Dracaena marginata Lemarck
House Plant | Trees and shrubs | Liliopsida

Popular names: English - Red-edged Dracaena, Madagascar Dragon-Tree, Hawaii - money tree.

Dracaena marginata Lemarck is an evergreen species native to Madagascar, was imported into Europe in the XVII century. Bush by 6 m high, formed more vertical stems. Leaves arranged spiral, simple, Sesia, entire, linear, evergreen, green with reddish margins, 15-45 x 0,7-3 cm; nervatiuni parallel. Flowers arranged in panicule with bractei lanceolata on the basis of each branch; Corola gamopetala, tubular, 1,3-1,8 cm long, white. Fruit Baca, yellow-orange, globe.

Growth rate - slowly.

Exhibitions prefer sunny, but not direct sun or in semi-shade. During spring-summer be watered profusely, taking care that the leaves be sprayed every day. Winter watering is reduced. Indicated it was wet in the saucer under the pot, because notwithstand waterlogged soil. The most appropriate is to get wet only when the soil is dry surface.

Minimum temperature should not fall below 10-12 ° C. The ideal temperature is between 18 and 24 ° C.

Adapters is 2-3 years, sfarzitul spring or summer. Ideal substrate consists of peat and pumice stone to greater drainage. The vessel must be only a larger number than the last.

Fertilizeaza with liquid fertilizer is based on iron. During spring-summer fertilizeaza twice a month. Newly transplanted plants not fertilizeaza.

The plant is positioned near the radiator or other heat source, and close air currents.

Deficiency or excess light or water can cause the fall leaves and mold.

Dracaena marginata is not clipped, to remove only the dried leaves, cut with a knife disinfected tissue to prevent infection.

Propagation by cuttings or seeds. Cuttings are taken from plan mother of lateral branches, to be 10 cm long, clean the leaves. The base is treated with hormones rizogeni seedlings and planting in the substrate based on peat and sand. The vessel is covered with a transparent plastic bag. The vessel is placed in full light, at a temperature of 20-25 ° C. Substrate to keep moist. After leaf emergence means that the new plant has roots and can remove the plastic bag.

Dracena suffering from mold to the parcel, which attacks the trunk of weakening it.

Is sensitive to red Tropilaelaps attack, which produces yellowing leaves.

Cultivation and Varieties: 'Colorama', 'Tricolor'.


Neil G. Odenwald. James R. Turner - Identification, Selection, and Use of Sothrn Plants - Claitor's Law Books and Publishing, 2006

Nico Vermuelen - Encyclopedia of House Plants - Routledge, 1999

W. Arthur Whistler - Tropical Ornamentals - Timber Press, 2000

See also
House Plant

Planta voluble, originally from Indonesia and the Philippines. Cordiforme leaves, green with white spots, 6-8 cm long, thin stalks, 3-4 cm long, adult leaves oblong-or cordiforme lanceolata, 10-15 cm long, petiole 1.5-2 cm long.

Schefflera arboricola

Evergreen shrub, 3-4 m high. Leaves alternate, long-petiolate, palmately-compound, with 7.9 Folio, coriacee, folio obovata, glabra, margin entire, nervatiune pinnate, petiole thin, 12-15 cm long. Blossom terminal, glabra, 20 cm long, flowers arranged in umbele raceme, 0.7-1 cm in diameter, pedicel 5.8 mm long. Fruit drupe, ovoid, orange, 5 x 4 mm.


Plants with succulent stems, leaves and flowers unisexuate asymmetric, long pedunculate, grouped dichaziu terminal. ♂ flowers usually are obsolete, consisting of 4 petals oval, two of which are shorter, the ♀ consist of 4 petals equal, persistent.

Lotus maculatus Breitf.

Herbaceous, with the stem wood, under-shrub pendulum. Strain up to 1.5 m high, glabra, gray-green silky, internoduri 35-45 mm stipele children. Leaves imparipenat, 5 folio; foliole 10-25 x 1 mm, subulate or linear, convex upper and concave lower edges entire, top obtuse-rounded, surface moderately pubescent.

Aptenia cordifolia Schwantes

Aptenia cordifolia - Prostate species, evergreen, native to southern Africa. Leaves opposite, petiolate, ovat-cord, edge entire, 1-3 cm long. Flowers solitary, terminal or axillary, short pedunculate, 1 cm diameter, 4 sepa unequal petals united at the base, pink to purple, stamens numerous. Blooms in April-August. Fruit capsule, obconica, 4 valves, 1 cm long.

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Herbaceous perennial, 1-1.5 m inaltme, fleshy rhizome. Leaves alternate, decidue, language sessile 28-40 x 4.7 cm, narrow elliptic, apex long-acuminata, the acute glabra on top, the furry bottom steps. Flowering 4.10 x 3.6 cm. Bractei persistent ovat-triangulation, green, 4-7 x 2-4 cm, margins membranous.


Herbaceous perennial, rustic. Rhizome with roots beam. Nastriforme leaves, gathered in bouquets. Raceme blossom or panic, small bracts, perianth campanulata, tepale united at the base, ovata, yellow or orange, 6 stamens attached to corolla tube, ovary inferior. Fruit capsule dehiscence.

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Belamcanda chinensis - perennial species, native to eastern Asia, cultivated as ornamental species for borders or rock garden.


Petiole long, brown at the base. Language leaves to ovat ovat-elliptic, top short acuminata, the round or obtuse, dark green on top with green central rib, except nervurii glabra. Blossom terminal, spike side flat, narrow oblong, 15-40 cm long, peduncle 25 cm long, 4,5-6 cm wide, green-yellow bractei

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