Scientific name - Diospyros kaki L.
'Dios' = divine, 'pyros' = fruit.
Popular names - khaki, khaki du Japon, Japanese Persimmon, date plum, fig keg, Plaqueminier Caque, Kakipflaume.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in China.
Description - monoecious tree, 6-12 m high. Trunk erect, conical crown, brown bark is exfoliating in small plates. Leaves fell, coriacee, alternate, language oval-elliptic, margin entire, top acuminata, the attenuated, shiny green on top and pubescent towards the bottom, 7-20 x 4.10 cm, petiole 1-1.5 cm long. Flowers solitary, 3 cm in diameter, Corola yellow-green, persistent calyx, 4 petals. Baca Fruit Ball, yellow-orange, contains 8 seeds, short stalk.
Tolerances - temperature of -14 C ͦ, soils rich in nitrogen.
Requirements - soil well-drained, moderately fertile, pH 6.5-7.5, sunny.
Management - to trim the branches dry. Apply fertilizers, spring, every year with NPK - 10:10:10.
Propagation - by seed under cold greenhouse, immediately after maturation. Stored seeds need a stratification period. Germinate after 1-6 months at 15 ͦ C. First year plants need winter protection. By cuttings, seedlings semi-lihnificati in July-August. Distance between trees should be 7-9 m.
Diseases and pests - Colletotrichum S. Macroposthonia xenoplax, Meloidogyne incognita, Pratylenchus sp.,
Cultivars and varieties - 'Fuyu' fruit spherical, sweet, contain only 2-3 seeds.
'Great Wall' with small fruit, 6 cm in diameter, grow slowly.
'Jiro' fruit spherical, yellow-redwhen is mature.
'Saijō' oblong fruit; ͦ tolerate temperatures up to -23 C
Properties and Uses - fruits are edible, cooked or raw, is astringent. Shown is that the fruit to be consumed after the first frost so.
Suitable for training bonsailor.
The pulp of the unripe fruit is used in cosmetics.
The fruit contains 65 kcal / 100 g containing 18% sugars, 78.20% water, 0.80% protein, 0.40% fat, vitamin C, beta carotene and potassium.
Diospyros kaki has laxative and diuretic properties, is indicated for people suffering from diabetes or obesity.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - Diospyros kaki is cultivated over 2,000 years in China, 1300 years in Japan, 500 years in Korea, and 100 years in the U.S., Brazil, and Israel.
In Europe it was first introduced to giveta in 1921.
Diospyros kaki is the national fruit of Japan.
Tree of Peace Tree khaki is considered, because after the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, is one of the trees that have 'survived'.
AH Halevy - Handbook of Flowering - CRC Press, 1989
DK Kishore, Satish K. Sharma, KK Pramanick - Temperate Horticulture - New India Publishing Agency, 2006
David J. Rogers, Constance Rogers - Woody Ornamentals for Deep South Gardens - University Press of Florida, 1991
Miranda Smith - Complete Home Gardening - Creative Homeowner, 2006
Ran Levy-Yamamori, Gerard Taaffe - Garden Plants of Japan - Timber Press, 2004
Trees and shrubs
Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .
Ailanthus altissima - cenuser, false castor
Ailanthus altissima - tree quickly ascending, with large pinnate leaves and terminal flower bouquets green-white.
Dombeya tiliacea (Endl.) Planch.
Shrub or small tree, 3.10 x 2.7 m, trunk branched, bark dark gray, rough. Leaves alternate, 4.9 x 3-7 cm, three-lobed basis cordata, margine teeth face bottom covered with fine hairs, stalks pelos, 1-3 cm. Flowers campanulata, 3-4 cm diameter, axillary or terminal, solitary or grouped in a raceme, petals white, obovata.
Ceratonia siliqua L.
Dioecious tree, 8 meters high. Body iregulat, erect with the latita. Gray-brown bark with longitudinal fissures. Vast and dense crown. The branches are fine young tomentoase become glabrata with timpu. Leaves persistent, alternate, paripenat-compound, with 2.5 pairs of Folio, ovata, coriacee, margin entire, glossy dark green on the upper
Gardenia jasminoides - Gardenia
Shrub or small tree, growing 1-15 m tall. Leaves glossy, evergreen, opposite, coriacee, oval or elliptical, dark green, 7-10 cm long. Large solitary flowers, double or semiduble, white, 5.12 cm diameter. Bloom from May to September.
Canarina canariensis - herbaceous, commutes glaucescenta. Endemic from the Canary Islands, Tenerife, grows at the edge of forests, from 300 to 1000 m altitude.
Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.
Orobanche portoiliciana A. Pujadas & MB Crespo
Herbaceous species, stem 15-34 cm tall neramificata air, branched underground stem. Thin air stem, 7-12 mm diameter base, whitish at first glabra, glandular Vilos-time, 0.3 mm long hairs. Basal leaves 4.10 x 4.8 mm, triangulation until lanceolata, nested, leaves stems 8-14 x 2-5 mm length