Scientific name - delphinium ajacis L.
Synonyms - consolidated ajacis.
Popular names - panache.
Distribution and Habitat - a species native to southern Europe.
Description - annual species. Stems erect, 30-90 cm, simple or branched rich, finely pubescent. Leaves petiolate lower stems, digital sectors, the upper nearly sessile, all with lacinii narrow linear, acuminate, pubescent. Bractei simple, linear. Flowers in raceme simple, more or less dense, about three inches long, bluish-purple, with petals more open, rarely pink or white. Brush with leaflets ovate, 15-17 cm long, 15 mm long spurs, often slightly curved upwards. Nectarios united with three lobes and a spur. Stamens with filaments widened, surrounding the ovary. Blooms in June-August. Solitary follicles, 15-25 mm long, style short, hairy or glabrescent. Seeds numerous, long, 2.5 – 2.8 mm, rough.
Propagation - by seeds.
Properties and Uses - forms horticultural species grown in full flower in different colors, rarely subspontana.
Curiosity - Delphinion = dolphin, the name given by Dioscorides, on the spur of flowers suggesting the animal form.
Ornithogalum umbelatum L. - balusca
Bulbous perennial species. Basal leaves semi-erect, linear, ribbed white-silver center, 25-30 cm long. Raceme with 6-20 corymb blossom type flowers, 2 cm diameter; tepale white with green on the outside, 6 stamens, 1 pistil.
Campanula glomerata species native to Europe, growing in arid environments, pastures and forest edges, 0-1500 m altitude. Seen as ornamental species, ideal for who wants to create a wild flower garden.
Buphthalmum salicifolium - herbaceous plant, perennial. Originally from the Balkans and Eastern Alps, growing limestone land in arid forests, wet meadows and sunny, from 200 to 2100 m altitude.
Oenothera biennis - Luminita
Oenothera biennis is a biennial species, native to North America, naturalized in southern Europe. It was introduced in Europe in 1614.
Eryngium campestre - rostogol
Eryngium campestre - a species native to Central and S, V Asia, grows on rocky places, sandy in dry meadows and pastures, along roads.
Deciduu or semi-evergreen shrub, prostrat, 50-150 cm tall and 1.2-1.8 m wide, often branched, with horizontal branches. Buds are pink opening spring. Suborbiculare or elliptical leaves, glossy dark green. The flowers are pink, small, almost Sesi, 1-2, anther white blooms in May-June, attracting bees.
Helianthemum nummularium - Rock Rose
Scientific name, Helianthemum numularium, derived from the Greek Helios = sun and the Latin word indicating the currency, numumus = currency, because the flowers that sparkle in sunlight like a golden coin.
Gentiana crucial - originated in southern, central and eastern Europe, it grows on sunny pastures on limestone soils, from 200 to 2000 m altitude.