18
Jun
2009
Erinus alpinus L.
Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Erinus alpinus L.

Synonyms -

Popular names - Alpine Balsam, Alpenbalsam, Erinus, fairy foxglove.

Distribution and Habitat - spontaneous subalpine areas in southwestern and central Europe.

Description - herbaceous perennial, evergreen. Stem branched, forming bush, 5-15 cm high. Leaves spatulate, 4 cm long, needle tapered. Flowers purple, 1.25 cm diameter, arranged in raceme of 6 cm long. Seeds ellipsoidal, 0.6-0.8 x 0.35-0.45 mm supreafata glossy, dark brown.

Tolerances - all types if well-drained soil.

Requirements - well drained soils in full sun or semi-shade.

Management - needs regular watering. Apply liquid or granular fertilizers. Plants shall beie protected from the sun in the morning, in the warmer.

Propagation - by seeds, sown in sandy soil in cold greenhouse in May.

Diseases and pests -

Natural partners and Garden - Dianthus alpinus, cerastioides Gypsophila, Gypsophila repens, Linum arboreum, Phlox subulata, Sedum reflexum, Sempervivum sp., Silene acaulis, Thymus micans.

Cultivars and varieties - 'Harry' with white flowers, blooming in May-June. 'Carmineus' carmine pink flowers, blooming in May-June.

Properties and Uses - can be used for ornamental purposes for rocarii.

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