21
Jan
2009
Eriobotrya japonica Lindl
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Eriobotrya japonica Lindl

Eriobotrya derived from Greek 'erion' - wool, and 'botrys' - cluster, with reference to the arrangement of fruit.

Synonyms --

Popular names - loquat, medlar, Japanese plum, plum japan, nispero japonés, néflier du Japon, ameixa do Japão, Japanische mispel, pi ba.

Distribution and Habitat - originally from China and Japan.

Description - small tree, 5-10 m high, trunk erect, divide, tomentoase branches, erect and espana, bark gray-brown, smooth, crown open, umbeliforma in adulthood. Leaves persistent, alternate, simple, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine evening, acuminata; nervatiuni lecundare are thick and deep language that seems inflated between them, when occurring are pubescent andwith age are coriacee, the upper and the lower is glabra is pubescent, pear rust, 30 cm long, petiole very short. Flowers hermaphrodite, white-yellow, 5 petals, united in panic blossom type terminal tomentos rusty. Blooms in November-February. Grape fruit, ovoid, yellow-orange, yellow flesh, sweet and sour, July matureaza edible.

Growth rate - fast.

Tolerances - temperatures up to -10 ° C; drought.

Requirements - grows well in sunny exhibitions. The soil must have good aeration and good drainage. Prefers sunny or slightly shady exhibitions.

Propagation - by seeds or by grafting on Crataegus laevigata. The seeds quickly lose their germination. Alto is ready to June-July.

Boli and damage - Entomosporium eriobotryae, Destalotia funeral, Pseudomonas eriobotryae, Rosellinia necatrix.

Natural partners and Garden - Ficus carica, Magnolia grandiflora, Mahon Japan.

Cultivars and varieties - 'Golden Nugget', 'Champagne', 'MacBeth', 'Oliver', 'Variegata' (introduced to Europe from China in 1787).

Properties and Uses - in Europe it is cultivated for ornamental purposes, ideal for masking the southern wall. Do not use for training bonsai. To have higher fruit is a thinning of inflorescences necessary.

In China, the leaves are used to treat bronchitis and fever. The leaves are rich in volatile uleuri, vitamin B 17, which has curative properties of cancer. Gather leaves from spring to summer, dry in sunlight, using uncooked (uncooked), crushedwith honey. Fresh fruits are low in vitamin C but large amounts of vitamin A, depending on variety and color (epicarpul orange fruit are rich in vitamin A).

Fruit may be sweet, wine, fruit juice and dried fruit.

References

Christophe Wiart - Medicinal Plants of Asia and the Pachific - CRC, 2006

Constance Rogers, David J. Rogers, Mitzi Briscoe - Woody Ornamentals for Deep South Gardens, 1991

David A. Francko - Palms Wont's Grow Here and Other Myths - Timber Press, 2003

Frederick J. Simoons - Food in China: A Cultural and Historical Inquiry - CRC, 1990

Wu Jing-shades - An Illustrated Chinese Materia Medica - Oxford University Press, 2002

Marie Harrison - Southern Gardening - Pineapple Press, 2005

Ran Levy-Yamamori, Gerard Taaffe - Gaden Plants of Japan - Timber Press, 2004

Robert A. Vines - Trees of Central Texas - University of Texas Press, 1984

YPS Bajaj - Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry 16 - Springer, 1991

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Trees and shrubs
Clerodendrum bungei

Clerodendrum bungei - ornamental species grown in parks and gardens and in pots but terraces. Leaves crushed leaves an unpleasant odor. In hot and humid climates become invasive.

 
Morus nigra - mulberry tree

The fruit of Morus nigra contain 9% sugar, organic acids, pectin, tannin, vitamins A and C, minerals and other substances. Berries can be eaten raw or dried, in puddings, jams, or sauce. 

 
Arbutus unedo

Evergreen shrub originating in Southern Ireland and Mediterranean regions, grows slowly, up to 3 to 10 m, reddish bark, young branches are red-hot, dense crown. Leaves alternate, elliptic-lanceolata, 5-10 cm long, parties, except ribs smooth, glossy dark green, pinnate nervatiune. Flowers white to pale pink, sometimes stained with red, 5-10 mm long, campanulata, odorless, ready to panicule 5 cm long, anther clocks.

 
Ilex aquifolium

Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic.

 
Davidia involucrata var. involucrata

Arbore pana la 20 m inaltime; coroana la inceput conica apoi devine neregulata, ramuri orizontale. Scoarta gri-maronie. Mugurele terminal are forma ovoida, 6-7 mm lungime, acuminat, rosu-brun inchis. Mugurii laterali 6-8 mm lungime.

 
Magnoliopsida
Arachis hypogaea - Peanut

Herbaceous annual. Stem branched, 40-60 cm high. Leaves compound, 8-12 cm long, oblong folio-obovata, margin entire. Flowers yellow, axillary. Peabody, grow underground, contains 1.3 seeds. 2n = 40.

 
Oenothera biennis - Luminita

Oenothera biennis is a biennial species, native to North America, naturalized in southern Europe. It was introduced in Europe in 1614.


 
Tilia cordata - Small-leaved lime, lime hill

Scientific Name - Tilia cordata

Synonyms - Tilia parvifolia Ehrh., Tilia ulmifolia Purpose ..

Names of people - small-leaved lime, lime sulfur, lime hill, Littleleaf Linden, Lindenbluten, Tiliae flos, Fleur de Tilleul.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe, grows on nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.

Description - tree, 20 feet tall. Trunk as thick (can reach up to 1 m diameter). Bark on young specimens is smooth, gray to dark gray becomes mature specimens or brown, pitted. Crown oval, conical. Olive-green stems, at first pubescent then glabrata. Buds 4-6 mm long, usually two outer scales unequal, shiny, olive-green to red-brown, terminal bud is absent. Leaves alternate, simple, subrotunde - ovate, 5-7 c

Tilia cordata - tree, native of Europe, increases in nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.

Lime flowers are the most popular remedy for colds and flu, tea is used to treat headaches, anxiety and nervous tension.

 
Sedum album

Sedum album - common species in mountain areas in Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America, grows on limestone rocks, up to 2500 m altitude.

 
Solidago caesia - blue-stemmed goldenrod

Solidago box to - perennial species, native to North America, grows naturally in dry soils on roadsides.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links