Scientific name - Erinus alpinus L.
Popular names - Alpine Balsam, Alpenbalsam, Erinus, fairy foxglove.
Distribution and Habitat - spontaneous subalpine areas in southwestern and central Europe.
Description - herbaceous perennial, evergreen. Stem branched, forming bush, 5-15 cm high. Leaves spatulate, 4 cm long, needle tapered. Flowers purple, 1.25 cm diameter, arranged in raceme of 6 cm long. Seeds ellipsoidal, 0.6-0.8 x 0.35-0.45 mm supreafata glossy, dark brown.
Tolerances - all types if well-drained soil.
Requirements - well drained soils in full sun or semi-shade.
Management - needs regular watering. Apply liquid or granular fertilizers. Plants shall beie protected from the sun in the morning, in the warmer.
Propagation - by seeds, sown in sandy soil in cold greenhouse in May.
Diseases and pests -
Natural partners and Garden - Dianthus alpinus, cerastioides Gypsophila, Gypsophila repens, Linum arboreum, Phlox subulata, Sedum reflexum, Sempervivum sp., Silene acaulis, Thymus micans.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Harry' with white flowers, blooming in May-June. 'Carmineus' carmine pink flowers, blooming in May-June.
Properties and Uses - can be used for ornamental purposes for rocarii.
Sternbergia lutea - geofita bulbs, grow at the edge of deciduous forests, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Doronicum grandiflorum - geofita rizomatoasa, native to southern Europe, the Iberian Peninsula and the Balkans, growing on calcareous substrates in mountain and alpine floor, the debris, slopes from 2000-2500 m altitude.
Hyacinthus orientalis - bulbous perennial with linear to lance-shaped, channeled, bright green leaves, 15-35 cm long. Is classified as an ornamental, and is native to the Mediterranean region. The essential oils found only in the flowers have been used in cosmetics and soap fragrances.
Lilium bulbiferum - bulbous species, native to Europe, growing in mountain and submontane grasslands and forests from 500-2200 m altitude. Cultivated as ornamental species on all continents.
Thunberg mysorensis is used as an ornamental species for rapid growth and flowers arranged in raceme. Blooms in July-September.
Angophora hispida Blaxell
Shrub or small tree, 4-5 m high. Gray-red bark at first smooth, exfoliating in due course. Leaves opposite, Sesia or short stalks, cordiform, 5-10 x 2.5-4.5 cm, pale green, pubescent. 3.7 flowers in a corymb, 10-15 cm diameter. Sepa free (dialisepal), green, petals free (dialipetal), white cream. Blooming in January. Fruit capsule.
Schinus molle - evergreen tree, 3-15 m tall. Originally from Argentina, Bolivia and Peru where it grows from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Cultivated soil erosion, but also as ornamental species, or bonsai.
Nepeta cataria has similar properties with valeriana, amaro-tonic and sedative antispasmotica.
Nepeta cataria var. citronelol citriodora contains more essential oil used as perfume industry.