Scientific name - delphinium ajacis L.
Synonyms - consolidated ajacis.
Popular names - panache.
Distribution and Habitat - a species native to southern Europe.
Description - annual species. Stems erect, 30-90 cm, simple or branched rich, finely pubescent. Leaves petiolate lower stems, digital sectors, the upper nearly sessile, all with lacinii narrow linear, acuminate, pubescent. Bractei simple, linear. Flowers in raceme simple, more or less dense, about three inches long, bluish-purple, with petals more open, rarely pink or white. Brush with leaflets ovate, 15-17 cm long, 15 mm long spurs, often slightly curved upwards. Nectarios united with three lobes and a spur. Stamens with filaments widened, surrounding the ovary. Blooms in June-August. Solitary follicles, 15-25 mm long, style short, hairy or glabrescent. Seeds numerous, long, 2.5 – 2.8 mm, rough.
Propagation - by seeds.
Properties and Uses - forms horticultural species grown in full flower in different colors, rarely subspontana.
Curiosity - Delphinion = dolphin, the name given by Dioscorides, on the spur of flowers suggesting the animal form.
Bergen crassifolia (L.) Fritsch.
Herbaceous perennial forms a bush evergreen basal leaves, stems florifere up to 50 cm tall, dark purple. Leaves 25 cm wide, or elliptic obovata language, rim around the base cuneata, top obtuse, long petiole, 3-9 cm long. Panic blossom, flowers pink or dark pink open.
Perennial species, 30 cm height, 60-90 cm diameter, forming a dense bush covering the ground well. Leaves linear-lanceolata, margin entire, shiny dark green, 2,5-4 cm long x 3.6 mm wide. Flowers white, 4 petals, blossom type corymb, 9 cm diameter, January-June period of prosperity. Fruit silicula, 7 mm long.
Thlaspi montanum L.
Thlaspi montanum var. montanum is toxic and cause death of larvae of Pieris rapa.
Thlaspi montanum var. siskiyouense is a serpentine endemic from southwestern Oregon.
Prenanthes purpurea - rabbit salad
Herbaceous perennial. Stem branched, 25-150 cm, pubescent. Amplexicaule leaves, elliptical, oblong or fidate, margin entire or Pinata-fidata, glauca. Flowers arranged in panicule, ligula flowers are purple, with 5 teeth, tubular flowers absent.
Semi-evergreen or evergreen species that cover the ground well. Leaves linear alternee or rosettes on stems, 1.5-2 cm long and 2 mm wide, Sesia, subulate. Cimoasa blossom or panic terminal flower formed of 3.9. Corola formed of 5 petals emarginate at top, obovata, 1 cm long, 5 mm wide, glabra, 1.3 cm long tube. 5 stamens, in the corolla tube of different heights.
Menzies ferruginea Smith
Shrub 1-2 m tall, thin stalk, reddish brown, slightly pubescent, terminal buds in bouquets, bark red-brown to gray-brown, thin, becomes scaly. Leaves alternate, decidue, nervatiune pinnate, obovata-elliptic, 3-6 cm long, dark green on upper and pale green inside, margins entire or soirees.
Cutter paniculata L.
Cutter paniculata L. - shrub or small tree of between 3-12 m tall, native of north-eastern India, Bengal, and Andaman. Ritidom black-brown. Leaves alternate, oval-lanceolata, top acute, margin entire or slightly evening, glabra, 10-20 cm long, ribbed by 1-1.5 cm, pubescent; stipele linear-lanceolata, acuminata, pubescent
Antennaria dioica - perennial species, growing on acid soils, deciduous and coniferous forests, subalpine and alpine meadows, from 100-2300 (rare 3100).
Nigella sativa L.
Nigella sativa - annual species, native to the Mediterranean, the Balkans, Asia Minor, Caucasus, western Asia, India and North Africa.
It was used by Greeks to treat congestion agipteni and nose, toothaches, headaches, abdominal pains, rheumatism, and as a diuretic.