02
Mar
2009
Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Green Pharmacy | Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name-Eucalyptus globulus Labill.

Popular names - eucalett, eucalyptus, aucalipto, eucalitto, the Tasmanian Blue Gum.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in Australia; Nevertheless, the region with more rainfall, along the east coast and south-west of Tasmania. Australian landscape is dominated by Eucalyptus and Acacia.

Description - evergreen tree, 25-70 m high x 5 m diameter trunk base. Ritidom rough, exfoliating in gray is the upper of the trunk and branches, in long strips. 12-15 x 12-25 mm buds. Leaves are opposite, in pairs, united among themselves in the green-glauca, 6-15 cm long, adult leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, lanceolata and arched, the asymmetric top long-acuminata, sturdy stalks. Flowers solitary in the leaf, 5 cm diametru, white stamens many, about 12 mm long. Fruit wood capsule, 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter. 3.6 seeds iregulat-elliptical, black, mate. 2n = 20, 22, 28.

The first description was made by French botanist Jacques Labillardière magazine 'Relation du Voyage à la Recherche of the pero' (1800) and 'Nova Hollandiae Plantarum Specimen "(1804).

Growth rate - fast.

Tolerances - temperatures of 16-20 ° C and 8-15 dm rainfall per year. Sensitive to drought, soil salinity, frost and fire. Can be planted up to 3,000 m altitude (in East Africa). Species most tolerant to freezing (-5 ° C) is Eucalyptus pauciflora var. alpina.

Requirements - to adapt to any type of soil you have a good drainage. Grows well on sandy-clay soils.

Propagation - by seeds, 2-80% germination capacity after 30 days. < / p>

Diseases and pests - are known 30 species of Mycosphaerella that attack species of Eucalyptus.

Mycosphaerella swartii - leaves - ≥ 3 mm diameter spots on leaves, dark red wine purple edges to brown;

Mycosphaerella irregulariramosa - subcirculare spots, 3-15 mm in diameter;

Microthyrium eucalypticola - clorotice spots, ≥ 30 mm in diameter, visible on the leaves when kept in bright light.

Aulographina eucalypti - concentric circular necrotic spots, 1-15 mm in diameter, formed on one side of the laminate;

Pachysacca pusilla - circular spots, 1.5 mm diameter

Properties and Uses - The wood, dry, is yellow-brown, as strong as oak, resistant to termite attack, in Ethiopia is used for telegraph poles.

The radical is important in controlling soil erosion.

In India Eucalyptus globulus is grown for firewood; 4800 kcal / kg.

The leaves are property balsamic, expectorant, antiseptic and antiparasitic. Be collected in June-July or September-October, avoiding very hot periods, without stalks. Dry in thin layers in the shade and in well-aerated, avoiding the sun. Preserved in glass or porcelain containers, away from the sun and light.

Eucalyptus is used both in domestic and in therapy medicinal dressings for treatment of respiratory inflammation, disinfectant of respiratory muscle spasms. In cosmetics it is used as a deodorant and skin purifier.

In large doses, oil of eucalyptus, can cause intestinal irritation, death can survenii after ingestion of 4-24 ml of yourits essential. Symptoms include itching, burning stomach, vomiting, diarrhea, deficenta of breathing, seizures, weakness, dizziness, numbness, nausea, delirium and paralysis. At the touch of a leaf or other plant parts, may cause irritation.

Internal use - leaves - an infusion of 2 g in 100 ml of water, two to three cups a day.

External use - leaves - an infusion of 6 g in 100 ml of water, two to three cups a day.

Myth, Legend and Folklore - On November 27, 1962 was called the floral emblem of Tasmania.

References

Adriane Fugh-Berman - The 5 Minute Herb & Dietary Supplement Consult - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2002

So Hershoff Andrea Rotelli ND ND - Herbal Remedies - Avery, 2001

Ingrid Martin - Aromatherapy for Massage Practitioners - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006

John JW Coopen --

Kathi Keville, Mindy Green - Aromatherapy - Crossing Press, 2008

Maurice M. Iwu - Handbook of African Medicinal Plants - CRC-Press, 1993

PJ Keane, GA Kile, FD Podger, BN Brown - Diseases and Pathogens of Eucalypts - CSIRO Publishing, 2000

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