Scientific name - Eriobotrya japonica Lindl
Eriobotrya derived from Greek 'erion' - wool, and 'botrys' - cluster, with reference to the arrangement of fruit.
Popular names - loquat, medlar, Japanese plum, plum japan, nispero japonés, néflier du Japon, ameixa do Japão, Japanische mispel, pi ba.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from China and Japan.
Description - small tree, 5-10 m high, trunk erect, divide, tomentoase branches, erect and espana, bark gray-brown, smooth, crown open, umbeliforma in adulthood. Leaves persistent, alternate, simple, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine evening, acuminata; nervatiuni lecundare are thick and deep language that seems inflated between them, when occurring are pubescent andwith age are coriacee, the upper and the lower is glabra is pubescent, pear rust, 30 cm long, petiole very short. Flowers hermaphrodite, white-yellow, 5 petals, united in panic blossom type terminal tomentos rusty. Blooms in November-February. Grape fruit, ovoid, yellow-orange, yellow flesh, sweet and sour, July matureaza edible.
Growth rate - fast.
Requirements - grows well in sunny exhibitions. The soil must have good aeration and good drainage. Prefers sunny or slightly shady exhibitions.
Propagation - by seeds or by grafting on Crataegus laevigata. The seeds quickly lose their germination. Alto is ready to June-July.
Boli and damage - Entomosporium eriobotryae, Destalotia funeral, Pseudomonas eriobotryae, Rosellinia necatrix.
Natural partners and Garden - Ficus carica, Magnolia grandiflora, Mahon Japan.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Golden Nugget', 'Champagne', 'MacBeth', 'Oliver', 'Variegata' (introduced to Europe from China in 1787).
Properties and Uses - in Europe it is cultivated for ornamental purposes, ideal for masking the southern wall. Do not use for training bonsai. To have higher fruit is a thinning of inflorescences necessary.
In China, the leaves are used to treat bronchitis and fever. The leaves are rich in volatile uleuri, vitamin B 17, which has curative properties of cancer. Gather leaves from spring to summer, dry in sunlight, using uncooked (uncooked), crushedwith honey. Fresh fruits are low in vitamin C but large amounts of vitamin A, depending on variety and color (epicarpul orange fruit are rich in vitamin A).
Fruit may be sweet, wine, fruit juice and dried fruit.
Christophe Wiart - Medicinal Plants of Asia and the Pachific - CRC, 2006
Constance Rogers, David J. Rogers, Mitzi Briscoe - Woody Ornamentals for Deep South Gardens, 1991
David A. Francko - Palms Wont's Grow Here and Other Myths - Timber Press, 2003
Frederick J. Simoons - Food in China: A Cultural and Historical Inquiry - CRC, 1990
Wu Jing-shades - An Illustrated Chinese Materia Medica - Oxford University Press, 2002
Marie Harrison - Southern Gardening - Pineapple Press, 2005
Ran Levy-Yamamori, Gerard Taaffe - Gaden Plants of Japan - Timber Press, 2004
Robert A. Vines - Trees of Central Texas - University of Texas Press, 1984
YPS Bajaj - Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry 16 - Springer, 1991
Trees and shrubs
Dasiphora fruticosa - deciduu shrub, native of Asia, grows on wet soils and wet rocks.
Bush, 60-150 cm tall. Branches green, thin, pubescent, with 4.12 edges. Leaves pubescent, with some softwood apuncte, leaves from the branches are placed 3.6 in each verticil, language ovat-elliptic, 8.5-16 x 6-9 mm, top acute, sparsely toothed, leaves are opposite dinsre top Lujerul, linear, whole.
Tilia platyphyllos - Large-leaved Linden
Tilia platyphyllos - thermophilic species, grows only in plain and low hills, Europe and western Asia.
Large-leaved Linden, used as decorative trees in parks, and street alignments.
Annona muricata is ornamental species. Fructul is edible as it is consumed fresh, as dessert, or mixed with ice cream or milk. Fruits containing vitamin B (0.07 mg/100g) and C (20 mg/100g), calcium and phosphorus.
Plants with succulent stems, leaves and flowers unisexuate asymmetric, long pedunculate, grouped dichaziu terminal. ♂ flowers usually are obsolete, consisting of 4 petals oval, two of which are shorter, the ♀ consist of 4 petals equal, persistent.
Tree, 40 m high, truncated 1 m in diameter. Stalk, leaf stalks are brown and language violated. Petiole 1.5-3 cm long. Leaves elliptic, ovat-elliptic, 6-22 x 4.7 cm, protruding ribs on both surfaces, base cuneata, top acuminata.
Eryngium campestre - rostogol
Eryngium campestre - a species native to Central and S, V Asia, grows on rocky places, sandy in dry meadows and pastures, along roads.
Hepatica nobilis Schreb
Herbaceous perennial, fibrous root. Leaves evergreen, coriacee, the young are green open and passwords, dark olive green on the upper face, and purple on the lower face at maturity and during flowering, cordiform 3-lobate, lobe ovat, margin entire, top obtuse.