Scientific name - Eriobotrya japonica Lindl
Eriobotrya derived from Greek 'erion' - wool, and 'botrys' - cluster, with reference to the arrangement of fruit.
Popular names - loquat, medlar, Japanese plum, plum japan, nispero japonés, néflier du Japon, ameixa do Japão, Japanische mispel, pi ba.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from China and Japan.
Description - small tree, 5-10 m high, trunk erect, divide, tomentoase branches, erect and espana, bark gray-brown, smooth, crown open, umbeliforma in adulthood. Leaves persistent, alternate, simple, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine evening, acuminata; nervatiuni lecundare are thick and deep language that seems inflated between them, when occurring are pubescent andwith age are coriacee, the upper and the lower is glabra is pubescent, pear rust, 30 cm long, petiole very short. Flowers hermaphrodite, white-yellow, 5 petals, united in panic blossom type terminal tomentos rusty. Blooms in November-February. Grape fruit, ovoid, yellow-orange, yellow flesh, sweet and sour, July matureaza edible.
Growth rate - fast.
Requirements - grows well in sunny exhibitions. The soil must have good aeration and good drainage. Prefers sunny or slightly shady exhibitions.
Propagation - by seeds or by grafting on Crataegus laevigata. The seeds quickly lose their germination. Alto is ready to June-July.
Boli and damage - Entomosporium eriobotryae, Destalotia funeral, Pseudomonas eriobotryae, Rosellinia necatrix.
Natural partners and Garden - Ficus carica, Magnolia grandiflora, Mahon Japan.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Golden Nugget', 'Champagne', 'MacBeth', 'Oliver', 'Variegata' (introduced to Europe from China in 1787).
Properties and Uses - in Europe it is cultivated for ornamental purposes, ideal for masking the southern wall. Do not use for training bonsai. To have higher fruit is a thinning of inflorescences necessary.
In China, the leaves are used to treat bronchitis and fever. The leaves are rich in volatile uleuri, vitamin B 17, which has curative properties of cancer. Gather leaves from spring to summer, dry in sunlight, using uncooked (uncooked), crushedwith honey. Fresh fruits are low in vitamin C but large amounts of vitamin A, depending on variety and color (epicarpul orange fruit are rich in vitamin A).
Fruit may be sweet, wine, fruit juice and dried fruit.
Christophe Wiart - Medicinal Plants of Asia and the Pachific - CRC, 2006
Constance Rogers, David J. Rogers, Mitzi Briscoe - Woody Ornamentals for Deep South Gardens, 1991
David A. Francko - Palms Wont's Grow Here and Other Myths - Timber Press, 2003
Frederick J. Simoons - Food in China: A Cultural and Historical Inquiry - CRC, 1990
Wu Jing-shades - An Illustrated Chinese Materia Medica - Oxford University Press, 2002
Marie Harrison - Southern Gardening - Pineapple Press, 2005
Ran Levy-Yamamori, Gerard Taaffe - Gaden Plants of Japan - Timber Press, 2004
Robert A. Vines - Trees of Central Texas - University of Texas Press, 1984
YPS Bajaj - Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry 16 - Springer, 1991
Trees and shrubs
Citrus - citrus
Bark smooth, thin, gray-brown to green. Most species have a single trunk, hardwood. Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit) has a thick trunk 0.5 - a, 75 m in diameter. Stalk young are edges, green. Stalk elderly are circular in section.
Ilex perado - small tree, port pyramidal, evergreen. Originally from the Canary Islands, dense forests grow in the Aqua Garcia, in association with Apollonias barbujana, Arbutus canariensis, Laurus Azores, Myrsine canariensis, Ocotal foetens, Persea indica, Prunus Lusitania subsp. hixa, Visna mocanera.
Mutisia subspinosa Cav.
Undergrowth voluble, 2-3 m long. Strain poorly ramified, glabra, wavy, yellow-green, 3-wing, green wing, needle-spin, axillary buds are white tomentosi. Leaves alternate, Sesia, language hasta, 8-10 x 0.6-1.3 cm, green, toothed margins, 10-14 pairs of teeth mucronata, long-attenuated peak and ended with a Carcel
Hydrangea - Hortensia
Genus includes 80 species, the most popular are H. macrophylla, H. arborescens, H. paniculata and H. quercifolia. Shrub or voluble species with opposite leaves. Flowers solitary or grouped in inflorescences type corymb, Raceme. Ovary compound, 2-10 rags, below. Capsule truncata. Seeds numerous, ribbed.
Leaves opposite, or verticil every 3.5 leaves, simple, and with the parties they lanceolata, 1-25 cm long, evergreen or decidue. Flower swing; 4 sepa long, thin, short petals 4, ovary inferior. Fruit 5-25 mm, green-reddish, red or purple, edible. Seeds numerous.
Bergen crassifolia (L.) Fritsch.
Herbaceous perennial forms a bush evergreen basal leaves, stems florifere up to 50 cm tall, dark purple. Leaves 25 cm wide, or elliptic obovata language, rim around the base cuneata, top obtuse, long petiole, 3-9 cm long. Panic blossom, flowers pink or dark pink open.
Firmiana simplex - also known as Sterculia platanifolia, was named in honor of Karl Joseph von Firmiana (1718-1782).
Firmiana simplex - ornamental species grown in parks and gardens in shady and protected from winds exhibitions.
Thevetia peruviana - leandru yellow
Evergreen shrub, 6 m high. Stem erect, cylindrical, branched, smooth, green, presents latex. Leaves simple subsesile, alternate, arranged spiral limb linear, entire edge, top acute, glabra, 8-16 cm long.