29
Jul
2009
Dianthus carthusianorum - carnation field
Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Dianthus carthusianorum L.

Synonyms - carpaticus Dianthus, Dianthus congestum, guliae Dianthus, Dianthus vaginatus,

Popular names - carnation field, garofano selvatico, Karthauser-nélkül, Kalanfir.

Distribution and Habitat - grows in a dry, sunny rocks and around Europe.

Description - herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, simple or branched, 25-65 cm, glabra. Leaves opposite, lamina linear-spatulate, 3-13 cm, green edges glabrata. Blossom dense, 4-15 flowers; bractei lanceolata, equal to or greater than the calyx, herbaceous, 4-6 bracteole, brown, oblong-obovata. Pedicel 0.1-2 mm. Flowers subsesile, 40-45 ribbed calyx, 10-15 mm glabru SEPA ovata, 3-4 mm dark pink or purple petals, 10-15 mm, top gear. Blooms in June-September. Capsule 8-10 mm. Seeds 1.6-2 mm, irregular-circular, dark brown to black. 2n = 30.

Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. capillifrons - endemic species in Europe;

Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. carthusianorum - Au, Be, Cz, Ga, Ge, HS, HU, IT, Ju, Po, Rm, Rs;

Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. polonicus - endemic species in Europe;

Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. tenors - endemic species in Europe;

Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. tenuifolius - endemic species in Europe;

Natural partners and Garden - Alyssum sp., Bromus erectus, Campanula sp., Fumana vulgaris, Galium mollugo, Ophrys sp., Prunella laciniata, Scabiosa columbaria, Thymus sp..

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Polemonium caeruleum

Polemonium caeruleum - species used as ornamental plants in gardens with spontaneous or rock gardens. Are planted at 30 cm distance between plants.

 
Saxifraga squarrosa

Saxifraga squarrosa - endemic sub-species of sub-Eastern Alps, grows on limestone rocks and debris, from 1200 m to 2500 m altitude.

 
Reseda phyteuma

Reseda phyteuma - annual or perennial grass, native to southern Europe and southwest Asia, North Africa, it grows on basic soils, grassy edges of roads, from 0 to 1900 m altitude.

 
Phuopsis stylosa

Stylosa Phuopsis annual herbaceous plant, native to eastern Turkey and northern Iran, used as an ornamental species.

 
Buphthalmum salicifolium

Buphthalmum salicifolium - herbaceous plant, perennial. Originally from the Balkans and Eastern Alps, growing limestone land in arid forests, wet meadows and sunny, from 200 to 2100 m altitude.

 
Magnoliopsida
Doronicum grandiflorum

Doronicum grandiflorum - geofita rizomatoasa, native to southern Europe, the Iberian Peninsula and the Balkans, growing on calcareous substrates in mountain and alpine floor, the debris, slopes from 2000-2500 m altitude.

 
Quercus serrata

Tree 15-40 m high, trunk 1 m in diameter. Subsesile leaves or stalks, stalks up to 3 cm long, glabru or glabrescent; language to narrow obovata ovata, ovat-lanceolata, 6-15 x 2.5-7 cm, margins evening, the round, top-acute acuminata.

 
Viola yildirimlii

Viola yildirimlii - endemic in the Mediterranean. Grows on rocky slopes, along with Corydalis rutifolia subsp. erdelii, Primula vulgaris subsp. vulgaris, Anemone blanda, Ornithogalum lanceolatum, Muscari azureum and Gladiolus atroviolaceus up to altitudes of 1800 m.

 
Berberis vulgaris

Bush single, thorny, 2-4 m high. Branches long, arched, with many thorns collected 3; in young yellow, then brown, yellow-gray in old age. Yellow Wood. Leaves simple, outdated, short stalks; oblung language, dark green, glossy on top, the more open on the underside, edge finely toothed, are inserted into the beam to ascela thorns.

 
Magnolia baillonii

Tree, 40 m high, truncated 1 m in diameter. Stalk, leaf stalks are brown and language violated. Petiole 1.5-3 cm long. Leaves elliptic, ovat-elliptic, 6-22 x 4.7 cm, protruding ribs on both surfaces, base cuneata, top acuminata.

 
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