Scientific name - Eriobotrya japonica Lindl
Eriobotrya derived from Greek 'erion' - wool, and 'botrys' - cluster, with reference to the arrangement of fruit.
Popular names - loquat, medlar, Japanese plum, plum japan, nispero japonés, néflier du Japon, ameixa do Japão, Japanische mispel, pi ba.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from China and Japan.
Description - small tree, 5-10 m high, trunk erect, divide, tomentoase branches, erect and espana, bark gray-brown, smooth, crown open, umbeliforma in adulthood. Leaves persistent, alternate, simple, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine evening, acuminata; nervatiuni lecundare are thick and deep language that seems inflated between them, when occurring are pubescent andwith age are coriacee, the upper and the lower is glabra is pubescent, pear rust, 30 cm long, petiole very short. Flowers hermaphrodite, white-yellow, 5 petals, united in panic blossom type terminal tomentos rusty. Blooms in November-February. Grape fruit, ovoid, yellow-orange, yellow flesh, sweet and sour, July matureaza edible.
Growth rate - fast.
Requirements - grows well in sunny exhibitions. The soil must have good aeration and good drainage. Prefers sunny or slightly shady exhibitions.
Propagation - by seeds or by grafting on Crataegus laevigata. The seeds quickly lose their germination. Alto is ready to June-July.
Boli and damage - Entomosporium eriobotryae, Destalotia funeral, Pseudomonas eriobotryae, Rosellinia necatrix.
Natural partners and Garden - Ficus carica, Magnolia grandiflora, Mahon Japan.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Golden Nugget', 'Champagne', 'MacBeth', 'Oliver', 'Variegata' (introduced to Europe from China in 1787).
Properties and Uses - in Europe it is cultivated for ornamental purposes, ideal for masking the southern wall. Do not use for training bonsai. To have higher fruit is a thinning of inflorescences necessary.
In China, the leaves are used to treat bronchitis and fever. The leaves are rich in volatile uleuri, vitamin B 17, which has curative properties of cancer. Gather leaves from spring to summer, dry in sunlight, using uncooked (uncooked), crushedwith honey. Fresh fruits are low in vitamin C but large amounts of vitamin A, depending on variety and color (epicarpul orange fruit are rich in vitamin A).
Fruit may be sweet, wine, fruit juice and dried fruit.
Christophe Wiart - Medicinal Plants of Asia and the Pachific - CRC, 2006
Constance Rogers, David J. Rogers, Mitzi Briscoe - Woody Ornamentals for Deep South Gardens, 1991
David A. Francko - Palms Wont's Grow Here and Other Myths - Timber Press, 2003
Frederick J. Simoons - Food in China: A Cultural and Historical Inquiry - CRC, 1990
Wu Jing-shades - An Illustrated Chinese Materia Medica - Oxford University Press, 2002
Marie Harrison - Southern Gardening - Pineapple Press, 2005
Ran Levy-Yamamori, Gerard Taaffe - Gaden Plants of Japan - Timber Press, 2004
Robert A. Vines - Trees of Central Texas - University of Texas Press, 1984
YPS Bajaj - Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry 16 - Springer, 1991
Trees and shrubs
Calycanthus floridus L.
Shrub 1.8-4 m tall, multiple stems, erect, clocks the fruit. Buds small, round, naked, brown-pubescent. Scaorta smooth lenticele, by burning aromatic, dark gray-brown. Leaves opposite, decidue, simple ovata to elliptic, entire, aromatic if they are broken, shiny, dense tomentoase inside, spring green, autumn is yellow or yellow-versa.
Tilia cordata - Small-leaved lime, lime hill
Scientific Name - Tilia cordata
Synonyms - Tilia parvifolia Ehrh., Tilia ulmifolia Purpose ..
Names of people - small-leaved lime, lime sulfur, lime hill, Littleleaf Linden, Lindenbluten, Tiliae flos, Fleur de Tilleul.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe, grows on nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Description - tree, 20 feet tall. Trunk as thick (can reach up to 1 m diameter). Bark on young specimens is smooth, gray to dark gray becomes mature specimens or brown, pitted. Crown oval, conical. Olive-green stems, at first pubescent then glabrata. Buds 4-6 mm long, usually two outer scales unequal, shiny, olive-green to red-brown, terminal bud is absent. Leaves alternate, simple, subrotunde - ovate, 5-7 c
Tilia cordata - tree, native of Europe, increases in nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Lime flowers are the most popular remedy for colds and flu, tea is used to treat headaches, anxiety and nervous tension.
Bush deciduu, wood. Iregulata crown, branches couples glabra, 4-5 m high. Leaves alternate, simple, rough, 12 x 2-4 cm long, the upper part at first is tomentoasa then becomes glabra, opaque green, the underside is silver viloasa easy.
Dovyalis caffra - kei-apple
Dovyalis caffra - fruit edible, with a high vitamin C content (80-120 mg/g), potassium (600 mg), and makes an excellent jam.
Acer platanoides - norway maple
Acer platanoides - used as an ornamental species in parks and gardens, but also the green street.
In the United States was introduced around 1700 in East Pensilveniei. It was introduced as ornamental species, the green street, in many areas of culture out of control and become invasive species.
Shrub 3 m high. Leaves disposed in each vertical 3 (4), the busiest peak, linear, 1.5 cm long, acuminata-mucronata, bright green top and white on the inside of the main rib prominent, margins Revol.
Canarina canariensis - herbaceous, commutes glaucescenta. Endemic from the Canary Islands, Tenerife, grows at the edge of forests, from 300 to 1000 m altitude.
Aster amellus - a species native to Europe and Asia, common in the collinear, dry and sunny at the edge boschetelor grow on limestone bedrock, from 0 to 800 m altitude.
Morus nigra - mulberry tree
The fruit of Morus nigra contain 9% sugar, organic acids, pectin, tannin, vitamins A and C, minerals and other substances. Berries can be eaten raw or dried, in puddings, jams, or sauce.