Scientific name - Euphorbia pulcherrima
Popular names - poinsetia, Stella di Natale.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from Mexico.
Description - shrub, 20-50 cm high. Decidue leaves, oval, 10-15 cm long needle, or pointed. Flowers small, yellow-green, surrounded by bracts 15-20 cm long, red, pink or white.
Tolerances - not tolerate too hot environments, usacte and poorly lit, leaves turn yellow and fall.
Requirements - ambient light, even in full sun, moist. Grows well at 22 °C maximum temperature and minimum 15 °C. Temperatures can rise and lower, but not stand frost. Plants should be kept away from cold air currents, heat sources and temperature fluctuations. Substrate composed of peat, and sand in equal parts mranita. After flowering, which may keep2 months, loses bracteele and reinfloreste hard the second time, so good that after losing bracteelor plants be cut to 3-5 cm from the base is kept in environments with low temperature, light and allow to dry land . In March and April can restart wetting decant into a pot with new soil. To promote better flowering is that plants will be held for 14 hours at 10 o'clock darkness and light, for at least 8 weeks.
Management - is fertilizeaza with liquid fertilizer every 2 weeks during the winter, potassium and phosphorus. The wash every 2-3 days with little water.
Plastic or paper wrappings are removed. Ethylene can cause leaf roll.
Propagation - by period of rest when buds appear, you can make seedlings of 8-10 cm. To stop the latex is immersed in warm water or carbon powder, and treated the seedlings with hormones that stimulusEZE root. Are planted in pots with peat and grit. Ties takes place after 3-4 weeks.
Culture and maintenance of species of Aechmea
Dracaena marginata Lemarck
Popular names: English - Red-edged Dracaena, Madagascar Dragon-Tree, Hawaii - money tree.
Dracaena marginata Lemarck is an evergreen species native to Madagascar, was imported into Europe in the XVII century. Bush by 6 m high, formed more vertical stems. Leaves arranged spiral, simple, Sesia, entire, linear, evergreen, green with reddish margins, 15-45 x 0,7-3 cm; nervatiuni parallel.
Perennial species, 30 cm height, 60-90 cm diameter, forming a dense bush covering the ground well. Leaves linear-lanceolata, margin entire, shiny dark green, 2,5-4 cm long x 3.6 mm wide. Flowers white, 4 petals, blossom type corymb, 9 cm diameter, January-June period of prosperity. Fruit silicula, 7 mm long.
Leaves opposite, or verticil every 3.5 leaves, simple, and with the parties they lanceolata, 1-25 cm long, evergreen or decidue. Flower swing; 4 sepa long, thin, short petals 4, ovary inferior. Fruit 5-25 mm, green-reddish, red or purple, edible. Seeds numerous.
Kalanchoe eriophylla - was first described by R. Hilsenbeck and W. Bojer, in 1857. Originally from Madagascar, which grows at high altitudes, on rocks.
Kalanchoe eriophylla - epiphytic species, herbaceous perennial, 30 cm height. Decumbenta strain or swing. Leaves opposite, Sesia, in rosettes at the base, language juicy, sub-ovoid, 10-35 x 6-17 mm, pubescent, base truncata or amplexicaule, top obtuse, margin entire or crenata.
Herbaceous annual, voluble, mono. Strain pentagonal in section, 6 m high. Leaves alternate, 5-7 lobate, the cordata, acuminata peak or acute, margins iregulat needle, 5-7 ribs, limb 15 x 15 cm, 10 cm long, ribbed, hairy. Flowers monoecious, in axillary Cime, long-pedunculate, yellow, 8 cm in diameter.
Rhipsalis grandiflora Haworth 1819
Lantana camara - aromatic shrub originating from Central and South America, cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens or as potted plant.
Canarina canariensis - herbaceous, commutes glaucescenta. Endemic from the Canary Islands, Tenerife, grows at the edge of forests, from 300 to 1000 m altitude.