Scientific name - Dianthus carthusianorum L.
Synonyms - carpaticus Dianthus, Dianthus congestum, guliae Dianthus, Dianthus vaginatus,
Popular names - carnation field, garofano selvatico, Karthauser-nélkül, Kalanfir.
Distribution and Habitat - grows in a dry, sunny rocks and around Europe.
Description - herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, simple or branched, 25-65 cm, glabra. Leaves opposite, lamina linear-spatulate, 3-13 cm, green edges glabrata. Blossom dense, 4-15 flowers; bractei lanceolata, equal to or greater than the calyx, herbaceous, 4-6 bracteole, brown, oblong-obovata. Pedicel 0.1-2 mm. Flowers subsesile, 40-45 ribbed calyx, 10-15 mm glabru SEPA ovata, 3-4 mm dark pink or purple petals, 10-15 mm, top gear. Blooms in June-September. Capsule 8-10 mm. Seeds 1.6-2 mm, irregular-circular, dark brown to black. 2n = 30.
Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. capillifrons - endemic species in Europe;
Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. carthusianorum - Au, Be, Cz, Ga, Ge, HS, HU, IT, Ju, Po, Rm, Rs;
Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. polonicus - endemic species in Europe;
Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. tenors - endemic species in Europe;
Dianthus carthusianorum subsp. tenuifolius - endemic species in Europe;
Oenothera biennis - Luminita
Oenothera biennis is a biennial species, native to North America, naturalized in southern Europe. It was introduced in Europe in 1614.
Lilium candidum - lily
Lilium candidum - geofita bulbous, originating in the Mediterranean region, rising to 600-700 m altitude.
The lily is a symbol of purity and chastity, became the symbol of the Virgin Mary and the archangel Gabriel.
Bellis perennis L. - bucks
Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval
Sedum album - common species in mountain areas in Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America, grows on limestone rocks, up to 2500 m altitude.
Bush or undergrowth, 30-60 cm. Leaves petiolate, oblong-elliptic, entire, 25-30 x 7-10 cm, spiny-toothed, crenate or sinuous lobate, grooved records and white ribs. Blossom terminal or axillary, pyramidal spike. Flowers Sesi, yellow bractei large to ovata lanceolata. Calyx 8-10 mm. Corola yellow, 3.8-5 cm, corolla tube 3-3.5 cm, upper petal is erect, about 8 mm, biloba, lower petal is tri-lobate
Coronilla vary - herbaceous perennial, native to SE Europe, grows on limestone rocks and ravines, arid plains, along the streets, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Thlaspi montanum L.
Thlaspi montanum var. montanum is toxic and cause death of larvae of Pieris rapa.
Thlaspi montanum var. siskiyouense is a serpentine endemic from southwestern Oregon.
Drypetes natalensis (Harv.) Hutch
Small tree, 10 m high, branches edges. Leaves alternate, language narrow oblong or elliptic, round base, asymmetrical, margins deeply soirees, shiny dark green on the upper face, and green inside. Stipele linear, 0.1 cm. Flowers in bundles, appear in the armpit leaves and on old wood, male flowers are nested sepa 4.5, 0 petals
New species of Dianthus (Caryophyllaceae) found in Turkey
In Turkey the genus Dianthus consists in 71 species, two subspecies and 12 varieties (Reeve, 1967, Davis, Mill & Tan, 1988; Guner et al., 2000; Menemeni & Hamzaoglu, 2000; Aytaç & Duman, 2004).