Scientific name - Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moensch
Popular names - American coneflower, purple coneflower, Rudbeckia Rouge, Roter Sonnenhut.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in North America.
Description - herbaceous perennial, rhizome cylindrical. Reddish stem, 80-100 cm tall, slightly pubescent-hirsuta, branched. Leaves alternate, petiolare, lanceolata-ovata, margine evening, slightly pubescent; to the top of the stem leaves are Sesi. Flowers hermaphrodite, involucre nested, bracts linear-lanceolata lanceolata to, ligula pink-purple flowers, 8 inches long, reflexes, needle on top, 6 mm long, tubular flowers, dark red to purple-brown. Dolls bed. Receptacle conical. Blooms in May-October. Fruit achenes. Pollination made by insects (butterflies).
Growth rate -
Tolerances - poor soils and short periods of drought.
Requirements - grows on any soil but prefers well-drained soils, clay-sandy, sunny exhibitions.
Management - Past flowers are clipped to encourage flourishing in November. If the seeds when the flowers are sought leave to seed maturation.
Propagation - by seeds, sown at 50-70 cm apart and 6 mm depth, before sowing the seeds stratify, germinate in 14-21 days on 21-23 ͦ C. By parting bushes in spring or autumn. Plants propagated varieties will inflorii after a year and multiply by splitting the clumps can inflorii even next summer.
Diseases and pests - slugs.
Cultivars and varieties --
Properties and Uses - Echinacea has been used for centuries as a medicinal plant, but recently was promoted and that Immunostimulators.
Echinacea preparations are used in chronic diseases of the respiratory and lower urinary tract, and externally to treat wounds and chronic ulceration. Both preparations for internal use and those for external use on the basis of echinacea not be used more7-8 days.
Other species used are Echinacea Echinacea pallida (antioxidant more powerful than Echinacea purpurea) and Echinacea angustifolia.
A combination of Echinacea, Baptisia and Thuja is a sure way against cold symptoms.
Based products Echinacea purpurea and Glycyrrhiza glabra immunostimulator have potential.
It is recommended to allergy sufferers, diabetics or with serious chronic diseases.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - American Indians found that the roots of Echinacea have medicinal properties. In traditional medicine, is used as a blood purifier, rheumatism, infections, snake bites, tumri, syphilis, eczema and hemorrhoids.
Claire Kowalchik, William H. Hylton - Roda's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Herbs - Roda Books, 1998
Eric Chivian, Aaron Bernstein - Sustaining Life - Oxford University Press, 2008
Jack Ritchason - The Little Herb Encyclopedia - Woodland Publishing, 1995
Michael Castleman - The New Healing Herbs - Roda Books, 2001
Ovid Bujor - Guide to Medicinal and Aromatic Plants A to Z - Fiat Lux, 2003
Ruth Trickey - Women Hormones and the Menstrual Cycle - Allen & Unwin, 2004
Steve Taylor - Advances in Food and Nutrition Research - Academic Press, 2003
Buphthalmum salicifolium - herbaceous plant, perennial. Originally from the Balkans and Eastern Alps, growing limestone land in arid forests, wet meadows and sunny, from 200 to 2100 m altitude.
Digitalis grandiflora - Perennial species, pubescent; natural range is Eurosiberian, increases in forest edge, and boschetelor, from plain to 1600 m altitude.
Reseda lutea - herbaceous annual, papilla or glabrous. Hailing from Europe, increases alkaline soils, fields, dry ribs, from 0 to 2000 m altitude.
Verbascum blattaria - Herbaceous biennial, glabra bottom of the stem and glandular hairs towards the top, grows spontaneously in the desert and the hot side of cultivated fields, rivers and channels, up to 800 m altitude.
Prunus cerasifera - corcodus
Prunus cerasifera - is grown for its edible fruit jams are made and cultivars and varieties are found all over the world species grown as ornamentals in parks and gardens, or green street.
A new species of Lathyrus L. in Turkey
Tree, 40 m high, truncated 1 m in diameter. Stalk, leaf stalks are brown and language violated. Petiole 1.5-3 cm long. Leaves elliptic, ovat-elliptic, 6-22 x 4.7 cm, protruding ribs on both surfaces, base cuneata, top acuminata.
Syzygium aromaticum - clove
Small, oblong fruit with little pulp. The dried flower buds of this tree are the cloves of commerce. All parts of the tree are highly aromatic. It is used in the form of a paste or mixture as dental cement.