Scientific Name - Cyphomandra betacea
Synonyms - Solanum betaceum, Cyphomandra crassifolium.
Popular names - tamarillo, tree tomato, tomato from La Paz.
Distribution and Habitat - a native of Peru and Chile, in tropical forests, from 700 to 2000 m altitude.
Description - small tree, 3-6 m tall. Leaves evergreen, alternate, pubescent, 30-40 x 20-35 cm, limb ovate, base cordata, acuminata top, 20 cm long stalks. Flowers clustered in CIME; calyx sepals 5, persistent, corolla campanula, 2 cm diameter, pink or violet, yellow stamens, 5 mm, the ovary pubescent. Frcut Baca, elliptic-ovoid, 10 x 5 cm, yellow, orange to purple. Seeds 3-4 mm.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - sensitive to frost, the leaves and thin branches may suffer. Strong winds can break branches and seedlings. Do not tolerate excessivethe water.
Requirements - well-drained soils
Propagation - by seeds, cuttings and grafting. Cuttings of 30-40 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter, when seedlings were 1 m in height to encourage branching, apical bud away. Can be used as rootstocks Solanum mauritianum.
Diseases and pests - Alternaria alternata, Erysiphe polygon, Gloesporium sp., Pseudomonas sp., Xanthomonas phaseoli.
Properties and Uses - is grown in Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Venezuela and New Zealand for its edible fruit, or ornamental tree. Fruits can be eaten cooked or raw in salads and desserts. It is shown that the seeds and skin to be removed. Fruits contain protein, vitamin C and E, vitamin A.
Curiosity - This species was first described in 1801 by the name of Solanum betaceum Cavanilles.
Trees and shrubs
Thunbergia alata - black-eyed Susan
Thunberg spelled - a species native to tropical Africa, but common as ornamental plants.
Asclepias currasavica - scarlet milkweed
Asclepias currasavica - species used as ornamental plants for small gardens, in combination with other herbs such as Echinacea purpurea, Ratibida pinnata, ornamental grasses.
Caesalpinia gilliesii - a species native to temperate and subtropical regions of South America, grown on every continent as an ornamental species in parks and gardens, may naturalize in areas where the climate is favorable.
Jasminum nudiflorum Lindl.
Decidua species native to China. Green stems, 60-90 cm high, 1-2 m diameter, edges, form adventitious roots. Brownish-red buds, ovoizi. Decidue leaves, opposite, pinnate-compound, 3 leaflets oblong, Sesi. Flowers solitary, six petals, 1-2 cm in diameter. Flowering period from January to March, before leaf. Baca fruit, fleshy, ripening black.
Tree 25 m high. Trunk erect, branched. Ritidom smooth, dark gray. Crown broad, thick, tapered. Leaves persistent, alternate, coriacee, lamina ovat-oblong, acute, entire and slightly wavy edge on the upper side and glossy green color, on the underside is brown-rust, pubescent, ribbed central rib obvious; nervatiuni pinnate secondary.
Campanula trachelium - bell tapului
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome robust, woody. Stem herbaceous, erect, pubescent, 50-100 cm tall. Leaves basal, 6-10 cm long, petiole, lamina ovat-triangulation, cordiforme, hispida, edge gear, top acuminata, upper leaves are smaller, lanceolata, ruvide, easy side laced, short stalks or Sesi.
Melia azedarach L.
Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.
Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.
Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.
Evergreen shrub. Branches erect. Leaves green, alternate or subverticilate, 6-21 x 2.5 cm, limb oblong, coriaceu, top acuminata, edge entire, nervatiune pinnate. Flowers arranged in terminal panicule, small flowers, hermaphrodite
Kalanchoe eriophylla - was first described by R. Hilsenbeck and W. Bojer, in 1857. Originally from Madagascar, which grows at high altitudes, on rocks.
Kalanchoe eriophylla - epiphytic species, herbaceous perennial, 30 cm height. Decumbenta strain or swing. Leaves opposite, Sesia, in rosettes at the base, language juicy, sub-ovoid, 10-35 x 6-17 mm, pubescent, base truncata or amplexicaule, top obtuse, margin entire or crenata.
Bergen crassifolia (L.) Fritsch.
Herbaceous perennial forms a bush evergreen basal leaves, stems florifere up to 50 cm tall, dark purple. Leaves 25 cm wide, or elliptic obovata language, rim around the base cuneata, top obtuse, long petiole, 3-9 cm long. Panic blossom, flowers pink or dark pink open.