Scientific name-Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Popular names - eucalett, eucalyptus, aucalipto, eucalitto, the Tasmanian Blue Gum.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Australia; Nevertheless, the region with more rainfall, along the east coast and south-west of Tasmania. Australian landscape is dominated by Eucalyptus and Acacia.
Description - evergreen tree, 25-70 m high x 5 m diameter trunk base. Ritidom rough, exfoliating in gray is the upper of the trunk and branches, in long strips. 12-15 x 12-25 mm buds. Leaves are opposite, in pairs, united among themselves in the green-glauca, 6-15 cm long, adult leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, lanceolata and arched, the asymmetric top long-acuminata, sturdy stalks. Flowers solitary in the leaf, 5 cm diametru, white stamens many, about 12 mm long. Fruit wood capsule, 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter. 3.6 seeds iregulat-elliptical, black, mate. 2n = 20, 22, 28.
The first description was made by French botanist Jacques Labillardière magazine 'Relation du Voyage à la Recherche of the pero' (1800) and 'Nova Hollandiae Plantarum Specimen "(1804).
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - temperatures of 16-20 ° C and 8-15 dm rainfall per year. Sensitive to drought, soil salinity, frost and fire. Can be planted up to 3,000 m altitude (in East Africa). Species most tolerant to freezing (-5 ° C) is Eucalyptus pauciflora var. alpina.
Requirements - to adapt to any type of soil you have a good drainage. Grows well on sandy-clay soils.
Propagation - by seeds, 2-80% germination capacity after 30 days. < / p>
Diseases and pests - are known 30 species of Mycosphaerella that attack species of Eucalyptus.
Mycosphaerella swartii - leaves - ≥ 3 mm diameter spots on leaves, dark red wine purple edges to brown;
Mycosphaerella irregulariramosa - subcirculare spots, 3-15 mm in diameter;
Microthyrium eucalypticola - clorotice spots, ≥ 30 mm in diameter, visible on the leaves when kept in bright light.
Aulographina eucalypti - concentric circular necrotic spots, 1-15 mm in diameter, formed on one side of the laminate;
Pachysacca pusilla - circular spots, 1.5 mm diameter
Properties and Uses - The wood, dry, is yellow-brown, as strong as oak, resistant to termite attack, in Ethiopia is used for telegraph poles.
The radical is important in controlling soil erosion.
In India Eucalyptus globulus is grown for firewood; 4800 kcal / kg.
The leaves are property balsamic, expectorant, antiseptic and antiparasitic. Be collected in June-July or September-October, avoiding very hot periods, without stalks. Dry in thin layers in the shade and in well-aerated, avoiding the sun. Preserved in glass or porcelain containers, away from the sun and light.
Eucalyptus is used both in domestic and in therapy medicinal dressings for treatment of respiratory inflammation, disinfectant of respiratory muscle spasms. In cosmetics it is used as a deodorant and skin purifier.
In large doses, oil of eucalyptus, can cause intestinal irritation, death can survenii after ingestion of 4-24 ml of yourits essential. Symptoms include itching, burning stomach, vomiting, diarrhea, deficenta of breathing, seizures, weakness, dizziness, numbness, nausea, delirium and paralysis. At the touch of a leaf or other plant parts, may cause irritation.
Internal use - leaves - an infusion of 2 g in 100 ml of water, two to three cups a day.
External use - leaves - an infusion of 6 g in 100 ml of water, two to three cups a day.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - On November 27, 1962 was called the floral emblem of Tasmania.
Adriane Fugh-Berman - The 5 Minute Herb & Dietary Supplement Consult - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2002
So Hershoff Andrea Rotelli ND ND - Herbal Remedies - Avery, 2001
Ingrid Martin - Aromatherapy for Massage Practitioners - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006
John JW Coopen --
Kathi Keville, Mindy Green - Aromatherapy - Crossing Press, 2008
Maurice M. Iwu - Handbook of African Medicinal Plants - CRC-Press, 1993
PJ Keane, GA Kile, FD Podger, BN Brown - Diseases and Pathogens of Eucalypts - CSIRO Publishing, 2000
Plants, women and menstrual pain
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing
Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes
Fraxinus excelsior - Ash
Deciduu tree, 30-40 m high, stem right, branched at the top, crown ovoid, large and rare. A young bark is smooth, light gray green and mature forms at the thick crust with a small crack, dark color. Lujerii round, flattened at the bud, glabra, green-olive trees, with dark buds.
Allium cepa L. - onion
Herbaceous biennial, bulb white, gold, red or purple, 5-8 x 3.10 cm. Leaves persistent, 4-10, fistula, 30-100 x 3-20 mm. Umbela blossom persistent, erect, compact, rear obsolete, ovata, ± equal, leading to acute acuminata.
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).
Trees and shrubs
Jasminum nudiflorum Lindl.
Decidua species native to China. Green stems, 60-90 cm high, 1-2 m diameter, edges, form adventitious roots. Brownish-red buds, ovoizi. Decidue leaves, opposite, pinnate-compound, 3 leaflets oblong, Sesi. Flowers solitary, six petals, 1-2 cm in diameter. Flowering period from January to March, before leaf. Baca fruit, fleshy, ripening black.
Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic.
Banksia ericifolia, originally from Australia, Blue Mountains. In 1992, Banksia ericifolia was chosen as the official emblem of Sydney.
Prunus laurocerasus L.
Shrub or small tree, 6 m high. Leaves evergreen, alternate, coriacee, lamina lanceolata-obovata, top acute, base cuneata, upper surface glossy green, the bottom is opaque, ribbed clear, ribbed robust short.
Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .
Prunus cerasifera - corcodus
Prunus cerasifera - is grown for its edible fruit jams are made and cultivars and varieties are found all over the world species grown as ornamentals in parks and gardens, or green street.
Anemoides trifolia - geofita rizomatoasa, native to southern Europe, grows in forests and mountain collinear, hornbeam and beech.
Soldanella alpina - grows in coniferous forests and grasslands, from 1000 up to 2500 m altitude, moist substrates, rocks, rich in humus.