Scientific name - Diospyros kaki L.
'Dios' = divine, 'pyros' = fruit.
Popular names - khaki, khaki du Japon, Japanese Persimmon, date plum, fig keg, Plaqueminier Caque, Kakipflaume.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in China.
Description - monoecious tree, 6-12 m high. Trunk erect, conical crown, brown bark is exfoliating in small plates. Leaves fell, coriacee, alternate, language oval-elliptic, margin entire, top acuminata, the attenuated, shiny green on top and pubescent towards the bottom, 7-20 x 4.10 cm, petiole 1-1.5 cm long. Flowers solitary, 3 cm in diameter, Corola yellow-green, persistent calyx, 4 petals. Baca Fruit Ball, yellow-orange, contains 8 seeds, short stalk.
Tolerances - temperature of -14 C ͦ, soils rich in nitrogen.
Requirements - soil well-drained, moderately fertile, pH 6.5-7.5, sunny.
Management - to trim the branches dry. Apply fertilizers, spring, every year with NPK - 10:10:10.
Propagation - by seed under cold greenhouse, immediately after maturation. Stored seeds need a stratification period. Germinate after 1-6 months at 15 ͦ C. First year plants need winter protection. By cuttings, seedlings semi-lihnificati in July-August. Distance between trees should be 7-9 m.
Diseases and pests - Colletotrichum S. Macroposthonia xenoplax, Meloidogyne incognita, Pratylenchus sp.,
Cultivars and varieties - 'Fuyu' fruit spherical, sweet, contain only 2-3 seeds.
'Great Wall' with small fruit, 6 cm in diameter, grow slowly.
'Jiro' fruit spherical, yellow-redwhen is mature.
'Saijō' oblong fruit; ͦ tolerate temperatures up to -23 C
Properties and Uses - fruits are edible, cooked or raw, is astringent. Shown is that the fruit to be consumed after the first frost so.
Suitable for training bonsailor.
The pulp of the unripe fruit is used in cosmetics.
The fruit contains 65 kcal / 100 g containing 18% sugars, 78.20% water, 0.80% protein, 0.40% fat, vitamin C, beta carotene and potassium.
Diospyros kaki has laxative and diuretic properties, is indicated for people suffering from diabetes or obesity.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - Diospyros kaki is cultivated over 2,000 years in China, 1300 years in Japan, 500 years in Korea, and 100 years in the U.S., Brazil, and Israel.
In Europe it was first introduced to giveta in 1921.
Diospyros kaki is the national fruit of Japan.
Tree of Peace Tree khaki is considered, because after the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, is one of the trees that have 'survived'.
AH Halevy - Handbook of Flowering - CRC Press, 1989
DK Kishore, Satish K. Sharma, KK Pramanick - Temperate Horticulture - New India Publishing Agency, 2006
David J. Rogers, Constance Rogers - Woody Ornamentals for Deep South Gardens - University Press of Florida, 1991
Miranda Smith - Complete Home Gardening - Creative Homeowner, 2006
Ran Levy-Yamamori, Gerard Taaffe - Garden Plants of Japan - Timber Press, 2004
Trees and shrubs
Prunus cerasifera - corcodus
Prunus cerasifera - is grown for its edible fruit jams are made and cultivars and varieties are found all over the world species grown as ornamentals in parks and gardens, or green street.
Abutilon darwinii - ornamental shrub originating in S Brazil. In hot climates are grown as ornamental plants in parks and gardens in cold climates are grown in pots for indoor or greenhouse.
Lotus maculatus Breitf.
Herbaceous, with the stem wood, under-shrub pendulum. Strain up to 1.5 m high, glabra, gray-green silky, internoduri 35-45 mm stipele children. Leaves imparipenat, 5 folio; foliole 10-25 x 1 mm, subulate or linear, convex upper and concave lower edges entire, top obtuse-rounded, surface moderately pubescent.
Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.
Bonsai of Araucaria heterophylla
Petasites hybridus - big skid
Perennial herbaceous plant, dioica. Rhizome hectic, thick, fleshy, short, thick with runners. Strain empty. Leaves large, round or reniforme basis cordata, iregulat edge gear, 100 x 60 cm, the bottom of the molding is covered with white fuzz, nervatiune palmate, petiole long, purple.
Impatiens parviflora - species herbaceous annual. Hailing from northeast Asia, Europe grow in the forests of beech, river edges, from 500 to 1200 m altitude.
Thunbergia alata - black-eyed Susan
Thunberg spelled - a species native to tropical Africa, but common as ornamental plants.
Orobanche portoiliciana A. Pujadas & MB Crespo
Herbaceous species, stem 15-34 cm tall neramificata air, branched underground stem. Thin air stem, 7-12 mm diameter base, whitish at first glabra, glandular Vilos-time, 0.3 mm long hairs. Basal leaves 4.10 x 4.8 mm, triangulation until lanceolata, nested, leaves stems 8-14 x 2-5 mm length