Scientific Name - Cyphomandra betacea
Synonyms - Solanum betaceum, Cyphomandra crassifolium.
Popular names - tamarillo, tree tomato, tomato from La Paz.
Distribution and Habitat - a native of Peru and Chile, in tropical forests, from 700 to 2000 m altitude.
Description - small tree, 3-6 m tall. Leaves evergreen, alternate, pubescent, 30-40 x 20-35 cm, limb ovate, base cordata, acuminata top, 20 cm long stalks. Flowers clustered in CIME; calyx sepals 5, persistent, corolla campanula, 2 cm diameter, pink or violet, yellow stamens, 5 mm, the ovary pubescent. Frcut Baca, elliptic-ovoid, 10 x 5 cm, yellow, orange to purple. Seeds 3-4 mm.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - sensitive to frost, the leaves and thin branches may suffer. Strong winds can break branches and seedlings. Do not tolerate excessivethe water.
Requirements - well-drained soils
Propagation - by seeds, cuttings and grafting. Cuttings of 30-40 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter, when seedlings were 1 m in height to encourage branching, apical bud away. Can be used as rootstocks Solanum mauritianum.
Diseases and pests - Alternaria alternata, Erysiphe polygon, Gloesporium sp., Pseudomonas sp., Xanthomonas phaseoli.
Properties and Uses - is grown in Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Venezuela and New Zealand for its edible fruit, or ornamental tree. Fruits can be eaten cooked or raw in salads and desserts. It is shown that the seeds and skin to be removed. Fruits contain protein, vitamin C and E, vitamin A.
Curiosity - This species was first described in 1801 by the name of Solanum betaceum Cavanilles.
Trees and shrubs
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Bark gray young branches are yellow-green. Leaves alternate; paripenat-compound, 4-6 pairs of folio oval-elliptic, 10-35 mm long, dark green in summer and autumn yellow, 5-10 cm long; spinescente Stipe. Flowers solitary, Corola yellow, 20-25 mm long, increase the armpit leaves, blooming from May to June.
Acacia sieberiana - tree, 3-25 m tall, rounded crown. Increase in savannah, in semi-arid regions of Africa, from 0-1850 m altitude.
Dracaena marginata Lemarck
Popular names: English - Red-edged Dracaena, Madagascar Dragon-Tree, Hawaii - money tree.
Dracaena marginata Lemarck is an evergreen species native to Madagascar, was imported into Europe in the XVII century. Bush by 6 m high, formed more vertical stems. Leaves arranged spiral, simple, Sesia, entire, linear, evergreen, green with reddish margins, 15-45 x 0,7-3 cm; nervatiuni parallel.
Indigofera jucunda - shrub or small tree, evergreen, native to the forests of Africa, Kwazulu-Natal, near rocks and rivers.
Bush, 60-150 cm tall. Branches green, thin, pubescent, with 4.12 edges. Leaves pubescent, with some softwood apuncte, leaves from the branches are placed 3.6 in each verticil, language ovat-elliptic, 8.5-16 x 6-9 mm, top acute, sparsely toothed, leaves are opposite dinsre top Lujerul, linear, whole.
Soldanella alpina - grows in coniferous forests and grasslands, from 1000 up to 2500 m altitude, moist substrates, rocks, rich in humus.
Theobroma cacao - the tree deciduu originating from semi-tropical forests of Brazil, Mexico and the U.S.A
The genus name derives from the Greek "theos" = god, and 'bromine' = food, food of the gods.
Impatiens glandulifera - a species herbaceous annual. The genus name derives from the Latin 'impatient' = impatient, referring to the characteristic fruit to mature quickly open, releasing the seeds to great distances, and the specific name 'glandulifera' refers to small glands at the base of the petiole and foliar language .
Dianthus carthusianorum - carnation field
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, simple or branched, 25-65 cm, glabra. Leaves opposite, lamina linear-spatulate, 3-13 cm, green edges glabrata. Blossom dense, 4-15 flowers; bractei lanceolata, equal to or greater than the calyx, herbaceous, 4-6 bracteole, brown, oblong-obovata. Pedicel 0.1-2 mm.