Scientific Name - Digitalis purpurea L.
Popular names - floxglove, digital rossa
Distribution and Habitat - is commonly found in the Black Forest Mountains.
Description - biennial species. Fibrous root. Stem erect, 100-200 cm tall, pubescent. Rough basal leaves, 10-30 cm long, elliptic, tomentoase leaves are arranged caulinare spiral serrated edge. Purple flowers, clocks in long spikes, calyx pubescent, lobes 5, oblong oval. Blooms in May-July. Fruit capsule. Seeds 0.1-0.2 mm.
Tolerances - tolerates freezing temperatures, but they need some protection from winter cold and snow.
Requirements - like a moderately rich, sandy soil, good drainage, in full sun or partial shade.
Propagation - by seed, mix them with sand before broadcasting in the cold frame or nursery bed. Cover very lightly with soil and keep continuously moist. Sow seeds in the late spring or early summer. Germination occurs within 2 weeks after sowing. When seedlings are 5-10 cm tall, transplant them to the garden, 25 - 30 cm between plants.
Properties and Uses - is an ornamental species, the size and elegant in almost any soil type and situation.
Some say that Vincent van Gogh took digitalis for epilepsy.
Digitalis purpurea digitalina contains a powerful drug used for heart disease. London was introduced in the 1650s in the pharmacopoeias.
Curiosity - At 1785 W. Withering, a physician in Birmingham for 10 years has studied the beneficial activity of Digitalis purpurea on the heart.
In 1842, RP Debreyne indicated that cardiotonica species.
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta
Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.
Tribulus terrestris - the old woman's teeth
Herbaceous annual, prostrata, with branches 80 cm long. Paripenat-compound leaves, 4-8 folio, oblong folio, 4.12 x 4 mm. Sepa 2-4 mm long. Petals 3.6 mm long. Stigma pyramidal-elongated. Blooms in May-September.
Epilobium dodonaei - spcie originated in Europe and the Caucasus, increases debris, calcareous rocks, up to 1700 m altitude.
Anemoides trifolia - geofita rizomatoasa, native to southern Europe, grows in forests and mountain collinear, hornbeam and beech.
Tilia platyphyllos - Large-leaved Linden
Tilia platyphyllos - thermophilic species, grows only in plain and low hills, Europe and western Asia.
Large-leaved Linden, used as decorative trees in parks, and street alignments.
Mutisia subspinosa Cav.
Undergrowth voluble, 2-3 m long. Strain poorly ramified, glabra, wavy, yellow-green, 3-wing, green wing, needle-spin, axillary buds are white tomentosi. Leaves alternate, Sesia, language hasta, 8-10 x 0.6-1.3 cm, green, toothed margins, 10-14 pairs of teeth mucronata, long-attenuated peak and ended with a Carcel
Cirsium heterophyllum - originating in Europe - Siberia, growing on peat bogs, on wet meadows, along rivers, on the edge of forests at 800-2100 m altitude.
Herbaceous perennial species, dioecious. 5 cm diameter stalk. Leaves green to green-yellow with the main rib, which ends with a cylindrical Carcel which is longer than the tongue of the leaf, finished with a pitcher. Blossom panic or Raceme. Digestive glands are located inside the jar walls. Seeds are small and filiforme.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful
Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.