Scientific Name - Cosmos sulphureus Cav.
Synonyms - sulfuric Bidens, Cosmos aurantiacus.
Popular names -
Distribution and Habitat - originally from Mexico.
Description - herbaceous annual, 60-150 cm; strain four corners, and branched pubescent. Leaves simple, opposite, pinnate or dublupenat language, 6-22 cm long. Flowers solitary, terminal, surrounded by two rows of bracts, 5-8 ligulate flowers, obovate, toothed, 1.8-3.5 cm long, bright orange or yellow-orange, tubular yellow flowers. Blooms in August-October. Fruit achenes with 2-4 bristles at the top.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - drought and semiumbra.
Requirements - prefer rich soils, well-drained, sunny in the exhibition.
Propagation - by seeds, sown directly into the ground after last frost, primavara. Germinate after 7-21 days, 50-60 days after blooming to germinate.
The natural area is multiplied by self-sowing.
Diseases and pests -
Garden Partners - Asclepias curassavica, Coreopsis tinctoria, Oenothera fruticosa, Rudbeckia hirta, Salvia farinacea, Solidago canadensis, Tagetes erecta.
Cultivars - 'Cosmic Orange' Cosmic Yellow 'Sunny Red'.
Properties and Uses - used as an ornamental species for borders or groups.
Curious - has been declared invasive species in the U.S. in 1996.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful
Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.
Herbaceous annual or perennial. Strain decumbenta - upward, often is wood based. Leaves alternate, entire or pinnate-sectors. Capital solitary and axillary. Involucre with bractei placed on 2-3 lines. Flowers tubular, orange. Ligula sterile flowers, yellow-orange, top with 4 teeth. Receptacle convex or flat. Acorn obovoide, densely-hairy.
Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus L.
Herbaceous perennial, growing in groups, rhizomes and tuberous roots spindle. Strain 1-1,3 m, erect, slightly branched. Leaves 30-90 x 1.0-2.5 cm, green, linear, top acute. Blossom terminal cimoasa with flowers 6.12. Tepalele 7.10 x 2-3 cm, yellow lemons, outer tepalele have about 1.5 cm wide, the inner ones were 2.5 cm wide, ovoid. Blooms in June-July.
Digitalis grandiflora - Perennial species, pubescent; natural range is Eurosiberian, increases in forest edge, and boschetelor, from plain to 1600 m altitude.
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.
Campanula spicata - Alpine endemic species which grows on calcareous rocks, cultivated as ornamental species for rock garden.
Cutter paniculata L.
Cutter paniculata L. - shrub or small tree of between 3-12 m tall, native of north-eastern India, Bengal, and Andaman. Ritidom black-brown. Leaves alternate, oval-lanceolata, top acute, margin entire or slightly evening, glabra, 10-20 cm long, ribbed by 1-1.5 cm, pubescent; stipele linear-lanceolata, acuminata, pubescent
Ceiba pentandra - tree, native of tropical America, seen as a species cultivated in the Philippines, growing in arid regions,forests and grasslands from sea level to 1000 m altitude.
Canarina canariensis - herbaceous, commutes glaucescenta. Endemic from the Canary Islands, Tenerife, grows at the edge of forests, from 300 to 1000 m altitude.
Ilex perado - small tree, port pyramidal, evergreen. Originally from the Canary Islands, dense forests grow in the Aqua Garcia, in association with Apollonias barbujana, Arbutus canariensis, Laurus Azores, Myrsine canariensis, Ocotal foetens, Persea indica, Prunus Lusitania subsp. hixa, Visna mocanera.