Scientific name - Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moensch
Popular names - American coneflower, purple coneflower, Rudbeckia Rouge, Roter Sonnenhut.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in North America.
Description - herbaceous perennial, rhizome cylindrical. Reddish stem, 80-100 cm tall, slightly pubescent-hirsuta, branched. Leaves alternate, petiolare, lanceolata-ovata, margine evening, slightly pubescent; to the top of the stem leaves are Sesi. Flowers hermaphrodite, involucre nested, bracts linear-lanceolata lanceolata to, ligula pink-purple flowers, 8 inches long, reflexes, needle on top, 6 mm long, tubular flowers, dark red to purple-brown. Dolls bed. Receptacle conical. Blooms in May-October. Fruit achenes. Pollination made by insects (butterflies).
Growth rate -
Tolerances - poor soils and short periods of drought.
Requirements - grows on any soil but prefers well-drained soils, clay-sandy, sunny exhibitions.
Management - Past flowers are clipped to encourage flourishing in November. If the seeds when the flowers are sought leave to seed maturation.
Propagation - by seeds, sown at 50-70 cm apart and 6 mm depth, before sowing the seeds stratify, germinate in 14-21 days on 21-23 ͦ C. By parting bushes in spring or autumn. Plants propagated varieties will inflorii after a year and multiply by splitting the clumps can inflorii even next summer.
Diseases and pests - slugs.
Cultivars and varieties --
Properties and Uses - Echinacea has been used for centuries as a medicinal plant, but recently was promoted and that Immunostimulators.
Echinacea preparations are used in chronic diseases of the respiratory and lower urinary tract, and externally to treat wounds and chronic ulceration. Both preparations for internal use and those for external use on the basis of echinacea not be used more7-8 days.
Other species used are Echinacea Echinacea pallida (antioxidant more powerful than Echinacea purpurea) and Echinacea angustifolia.
A combination of Echinacea, Baptisia and Thuja is a sure way against cold symptoms.
Based products Echinacea purpurea and Glycyrrhiza glabra immunostimulator have potential.
It is recommended to allergy sufferers, diabetics or with serious chronic diseases.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - American Indians found that the roots of Echinacea have medicinal properties. In traditional medicine, is used as a blood purifier, rheumatism, infections, snake bites, tumri, syphilis, eczema and hemorrhoids.
Claire Kowalchik, William H. Hylton - Roda's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Herbs - Roda Books, 1998
Eric Chivian, Aaron Bernstein - Sustaining Life - Oxford University Press, 2008
Jack Ritchason - The Little Herb Encyclopedia - Woodland Publishing, 1995
Michael Castleman - The New Healing Herbs - Roda Books, 2001
Ovid Bujor - Guide to Medicinal and Aromatic Plants A to Z - Fiat Lux, 2003
Ruth Trickey - Women Hormones and the Menstrual Cycle - Allen & Unwin, 2004
Steve Taylor - Advances in Food and Nutrition Research - Academic Press, 2003
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita
Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.
Eryngium campestre - rostogol
Eryngium campestre - a species native to Central and S, V Asia, grows on rocky places, sandy in dry meadows and pastures, along roads.
Convolvulus althaeoides - herbaceous plant, perennial. Originally from the Mediterranean basin, growing in dry places, on the streets.
Impatiens balsamina - a species herbaceous annual, native to China and India. cultivated as ornamental plants in parks and gardens. It can be grown as potted plants, but watered regularly.
Daphne mezereum - spurge Laurel
Daphne mezereum - deciduu shrub, native of Europe and Western Asia, cultivated as an ornamental shrub.
All species of the genus Daphne are toxic. Contact with fruit juice or resin skin irritation.
Nepeta cataria has similar properties with valeriana, amaro-tonic and sedative antispasmotica.
Nepeta cataria var. citronelol citriodora contains more essential oil used as perfume industry.
Deciduu tree, 9-18 m high, crown iregulata, spherical, pyramid. Bark is thin, green, gray thorns present on the trunk and branches. Leaves alternate, palmately-compound, 5-7 folio, folio elliptic, margin evening, nervatiune pinnate, green, autumn remain ever green. Flowers solitary, axillary, hermaphrodite, pentamere, actinomorfe, pink or white.
Campanula trachelium - bell tapului
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome robust, woody. Stem herbaceous, erect, pubescent, 50-100 cm tall. Leaves basal, 6-10 cm long, petiole, lamina ovat-triangulation, cordiforme, hispida, edge gear, top acuminata, upper leaves are smaller, lanceolata, ruvide, easy side laced, short stalks or Sesi.
Aptenia cordifolia Schwantes
Aptenia cordifolia - Prostate species, evergreen, native to southern Africa. Leaves opposite, petiolate, ovat-cord, edge entire, 1-3 cm long. Flowers solitary, terminal or axillary, short pedunculate, 1 cm diameter, 4 sepa unequal petals united at the base, pink to purple, stamens numerous. Blooms in April-August. Fruit capsule, obconica, 4 valves, 1 cm long.