Scientific name - Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moensch
Popular names - American coneflower, purple coneflower, Rudbeckia Rouge, Roter Sonnenhut.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in North America.
Description - herbaceous perennial, rhizome cylindrical. Reddish stem, 80-100 cm tall, slightly pubescent-hirsuta, branched. Leaves alternate, petiolare, lanceolata-ovata, margine evening, slightly pubescent; to the top of the stem leaves are Sesi. Flowers hermaphrodite, involucre nested, bracts linear-lanceolata lanceolata to, ligula pink-purple flowers, 8 inches long, reflexes, needle on top, 6 mm long, tubular flowers, dark red to purple-brown. Dolls bed. Receptacle conical. Blooms in May-October. Fruit achenes. Pollination made by insects (butterflies).
Growth rate -
Tolerances - poor soils and short periods of drought.
Requirements - grows on any soil but prefers well-drained soils, clay-sandy, sunny exhibitions.
Management - Past flowers are clipped to encourage flourishing in November. If the seeds when the flowers are sought leave to seed maturation.
Propagation - by seeds, sown at 50-70 cm apart and 6 mm depth, before sowing the seeds stratify, germinate in 14-21 days on 21-23 ͦ C. By parting bushes in spring or autumn. Plants propagated varieties will inflorii after a year and multiply by splitting the clumps can inflorii even next summer.
Diseases and pests - slugs.
Cultivars and varieties --
Properties and Uses - Echinacea has been used for centuries as a medicinal plant, but recently was promoted and that Immunostimulators.
Echinacea preparations are used in chronic diseases of the respiratory and lower urinary tract, and externally to treat wounds and chronic ulceration. Both preparations for internal use and those for external use on the basis of echinacea not be used more7-8 days.
Other species used are Echinacea Echinacea pallida (antioxidant more powerful than Echinacea purpurea) and Echinacea angustifolia.
A combination of Echinacea, Baptisia and Thuja is a sure way against cold symptoms.
Based products Echinacea purpurea and Glycyrrhiza glabra immunostimulator have potential.
It is recommended to allergy sufferers, diabetics or with serious chronic diseases.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - American Indians found that the roots of Echinacea have medicinal properties. In traditional medicine, is used as a blood purifier, rheumatism, infections, snake bites, tumri, syphilis, eczema and hemorrhoids.
Claire Kowalchik, William H. Hylton - Roda's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Herbs - Roda Books, 1998
Eric Chivian, Aaron Bernstein - Sustaining Life - Oxford University Press, 2008
Jack Ritchason - The Little Herb Encyclopedia - Woodland Publishing, 1995
Michael Castleman - The New Healing Herbs - Roda Books, 2001
Ovid Bujor - Guide to Medicinal and Aromatic Plants A to Z - Fiat Lux, 2003
Ruth Trickey - Women Hormones and the Menstrual Cycle - Allen & Unwin, 2004
Steve Taylor - Advances in Food and Nutrition Research - Academic Press, 2003
Herbaceous annual or perennial. Strain decumbenta - upward, often is wood based. Leaves alternate, entire or pinnate-sectors. Capital solitary and axillary. Involucre with bractei placed on 2-3 lines. Flowers tubular, orange. Ligula sterile flowers, yellow-orange, top with 4 teeth. Receptacle convex or flat. Acorn obovoide, densely-hairy.
Aponogeton distachya - aquatic species, perennial, native to South Africa. Was introduced in Europe in the seventeenth century, was naturalized locally in France and England.
Belamcanda chinensis - perennial species, native to eastern Asia, cultivated as ornamental species for borders or rock garden.
Herbaceous perennial. Procumbenta or decumbenta stem, 10-30 x 30-120 cm, with 4 edges, pear. Leaves tri-or tri-lobate penatsectat, lobes linear, 2-3.5 x 2-3 cm, entire or toothed, top obtuse. Flowers solitary in the armpit bracteelor, blue, purple, red-purple, lilac, or white. Calyx tubular, 6-9 mm needle 5 sepa unequal, linear, top acute.
Tussilago windbag - coltsfoot
From the Latin Tussilago tussis = cough on the plant's medicinal properties, windbag is the old name of poplar because of similarities between these species leaves.
Windbag Tussilago Tussilago is the only species of the genus.
Dioscorides, used potbal leaves as a substitute for tobacco, and to treat cough and asthma.
Citrus - citrus
Bark smooth, thin, gray-brown to green. Most species have a single trunk, hardwood. Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit) has a thick trunk 0.5 - a, 75 m in diameter. Stalk young are edges, green. Stalk elderly are circular in section.
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).
Solanum lycopersicum - herbaceous plant annually. In Europe, Solanum lycopersicum, was introduced in the early sixteenth century. Joseph Pitton of Tournefort was first described in the genus Lycopersicon tomatoes.