Of NCAR scientists discovered that plants in a forest respond to stress by producing nuts in significant amounts to a form of aspirin.
Unlike humans, who are advised to take aspirin to decrease a temperature, plants and their ability to produce their own aspirin, leading to the formation of proteins that stimulate the biochemical defense system, says Thomas Karl, NCAR, which led study.
Our measurements show that significant amounts of chemicals can be detected in the atmosphere of the plant response to drought, inadequate temperatures, etc..
NCAR scientists found methyl salicylate in error. Special instruments were placed in a forest near Davis, California, to monitor volatile compounds of some plants. They are important because they can combine with industrial pollution emulsions, and can influence local climate.
When revised measurements found that levels of methyl salicylate rose dramatically when the plants have gone through a period of drought. Instruments mounted on towers about 30 m above the ground measured up to 0,025 mg of methyl salicylate, which increases to 0.09 m2 of forest every hour.
Methyl salicylate has two functions, one of which is to stimulate the plant defense system also may be a mechanism to communicate to neighboring plants, warning of danger.
Rice plants resistant to arsenic
Rice is the raw material supply for more than 80% of the world population, although production is declining in Bangladesh, India and parts of East and South Asia, due to toxic levels of arsenic in soil.
Plant indicators of land rich in nutrients (nitrogen put: Atriplex patula, Capsella bursa-pastoris, Chenopodium album, Galinsoga parviflora, fumaric officinalis, Mercurialis annua, Solana nigrum, Thlaspi arvense, Urtica dioica, Urtica urens.
Tomato consumption prolongs life
Researchers at the John Innes Center in Norwich, United Kingdom, in collaboration with other European centers participating to the FLORA project, have obtained genetically modified tomatoes rich in anthocyanins, a category of antioxidants belonging to the class of flavonoids. These tomatoes showed a significant protective effect by extending the life of mice.
The forests are home of various species of plants, animals and insects, our future depends on them.
Forests influence rainfall and soil water evaporation, helping to stabilize global climate.
Daffodil bulbs and snowdrops against Alzheimer's disease
A Bulgarian researcher found that bulbs of snowdrops population used to treat headaches. After several trials, isolated from bulbs of snowdrops picked alcaloizii and found an ingredient called acitv galantamine.