Scientific Name - Cyphomandra betacea
Synonyms - Solanum betaceum, Cyphomandra crassifolium.
Popular names - tamarillo, tree tomato, tomato from La Paz.
Distribution and Habitat - a native of Peru and Chile, in tropical forests, from 700 to 2000 m altitude.
Description - small tree, 3-6 m tall. Leaves evergreen, alternate, pubescent, 30-40 x 20-35 cm, limb ovate, base cordata, acuminata top, 20 cm long stalks. Flowers clustered in CIME; calyx sepals 5, persistent, corolla campanula, 2 cm diameter, pink or violet, yellow stamens, 5 mm, the ovary pubescent. Frcut Baca, elliptic-ovoid, 10 x 5 cm, yellow, orange to purple. Seeds 3-4 mm.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - sensitive to frost, the leaves and thin branches may suffer. Strong winds can break branches and seedlings. Do not tolerate excessivethe water.
Requirements - well-drained soils
Propagation - by seeds, cuttings and grafting. Cuttings of 30-40 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter, when seedlings were 1 m in height to encourage branching, apical bud away. Can be used as rootstocks Solanum mauritianum.
Diseases and pests - Alternaria alternata, Erysiphe polygon, Gloesporium sp., Pseudomonas sp., Xanthomonas phaseoli.
Properties and Uses - is grown in Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Venezuela and New Zealand for its edible fruit, or ornamental tree. Fruits can be eaten cooked or raw in salads and desserts. It is shown that the seeds and skin to be removed. Fruits contain protein, vitamin C and E, vitamin A.
Curiosity - This species was first described in 1801 by the name of Solanum betaceum Cavanilles.
Trees and shrubs
Capparis spinosa L. - caper
Undergrowth, with root wood and lignificate stems at the base, erect in the basal portions. Leaves alternate, two stipele turned into thorns, persistent or obsolete, short stalks, oval or subrotund language, edge entire, flashy, green-glauca. Flowers solitary, peduncle long in upper leaf axilla; calyx of 4 sepa green, Corola of 4 white petals, stamens many red-purple color.
Caesalpinia gilliesii - a species native to temperate and subtropical regions of South America, grown on every continent as an ornamental species in parks and gardens, may naturalize in areas where the climate is favorable.
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.
Evergreen shrub. Branches erect. Leaves green, alternate or subverticilate, 6-21 x 2.5 cm, limb oblong, coriaceu, top acuminata, edge entire, nervatiune pinnate. Flowers arranged in terminal panicule, small flowers, hermaphrodite
Deciduu or semi-evergreen shrub, prostrat, 50-150 cm tall and 1.2-1.8 m wide, often branched, with horizontal branches. Buds are pink opening spring. Suborbiculare or elliptical leaves, glossy dark green. The flowers are pink, small, almost Sesi, 1-2, anther white blooms in May-June, attracting bees.
Rosa 'American Pillar'
Rambler, 4-6 x 3 m. The simple flowers grouped in bouquets of flowers or solitary, 5-20, 5-6 cm diameter, red-fuchsia, deep red with a white spot in center, yellow anthers are visible. Leaves dark green, shiny, becoming purple before falling. Bloom once a year in June-July.
Helleborus viridis - originating in Spain, France, Italy and Switzerland; grows on calcareous soils from 0 to 1700 m altitude, to the edges of deciduous forests, beech forests and mixed forests, grows in association with Arum dioscoridis, Crocus sp., Cyclamen coum, Fritillaria sp. Hyacinthus orientalis.
Calycanthus floridus L.
Shrub 1.8-4 m tall, multiple stems, erect, clocks the fruit. Buds small, round, naked, brown-pubescent. Scaorta smooth lenticele, by burning aromatic, dark gray-brown. Leaves opposite, decidue, simple ovata to elliptic, entire, aromatic if they are broken, shiny, dense tomentoase inside, spring green, autumn is yellow or yellow-versa.
Cardamine bulbifera - herbaceous species, perennial. Hailing from Europe and Asia Minor, grow on fertile soils, limestone, 200 to 1800 m altit., In association with Coryllus avellana, Carpinus betulus, Crataegus laevigata, Fraxinus excelsior, Quercus robur, ursinum Allium, Carex pendula, Hyacinthoides non- scripta, Mercurialis perennis, Lamiastrum galeobdolon.