Scientific Name - Dianthus barbatus
Popular names - Garofita garden, Bart-Nelke, garofano dei poets.
Distribution and Habitat - native to southern Europe, grows at the edge of forests, bushes and meadows.
Description - perennial herb, 30-70 cm tall, stems erect, round, simple or branched at the top. Leaves broad ovate-lanceolate, sessile, reticulated nerve rough edges. Flowers pedicel short, one 3-30, wrapped the bractei narrow linear, pointed, reflect. Scvame involucrale calicine 4, top setaceu, 15-18 mm, erect or slightly reflexes. Calyx cylindrical, 15-18 mm, green, purple top, glabru, narrow calyx teeth linear setaceu. Petals purple or dark, stained, petal obovata, triangular, toothed in front. Blooms in April-August. Fruit capsule.
Properties and Uses - cultivata in parks and gardens as ornamentals.
Centaurea uniflora subsp. nervosa
Centaurea uniflora subsp. nervosa - originally from Northern Apennines, the Alps, south-eastern Carpathians and the Balkans. Hemicriptofita species, grows on dry meadows and rocky, limestone, from 1100 up to 2600 m altitude.
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.
Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long
Lychnis coronaria - the king's beard, flower wedding
Herbaceous biennial. Stem erect, silvery-pubescent, simple or branched, 30-80 cm high. Basal leaves are petiolate, oblong-lanceolata, spatulate, 5-10 cm x 10-25 mm, margins entire, top acute, the caulinare are Sesi, oblong-ovata, Hirsute, 5.12 cm long. Blossom panic terminal peduncle 10 cm long
Cichorium intybus - Chicory
Herbaceous biennial or perennial. Stem erect, with branches hispida, geniculate .30 to 120 cm tall. Roots spindle, long on break leaving a bitter white latex. Basal leaves in rosette, petiolate, lamina oblong-lanceolata, lirat-pinatifide or toothed, 30 x 12 cm. The leaves are caulinare Sesi, alternate, oblong-lanceolata.
Tilia tomentosa - silver linden
Tree with dense crown, rich, 30 m high, with branches erect, rounded. Lujerii annual geniculati, brown-yellow, gray tomentosi with buds ovoid, with two external scales equal, also felt. At first bark is smooth and gray, mature form shallow longitudinal furrows.
Reseda phyteuma - annual or perennial grass, native to southern Europe and southwest Asia, North Africa, it grows on basic soils, grassy edges of roads, from 0 to 1900 m altitude.
Tilia platyphyllos - Large-leaved Linden
Tilia platyphyllos - thermophilic species, grows only in plain and low hills, Europe and western Asia.
Large-leaved Linden, used as decorative trees in parks, and street alignments.
Cornus sanguinea grows throughout Europe, rarer in the north, in the thicket, forest edges and edges of streets, from plain to 1000 m altitude.