07
Jul
2009
Eschscholzia californica - California poppy
Flowers | Magnoliopsida
4
0

Scientific name - Eschscholzia californica

Adelbert von Chamisso, naturalist on board the Russian ship 'Rurick', discovered and named this species in 1815, in honor of the physicist and naturalist Johann Friedrich von Eschscholtz.

Synonyms --

Popular names - the California poppy, California Poppy, Kalifornischer Goldmohn

Distribution and Habitat - originating in the Pacific until the west coast of Oregon and Baja California, which grows at altitudes of 2000 m.

Description - perennial species in the area of origin, in other regions is annual, reaching up to 5-60 cm high, glabra, glauca. Stem branched, decumbenta. Leaves basal and caulinare, green-glauca, sectors, lobes linear or obluongi, glabra. Floriferi buds are obconici pick. Flowers solitàre, peduncle of 5-15 cm long, calyx acute or acuminata, glabru, glauca; Corola consisting of 4 petals yellow-orange, 5 cm long, numerous stamens. Blooming period from February to September. Made of bee pollination. Fruit capsule dehiscence, 3-9 cm long, seeds numerous, 1-2.5 mm, black or dark brown.

Growth rate - moderate.

Tolerances - any type of land, if well drained.

Requirements - prefer sandy soils rich in humus., Exhibitions sunny.

Management - not excess water requirements, water is sufficient rainfall, the wet just to prolong blooming.

Propagation - by seeds, which resemble the fall or early spring. The seeds are very small depth looks at, few mm, and will germinate after the first rain of autumn, or after the first warm days of spring. It is therefore not support the transplantation of individualhow to sow directly into garden soil. The land should be sandy, well drained and sunny exhibition.

Diseases and pests - afidele, red mite.

Natural partners and Garden - Molinia caerulea, Festuca, Helictotrichon sempervirens, Armeria maritima, Sedum.

Can be replaced with Eschscholzia caespitosa which has several strains florifere.

Cultivars and varieties -. californica subsp. californica var. California (prostrata, flowers yellow), E. californica subsp. californica var. maritima, E. californica subsp. californica var. Croce (orange flowers), E. californica subsp. californica var. peninsularis, E. californica subsp. Mexican, E. californica var. douglasii, E. californica var. peninsularis, 'White', 'Apricot Flambeau', 'aurantiaca', 'Buttermilk', 'Carmine', 'dall', 'Inferno', 'Mandarins', Purple Gleam'.

Properties and Uses - in the USA is cultivated to stabilize sandy soils in combination with other ornamental species.

Aerial parts contain alkaloids isoquinoloni - californidin, eschscholzine, protopine, allocryptin alpha-and beta-allocryptin.

Eschscholzia californica is toxic to humans. The planta sedative, analgesic, antidiareica, antitussives, diaphoretica, antispasmodic, simile effects of Papaver somniferum but is weaker. It is a substitute for marijuana.

In France, was used in treatments for insomnia and drug addiction pharmacology.

Decoction of flowers Eschscholzia californica is a good insecticide against lice (the hair of children).

Species that can be combined analgesics Eschscholzia californica are: Viburnum opulus, Passiflora incarnata, Matricaria recutita, Lavandula angustifolia.

Teas based Eschscholzia californica not drink during pregnancy.

For infusion using a teaspoon of Eschscholzia californica in a cup of tea.

Myth, Legend and Folklore --

California poppy became the flower of California in 1903.

 

References

Allan M. Armitage - Armitage's Manual of Annuals, Biennials and Half-Hardy Perennials - Timber Press, 2001

Aviva Jill Romme - Natural Health after Birth - Healing Arts Press, 2002

Bob Hyland - Designing Borders for Sun and Shade - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2006

Daniel E. Moerman - Native American ethnobotany - Timber Press, 1998

Ethan Russo - Handbook of Psychotropic Herbs - Routledge, 2001

LeRoy Abrams - Illustrated Flora of the Pacific States - Stanford University Press, 1944

Peter Hanelt, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research - Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops - Springer, 2001

Sia Morhardt, J. Emil Morhardt - California Desert Flowers - University of California Press, 2004

Stefanie Schwartz - psychoactive Herbs in Veterinary Behavior Medicine - Wiley-Blackwell, 2005

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Flowers
Commelina communis

Commelina communis - grows naturally in East Asia, prefer shade and moist forests in 0-6000 altit.

Commelina genus species is often confused with species of the genus Tradescantia, both belonging to the same family, Commelinaceae. Commelina flowers genre has two large petals and a small petal, flowers from three species of Tradescantia petals are equal in size.

 
Soldanella alpina

Soldanella alpina - grows in coniferous forests and grasslands, from 1000 up to 2500 m altitude, moist substrates, rocks, rich in humus.

 
Stachys palustris L. - marsh Jales

Herbaceous perennial, rhizome tuberizat, crawler. Stem erect, rarely branched, tetragon, dark pink-purple, with scrub edge stem, 30-120 cm tall. Caulinare upper leaves are Sesi, amplexicaule, narrow-lanceolata, evening and slightly wavy edge, basal leaves are short stalks.

 
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold

Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.

 
Campanula spicata

Campanula spicata - Alpine endemic species which grows on calcareous rocks, cultivated as ornamental species for rock garden.

 
Magnoliopsida
Gossypium herbaceum - Cotton

Gossypium herbaceum - Cotton fiber is the most popular material obtained from this plant and the second is cotton oil rich in protein.

 
Diospyros kaki L. - Khaki

Monoecious tree, 6-12 m high. Trunk erect, conical crown, brown bark is exfoliating in small plates. Leaves fell, coriacee, alternate, language oval-elliptic, margin entire, top acuminata, the attenuated, shiny green on top and pubescent towards the bottom, 7-20 x 4.10 cm, petiole 1-1.5 cm long.

 
Aglaia odorata

Aglaia odorata is a tree native to Southeast Asia and grown as an ornamental tree throughout the Pacific Rim. In the Philippines, a decoction of roots is used as a drink to reduce fever.

 
Ceanothus thyrsiflorus

Shrub or small tree, evergreen, 1-4 m high. Prostrata strain or upward. Green stalk, glabra, thin, flexible, geniculati. Leaves 2-6 cm long, oblong-elliptic, top obtuse or acute, margin fine teeth 3 ribs prominent upper front glabra, 12-15 mm long stalks.

 
Lagerstroemia indica L.

Deciduu tree. Global Crown-espansa. Body nodosa, latit basis. Ritidom thin, white-yellow, smooth, glossy. Decidue leaves, opposite or alternate, distances, almost sessile, lamina glabra, elliptic-lanceolata, shiny green on top, the green opaque on the bottom, edge entire, top acute, 7 x 2-3 cm

 
Comments
Top
comments powered by Disqus
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links