia, in association with Apollonias barbujana, Arbutus canariensis, Laurus Azores, Myrsine canariensis, Ocotal foetens, Persea indica, Prunus Lusitania subsp. hixa, Visna mocanera.
Herbaceous annual, voluble, mono. Strain pentagonal in section, 6 m high. Leaves alternate, 5-7 lobate, the cordata, acuminata peak or acute, margins iregulat needle, 5-7 ribs, limb 15 x 15 cm, 10 cm long, ribbed, hairy. Flowers monoecious, in axillary Cime, long-pedunculate, yellow, 8 cm in diameter.
Gigabracteata Begonia sp HZ Li & H. Ma. November. in Guangxi, China
Begonia gigabracteata is a plant decide. Tuberous rhizome, 2 cm in diameter. Stipele obsolete. Basal leaves, stalks 4 to 9.2 cm long, cylindrical, reddish or green, with few glandular hairs; language obovata, glabru basis cordata, acuminata top, margin entire or irregular gear, nervatiune palmate-pinnate.
Symphoricarpos - Hurmuz
Shrubs decide, prostate or erect, 90-120 cm, originating in the U.S.. Buds scaly, 1.5 mm long. Leaves simple, opposite, short petiolate, 7 cm long. Raceme blossom. Campanulata Flowers in raceme children. Calyx tube slightly globos; Corola campanulata, 4-5 lobes. Fruit drupe, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, S. albus and S. occidentalis fruits white, pink-coral S. orbiculatus fruit. A fruit contains two seeds oblongata.