Scientific Name - Cyphomandra betacea
Synonyms - Solanum betaceum, Cyphomandra crassifolium.
Popular names - tamarillo, tree tomato, tomato from La Paz.
Distribution and Habitat - a native of Peru and Chile, in tropical forests, from 700 to 2000 m altitude.
Description - small tree, 3-6 m tall. Leaves evergreen, alternate, pubescent, 30-40 x 20-35 cm, limb ovate, base cordata, acuminata top, 20 cm long stalks. Flowers clustered in CIME; calyx sepals 5, persistent, corolla campanula, 2 cm diameter, pink or violet, yellow stamens, 5 mm, the ovary pubescent. Frcut Baca, elliptic-ovoid, 10 x 5 cm, yellow, orange to purple. Seeds 3-4 mm.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - sensitive to frost, the leaves and thin branches may suffer. Strong winds can break branches and seedlings. Do not tolerate excessivethe water.
Requirements - well-drained soils
Propagation - by seeds, cuttings and grafting. Cuttings of 30-40 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter, when seedlings were 1 m in height to encourage branching, apical bud away. Can be used as rootstocks Solanum mauritianum.
Diseases and pests - Alternaria alternata, Erysiphe polygon, Gloesporium sp., Pseudomonas sp., Xanthomonas phaseoli.
Properties and Uses - is grown in Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Venezuela and New Zealand for its edible fruit, or ornamental tree. Fruits can be eaten cooked or raw in salads and desserts. It is shown that the seeds and skin to be removed. Fruits contain protein, vitamin C and E, vitamin A.
Curiosity - This species was first described in 1801 by the name of Solanum betaceum Cavanilles.
Trees and shrubs
Liana Wood, single, semi-evergreen, perennial. Strain gray-brown with prominent lenticele. Leaves alternate, palmately-compound, 5 folio ribbed stipelate. Oblonga call to Foliolele ovat-elliptic, the round, ribbed 4.5 to 10 cm long. Raceme axillary blossom, clocks, male flowers are arranged terminal
Robinia pseudoacacia - Acacia
Tree, 25 m high, crown iregulata, oval, open. Maroni stalk, thin, tomato-brown of thorns present 1.5-2.5 cm long. Small buds superimposed. Leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, 7-19 folio elliptical, obovata, opposite, entire edge, nervatiune pinnate, 4-5 cm long, green or green glauca, are yellow in autumn.
Salix reticulata is a shrub alpine areas grows, from 1800-2700 m altitude in association with Silene acaulis and Dryas octopetala.
Morinda citrifolia - originally from Queensland, Australia. The fruit is edible, from seeds to obtain oil insect repellent.
Aesculus hippocastanum - common horsechestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum - is used in parks and gardens, the tree line, solitary or in groups. The flowers are bees, and seeds contain starch, protein, tannin, saponin and edible oil, which can be manufactured soap, technical oil, glue, medicines. Species not produce forest wood is of poor quality.
Banksia ericifolia, originally from Australia, Blue Mountains. In 1992, Banksia ericifolia was chosen as the official emblem of Sydney.
Deciduous tree, native (Romania), 15 m high. The stem is often crooked, irregular. Crown rare, bright, large and irregular. Bark is thick, deeply wrinkled, forming a cracked ritidom in rectangular plates, dark brown.
Physalis alkekengi - ripe fruits are edible, are rich in Vitamin C and has diuretic and laxative properties.