07
Jul
2009
Eschscholzia californica - California poppy
Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Eschscholzia californica

Adelbert von Chamisso, naturalist on board the Russian ship 'Rurick', discovered and named this species in 1815, in honor of the physicist and naturalist Johann Friedrich von Eschscholtz.

Synonyms --

Popular names - the California poppy, California Poppy, Kalifornischer Goldmohn

Distribution and Habitat - originating in the Pacific until the west coast of Oregon and Baja California, which grows at altitudes of 2000 m.

Description - perennial species in the area of origin, in other regions is annual, reaching up to 5-60 cm high, glabra, glauca. Stem branched, decumbenta. Leaves basal and caulinare, green-glauca, sectors, lobes linear or obluongi, glabra. Floriferi buds are obconici pick. Flowers solitàre, peduncle of 5-15 cm long, calyx acute or acuminata, glabru, glauca; Corola consisting of 4 petals yellow-orange, 5 cm long, numerous stamens. Blooming period from February to September. Made of bee pollination. Fruit capsule dehiscence, 3-9 cm long, seeds numerous, 1-2.5 mm, black or dark brown.

Growth rate - moderate.

Tolerances - any type of land, if well drained.

Requirements - prefer sandy soils rich in humus., Exhibitions sunny.

Management - not excess water requirements, water is sufficient rainfall, the wet just to prolong blooming.

Propagation - by seeds, which resemble the fall or early spring. The seeds are very small depth looks at, few mm, and will germinate after the first rain of autumn, or after the first warm days of spring. It is therefore not support the transplantation of individualhow to sow directly into garden soil. The land should be sandy, well drained and sunny exhibition.

Diseases and pests - afidele, red mite.

Natural partners and Garden - Molinia caerulea, Festuca, Helictotrichon sempervirens, Armeria maritima, Sedum.

Can be replaced with Eschscholzia caespitosa which has several strains florifere.

Cultivars and varieties -. californica subsp. californica var. California (prostrata, flowers yellow), E. californica subsp. californica var. maritima, E. californica subsp. californica var. Croce (orange flowers), E. californica subsp. californica var. peninsularis, E. californica subsp. Mexican, E. californica var. douglasii, E. californica var. peninsularis, 'White', 'Apricot Flambeau', 'aurantiaca', 'Buttermilk', 'Carmine', 'dall', 'Inferno', 'Mandarins', Purple Gleam'.

Properties and Uses - in the USA is cultivated to stabilize sandy soils in combination with other ornamental species.

Aerial parts contain alkaloids isoquinoloni - californidin, eschscholzine, protopine, allocryptin alpha-and beta-allocryptin.

Eschscholzia californica is toxic to humans. The planta sedative, analgesic, antidiareica, antitussives, diaphoretica, antispasmodic, simile effects of Papaver somniferum but is weaker. It is a substitute for marijuana.

In France, was used in treatments for insomnia and drug addiction pharmacology.

Decoction of flowers Eschscholzia californica is a good insecticide against lice (the hair of children).

Species that can be combined analgesics Eschscholzia californica are: Viburnum opulus, Passiflora incarnata, Matricaria recutita, Lavandula angustifolia.

Teas based Eschscholzia californica not drink during pregnancy.

For infusion using a teaspoon of Eschscholzia californica in a cup of tea.

Myth, Legend and Folklore --

California poppy became the flower of California in 1903.

 

References

Allan M. Armitage - Armitage's Manual of Annuals, Biennials and Half-Hardy Perennials - Timber Press, 2001

Aviva Jill Romme - Natural Health after Birth - Healing Arts Press, 2002

Bob Hyland - Designing Borders for Sun and Shade - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2006

Daniel E. Moerman - Native American ethnobotany - Timber Press, 1998

Ethan Russo - Handbook of Psychotropic Herbs - Routledge, 2001

LeRoy Abrams - Illustrated Flora of the Pacific States - Stanford University Press, 1944

Peter Hanelt, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research - Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops - Springer, 2001

Sia Morhardt, J. Emil Morhardt - California Desert Flowers - University of California Press, 2004

Stefanie Schwartz - psychoactive Herbs in Veterinary Behavior Medicine - Wiley-Blackwell, 2005

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Flowers
Nepenthes L.

Herbaceous perennial species, dioecious. 5 cm diameter stalk. Leaves green to green-yellow with the main rib, which ends with a cylindrical Carcel which is longer than the tongue of the leaf, finished with a pitcher. Blossom panic or Raceme. Digestive glands are located inside the jar walls. Seeds are small and filiforme.

 
Anemone hupehensis var. japonica

Anemone hupehensis var. japonica - a species native to China and Japan, was first described by Carl Thunberg in Flora Japonica.

 
Gentiana verna L.

Gentiana verna - a species native to southern central Europe, Russia, England and Ireland, increasing the Alpine and subalpine meadows, wetlands, from 400 to 2600 m altitude.

 
Gymnadenia conopsea

Gymnadenia conopsea - can be planted in parks and public gardens, on lawns or grassy rocks.

Gymnadenia conopsea - Gymnadenia genus name comes from the Greek words 'gymnos' = empty and 'Aden' = gland.

 
Helleborus viridis

Helleborus viridis - originating in Spain, France, Italy and Switzerland; grows on calcareous soils from 0 to 1700 m altitude, to the edges of deciduous forests, beech forests and mixed forests, grows in association with Arum dioscoridis, Crocus sp., Cyclamen coum, Fritillaria sp. Hyacinthus orientalis.

 
Magnoliopsida
Gardenia jasminoides - Gardenia

Shrub or small tree, growing 1-15 m tall. Leaves glossy, evergreen, opposite, coriacee, oval or elliptical, dark green, 7-10 cm long. Large solitary flowers, double or semiduble, white, 5.12 cm diameter. Bloom from May to September.

 
Phuopsis stylosa

Stylosa Phuopsis annual herbaceous plant, native to eastern Turkey and northern Iran, used as an ornamental species.

 
Calophyllum inophyllum

Tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cime of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long.

 
Echeveria pulvinata

Succulent perennial. Short stem with a rosette of leaves at the base. The leaves are 5-7.5 cm long, obovata-spatulate, concave, tomentoase. Blossom side, 20-30 cm long, flowers campanulata, yellow-orange, 5 SEPA, 5 petals, 10 stamens.

 
Cardamine bulbifera

Cardamine bulbifera - herbaceous species, perennial. Hailing from Europe and Asia Minor, grow on fertile soils, limestone, 200 to 1800 m altit., In association with Coryllus avellana, Carpinus betulus, Crataegus laevigata, Fraxinus excelsior, Quercus robur, ursinum Allium, Carex pendula, Hyacinthoides non- scripta, Mercurialis perennis, Lamiastrum galeobdolon.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links