Scientific name-Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Popular names - eucalett, eucalyptus, aucalipto, eucalitto, the Tasmanian Blue Gum.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Australia; Nevertheless, the region with more rainfall, along the east coast and south-west of Tasmania. Australian landscape is dominated by Eucalyptus and Acacia.
Description - evergreen tree, 25-70 m high x 5 m diameter trunk base. Ritidom rough, exfoliating in gray is the upper of the trunk and branches, in long strips. 12-15 x 12-25 mm buds. Leaves are opposite, in pairs, united among themselves in the green-glauca, 6-15 cm long, adult leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, lanceolata and arched, the asymmetric top long-acuminata, sturdy stalks. Flowers solitary in the leaf, 5 cm diametru, white stamens many, about 12 mm long. Fruit wood capsule, 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter. 3.6 seeds iregulat-elliptical, black, mate. 2n = 20, 22, 28.
The first description was made by French botanist Jacques Labillardière magazine 'Relation du Voyage à la Recherche of the pero' (1800) and 'Nova Hollandiae Plantarum Specimen "(1804).
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - temperatures of 16-20 ° C and 8-15 dm rainfall per year. Sensitive to drought, soil salinity, frost and fire. Can be planted up to 3,000 m altitude (in East Africa). Species most tolerant to freezing (-5 ° C) is Eucalyptus pauciflora var. alpina.
Requirements - to adapt to any type of soil you have a good drainage. Grows well on sandy-clay soils.
Propagation - by seeds, 2-80% germination capacity after 30 days. < / p>
Diseases and pests - are known 30 species of Mycosphaerella that attack species of Eucalyptus.
Mycosphaerella swartii - leaves - ≥ 3 mm diameter spots on leaves, dark red wine purple edges to brown;
Mycosphaerella irregulariramosa - subcirculare spots, 3-15 mm in diameter;
Microthyrium eucalypticola - clorotice spots, ≥ 30 mm in diameter, visible on the leaves when kept in bright light.
Aulographina eucalypti - concentric circular necrotic spots, 1-15 mm in diameter, formed on one side of the laminate;
Pachysacca pusilla - circular spots, 1.5 mm diameter
Properties and Uses - The wood, dry, is yellow-brown, as strong as oak, resistant to termite attack, in Ethiopia is used for telegraph poles.
The radical is important in controlling soil erosion.
In India Eucalyptus globulus is grown for firewood; 4800 kcal / kg.
The leaves are property balsamic, expectorant, antiseptic and antiparasitic. Be collected in June-July or September-October, avoiding very hot periods, without stalks. Dry in thin layers in the shade and in well-aerated, avoiding the sun. Preserved in glass or porcelain containers, away from the sun and light.
Eucalyptus is used both in domestic and in therapy medicinal dressings for treatment of respiratory inflammation, disinfectant of respiratory muscle spasms. In cosmetics it is used as a deodorant and skin purifier.
In large doses, oil of eucalyptus, can cause intestinal irritation, death can survenii after ingestion of 4-24 ml of yourits essential. Symptoms include itching, burning stomach, vomiting, diarrhea, deficenta of breathing, seizures, weakness, dizziness, numbness, nausea, delirium and paralysis. At the touch of a leaf or other plant parts, may cause irritation.
Internal use - leaves - an infusion of 2 g in 100 ml of water, two to three cups a day.
External use - leaves - an infusion of 6 g in 100 ml of water, two to three cups a day.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - On November 27, 1962 was called the floral emblem of Tasmania.
Adriane Fugh-Berman - The 5 Minute Herb & Dietary Supplement Consult - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2002
So Hershoff Andrea Rotelli ND ND - Herbal Remedies - Avery, 2001
Ingrid Martin - Aromatherapy for Massage Practitioners - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006
John JW Coopen --
Kathi Keville, Mindy Green - Aromatherapy - Crossing Press, 2008
Maurice M. Iwu - Handbook of African Medicinal Plants - CRC-Press, 1993
PJ Keane, GA Kile, FD Podger, BN Brown - Diseases and Pathogens of Eucalypts - CSIRO Publishing, 2000
Acanthus mollis - Bear's Breeches
Native of the Mediterranean area, grows in gardens like ornamentals. Flower can be over 1.8 m tall, the purple-pink bracts contrasting with the white flowers. Prefer shelter and deep, moist soil.
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta
Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.
Ceratonia siliqua L.
Dioecious tree, 8 meters high. Body iregulat, erect with the latita. Gray-brown bark with longitudinal fissures. Vast and dense crown. The branches are fine young tomentoase become glabrata with timpu. Leaves persistent, alternate, paripenat-compound, with 2.5 pairs of Folio, ovata, coriacee, margin entire, glossy dark green on the upper
Tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cime of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long.
Trees and shrubs
Harpephyllum caffrum - evergreen tree, endemic to southern Africa, Eastern Cape to KwaZulu-Natal and southern Mozambiqului, grows in coastal forests.
Albizzia julibrissin - cultivated as ornamental species in parks and gardens, in groups of three, or street alignments.
Genus was named by Antonio Duranzzini, in 1772 by Italian Filippo degli Albizzi.
Canarina canariensis - herbaceous, commutes glaucescenta. Endemic from the Canary Islands, Tenerife, grows at the edge of forests, from 300 to 1000 m altitude.
Antennaria dioica - perennial species, growing on acid soils, deciduous and coniferous forests, subalpine and alpine meadows, from 100-2300 (rare 3100).
Diospyros kaki L. - Khaki
Monoecious tree, 6-12 m high. Trunk erect, conical crown, brown bark is exfoliating in small plates. Leaves fell, coriacee, alternate, language oval-elliptic, margin entire, top acuminata, the attenuated, shiny green on top and pubescent towards the bottom, 7-20 x 4.10 cm, petiole 1-1.5 cm long.
Cerastium tomentosum - snow in summer
Cerastium tomentosum - is a commonly grown rock-garden, often escape from cultivation.
Hepatica nobilis Schreb
Herbaceous perennial, fibrous root. Leaves evergreen, coriacee, the young are green open and passwords, dark olive green on the upper face, and purple on the lower face at maturity and during flowering, cordiform 3-lobate, lobe ovat, margin entire, top obtuse.
Orobanche portoiliciana A. Pujadas & MB Crespo
Herbaceous species, stem 15-34 cm tall neramificata air, branched underground stem. Thin air stem, 7-12 mm diameter base, whitish at first glabra, glandular Vilos-time, 0.3 mm long hairs. Basal leaves 4.10 x 4.8 mm, triangulation until lanceolata, nested, leaves stems 8-14 x 2-5 mm length