Scientific name - Dianthus carthusianorum L.
Synonyms - carpaticus Dianthus, Dianthus congestum, guliae Dianthus, Dianthus vaginatus,
Popular names - carnation field, garofano selvatico, Karthauser-nélkül, Kalanfir.
Distribution and Habitat - grows in a dry, sunny rocks and around Europe.
Description - herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, simple or branched, 25-65 cm, glabra. Leaves opposite, lamina linear-spatulate, 3-13 cm, green edges glabrata. Blossom dense, 4-15 flowers; bractei lanceolata, equal to or greater than the calyx, herbaceous, 4-6 bracteole, brown, oblong-obovata. Pedicel 0.1-2 mm. Flowers subsesile, 40-45 ribbed calyx, 10-15 mm glabru SEPA ovata, 3-4 mm dark pink or purple petals, 10-15 mm, top gear. Blooms in June-September. Capsule 8-10 mm. Seeds 1.6-2 mm, irregular-circular, dark brown to black. 2n = 30.
Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. capillifrons - endemic species in Europe;
Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. carthusianorum - Au, Be, Cz, Ga, Ge, HS, HU, IT, Ju, Po, Rm, Rs;
Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. polonicus - endemic species in Europe;
Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. tenors - endemic species in Europe;
Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. tenuifolius - endemic species in Europe;
Polemonium caeruleum - species used as ornamental plants in gardens with spontaneous or rock gardens. Are planted at 30 cm distance between plants.
Saxifraga squarrosa - endemic sub-species of sub-Eastern Alps, grows on limestone rocks and debris, from 1200 m to 2500 m altitude.
Reseda phyteuma - annual or perennial grass, native to southern Europe and southwest Asia, North Africa, it grows on basic soils, grassy edges of roads, from 0 to 1900 m altitude.
Stylosa Phuopsis annual herbaceous plant, native to eastern Turkey and northern Iran, used as an ornamental species.
Doronicum grandiflorum - geofita rizomatoasa, native to southern Europe, the Iberian Peninsula and the Balkans, growing on calcareous substrates in mountain and alpine floor, the debris, slopes from 2000-2500 m altitude.
Tree 15-40 m high, trunk 1 m in diameter. Subsesile leaves or stalks, stalks up to 3 cm long, glabru or glabrescent; language to narrow obovata ovata, ovat-lanceolata, 6-15 x 2.5-7 cm, margins evening, the round, top-acute acuminata.
Bush single, thorny, 2-4 m high. Branches long, arched, with many thorns collected 3; in young yellow, then brown, yellow-gray in old age. Yellow Wood. Leaves simple, outdated, short stalks; oblung language, dark green, glossy on top, the more open on the underside, edge finely toothed, are inserted into the beam to ascela thorns.