29
Jul
2009
Dianthus carthusianorum - carnation field
Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Dianthus carthusianorum L.

Synonyms - carpaticus Dianthus, Dianthus congestum, guliae Dianthus, Dianthus vaginatus,

Popular names - carnation field, garofano selvatico, Karthauser-nélkül, Kalanfir.

Distribution and Habitat - grows in a dry, sunny rocks and around Europe.

Description - herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, simple or branched, 25-65 cm, glabra. Leaves opposite, lamina linear-spatulate, 3-13 cm, green edges glabrata. Blossom dense, 4-15 flowers; bractei lanceolata, equal to or greater than the calyx, herbaceous, 4-6 bracteole, brown, oblong-obovata. Pedicel 0.1-2 mm. Flowers subsesile, 40-45 ribbed calyx, 10-15 mm glabru SEPA ovata, 3-4 mm dark pink or purple petals, 10-15 mm, top gear. Blooms in June-September. Capsule 8-10 mm. Seeds 1.6-2 mm, irregular-circular, dark brown to black. 2n = 30.

Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. capillifrons - endemic species in Europe;

Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. carthusianorum - Au, Be, Cz, Ga, Ge, HS, HU, IT, Ju, Po, Rm, Rs;

Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. polonicus - endemic species in Europe;

Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. tenors - endemic species in Europe;

Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. tenuifolius - endemic species in Europe;

Natural partners and Garden - Alyssum sp., Bromus erectus, Campanula sp., Fumana vulgaris, Galium mollugo, Ophrys sp., Prunella laciniata, Scabiosa columbaria, Thymus sp..

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Flowers
Leonotis Leonurus

Leonotis Leonurus - a species native to southern Africa but cultivated throughout the world as ornamental species in parks and gardens.

Leonotis grecum derived from 'Leon' = lion, and 'Otis' = ear alluding to the shape of the corolla.

 
Linum viscosum

Linum viscosum - increases in floor and alpine mountain in southern Europe, from Iberia to the Balkans, the arid grasslands and bushes, the limestone bedrock, from plain to 1600 m altitude.

 
Eryngium campestre - rostogol

Eryngium campestre - a species native to Central and S, V Asia, grows on rocky places, sandy in dry meadows and pastures, along roads.

 
Dianthus barbatus

Dianthus barbatus - perennial herb, native to southern Europe, grows at the edge of forests, bushes and meadows. Cultivated in parks and gardens as ornamentals.

 
Soldanella alpina

Soldanella alpina - grows in coniferous forests and grasslands, from 1000 up to 2500 m altitude, moist substrates, rocks, rich in humus.

 
Magnoliopsida
Malacothamnus fasciculatus Greene

Evergreen shrub, vigorous, well branched, 1-4.5 m high. The stem and leaves are pubescent, stellate hairs. Leaves alternate, petiolate; language ovat-round, palmate lobate, 0-7 lobes rounded, toothed margins, 2.11 cm. Blossom spike, flowers Sesi.

 
Aphelandra squarrosa

Bush or undergrowth, 30-60 cm. Leaves petiolate, oblong-elliptic, entire, 25-30 x 7-10 cm, spiny-toothed, crenate or sinuous lobate, grooved records and white ribs. Blossom terminal or axillary, pyramidal spike. Flowers Sesi, yellow bractei large to ovata lanceolata. Calyx 8-10 mm. Corola yellow, 3.8-5 cm, corolla tube 3-3.5 cm, upper petal is erect, about 8 mm, biloba, lower petal is tri-lobate

 
Linum viscosum

Linum viscosum - increases in floor and alpine mountain in southern Europe, from Iberia to the Balkans, the arid grasslands and bushes, the limestone bedrock, from plain to 1600 m altitude.

 
Syringa vulgaris L.

Syringa vulgaris is a native of the mountainous regions of south-eastern Europe.

 
Theobroma cacao

Theobroma cacao - the tree deciduu originating from semi-tropical forests of Brazil, Mexico and the U.S.A

The genus name derives from the Greek "theos" = god, and 'bromine' = food, food of the gods.

 
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