13
Jan
2011
Cyphomandra betacea
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific Name - Cyphomandra betacea

Synonyms - Solanum betaceum, Cyphomandra crassifolium.

Popular names - tamarillo, tree tomato, tomato from La Paz.

Distribution and Habitat - a native of Peru and Chile, in tropical forests, from 700 to 2000 m altitude.

Description - small tree, 3-6 m tall. Leaves evergreen, alternate, pubescent, 30-40 x 20-35 cm, limb ovate, base cordata, acuminata top, 20 cm long stalks. Flowers clustered in CIME; calyx sepals 5, persistent, corolla campanula, 2 cm diameter, pink or violet, yellow stamens, 5 mm, the ovary pubescent. Frcut Baca, elliptic-ovoid, 10 x 5 cm, yellow, orange to purple. Seeds 3-4 mm.

Growth rate - fast.

Tolerances - sensitive to frost, the leaves and thin branches may suffer. Strong winds can break branches and seedlings. Do not tolerate excessivethe water.

Requirements - well-drained soils

Propagation - by seeds, cuttings and grafting. Cuttings of 30-40 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter, when seedlings were 1 m in height to encourage branching, apical bud away. Can be used as rootstocks Solanum mauritianum.

Diseases and pests - Alternaria alternata, Erysiphe polygon, Gloesporium sp., Pseudomonas sp., Xanthomonas phaseoli.

Properties and Uses - is grown in Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Venezuela and New Zealand for its edible fruit, or ornamental tree. Fruits can be eaten cooked or raw in salads and desserts. It is shown that the seeds and skin to be removed. Fruits contain protein, vitamin C and E, vitamin A.

Curiosity - This species was first described in 1801 by the name of Solanum betaceum Cavanilles.

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