30
Jun
2009
Cucumis sativus L. - cucumber
Vegetables | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Cucumis sativus L.

Synonyms --

Popular names - cucumber, cetriolo, cocomero, cucumero, gurke, kheera, Pepino, vellari, sushi, trapusah.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in India.

Description - herbaceous annual, monoecious, climbing, 1-4 m. Leaves alternate, palmate-lobate, lobes acute and angulosi-toothed, 7-20 x 7-15 cm, scabrous, 5-20 cm long stalks. Flowers unisexuat-mono, pentamere, calyx Vilos, 5 sepa narrow-triangular, 0.5-1 cm long; Corola campanulata, yellow-gold petals 2 cm long, male flowers grouped each 3-7, the pedicel 0.5-2 cm long, 3 stamens, female flowers are solitary, the pedicel short and thin, up to 0.5 cm long, ovary inferior, oval, 2-5 cm long. Oblung fruit, slightly curved, green, yellow or white. Prosperityste in May-July. Seeds yellowish-white, ovat-oblong, 8-10 x 3-5 mm, smooth. 2n = 14

Growth rate - fast.

Tolerances --

Requirements - soil rich in nutrients, wetlands and in full sun.

Management - soil should be loose and moist all the time. Young plants are Ciupe when true leaves were 4.6 to help offset strains.

During growth soak it manages Nettle diluted with water. Catravetii need fertilizer potassium nitrate.

Cucumbers are indicated climbing plants on trellises to be increased.

Propagation - by seeds, it looks easy but in March in land rich in fertilizer. Germination occurs after 5-7 days. Germination is influenced by fruit maturity and duration of fermentation. Light inhibits germination, and long periods of exposure to 20 C induces entrance ͦ II l her vegetable stand. Seeds placed in a 45 ͦ with the embryo upwards have a higher percentage of germination. Distance between plants should be 45-60 cm.

Diseases and pests - aphids: citricola APHIS, APHIS craccivora, APHIS gossypii, Macrosiphum euphorbiae, Myzus persicae. To escape the attack afidelor, cucumbers be sown as late. Against afidelor can use soak the sting.

Corynespora sp., Preventive treatments may be applied every 7-10 days.

Natural partners and Supplies - for an organic, partners favored by the cucumbers are: maize (Zea mays), beans (Phaseolus vulgaris), peas (Pisum sativum), celery (Apium graveolens), onion (Allium cepa), leek (Allium porrum), lettuce (Lactuca sativa), cabbage (Brassica oleracea), dill (Anethum graveolens) and coriandul (Coriandrum sativum).

Cultivars and varieties --

Properties and Utilizari - raw fruit pulp is rich in vitamin C may be used as a diuretic, and depurativa against cataracts. Fresh juice, 20-50 g per day, is a good dezintoxicant.

For external use, fresh pulp is used for cosmetic masks soft, clean skin and alleviate wrinkles, skin redness and moisturizes.

The seeds, harvested in July, are good as vermifuge, 30 g of pulp seeds, 10-15 g of sugar and 10 g of water, 1-2 times a day, decoction against bladder inflammation and uterus.

In the kitchen, cucumbers can be used both raw and boiled.

The fruits contain 96% water, 2% carbohydrates, mineral salts and potassium 140 mg, 16 mg calcium, phosphorus 17 mg, 4 mg sodium, 11 mg vitaminca C.

Myth, Legend and Folklore --

References

Dragoljub D. Sutic, Richard E. Ford, Malisa T. Tosic - Handbook of Plant Virus Diseases - CRC, 1999

Gianfranco PatParty - Plants in Cosmetics - Council of Europe, 2003

James A. Duke - Duke's Handbook of Medicinal Plants of the Bible - CRC, 2007

Orient Longman - Indian Medicinal plants - South Asia Books, 1994

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