Scientific name - Erinus alpinus L.
Popular names - Alpine Balsam, Alpenbalsam, Erinus, fairy foxglove.
Distribution and Habitat - spontaneous subalpine areas in southwestern and central Europe.
Description - herbaceous perennial, evergreen. Stem branched, forming bush, 5-15 cm high. Leaves spatulate, 4 cm long, needle tapered. Flowers purple, 1.25 cm diameter, arranged in raceme of 6 cm long. Seeds ellipsoidal, 0.6-0.8 x 0.35-0.45 mm supreafata glossy, dark brown.
Tolerances - all types if well-drained soil.
Requirements - well drained soils in full sun or semi-shade.
Management - needs regular watering. Apply liquid or granular fertilizers. Plants shall beie protected from the sun in the morning, in the warmer.
Propagation - by seeds, sown in sandy soil in cold greenhouse in May.
Diseases and pests -
Natural partners and Garden - Dianthus alpinus, cerastioides Gypsophila, Gypsophila repens, Linum arboreum, Phlox subulata, Sedum reflexum, Sempervivum sp., Silene acaulis, Thymus micans.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Harry' with white flowers, blooming in May-June. 'Carmineus' carmine pink flowers, blooming in May-June.
Properties and Uses - can be used for ornamental purposes for rocarii.
Soldanella alpina - grows in coniferous forests and grasslands, from 1000 up to 2500 m altitude, moist substrates, rocks, rich in humus.
Primula cousin - cuckoo boot
Primula cousin - Herbaceous perennial with cylindrical rhizome, native to Europe and Asia, grows through meadows, sunny pastures, edges of woods, from hills to the alpine region.
Stachys Byzantine - perennial species, native to southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia, grows on dry slopes at the edge of forests, up to 2000 m altitude.
Evergreen shrub. Branches erect. Leaves green, alternate or subverticilate, 6-21 x 2.5 cm, limb oblong, coriaceu, top acuminata, edge entire, nervatiune pinnate. Flowers arranged in terminal panicule, small flowers, hermaphrodite
Betula alba - species, ornamental, decorative crown shape and color of bark, in parks and gardens. The bark is rich in tannins, is used in cosmetics.
Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .
African Sparmannia - shrub or small tree, native of southern Africa, as a species grown across the globe or outdoor ornamental pot.
Actinotus periculosus (Apiaceae), new perennial species in Australia