Popular names - fuchsias, fuchsia.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in the center and south America and New Zealand.
Description - leaves opposite, or verticil every 3.5 leaves, simple, and with the parties they lanceolata, 1-25 cm long, evergreen or decidue. Flower swing; 4 sepa long, thin, short petals 4, ovary inferior. Fruit 5-25 mm, green-reddish, red or purple, edible. Seeds numerous.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerant - do not tolerate high summer heat and humidity.
Fuchsia is morning sun and shade the day. Excessive exposure to sun can fade the color of flowers. Fuchsia blooms on young tree to encourage growth of new branches is Ciupe branches with more than two pairs of leaves, blooms in 12 weeks after pinching branches. After months of April the plants are no longer Ciupe.
Management - tuturoarea plants.
Propagation - by seeds, the couples choose fruit and remove the seeds, is preparing a wet substrate, well drained, the seeds are deposited on the surface by gently pushing to get in contact with the substrate. The substrate must be treated with a fungal cid against Botritis. Place the casserole in a transparent plastic to maintain a high humidity. After emerging new plant starts to apply liquid fertilizers every two weeks. When plants were 10-15 cm tall, can replant.
The seedlings in March, are planted in sand in semi-shade or shade, the wet than twice a week or daily if they are planted on hard wood, roots should aibe place in winter and spring can be clipped; needs protection in winter. Seedlings should be green and aibe 3 pairs of leaves, cut just below the third pair and planting.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Annaba' Beacon 'Billy Green', 'Dark Eyes', 'Pink Galore', 'Marcus Graham', 'The President'.
Diseases and pests - Aculops fuchsiae.
Properties and Uses - In South America, crushed petals of Fuchsia is used for culinary and medicinal herbs, fruit juices were used for obtaining skin.
Anne Swithinbank - The Greenhouse Gardener - Frances Lincoln, 2006
Keith Kirsten - Gardening - Puvlishers Struik, 2001
Shane Smith - Greenhouse Gardener's Companion - Fulcrum Publishing, 2000
Environmental problems of herbal apartment
Plants suffering physiological changes to adapt to climate change.
This is the time when plants suffer transported inside a time of stress. This exchange of environmental condition than growth, flowering, fruit production and in worst cases, can cause plant wilting.
Dracaena marginata Lemarck
Popular names: English - Red-edged Dracaena, Madagascar Dragon-Tree, Hawaii - money tree.
Dracaena marginata Lemarck is an evergreen species native to Madagascar, was imported into Europe in the XVII century. Bush by 6 m high, formed more vertical stems. Leaves arranged spiral, simple, Sesia, entire, linear, evergreen, green with reddish margins, 15-45 x 0,7-3 cm; nervatiuni parallel.
Gardenia jasminoides - Gardenia
Shrub or small tree, growing 1-15 m tall. Leaves glossy, evergreen, opposite, coriacee, oval or elliptical, dark green, 7-10 cm long. Large solitary flowers, double or semiduble, white, 5.12 cm diameter. Bloom from May to September.
Bush deciduu, wood. Iregulata crown, branches couples glabra, 4-5 m high. Leaves alternate, simple, rough, 12 x 2-4 cm long, the upper part at first is tomentoasa then becomes glabra, opaque green, the underside is silver viloasa easy.
Ziziphus jujuba Mill - jujuba
Deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm .
Erinus alpinus L.
Herbaceous perennial, evergreen. Stem branched, forming bush, 5-15 cm high. Leaves spatulate, 4 cm long, needle tapered. Flowers purple, 1.25 cm diameter, arranged in raceme of 6 cm long. Seeds ellipsoidal, 0.6-0.8 x 0.35-0.45 mm supreafata glossy, dark brown.
Rizomatoase two perennial species (Epimedium pubigerum and Epimedium alpinum) originating from southern Europe. Stem erect, to 25-38 cm tall, round, smooth, horizontal rhizome. Decidue or semi-evergreen leaves, cordiforme, acuminata, cilia-soirees, petiolate, 13 cm long, green becoming bronze in the fall, Pendente
Cardamine bulbifera - herbaceous species, perennial. Hailing from Europe and Asia Minor, grow on fertile soils, limestone, 200 to 1800 m altit., In association with Coryllus avellana, Carpinus betulus, Crataegus laevigata, Fraxinus excelsior, Quercus robur, ursinum Allium, Carex pendula, Hyacinthoides non- scripta, Mercurialis perennis, Lamiastrum galeobdolon.