Scientific name - Dianthus carthusianorum L.
Synonyms - carpaticus Dianthus, Dianthus congestum, guliae Dianthus, Dianthus vaginatus,
Popular names - carnation field, garofano selvatico, Karthauser-nélkül, Kalanfir.
Distribution and Habitat - grows in a dry, sunny rocks and around Europe.
Description - herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, simple or branched, 25-65 cm, glabra. Leaves opposite, lamina linear-spatulate, 3-13 cm, green edges glabrata. Blossom dense, 4-15 flowers; bractei lanceolata, equal to or greater than the calyx, herbaceous, 4-6 bracteole, brown, oblong-obovata. Pedicel 0.1-2 mm. Flowers subsesile, 40-45 ribbed calyx, 10-15 mm glabru SEPA ovata, 3-4 mm dark pink or purple petals, 10-15 mm, top gear. Blooms in June-September. Capsule 8-10 mm. Seeds 1.6-2 mm, irregular-circular, dark brown to black. 2n = 30.
Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. capillifrons - endemic species in Europe;
Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. carthusianorum - Au, Be, Cz, Ga, Ge, HS, HU, IT, Ju, Po, Rm, Rs;
Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. polonicus - endemic species in Europe;
Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. tenors - endemic species in Europe;
Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. tenuifolius - endemic species in Europe;
Lampranthus aurantiacus. perennial species, succulent native to South Africa. Cultivated as ornamental species for rocarii.
Tropaeolum majus L. - nasturium, Capucine
Tropaeolum majus is originally from Peru, which grows along the coasts and forests of hardwood. Also in Peru, is cultivated to prepare salads. The leaves are rich in minerals, vitamin C and a natural antibiotic.
Cerastium tomentosum - snow in summer
Cerastium tomentosum - is a commonly grown rock-garden, often escape from cultivation.
Dianthus barbatus - perennial herb, native to southern Europe, grows at the edge of forests, bushes and meadows. Cultivated in parks and gardens as ornamentals.
Cleome spinosa - flower spider
Herbaceous annual. Stem herbaceous, simple, viscid-pubescent, 1 m high. Leaves alternate, petiolate, palmate-compound. Petiole 10-15 cm long, glandular and pubescent. Folio 5-7, onblong-anceolate to elliptic, top acute - acuminata, the conical, 15 cm long, margin entire, glandular-pubescent on the upper surface and slightly pubescent on the underside. Raceme blossom, dense, compact, terminal.
Small tree, stem 6 m tall, thin. Lujerii are pubescent. Leaves with Lamine obovata, 9-19 x 3.5-5.5 cm, short top acuminata, the acute subcoriacee, subglabra mid rib, ribs side 10-13 pairs, petiole 3.5-10 mm, slightly pubescent.
Prunus armeniaca - apricot
Prunus armeniaca - shrub or small tree, native of northeastern China, knew and cultivated worldwide for its edible fruit.
The seeds of Prunus armeniaca extract oil used in perfume industry, cosmetics and pharmacy.
Harpephyllum caffrum - evergreen tree, endemic to southern Africa, Eastern Cape to KwaZulu-Natal and southern Mozambiqului, grows in coastal forests.
Betula alba - species, ornamental, decorative crown shape and color of bark, in parks and gardens. The bark is rich in tannins, is used in cosmetics.