07
Jul
2009
Eschscholzia californica - California poppy
Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Eschscholzia californica

Adelbert von Chamisso, naturalist on board the Russian ship 'Rurick', discovered and named this species in 1815, in honor of the physicist and naturalist Johann Friedrich von Eschscholtz.

Synonyms --

Popular names - the California poppy, California Poppy, Kalifornischer Goldmohn

Distribution and Habitat - originating in the Pacific until the west coast of Oregon and Baja California, which grows at altitudes of 2000 m.

Description - perennial species in the area of origin, in other regions is annual, reaching up to 5-60 cm high, glabra, glauca. Stem branched, decumbenta. Leaves basal and caulinare, green-glauca, sectors, lobes linear or obluongi, glabra. Floriferi buds are obconici pick. Flowers solitàre, peduncle of 5-15 cm long, calyx acute or acuminata, glabru, glauca; Corola consisting of 4 petals yellow-orange, 5 cm long, numerous stamens. Blooming period from February to September. Made of bee pollination. Fruit capsule dehiscence, 3-9 cm long, seeds numerous, 1-2.5 mm, black or dark brown.

Growth rate - moderate.

Tolerances - any type of land, if well drained.

Requirements - prefer sandy soils rich in humus., Exhibitions sunny.

Management - not excess water requirements, water is sufficient rainfall, the wet just to prolong blooming.

Propagation - by seeds, which resemble the fall or early spring. The seeds are very small depth looks at, few mm, and will germinate after the first rain of autumn, or after the first warm days of spring. It is therefore not support the transplantation of individualhow to sow directly into garden soil. The land should be sandy, well drained and sunny exhibition.

Diseases and pests - afidele, red mite.

Natural partners and Garden - Molinia caerulea, Festuca, Helictotrichon sempervirens, Armeria maritima, Sedum.

Can be replaced with Eschscholzia caespitosa which has several strains florifere.

Cultivars and varieties -. californica subsp. californica var. California (prostrata, flowers yellow), E. californica subsp. californica var. maritima, E. californica subsp. californica var. Croce (orange flowers), E. californica subsp. californica var. peninsularis, E. californica subsp. Mexican, E. californica var. douglasii, E. californica var. peninsularis, 'White', 'Apricot Flambeau', 'aurantiaca', 'Buttermilk', 'Carmine', 'dall', 'Inferno', 'Mandarins', Purple Gleam'.

Properties and Uses - in the USA is cultivated to stabilize sandy soils in combination with other ornamental species.

Aerial parts contain alkaloids isoquinoloni - californidin, eschscholzine, protopine, allocryptin alpha-and beta-allocryptin.

Eschscholzia californica is toxic to humans. The planta sedative, analgesic, antidiareica, antitussives, diaphoretica, antispasmodic, simile effects of Papaver somniferum but is weaker. It is a substitute for marijuana.

In France, was used in treatments for insomnia and drug addiction pharmacology.

Decoction of flowers Eschscholzia californica is a good insecticide against lice (the hair of children).

Species that can be combined analgesics Eschscholzia californica are: Viburnum opulus, Passiflora incarnata, Matricaria recutita, Lavandula angustifolia.

Teas based Eschscholzia californica not drink during pregnancy.

For infusion using a teaspoon of Eschscholzia californica in a cup of tea.

Myth, Legend and Folklore --

California poppy became the flower of California in 1903.

 

References

Allan M. Armitage - Armitage's Manual of Annuals, Biennials and Half-Hardy Perennials - Timber Press, 2001

Aviva Jill Romme - Natural Health after Birth - Healing Arts Press, 2002

Bob Hyland - Designing Borders for Sun and Shade - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2006

Daniel E. Moerman - Native American ethnobotany - Timber Press, 1998

Ethan Russo - Handbook of Psychotropic Herbs - Routledge, 2001

LeRoy Abrams - Illustrated Flora of the Pacific States - Stanford University Press, 1944

Peter Hanelt, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research - Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops - Springer, 2001

Sia Morhardt, J. Emil Morhardt - California Desert Flowers - University of California Press, 2004

Stefanie Schwartz - psychoactive Herbs in Veterinary Behavior Medicine - Wiley-Blackwell, 2005

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Flowers
Anemone hupehensis var. japonica

Anemone hupehensis var. japonica - a species native to China and Japan, was first described by Carl Thunberg in Flora Japonica.

 
Echeveria pulvinata

Succulent perennial. Short stem with a rosette of leaves at the base. The leaves are 5-7.5 cm long, obovata-spatulate, concave, tomentoase. Blossom side, 20-30 cm long, flowers campanulata, yellow-orange, 5 SEPA, 5 petals, 10 stamens.

 
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita

Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.

 
Pontederia cordata L.

Species aquatic perennial, 45-60 cm tall, thin rhizome. Leaves basal, erect, ovat-lanceolata, with the cord; long petiole. Flowers violet-blue, rarely white, with an upper lobe yellow blossom disposed in ear type. Perianth campanulata, Revol tube after blooming, 6 stamens, 3 more unequal, May 3 children; anther elliptic, blue. Blooms in June-September. The fruit contains a single seed, indehiscent.

 
Gentiana verna L.

Gentiana verna - a species native to southern central Europe, Russia, England and Ireland, increasing the Alpine and subalpine meadows, wetlands, from 400 to 2600 m altitude.

 
Magnoliopsida
Dictamnus albus L.

Dictamnus albus L. - Species native to southern Europe to northern China, perennial to 1 m, stem node, erect, leafy coriacee, compound, alternate, 9-11 lobes, ovata, parties, 7.5 cm long; iregulate flowers, white-pink, 2.5 cm long, 5 SEPA and 5 petals, 10 stamens, terminal raceme, fruit capsule with 5 lobes.

 
Ajuga chamaepitys

Ajuga chamaepitys - herbaceous annual Euro-Mediterranean, grows around the Mediterranean, in warm and dry, up to 1500 m altitude.

 
Quercus robur - oak, Tufan

native trees (Romania), robust 50 m high, 1-2 m stem diameter, crown wide, irregular. Ritidom dark brown, deep furrow. Crown deep and wide, with vigorous branches, units, stretched horizontally, can cover the maximal development of 200-300 sqm. Lujerii annually, vigorous, edge, brown-olive trees, glabra, with small lenticele rare.

 
Fothergilla

Fothergilla gardenii - small shrub, up to 1 m high. Leaves 4.8 x 1.5-5 cm, edge to the top gear. Flowers white with pink ears appear before the leaf in the terminal, stamens numerous. Blooms in April-May, prefers moist soil, well-drained, in full sun.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links