Scientific name - Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moensch
Popular names - American coneflower, purple coneflower, Rudbeckia Rouge, Roter Sonnenhut.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in North America.
Description - herbaceous perennial, rhizome cylindrical. Reddish stem, 80-100 cm tall, slightly pubescent-hirsuta, branched. Leaves alternate, petiolare, lanceolata-ovata, margine evening, slightly pubescent; to the top of the stem leaves are Sesi. Flowers hermaphrodite, involucre nested, bracts linear-lanceolata lanceolata to, ligula pink-purple flowers, 8 inches long, reflexes, needle on top, 6 mm long, tubular flowers, dark red to purple-brown. Dolls bed. Receptacle conical. Blooms in May-October. Fruit achenes. Pollination made by insects (butterflies).
Growth rate -
Tolerances - poor soils and short periods of drought.
Requirements - grows on any soil but prefers well-drained soils, clay-sandy, sunny exhibitions.
Management - Past flowers are clipped to encourage flourishing in November. If the seeds when the flowers are sought leave to seed maturation.
Propagation - by seeds, sown at 50-70 cm apart and 6 mm depth, before sowing the seeds stratify, germinate in 14-21 days on 21-23 ͦ C. By parting bushes in spring or autumn. Plants propagated varieties will inflorii after a year and multiply by splitting the clumps can inflorii even next summer.
Diseases and pests - slugs.
Cultivars and varieties --
Properties and Uses - Echinacea has been used for centuries as a medicinal plant, but recently was promoted and that Immunostimulators.
Echinacea preparations are used in chronic diseases of the respiratory and lower urinary tract, and externally to treat wounds and chronic ulceration. Both preparations for internal use and those for external use on the basis of echinacea not be used more7-8 days.
Other species used are Echinacea Echinacea pallida (antioxidant more powerful than Echinacea purpurea) and Echinacea angustifolia.
A combination of Echinacea, Baptisia and Thuja is a sure way against cold symptoms.
Based products Echinacea purpurea and Glycyrrhiza glabra immunostimulator have potential.
It is recommended to allergy sufferers, diabetics or with serious chronic diseases.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - American Indians found that the roots of Echinacea have medicinal properties. In traditional medicine, is used as a blood purifier, rheumatism, infections, snake bites, tumri, syphilis, eczema and hemorrhoids.
Claire Kowalchik, William H. Hylton - Roda's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Herbs - Roda Books, 1998
Eric Chivian, Aaron Bernstein - Sustaining Life - Oxford University Press, 2008
Jack Ritchason - The Little Herb Encyclopedia - Woodland Publishing, 1995
Michael Castleman - The New Healing Herbs - Roda Books, 2001
Ovid Bujor - Guide to Medicinal and Aromatic Plants A to Z - Fiat Lux, 2003
Ruth Trickey - Women Hormones and the Menstrual Cycle - Allen & Unwin, 2004
Steve Taylor - Advances in Food and Nutrition Research - Academic Press, 2003
Galanthus nivalis L.
Bulbous perennial species with herbaceous matter, erect, bulb ovoid, dark brown tunic, 1.5 x 2.4 cm. Leaves basal, 20 cm long, linear-lanceolata, rounded at the top. Flowers generally solitary, clocks, accompanied by a shoulder 3-4 cm long, 3 tepale flower is composed of external and internal 3 tepale erection of about 1cm, biloba, white with green spots
Aponogeton distachya - aquatic species, perennial, native to South Africa. Was introduced in Europe in the seventeenth century, was naturalized locally in France and England.
Dictamnus albus L.
Dictamnus albus L. - Species native to southern Europe to northern China, perennial to 1 m, stem node, erect, leafy coriacee, compound, alternate, 9-11 lobes, ovata, parties, 7.5 cm long; iregulate flowers, white-pink, 2.5 cm long, 5 SEPA and 5 petals, 10 stamens, terminal raceme, fruit capsule with 5 lobes.
Aquilegia fragrans - fragrant caldarea
Herbaceous perennial. Roots thin. Stem 30-100 cm tall, branched, slightly pubescent on the underside, becoming glandular-pubescent in the upper. Basal leaves bi or tri-Ternate, glauca, lobes 2-3-lobate, 1.5-4 x 1.5-4 cm, base cuneata, obovata, glabra green glauca and upper face, and pale green inside pubescent, hairy stalks.
Physalis alkekengi - ripe fruits are edible, are rich in Vitamin C and has diuretic and laxative properties.
Mutisia subspinosa Cav.
Undergrowth voluble, 2-3 m long. Strain poorly ramified, glabra, wavy, yellow-green, 3-wing, green wing, needle-spin, axillary buds are white tomentosi. Leaves alternate, Sesia, language hasta, 8-10 x 0.6-1.3 cm, green, toothed margins, 10-14 pairs of teeth mucronata, long-attenuated peak and ended with a Carcel
Banksia ericifolia, originally from Australia, Blue Mountains. In 1992, Banksia ericifolia was chosen as the official emblem of Sydney.
Epilobium dodonaei - spcie originated in Europe and the Caucasus, increases debris, calcareous rocks, up to 1700 m altitude.