Scientific Name - Digitalis purpurea L.
Popular names - floxglove, digital rossa
Distribution and Habitat - is commonly found in the Black Forest Mountains.
Description - biennial species. Fibrous root. Stem erect, 100-200 cm tall, pubescent. Rough basal leaves, 10-30 cm long, elliptic, tomentoase leaves are arranged caulinare spiral serrated edge. Purple flowers, clocks in long spikes, calyx pubescent, lobes 5, oblong oval. Blooms in May-July. Fruit capsule. Seeds 0.1-0.2 mm.
Tolerances - tolerates freezing temperatures, but they need some protection from winter cold and snow.
Requirements - like a moderately rich, sandy soil, good drainage, in full sun or partial shade.
Propagation - by seed, mix them with sand before broadcasting in the cold frame or nursery bed. Cover very lightly with soil and keep continuously moist. Sow seeds in the late spring or early summer. Germination occurs within 2 weeks after sowing. When seedlings are 5-10 cm tall, transplant them to the garden, 25 - 30 cm between plants.
Properties and Uses - is an ornamental species, the size and elegant in almost any soil type and situation.
Some say that Vincent van Gogh took digitalis for epilepsy.
Digitalis purpurea digitalina contains a powerful drug used for heart disease. London was introduced in the 1650s in the pharmacopoeias.
Curiosity - At 1785 W. Withering, a physician in Birmingham for 10 years has studied the beneficial activity of Digitalis purpurea on the heart.
In 1842, RP Debreyne indicated that cardiotonica species.
Bush or undergrowth, 30-60 cm. Leaves petiolate, oblong-elliptic, entire, 25-30 x 7-10 cm, spiny-toothed, crenate or sinuous lobate, grooved records and white ribs. Blossom terminal or axillary, pyramidal spike. Flowers Sesi, yellow bractei large to ovata lanceolata. Calyx 8-10 mm. Corola yellow, 3.8-5 cm, corolla tube 3-3.5 cm, upper petal is erect, about 8 mm, biloba, lower petal is tri-lobate
Physalis alkekengi - ripe fruits are edible, are rich in Vitamin C and has diuretic and laxative properties.
Scrophularia nodosa - perennial species, grows in wet forests, rape and besides water, from 0-1800 m altitude.
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta
Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.
Herbaceous perennial. Procumbenta or decumbenta stem, 10-30 x 30-120 cm, with 4 edges, pear. Leaves tri-or tri-lobate penatsectat, lobes linear, 2-3.5 x 2-3 cm, entire or toothed, top obtuse. Flowers solitary in the armpit bracteelor, blue, purple, red-purple, lilac, or white. Calyx tubular, 6-9 mm needle 5 sepa unequal, linear, top acute.
Aquilegia atrata Koch
Herbaceous perennial. Rhizome thick, vertically or diagonally. Stem erect, branched, pubescent, green or red-purple shades, 30-80 cm high. Leaf sectors lobate 3 lobes or parts, green on the upper face and green on the lower glauca
Acca sellowiana is a slow-growing, evergreen shrub, a native of South America, is now widely grown in the tropics and warm climates as an ornamental, and for its fruit. In late spring it produces quantities of flowers with proeminent red stamens and pinky-white edible petals. After flowering, the foliage can be hard pruned into any shape.
Jasminum nudiflorum Lindl.
Decidua species native to China. Green stems, 60-90 cm high, 1-2 m diameter, edges, form adventitious roots. Brownish-red buds, ovoizi. Decidue leaves, opposite, pinnate-compound, 3 leaflets oblong, Sesi. Flowers solitary, six petals, 1-2 cm in diameter. Flowering period from January to March, before leaf. Baca fruit, fleshy, ripening black.
Thlaspi montanum L.
Thlaspi montanum var. montanum is toxic and cause death of larvae of Pieris rapa.
Thlaspi montanum var. siskiyouense is a serpentine endemic from southwestern Oregon.
A new species of Lathyrus L. in Turkey