Scientific Name – Dovyalis caffra
Synonim – Aberia caffra, Aberia edulis.
Common name(s) – Kei-apple, umkokolo, appelkoosdoring, mahlono, mutunu.
Distribution and Habitat – is indigenous to the southern regions of Africa, including Malawi, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, and South Africa.
Description – shrub or small tree, dioecious, 3-5 m, rarely to 8 m. Bark grey and smooth, flaking in square patches on larger trees; branches with strong spines to 6 cm long. Leaves in tight clusters on short lateral branchlets; obovate or oblong, 3 -5 x 1.5-2.5 cm; glossy green above, paler below; young leaves sparsely hairy, mature leaves hairless; petiole to 0.5 cm long. Flowers, male flower small, creamy-green, in dense clusters on short lateral shoots; female flowers in sparse clusters of 1-4 on longer stalks. Flowering to Novembre-January. Fruit large, 2.5-5 cm, round, velvety; bright yellow when ripe with a short stalk and short styles that persist; they contain 5-15 seeds. Pollination is by insect.
Growth rate – moderath growth, 60 cm/year. Starts to fruit when at least 3-5 years old.
Tolerances – is extremely drought resistant and also tolerate salinity, even ocean spray; tolerate -5°C. Cannot tolerate damp sites.
Requirements – prefers well-drained soils, full sun or partial shade.
Management – it responds well to pruning.
Propagation – by seed, but this is not recommended for purposes of fruit production. Viability maintained for every 2 years in hermetic at 5 °C. 24 000 seminte/kg. Germinate within 12-20 days and are easily transplanted. Seeds should be sown immediately in nursery beds. Young plants must be protected for the 1st 2 years.
The plant can be propagated from semisoft cuttings, such techniques assure the fruit quality, and relative thorniness. Vegetative propagation yields fruits about 2 years earlier than seedlings.
Pest and Diseases – larvae of the African leopard butterfly, Phalanta phalanta feed on the leaves.
Garden Partners – the plant exhibits allelopathy, its roots excreting chemicals that discourage the growth of other plants in its vicinity.
Properties and Uses - fruit edible, with a high vitamin C content (80-120 mg/g), potassium (600 mg), and makes an excellent jam.
Widely cultivated for fruits and as a hedge.
Dovyalis caffra can be spaced close together to form an impenetrable hedge around homesteads and garden to keep out animals.
Leaves browsed by antelope.
The wood is white, dense and heavy.
Ernst Schmidt, Mervyn Looter, Warren McCleland – Trees and Shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park – Jacana Mediam, 2002
Geoff Nichols, David Johnson, Sally Johnson – Down to earth: Gardening with Indigenous Shrubs – Struik Publishers, 2006
Jules Janick, Robert E. Paull – The Encyclopedia of Fruit and Nuts – CABI Publishing, 2007
National Research Council – lost Crops of Africa – National Academy Press, 2008
Steve Woodhall - Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa – Struik Publishers, 2005
Trees and shrubs
Genus was created by Portuguese botanist João de Loureiro (1717-1791) in the 1790 Flora Cochinchinensis for Campsis grandiflora. Linne named species with TECOM radicans and Thunberg gave the name of Bignonia radicans.
Schinus molle - evergreen tree, 3-15 m tall. Originally from Argentina, Bolivia and Peru where it grows from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Cultivated soil erosion, but also as ornamental species, or bonsai.
Viburnum opulus L. - calin, snowball
Originally from Europe, grows spontaneously in the Netherlands, the soil rich in forests, and forest edge. Description - shrub, 1,3-3,5 m high; ritidom smooth, exfoliating in strips is, open gray on the outside, Brown -yellow on the inside, branched stem. Leaves opposite, 3-lobate, margin iregulat evening, the round or truncata, top acuminata, glabra on the upper face, lower face pubescent, dark green in summer, yellow-orange in autumn.
Rosa moschata 'Mozart'
Rosa moschata 'Mozart' is an antique rose, used as an ornamental species, solitary or in groups of 2-4 plants.
Acer tataricum - tatarian maple
Acer tataricum - interest forest and ornamental tree grown in parks and gardens.It is used in dyeing natural fibers.
Lantana camara - aromatic shrub originating from Central and South America, cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens or as potted plant.
Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic.
Tilia cordata - Small-leaved lime, lime hill
Scientific Name - Tilia cordata
Synonyms - Tilia parvifolia Ehrh., Tilia ulmifolia Purpose ..
Names of people - small-leaved lime, lime sulfur, lime hill, Littleleaf Linden, Lindenbluten, Tiliae flos, Fleur de Tilleul.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe, grows on nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Description - tree, 20 feet tall. Trunk as thick (can reach up to 1 m diameter). Bark on young specimens is smooth, gray to dark gray becomes mature specimens or brown, pitted. Crown oval, conical. Olive-green stems, at first pubescent then glabrata. Buds 4-6 mm long, usually two outer scales unequal, shiny, olive-green to red-brown, terminal bud is absent. Leaves alternate, simple, subrotunde - ovate, 5-7 c
Tilia cordata - tree, native of Europe, increases in nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Lime flowers are the most popular remedy for colds and flu, tea is used to treat headaches, anxiety and nervous tension.