Scientific name-Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Popular names - eucalett, eucalyptus, aucalipto, eucalitto, the Tasmanian Blue Gum.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Australia; Nevertheless, the region with more rainfall, along the east coast and south-west of Tasmania. Australian landscape is dominated by Eucalyptus and Acacia.
Description - evergreen tree, 25-70 m high x 5 m diameter trunk base. Ritidom rough, exfoliating in gray is the upper of the trunk and branches, in long strips. 12-15 x 12-25 mm buds. Leaves are opposite, in pairs, united among themselves in the green-glauca, 6-15 cm long, adult leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, lanceolata and arched, the asymmetric top long-acuminata, sturdy stalks. Flowers solitary in the leaf, 5 cm diametru, white stamens many, about 12 mm long. Fruit wood capsule, 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter. 3.6 seeds iregulat-elliptical, black, mate. 2n = 20, 22, 28.
The first description was made by French botanist Jacques Labillardière magazine 'Relation du Voyage à la Recherche of the pero' (1800) and 'Nova Hollandiae Plantarum Specimen "(1804).
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - temperatures of 16-20 ° C and 8-15 dm rainfall per year. Sensitive to drought, soil salinity, frost and fire. Can be planted up to 3,000 m altitude (in East Africa). Species most tolerant to freezing (-5 ° C) is Eucalyptus pauciflora var. alpina.
Requirements - to adapt to any type of soil you have a good drainage. Grows well on sandy-clay soils.
Propagation - by seeds, 2-80% germination capacity after 30 days. < / p>
Diseases and pests - are known 30 species of Mycosphaerella that attack species of Eucalyptus.
Mycosphaerella swartii - leaves - ≥ 3 mm diameter spots on leaves, dark red wine purple edges to brown;
Mycosphaerella irregulariramosa - subcirculare spots, 3-15 mm in diameter;
Microthyrium eucalypticola - clorotice spots, ≥ 30 mm in diameter, visible on the leaves when kept in bright light.
Aulographina eucalypti - concentric circular necrotic spots, 1-15 mm in diameter, formed on one side of the laminate;
Pachysacca pusilla - circular spots, 1.5 mm diameter
Properties and Uses - The wood, dry, is yellow-brown, as strong as oak, resistant to termite attack, in Ethiopia is used for telegraph poles.
The radical is important in controlling soil erosion.
In India Eucalyptus globulus is grown for firewood; 4800 kcal / kg.
The leaves are property balsamic, expectorant, antiseptic and antiparasitic. Be collected in June-July or September-October, avoiding very hot periods, without stalks. Dry in thin layers in the shade and in well-aerated, avoiding the sun. Preserved in glass or porcelain containers, away from the sun and light.
Eucalyptus is used both in domestic and in therapy medicinal dressings for treatment of respiratory inflammation, disinfectant of respiratory muscle spasms. In cosmetics it is used as a deodorant and skin purifier.
In large doses, oil of eucalyptus, can cause intestinal irritation, death can survenii after ingestion of 4-24 ml of yourits essential. Symptoms include itching, burning stomach, vomiting, diarrhea, deficenta of breathing, seizures, weakness, dizziness, numbness, nausea, delirium and paralysis. At the touch of a leaf or other plant parts, may cause irritation.
Internal use - leaves - an infusion of 2 g in 100 ml of water, two to three cups a day.
External use - leaves - an infusion of 6 g in 100 ml of water, two to three cups a day.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - On November 27, 1962 was called the floral emblem of Tasmania.
Adriane Fugh-Berman - The 5 Minute Herb & Dietary Supplement Consult - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2002
So Hershoff Andrea Rotelli ND ND - Herbal Remedies - Avery, 2001
Ingrid Martin - Aromatherapy for Massage Practitioners - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006
John JW Coopen --
Kathi Keville, Mindy Green - Aromatherapy - Crossing Press, 2008
Maurice M. Iwu - Handbook of African Medicinal Plants - CRC-Press, 1993
PJ Keane, GA Kile, FD Podger, BN Brown - Diseases and Pathogens of Eucalypts - CSIRO Publishing, 2000
Herbaceous annual, voluble, mono. Strain pentagonal in section, 6 m high. Leaves alternate, 5-7 lobate, the cordata, acuminata peak or acute, margins iregulat needle, 5-7 ribs, limb 15 x 15 cm, 10 cm long, ribbed, hairy. Flowers monoecious, in axillary Cime, long-pedunculate, yellow, 8 cm in diameter.
Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful
Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.
Green tea properties
Contains an antioxidant 100 times more powerful and effective than vitamin C and 25 times more effective than vitamin E in protecting cells. Inhibit the growth of new tumor cells and destroy some of the existing ones, without destroying the healthy.
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita
Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.
Trees and shrubs
Rosa moschata 'Mozart'
Rosa moschata 'Mozart' is an antique rose, used as an ornamental species, solitary or in groups of 2-4 plants.
Aesculus hippocastanum - common horsechestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum - is used in parks and gardens, the tree line, solitary or in groups. The flowers are bees, and seeds contain starch, protein, tannin, saponin and edible oil, which can be manufactured soap, technical oil, glue, medicines. Species not produce forest wood is of poor quality.
Deciduu or semi-evergreen shrub, prostrat, 50-150 cm tall and 1.2-1.8 m wide, often branched, with horizontal branches. Buds are pink opening spring. Suborbiculare or elliptical leaves, glossy dark green. The flowers are pink, small, almost Sesi, 1-2, anther white blooms in May-June, attracting bees.
Harpephyllum caffrum - evergreen tree, endemic to southern Africa, Eastern Cape to KwaZulu-Natal and southern Mozambiqului, grows in coastal forests.
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).
Thlaspi montanum L.
Thlaspi montanum var. montanum is toxic and cause death of larvae of Pieris rapa.
Thlaspi montanum var. siskiyouense is a serpentine endemic from southwestern Oregon.
Quercus cerris L. - Turkey Oak
Quercus cerris - a species native to south-eastern Europe, cultivated as an ornamental tree, singly or in small groups.
Symphoricarpos - Hurmuz
Shrubs decide, prostate or erect, 90-120 cm, originating in the U.S.. Buds scaly, 1.5 mm long. Leaves simple, opposite, short petiolate, 7 cm long. Raceme blossom. Campanulata Flowers in raceme children. Calyx tube slightly globos; Corola campanulata, 4-5 lobes. Fruit drupe, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, S. albus and S. occidentalis fruits white, pink-coral S. orbiculatus fruit. A fruit contains two seeds oblongata.
Rhipsalis grandiflora Haworth 1819