25
Jul
2011
Dianthus sylvestris
Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Dianthus sylvestris L.

Synonyms - Boissier Dianthus, Dianthus godronianus, inodorus Dianthus, Dianthus virgineus.

Popular names - garofita salbatica, garofanino selvatico.

Distribution and Habitat - increases the debris, limestone substratum, 0 to 2400 m altitude.

Description - Perennial species, stem short and woody. Basal leaves numerous, linear, 0.5 - 1.2 mm wide, green. Flowers solitary at stem tip, slightly scented or odorless. Scvamele epicaliciului 2-5, obovate, with mucron obviously coriacee, a quarter or third of the length of calyx. Gamosepal calyx, tubular, 12-30 x 4-7 mm. Glabra petals, pink, toothed or entire. Stamens 10. Blooms in May-August. Fruit cylindrical capsule with apical dehiscence. Seeds numerous, obovate, concave on one side, black or blackish brown. 2n = 30



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Flowers
Hyacinthus orientalis

Hyacinthus orientalis - bulbous perennial with linear to lance-shaped, channeled, bright green leaves, 15-35 cm long. Is classified as an ornamental, and is native to the Mediterranean region. The essential oils found only in the flowers have been used in cosmetics and soap fragrances.

 
Phuopsis stylosa

Stylosa Phuopsis annual herbaceous plant, native to eastern Turkey and northern Iran, used as an ornamental species.

 
Lampranthus aurantiacus

Lampranthus aurantiacus. perennial species, succulent native to South Africa. Cultivated as ornamental species for rocarii.

 
Soldanella alpina

Soldanella alpina - grows in coniferous forests and grasslands, from 1000 up to 2500 m altitude, moist substrates, rocks, rich in humus.

 
Linum viscosum

Linum viscosum - increases in floor and alpine mountain in southern Europe, from Iberia to the Balkans, the arid grasslands and bushes, the limestone bedrock, from plain to 1600 m altitude.

 
Magnoliopsida
Tilia cordata - Small-leaved lime, lime hill

Scientific Name - Tilia cordata

Synonyms - Tilia parvifolia Ehrh., Tilia ulmifolia Purpose ..

Names of people - small-leaved lime, lime sulfur, lime hill, Littleleaf Linden, Lindenbluten, Tiliae flos, Fleur de Tilleul.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe, grows on nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.

Description - tree, 20 feet tall. Trunk as thick (can reach up to 1 m diameter). Bark on young specimens is smooth, gray to dark gray becomes mature specimens or brown, pitted. Crown oval, conical. Olive-green stems, at first pubescent then glabrata. Buds 4-6 mm long, usually two outer scales unequal, shiny, olive-green to red-brown, terminal bud is absent. Leaves alternate, simple, subrotunde - ovate, 5-7 c

Tilia cordata - tree, native of Europe, increases in nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.

Lime flowers are the most popular remedy for colds and flu, tea is used to treat headaches, anxiety and nervous tension.

 
Jasminum nudiflorum Lindl.

Decidua species native to China. Green stems, 60-90 cm high, 1-2 m diameter, edges, form adventitious roots. Brownish-red buds, ovoizi. Decidue leaves, opposite, pinnate-compound, 3 leaflets oblong, Sesi. Flowers solitary, six petals, 1-2 cm in diameter. Flowering period from January to March, before leaf. Baca fruit, fleshy, ripening black.

 
Cotoneaster horizontális

Deciduu or semi-evergreen shrub, prostrat, 50-150 cm tall and 1.2-1.8 m wide, often branched, with horizontal branches. Buds are pink opening spring. Suborbiculare or elliptical leaves, glossy dark green. The flowers are pink, small, almost Sesi, 1-2, anther white blooms in May-June, attracting bees.

 
Ranunculus asiaticus

Perennial herbaceous, stem 7-40 cm high. Caulinare different from the basal leaves, the basal are lobate, and those are areas caulinare. Flower 3-5 cm diameter, white, yellow or red; 3.5 sepa obsolete; 5 or more petals, stamens numerous. Fruit achenes, top acuminata recurbat, 4,5-5,6 x 3,0-3,7 mm, brown doll. 2n = 16.

 
Aesculus hippocastanum - common horsechestnut

Aesculus hippocastanum - is used in parks and gardens, the tree line, solitary or in groups. The flowers are bees, and seeds contain starch, protein, tannin, saponin and edible oil, which can be manufactured soap, technical oil, glue, medicines. Species not produce forest wood is of poor quality.

 
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