Scientific Name - Cosmos sulphureus Cav.
Synonyms - sulfuric Bidens, Cosmos aurantiacus.
Popular names -
Distribution and Habitat - originally from Mexico.
Description - herbaceous annual, 60-150 cm; strain four corners, and branched pubescent. Leaves simple, opposite, pinnate or dublupenat language, 6-22 cm long. Flowers solitary, terminal, surrounded by two rows of bracts, 5-8 ligulate flowers, obovate, toothed, 1.8-3.5 cm long, bright orange or yellow-orange, tubular yellow flowers. Blooms in August-October. Fruit achenes with 2-4 bristles at the top.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - drought and semiumbra.
Requirements - prefer rich soils, well-drained, sunny in the exhibition.
Propagation - by seeds, sown directly into the ground after last frost, primavara. Germinate after 7-21 days, 50-60 days after blooming to germinate.
The natural area is multiplied by self-sowing.
Diseases and pests -
Garden Partners - Asclepias curassavica, Coreopsis tinctoria, Oenothera fruticosa, Rudbeckia hirta, Salvia farinacea, Solidago canadensis, Tagetes erecta.
Cultivars - 'Cosmic Orange' Cosmic Yellow 'Sunny Red'.
Properties and Uses - used as an ornamental species for borders or groups.
Curious - has been declared invasive species in the U.S. in 1996.
Tussilago windbag - coltsfoot
From the Latin Tussilago tussis = cough on the plant's medicinal properties, windbag is the old name of poplar because of similarities between these species leaves.
Windbag Tussilago Tussilago is the only species of the genus.
Dioscorides, used potbal leaves as a substitute for tobacco, and to treat cough and asthma.
Prenanthes purpurea - rabbit salad
Herbaceous perennial. Stem branched, 25-150 cm, pubescent. Amplexicaule leaves, elliptical, oblong or fidate, margin entire or Pinata-fidata, glauca. Flowers arranged in panicule, ligula flowers are purple, with 5 teeth, tubular flowers absent.
Lilium candidum - lily
Lilium candidum - geofita bulbous, originating in the Mediterranean region, rising to 600-700 m altitude.
The lily is a symbol of purity and chastity, became the symbol of the Virgin Mary and the archangel Gabriel.
Aster amellus - a species native to Europe and Asia, common in the collinear, dry and sunny at the edge boschetelor grow on limestone bedrock, from 0 to 800 m altitude.
Cerastium tomentosum - snow in summer
Cerastium tomentosum - is a commonly grown rock-garden, often escape from cultivation.
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.
Solidago caesia - blue-stemmed goldenrod
Solidago box to - perennial species, native to North America, grows naturally in dry soils on roadsides.
Aptenia cordifolia Schwantes
Aptenia cordifolia - Prostate species, evergreen, native to southern Africa. Leaves opposite, petiolate, ovat-cord, edge entire, 1-3 cm long. Flowers solitary, terminal or axillary, short pedunculate, 1 cm diameter, 4 sepa unequal petals united at the base, pink to purple, stamens numerous. Blooms in April-August. Fruit capsule, obconica, 4 valves, 1 cm long.
Cyclamen persicum is a tuberous perennial species, originated in Persia. Cordiforme leaves, 2-14 cm long, dark green, mottled with silver, long petiole. Flowers axillary, solitary, 5 petals ciclamen reflected color, red, white, purple, floral stem of 5-15 cm tall, blooming from late winter to early spring. Fruit capsule.