26
Jan
2009
Fremontodendron californicum
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific Name - Fremontodendron californicum

Synonyms -

Popular names - Fremont California, Slippery Elm, flannelbush.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in Baja California, California and Arizona. Genus was named by JC Fremont.

Description - shrub or small tree, 3-8 m tall. Leaves simple, alternate, evergreen, elliptical-ovata, palmate-lobed, pale green and sparsely pubescent on both sides, petiole; stipele decidue. Flowers bisexual, radial, 35-60 mm in diameter, three sepa united at the base, yellow, mucronate, petals absent, stamens 5. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule, ovoid, densely pubescent, 2-2.5 cm long, seeds 2-3 black or dark brown, short pubescent.

Growth rate -

Tolerances - tolerates dry soils and is sensitive to moisture in summer. Can withstand temperatures (-10) - (-15) ° C for short periods.

Requirements - prefer alkaline soils, well-drained, semi-shaded or shaded exhibition.

Management -

Propagation - the seeds, moisten the 48 hours in warm water and like the cold greenhouse, in late winter. The seedlings in July-August in sand in cold greenhouse.

Pests and diseases -

Garden Partners - Ceanothus, Digitalis, Paeonia, Iris, Syringa vulgaris, Zantedeschia aethiopica, Lupinus, Astilbe, Lobelia and Geranium.

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