04
Jul
2010
Digitalis purpurea
Flowers | Magnoliopsida
4
0

Scientific Name - Digitalis purpurea L.

Synonyms -

Popular names - floxglove, digital rossa

Distribution and Habitat - is commonly found in the Black Forest Mountains.

Description - biennial species. Fibrous root. Stem erect, 100-200 cm tall, pubescent. Rough basal leaves, 10-30 cm long, elliptic, tomentoase leaves are arranged caulinare spiral serrated edge. Purple flowers, clocks in long spikes, calyx pubescent, lobes 5, oblong oval. Blooms in May-July. Fruit capsule. Seeds 0.1-0.2 mm.

Tolerances - tolerates freezing temperatures, but they need some protection from winter cold and snow.

Requirements - like a moderately rich, sandy soil, good drainage, in full sun or partial shade.

Propagation - by seed, mix them with sand before broadcasting in the cold frame or nursery bed. Cover very lightly with soil and keep continuously moist. Sow seeds in the late spring or early summer. Germination occurs within 2 weeks after sowing. When seedlings are 5-10 cm tall, transplant them to the garden, 25 - 30 cm between plants.

Properties and Uses - is an ornamental species, the size and elegant in almost any soil type and situation.

Some say that Vincent van Gogh took digitalis for epilepsy.

Digitalis purpurea digitalina contains a powerful drug used for heart disease. London was introduced in the 1650s in the pharmacopoeias.

Curiosity - At 1785 W. Withering, a physician in Birmingham for 10 years has studied the beneficial activity of Digitalis purpurea on the heart.

In 1842, RP Debreyne indicated that cardiotonica species.

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