01
Mar
2009
Fuchsia
House Plant | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name-Fuchsia. In 1690 the French missionary, Charles Plum, found Fuchsia in Mexico and named after a famous botanist, Leonard Fuchs (1501-1566).

Popular names - fuchsias, fuchsia.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in the center and south America and New Zealand.

Description - leaves opposite, or verticil every 3.5 leaves, simple, and with the parties they lanceolata, 1-25 cm long, evergreen or decidue. Flower swing; 4 sepa long, thin, short petals 4, ovary inferior. Fruit 5-25 mm, green-reddish, red or purple, edible. Seeds numerous.

Growth rate - fast.

Tolerant - do not tolerate high summer heat and humidity.

Fuchsia is morning sun and shade the day. Excessive exposure to sun can fade the color of flowers. Fuchsia blooms on young tree to encourage growth of new branches is Ciupe branches with more than two pairs of leaves, blooms in 12 weeks after pinching branches. After months of April the plants are no longer Ciupe.

Management - tuturoarea plants.

Propagation - by seeds, the couples choose fruit and remove the seeds, is preparing a wet substrate, well drained, the seeds are deposited on the surface by gently pushing to get in contact with the substrate. The substrate must be treated with a fungal cid against Botritis. Place the casserole in a transparent plastic to maintain a high humidity. After emerging new plant starts to apply liquid fertilizers every two weeks. When plants were 10-15 cm tall, can replant.

The seedlings in March, are planted in sand in semi-shade or shade, the wet than twice a week or daily if they are planted on hard wood, roots should aibe place in winter and spring can be clipped; needs protection in winter. Seedlings should be green and aibe 3 pairs of leaves, cut just below the third pair and planting.

Natural partners and Garden - Lobelia, Pelargonium, Solenostemon scutellarioides, Colocasia ‘Black Magic’, ‘Illustris’, Carex.

Cultivars and varieties - 'Annaba' Beacon 'Billy Green', 'Dark Eyes', 'Pink Galore', 'Marcus Graham', 'The President'.

Diseases and pests - Aculops fuchsiae.

Properties and Uses - In South America, crushed petals of Fuchsia is used for culinary and medicinal herbs, fruit juices were used for obtaining skin.

References

Anne Swithinbank - The Greenhouse Gardener - Frances Lincoln, 2006

Keith Kirsten - Gardening - Puvlishers Struik, 2001

Shane Smith - Greenhouse Gardener's Companion - Fulcrum Publishing, 2000

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