Scientific name-Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Popular names - eucalett, eucalyptus, aucalipto, eucalitto, the Tasmanian Blue Gum.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Australia; Nevertheless, the region with more rainfall, along the east coast and south-west of Tasmania. Australian landscape is dominated by Eucalyptus and Acacia.
Description - evergreen tree, 25-70 m high x 5 m diameter trunk base. Ritidom rough, exfoliating in gray is the upper of the trunk and branches, in long strips. 12-15 x 12-25 mm buds. Leaves are opposite, in pairs, united among themselves in the green-glauca, 6-15 cm long, adult leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, lanceolata and arched, the asymmetric top long-acuminata, sturdy stalks. Flowers solitary in the leaf, 5 cm diametru, white stamens many, about 12 mm long. Fruit wood capsule, 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter. 3.6 seeds iregulat-elliptical, black, mate. 2n = 20, 22, 28.
The first description was made by French botanist Jacques Labillardière magazine 'Relation du Voyage à la Recherche of the pero' (1800) and 'Nova Hollandiae Plantarum Specimen "(1804).
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - temperatures of 16-20 ° C and 8-15 dm rainfall per year. Sensitive to drought, soil salinity, frost and fire. Can be planted up to 3,000 m altitude (in East Africa). Species most tolerant to freezing (-5 ° C) is Eucalyptus pauciflora var. alpina.
Requirements - to adapt to any type of soil you have a good drainage. Grows well on sandy-clay soils.
Propagation - by seeds, 2-80% germination capacity after 30 days. < / p>
Diseases and pests - are known 30 species of Mycosphaerella that attack species of Eucalyptus.
Mycosphaerella swartii - leaves - ≥ 3 mm diameter spots on leaves, dark red wine purple edges to brown;
Mycosphaerella irregulariramosa - subcirculare spots, 3-15 mm in diameter;
Microthyrium eucalypticola - clorotice spots, ≥ 30 mm in diameter, visible on the leaves when kept in bright light.
Aulographina eucalypti - concentric circular necrotic spots, 1-15 mm in diameter, formed on one side of the laminate;
Pachysacca pusilla - circular spots, 1.5 mm diameter
Properties and Uses - The wood, dry, is yellow-brown, as strong as oak, resistant to termite attack, in Ethiopia is used for telegraph poles.
The radical is important in controlling soil erosion.
In India Eucalyptus globulus is grown for firewood; 4800 kcal / kg.
The leaves are property balsamic, expectorant, antiseptic and antiparasitic. Be collected in June-July or September-October, avoiding very hot periods, without stalks. Dry in thin layers in the shade and in well-aerated, avoiding the sun. Preserved in glass or porcelain containers, away from the sun and light.
Eucalyptus is used both in domestic and in therapy medicinal dressings for treatment of respiratory inflammation, disinfectant of respiratory muscle spasms. In cosmetics it is used as a deodorant and skin purifier.
In large doses, oil of eucalyptus, can cause intestinal irritation, death can survenii after ingestion of 4-24 ml of yourits essential. Symptoms include itching, burning stomach, vomiting, diarrhea, deficenta of breathing, seizures, weakness, dizziness, numbness, nausea, delirium and paralysis. At the touch of a leaf or other plant parts, may cause irritation.
Internal use - leaves - an infusion of 2 g in 100 ml of water, two to three cups a day.
External use - leaves - an infusion of 6 g in 100 ml of water, two to three cups a day.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - On November 27, 1962 was called the floral emblem of Tasmania.
Adriane Fugh-Berman - The 5 Minute Herb & Dietary Supplement Consult - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2002
So Hershoff Andrea Rotelli ND ND - Herbal Remedies - Avery, 2001
Ingrid Martin - Aromatherapy for Massage Practitioners - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006
John JW Coopen --
Kathi Keville, Mindy Green - Aromatherapy - Crossing Press, 2008
Maurice M. Iwu - Handbook of African Medicinal Plants - CRC-Press, 1993
PJ Keane, GA Kile, FD Podger, BN Brown - Diseases and Pathogens of Eucalypts - CSIRO Publishing, 2000
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita
Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.
Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore
Shrub or small tree, 7.5-15 m high; ritidom thin, scaly, producing a scaly trunk. Leaves pungent rum, obovata to elliptic, 3-15 x 1.2-7.5 cm, acute to round at the narrow top, coriacee.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful
Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.
Tilia cordata - Small-leaved lime, lime hill
Scientific Name - Tilia cordata
Synonyms - Tilia parvifolia Ehrh., Tilia ulmifolia Purpose ..
Names of people - small-leaved lime, lime sulfur, lime hill, Littleleaf Linden, Lindenbluten, Tiliae flos, Fleur de Tilleul.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe, grows on nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Description - tree, 20 feet tall. Trunk as thick (can reach up to 1 m diameter). Bark on young specimens is smooth, gray to dark gray becomes mature specimens or brown, pitted. Crown oval, conical. Olive-green stems, at first pubescent then glabrata. Buds 4-6 mm long, usually two outer scales unequal, shiny, olive-green to red-brown, terminal bud is absent. Leaves alternate, simple, subrotunde - ovate, 5-7 c
Tilia cordata - tree, native of Europe, increases in nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Lime flowers are the most popular remedy for colds and flu, tea is used to treat headaches, anxiety and nervous tension.
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).
Trees and shrubs
Firmiana simplex - also known as Sterculia platanifolia, was named in honor of Karl Joseph von Firmiana (1718-1782).
Firmiana simplex - ornamental species grown in parks and gardens in shady and protected from winds exhibitions.
Alnus cordata - alder of Corsica
Alnus cordata is a deciduuous tree, native to Italy and Corsica, occurs naturally in poorly drained soils, in semi-shade. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure, dry conditions as well as a dusty atmosphere. Is cultivated as ornamental trees in gardens and parks.
Nyssa sylvatica Marsh.
Dioecious tree, 25 meters high. Dark brown bark with deep cracks. Glabra or slightly hairy stalk, thin, red-brown, smooth; mugurele terminal 3-5 mm, nested, 6-8 scales visible, few pubescent and Chile, bicolori with red edges and the rest suprafatei green.
Flourensia cernua - tarbush
Flourensia cernua is deciduous shrub, from Chihuahuan Desert. In northern Mexico, the leaves and flower heads were used historically to make a decoction for treating indigestion.
Ostrya carpinifolia - used as an ornamental species for gardens, parks and green street.
Ostrya is derived from Greek 'Ostrya', referring to the shape of bracts that protect the fruit.
Rosmarinus officinalis L.
Evergreen shrub, 50 - 300 cm, stem erect, latita to the very ramified, in the lower trunk bark is exfoliating in longitudinal strips, dark brown. The leaves are coriacee, persistent, Sesia, linear
Nigella sativa L.
Nigella sativa - annual species, native to the Mediterranean, the Balkans, Asia Minor, Caucasus, western Asia, India and North Africa.
It was used by Greeks to treat congestion agipteni and nose, toothaches, headaches, abdominal pains, rheumatism, and as a diuretic.
Legousia speculum-veneris - Venus looking-glass
French botanist Legousia is dedicated Legouz name of Garland, founder of the botanical gardens in Digione 1773; speculum-veneris = mirror of Venus because of the corolla form.
Speculum-Veneris Legousia can become invasive of cereal fields.