Scientific name - Dianthus carthusianorum L.
Synonyms - carpaticus Dianthus, Dianthus congestum, guliae Dianthus, Dianthus vaginatus,
Popular names - carnation field, garofano selvatico, Karthauser-nélkül, Kalanfir.
Distribution and Habitat - grows in a dry, sunny rocks and around Europe.
Description - herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, simple or branched, 25-65 cm, glabra. Leaves opposite, lamina linear-spatulate, 3-13 cm, green edges glabrata. Blossom dense, 4-15 flowers; bractei lanceolata, equal to or greater than the calyx, herbaceous, 4-6 bracteole, brown, oblong-obovata. Pedicel 0.1-2 mm. Flowers subsesile, 40-45 ribbed calyx, 10-15 mm glabru SEPA ovata, 3-4 mm dark pink or purple petals, 10-15 mm, top gear. Blooms in June-September. Capsule 8-10 mm. Seeds 1.6-2 mm, irregular-circular, dark brown to black. 2n = 30.
Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. capillifrons - endemic species in Europe;
Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. carthusianorum - Au, Be, Cz, Ga, Ge, HS, HU, IT, Ju, Po, Rm, Rs;
Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. polonicus - endemic species in Europe;
Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. tenors - endemic species in Europe;
Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. tenuifolius - endemic species in Europe;
Physalis alkekengi - ripe fruits are edible, are rich in Vitamin C and has diuretic and laxative properties.
Oenothera biennis - Luminita
Oenothera biennis is a biennial species, native to North America, naturalized in southern Europe. It was introduced in Europe in 1614.
Erinus alpinus L.
Herbaceous perennial, evergreen. Stem branched, forming bush, 5-15 cm high. Leaves spatulate, 4 cm long, needle tapered. Flowers purple, 1.25 cm diameter, arranged in raceme of 6 cm long. Seeds ellipsoidal, 0.6-0.8 x 0.35-0.45 mm supreafata glossy, dark brown.
Rhaponticum scariosum - Alpine endemic species, grows on mountain pastures from 750 to 2500 m altitude.
Portulaca grandiflora - annual species, succulent, native to Brazil. Can be used in parks and gardens as ornamental species for borders or pots on terraces species for sunny.
Marrubium vulgare - Voronez
Perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks.
Ostrya carpinifolia - used as an ornamental species for gardens, parks and green street.
Ostrya is derived from Greek 'Ostrya', referring to the shape of bracts that protect the fruit.
Herbaceous perennial. Procumbenta or decumbenta stem, 10-30 x 30-120 cm, with 4 edges, pear. Leaves tri-or tri-lobate penatsectat, lobes linear, 2-3.5 x 2-3 cm, entire or toothed, top obtuse. Flowers solitary in the armpit bracteelor, blue, purple, red-purple, lilac, or white. Calyx tubular, 6-9 mm needle 5 sepa unequal, linear, top acute.