01
Mar
2009
Fuchsia
House Plant | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name-Fuchsia. In 1690 the French missionary, Charles Plum, found Fuchsia in Mexico and named after a famous botanist, Leonard Fuchs (1501-1566).

Popular names - fuchsias, fuchsia.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in the center and south America and New Zealand.

Description - leaves opposite, or verticil every 3.5 leaves, simple, and with the parties they lanceolata, 1-25 cm long, evergreen or decidue. Flower swing; 4 sepa long, thin, short petals 4, ovary inferior. Fruit 5-25 mm, green-reddish, red or purple, edible. Seeds numerous.

Growth rate - fast.

Tolerant - do not tolerate high summer heat and humidity.

Fuchsia is morning sun and shade the day. Excessive exposure to sun can fade the color of flowers. Fuchsia blooms on young tree to encourage growth of new branches is Ciupe branches with more than two pairs of leaves, blooms in 12 weeks after pinching branches. After months of April the plants are no longer Ciupe.

Management - tuturoarea plants.

Propagation - by seeds, the couples choose fruit and remove the seeds, is preparing a wet substrate, well drained, the seeds are deposited on the surface by gently pushing to get in contact with the substrate. The substrate must be treated with a fungal cid against Botritis. Place the casserole in a transparent plastic to maintain a high humidity. After emerging new plant starts to apply liquid fertilizers every two weeks. When plants were 10-15 cm tall, can replant.

The seedlings in March, are planted in sand in semi-shade or shade, the wet than twice a week or daily if they are planted on hard wood, roots should aibe place in winter and spring can be clipped; needs protection in winter. Seedlings should be green and aibe 3 pairs of leaves, cut just below the third pair and planting.

Natural partners and Garden - Lobelia, Pelargonium, Solenostemon scutellarioides, Colocasia ‘Black Magic’, ‘Illustris’, Carex.

Cultivars and varieties - 'Annaba' Beacon 'Billy Green', 'Dark Eyes', 'Pink Galore', 'Marcus Graham', 'The President'.

Diseases and pests - Aculops fuchsiae.

Properties and Uses - In South America, crushed petals of Fuchsia is used for culinary and medicinal herbs, fruit juices were used for obtaining skin.

References

Anne Swithinbank - The Greenhouse Gardener - Frances Lincoln, 2006

Keith Kirsten - Gardening - Puvlishers Struik, 2001

Shane Smith - Greenhouse Gardener's Companion - Fulcrum Publishing, 2000

Photos
Top
See also
Top
House Plant
Aloe vera Mill.

Aloe Vera - perennial herb with stem wood, 2-3 m, simple neramificata, covered by remnants of dried leaves. Rosette leaves collected in the top of the trunk, Sesia, triangulation into sections and are consistent meat lower surface is convex, the top is concave according to the turgid leaf

 
Calathea

Petiole long, brown at the base. Language leaves to ovat ovat-elliptic, top short acuminata, the round or obtuse, dark green on top with green central rib, except nervurii glabra. Blossom terminal, spike side flat, narrow oblong, 15-40 cm long, peduncle 25 cm long, 4,5-6 cm wide, green-yellow bractei

 
Sansevieria

Genus name comes from Prince Raimondo di Sangro (1710-1771) of San Severo, born in Naples, Italy. In 1753 Carl Linnaeus in Species Plantarum, including the genus Sansevieria in Aloe. Sansevieria genus was stabilized by Thunberg in 1794 described the second species, S. thyrsiflora and S. aethiopica.

 
Environmental problems of herbal apartment

Plants suffering physiological changes to adapt to climate change.

This is the time when plants suffer transported inside a time of stress. This exchange of environmental condition than growth, flowering, fruit production and in worst cases, can cause plant wilting.

 
Strelitzia reginae - Bird of Paradise

Strelitzia is a genus containing five species of perennial, originating from southern Africa belong to the family Strelitziaceae.

Genus name is derived from the queen of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, wife of King George III of England, promoter of botany.

 
Magnoliopsida
Helleborus viridis

Helleborus viridis - originating in Spain, France, Italy and Switzerland; grows on calcareous soils from 0 to 1700 m altitude, to the edges of deciduous forests, beech forests and mixed forests, grows in association with Arum dioscoridis, Crocus sp., Cyclamen coum, Fritillaria sp. Hyacinthus orientalis.

 
Pachira aquatica

Pachira aquatica growing naturally along rivers in Central and South America. Is cultivated in world wide like ornamental, in hedges or solitary. Resistant to drought anf flooding.

The seeds of P. aquatica are delicious raw, boiled or roasted. Young leaves and flowers are also edible. The seeds are high in protein and edible oil.

 
Ostrya carpinifolia

Ostrya carpinifolia - used as an ornamental species for gardens, parks and green street.

Ostrya is derived from Greek 'Ostrya', referring to the shape of bracts that protect the fruit.

 
Dovyalis caffra - kei-apple

Dovyalis caffra - fruit edible, with a high vitamin C content (80-120 mg/g), potassium (600 mg), and makes an excellent jam.

 
Eschscholzia californica - California poppy

Perennial species in the area of origin, in other regions is annual, reaching up to 5-60 cm high, glabra, glauca. Stem branched, decumbenta. Leaves basal and caulinare, green-glauca, sectors, lobes linear or obluongi, glabra. Floriferi buds are obconici pick. Flowers solitary, peduncle of 5-15 cm long, calyx acute or acuminata, glabru, glauca; Corola consisting of 4 petals yellow-orange, 5 cm long, numerous stamens.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links