Scientific name - Diospyros kaki L.
'Dios' = divine, 'pyros' = fruit.
Popular names - khaki, khaki du Japon, Japanese Persimmon, date plum, fig keg, Plaqueminier Caque, Kakipflaume.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in China.
Description - monoecious tree, 6-12 m high. Trunk erect, conical crown, brown bark is exfoliating in small plates. Leaves fell, coriacee, alternate, language oval-elliptic, margin entire, top acuminata, the attenuated, shiny green on top and pubescent towards the bottom, 7-20 x 4.10 cm, petiole 1-1.5 cm long. Flowers solitary, 3 cm in diameter, Corola yellow-green, persistent calyx, 4 petals. Baca Fruit Ball, yellow-orange, contains 8 seeds, short stalk.
Tolerances - temperature of -14 C ͦ, soils rich in nitrogen.
Requirements - soil well-drained, moderately fertile, pH 6.5-7.5, sunny.
Management - to trim the branches dry. Apply fertilizers, spring, every year with NPK - 10:10:10.
Propagation - by seed under cold greenhouse, immediately after maturation. Stored seeds need a stratification period. Germinate after 1-6 months at 15 ͦ C. First year plants need winter protection. By cuttings, seedlings semi-lihnificati in July-August. Distance between trees should be 7-9 m.
Diseases and pests - Colletotrichum S. Macroposthonia xenoplax, Meloidogyne incognita, Pratylenchus sp.,
Cultivars and varieties - 'Fuyu' fruit spherical, sweet, contain only 2-3 seeds.
'Great Wall' with small fruit, 6 cm in diameter, grow slowly.
'Jiro' fruit spherical, yellow-redwhen is mature.
'Saijō' oblong fruit; ͦ tolerate temperatures up to -23 C
Properties and Uses - fruits are edible, cooked or raw, is astringent. Shown is that the fruit to be consumed after the first frost so.
Suitable for training bonsailor.
The pulp of the unripe fruit is used in cosmetics.
The fruit contains 65 kcal / 100 g containing 18% sugars, 78.20% water, 0.80% protein, 0.40% fat, vitamin C, beta carotene and potassium.
Diospyros kaki has laxative and diuretic properties, is indicated for people suffering from diabetes or obesity.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - Diospyros kaki is cultivated over 2,000 years in China, 1300 years in Japan, 500 years in Korea, and 100 years in the U.S., Brazil, and Israel.
In Europe it was first introduced to giveta in 1921.
Diospyros kaki is the national fruit of Japan.
Tree of Peace Tree khaki is considered, because after the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, is one of the trees that have 'survived'.
AH Halevy - Handbook of Flowering - CRC Press, 1989
DK Kishore, Satish K. Sharma, KK Pramanick - Temperate Horticulture - New India Publishing Agency, 2006
David J. Rogers, Constance Rogers - Woody Ornamentals for Deep South Gardens - University Press of Florida, 1991
Miranda Smith - Complete Home Gardening - Creative Homeowner, 2006
Ran Levy-Yamamori, Gerard Taaffe - Garden Plants of Japan - Timber Press, 2004
Trees and shrubs
Prunus armeniaca - apricot
Prunus armeniaca - shrub or small tree, native of northeastern China, knew and cultivated worldwide for its edible fruit.
The seeds of Prunus armeniaca extract oil used in perfume industry, cosmetics and pharmacy.
Acca sellowiana is a slow-growing, evergreen shrub, a native of South America, is now widely grown in the tropics and warm climates as an ornamental, and for its fruit. In late spring it produces quantities of flowers with proeminent red stamens and pinky-white edible petals. After flowering, the foliage can be hard pruned into any shape.
Shrub 4 m high, dense crown. Bark brown, rough. Leaves persistent, coriacee, simple, language spatulate, entire edge, top round, the obovata, central rib obvious, and glossy dark green upper side, more open bottom, glabra, arranged in vertical false. Blossom umbela
Evergreen shrub, 1.2 m high. Strain with 4 edges. Leaves opposite, membranous, soft, dark green upper side and reddish on the underside, nervatiune obvious, limb oblong-lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, base cuneata, 8-12 x 20-30 cm. Cime axillary inflorescences. Calyx with 4 SEPA.
Quercus cerris L. - Turkey Oak
Quercus cerris - a species native to south-eastern Europe, cultivated as an ornamental tree, singly or in small groups.
Evergreen tree, 10-40 m height, 3 m. Branches culture clocks or easy erection. Bark smooth, gray-white to silver. Leaves alternate, dark green, 7-20 cm long, slightly pubescent, oblong-elliptic, prominent central rib, full and wavy edges, top acute, base acute.
Leaves in basal rosette, 5.12 x 1.5-3 mm, limb oblong-lanceolata, 1.3 mm peak cuspidata, dilated to the wing edges pinnate-lobate, 5 cm long stalks. Blossom wing, 20-40 cm, hispida, bracts 5-10 mm.