Scientific Name - Digitalis purpurea L.
Popular names - floxglove, digital rossa
Distribution and Habitat - is commonly found in the Black Forest Mountains.
Description - biennial species. Fibrous root. Stem erect, 100-200 cm tall, pubescent. Rough basal leaves, 10-30 cm long, elliptic, tomentoase leaves are arranged caulinare spiral serrated edge. Purple flowers, clocks in long spikes, calyx pubescent, lobes 5, oblong oval. Blooms in May-July. Fruit capsule. Seeds 0.1-0.2 mm.
Tolerances - tolerates freezing temperatures, but they need some protection from winter cold and snow.
Requirements - like a moderately rich, sandy soil, good drainage, in full sun or partial shade.
Propagation - by seed, mix them with sand before broadcasting in the cold frame or nursery bed. Cover very lightly with soil and keep continuously moist. Sow seeds in the late spring or early summer. Germination occurs within 2 weeks after sowing. When seedlings are 5-10 cm tall, transplant them to the garden, 25 - 30 cm between plants.
Properties and Uses - is an ornamental species, the size and elegant in almost any soil type and situation.
Some say that Vincent van Gogh took digitalis for epilepsy.
Digitalis purpurea digitalina contains a powerful drug used for heart disease. London was introduced in the 1650s in the pharmacopoeias.
Curiosity - At 1785 W. Withering, a physician in Birmingham for 10 years has studied the beneficial activity of Digitalis purpurea on the heart.
In 1842, RP Debreyne indicated that cardiotonica species.
Verbascum blattaria - Herbaceous biennial, glabra bottom of the stem and glandular hairs towards the top, grows spontaneously in the desert and the hot side of cultivated fields, rivers and channels, up to 800 m altitude.
Dianthus barbatus - perennial herb, native to southern Europe, grows at the edge of forests, bushes and meadows. Cultivated in parks and gardens as ornamentals.
Bellis perennis L. - bucks
Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval
Hyacinthus orientalis - bulbous perennial with linear to lance-shaped, channeled, bright green leaves, 15-35 cm long. Is classified as an ornamental, and is native to the Mediterranean region. The essential oils found only in the flowers have been used in cosmetics and soap fragrances.
Aeonium arboreum - tree aeonium
Sunshrub native from Maroc, stem branching, leaves borne at the ends of the branches in rather flat rosettes.
Orobanche portoiliciana A. Pujadas & MB Crespo
Herbaceous species, stem 15-34 cm tall neramificata air, branched underground stem. Thin air stem, 7-12 mm diameter base, whitish at first glabra, glandular Vilos-time, 0.3 mm long hairs. Basal leaves 4.10 x 4.8 mm, triangulation until lanceolata, nested, leaves stems 8-14 x 2-5 mm length
Spartium junceum - native to the Canary Islands and Mediterranean Basin, grows in arid places, ground limestone, from plain to 600-2000 m, in association with Quercus pubescens, Quercus ilex, Fraxinus ornus, Cotinus coggygria.
Leycesteria formosa Wall.
Leycesteria formosa, originating from the Himalayas and southwestern China. The species cultivated as ornamental gardens.