Scientific Name - Cosmos sulphureus Cav.
Synonyms - sulfuric Bidens, Cosmos aurantiacus.
Popular names -
Distribution and Habitat - originally from Mexico.
Description - herbaceous annual, 60-150 cm; strain four corners, and branched pubescent. Leaves simple, opposite, pinnate or dublupenat language, 6-22 cm long. Flowers solitary, terminal, surrounded by two rows of bracts, 5-8 ligulate flowers, obovate, toothed, 1.8-3.5 cm long, bright orange or yellow-orange, tubular yellow flowers. Blooms in August-October. Fruit achenes with 2-4 bristles at the top.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - drought and semiumbra.
Requirements - prefer rich soils, well-drained, sunny in the exhibition.
Propagation - by seeds, sown directly into the ground after last frost, primavara. Germinate after 7-21 days, 50-60 days after blooming to germinate.
The natural area is multiplied by self-sowing.
Diseases and pests -
Garden Partners - Asclepias curassavica, Coreopsis tinctoria, Oenothera fruticosa, Rudbeckia hirta, Salvia farinacea, Solidago canadensis, Tagetes erecta.
Cultivars - 'Cosmic Orange' Cosmic Yellow 'Sunny Red'.
Properties and Uses - used as an ornamental species for borders or groups.
Curious - has been declared invasive species in the U.S. in 1996.
Sedum album - common species in mountain areas in Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America, grows on limestone rocks, up to 2500 m altitude.
Callistephus chinensis - annual species, 10-70 cm tall, native to Asia. Species cultivated as ornamental in gardens and parks.
Galanthus elwesii - bulbous species, native to Asia Minor, was discovered in western Turkey, in 1874, by HJ Elwes.
Coreopsis tinctoria - North American native grass, cultivated as ornamental species for mixed borders, in pots and cut flowers.
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).
Tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cime of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long.
Actinidia deliciosa - kiwi
Actinidia deliciosa fruits are edible, used for beverages, desserts, containing vitamin C, A and E and potassium.
New species of Dianthus (Caryophyllaceae) found in Turkey
In Turkey the genus Dianthus consists in 71 species, two subspecies and 12 varieties (Reeve, 1967, Davis, Mill & Tan, 1988; Guner et al., 2000; Menemeni & Hamzaoglu, 2000; Aytaç & Duman, 2004).