20
Sep
2011
Eryngium campestre - rostogol
Flowers | Magnoliopsida
4
0

Scientific name - Eryngium campestre

Synonyms -

Popular names - rostogol, scaiul dracului, Mezei iringo, Feld Monnstreu.

Distribution and Habitat - a species native to Central and S, V Asia, grows on rocky places, sandy in dry meadows and pastures, along roads.

Description - Perennial species, rhizome fusiform. Stems branched, forming a globular bush, glauca, 30-50 cm high. Leaves stiff, spiny, ribbed appearance on both sides, the basal long-petiolate, subtriunghiulare, dull bipenatifidate, needle, the stems sessile, auricula, amplexicaule. Flowers hermaphrodite, in capitule about 10-12 mm long, ovoid. consisting of 5-10 heads involucrul leaflets lanceolate, entire or with few teeth, 3-4 cm long. Trifid flowers bracts, 10-12 mm long. Calyx teeth lanceolate, subulat, 2 mm long, exceeding Petacles. Obcordiforme petals, inflexible, and narrow greenish white. Blooms in July-August. Fruit ellipsoidal, with scvame.

Curiosity - Erygium Eryngion derived from the Greek, the old name given by theophrasti.

In autumn, the stems are broken by the wind and carried long distances, hence the popular name of the chute.

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