Scientific name - Erinus alpinus L.
Popular names - Alpine Balsam, Alpenbalsam, Erinus, fairy foxglove.
Distribution and Habitat - spontaneous subalpine areas in southwestern and central Europe.
Description - herbaceous perennial, evergreen. Stem branched, forming bush, 5-15 cm high. Leaves spatulate, 4 cm long, needle tapered. Flowers purple, 1.25 cm diameter, arranged in raceme of 6 cm long. Seeds ellipsoidal, 0.6-0.8 x 0.35-0.45 mm supreafata glossy, dark brown.
Tolerances - all types if well-drained soil.
Requirements - well drained soils in full sun or semi-shade.
Management - needs regular watering. Apply liquid or granular fertilizers. Plants shall beie protected from the sun in the morning, in the warmer.
Propagation - by seeds, sown in sandy soil in cold greenhouse in May.
Diseases and pests -
Natural partners and Garden - Dianthus alpinus, cerastioides Gypsophila, Gypsophila repens, Linum arboreum, Phlox subulata, Sedum reflexum, Sempervivum sp., Silene acaulis, Thymus micans.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Harry' with white flowers, blooming in May-June. 'Carmineus' carmine pink flowers, blooming in May-June.
Properties and Uses - can be used for ornamental purposes for rocarii.
Acta spicata - a species native to Europe and Asia, grows in mountain forests in beech forests from 400 to 1500 m altitude.
Pimelea physodes is a species indigenous to Australia. Stem erect, branched, 0.2-1 m high and 80 cm in diameter. Leaves opposite, Sesia, elliptic, acute nested. Capital terminal, solitary, nutant, large bracts, 4-6 cm, yellow, green, red or purple, perianth roots, the average tube, stamens long.
Lilium bulbiferum - bulbous species, native to Europe, growing in mountain and submontane grasslands and forests from 500-2200 m altitude. Cultivated as ornamental species on all continents.
Galanthus nivalis L.
Bulbous perennial species with herbaceous matter, erect, bulb ovoid, dark brown tunic, 1.5 x 2.4 cm. Leaves basal, 20 cm long, linear-lanceolata, rounded at the top. Flowers generally solitary, clocks, accompanied by a shoulder 3-4 cm long, 3 tepale flower is composed of external and internal 3 tepale erection of about 1cm, biloba, white with green spots
Teline canariensis - shrub native (endemic) of Tenerife and Gran Canaria, grows at the edge of forests of Pinus radiata and Laurus canariensis novo in association with Neotinea maculata, Hypericum reflexum and Cystus sympithifolius, from 500 to 1500 m altitude.
Rosmarinus officinalis L.
Evergreen shrub, 50 - 300 cm, stem erect, latita to the very ramified, in the lower trunk bark is exfoliating in longitudinal strips, dark brown. The leaves are coriacee, persistent, Sesia, linear
Punica granatum - pomegranate
Shrub 4 m high, dense crown. Bark brown, rough. Leaves persistent, coriacee, simple, language spatulate, entire edge, top round, the obovata, central rib obvious, and glossy dark green upper side, more open bottom, glabra, arranged in vertical false. Blossom umbela
Aesculus hippocastanum - common horsechestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum - is used in parks and gardens, the tree line, solitary or in groups. The flowers are bees, and seeds contain starch, protein, tannin, saponin and edible oil, which can be manufactured soap, technical oil, glue, medicines. Species not produce forest wood is of poor quality.