21
Mar
2011
Dianthus barbatus
Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific Name - Dianthus barbatus

Synonyms -

Popular names - Garofita garden, Bart-Nelke, garofano dei poets.

Distribution and Habitat - native to southern Europe, grows at the edge of forests, bushes and meadows.

Description - perennial herb, 30-70 cm tall, stems erect, round, simple or branched at the top. Leaves broad ovate-lanceolate, sessile, reticulated nerve rough edges. Flowers pedicel short, one 3-30, wrapped the bractei narrow linear, pointed, reflect. Scvame involucrale calicine 4, top setaceu, 15-18 mm, erect or slightly reflexes. Calyx cylindrical, 15-18 mm, green, purple top, glabru, narrow calyx teeth linear setaceu. Petals purple or dark, stained, petal obovata, triangular, toothed in front. Blooms in April-August. Fruit capsule.

Properties and Uses - cultivata in parks and gardens as ornamentals.

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Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus L.

Herbaceous perennial, growing in groups, rhizomes and tuberous roots spindle. Strain 1-1,3 m, erect, slightly branched. Leaves 30-90 x 1.0-2.5 cm, green, linear, top acute. Blossom terminal cimoasa with flowers 6.12. Tepalele 7.10 x 2-3 cm, yellow lemons, outer tepalele have about 1.5 cm wide, the inner ones were 2.5 cm wide, ovoid. Blooms in June-July.

 
Viola x wittrockiana

Viola x wittrockiana - biennial species, 15 cm height. Leaves alternate, basal, simple, ovata or subcordate, needle, stalk, stipelate. Flowers solitary, basal zigomorfe; 5 free petals, 5 sepa-free, 5 stamens. Fruit capsule with 3 valves. Flowers from spring until autumn.

 
Cirsium palustre

Originally from Europe and western Asia, growing on wet soils and peat, from plain to 1800 m altitude.

 
Nigella sativa L.

Nigella sativa - annual species, native to the Mediterranean, the Balkans, Asia Minor, Caucasus, western Asia, India and North Africa.

It was used by Greeks to treat congestion agipteni and nose, toothaches, headaches, abdominal pains, rheumatism, and as a diuretic.

 
Magnoliopsida
Leonotis Leonurus

Leonotis Leonurus - a species native to southern Africa but cultivated throughout the world as ornamental species in parks and gardens.

Leonotis grecum derived from 'Leon' = lion, and 'Otis' = ear alluding to the shape of the corolla.

 
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.

Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long

 
Asclepias fruticosa

Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.

 
Dalechampia spathulata

Dalechampia spathulata is a shrub of the Euphorbiaceae family. Most species belonging to the genus Dalechampia multiply naturally by seeds.

 
Myrsine africana

Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.

 
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