Scientific name-Galanthus nivalis L.
Synonyms - Galanthus angustifolius Koss.
Popular names - snowdrop, snow drop, Bucaneve, fior di neve.
Distribution and Habitat - native to the Mediterranean to the Caucasus. Grow on fertile land in forest species decidue.
Description - bulbous perennial species with herbaceous matter, erect, bulb ovoid, dark brown tunic, 1.5 x 2.4 cm. Leaves basal, 20 cm long, linear-lanceolata, rounded at the top. Flowers generally solitary, clocks, accompanied by a shoulder 3-4 cm long, 3 tepale flower is composed of external and internal 3 tepale erection of about 1cm, biloba, white with green spots, 6 stamens in the periantului; February-March period of prosperity. Fruit ellipsoidal or spherical capsule, three-loculara, 1.4 x 1,4 cm. Seeds brown-opened. The fruits are fully mature in June. Dissemination is done with ants.
Galanthus nivalis subsp. cilicicus - leaves of 16-18 cm, flowers from November to March.
Galanthus nivalis subsp. nivalis - leaves 9-16 cm, blooming from February to March;
Management - Every three years the bulbs should be removed in June or July, when the leaves change color and stored in dry place until August, when they replanted.
Propagation - by separation bulbililor. Bulbs are planted at 5.7 cm depth and distance of 5-7 cm join the others fall.
Properties and Uses - bulbs, leaves and flowers are poisonous. Reaching bulbs may cause skin irritation.
Myth, Legend and Forlclor - legend says that Adam and Eve, in their first days on earth, in the very cold winter, the thought Eva was sad to live in those conditions. An angel sent by God blowing snowflakes on it giving them the command to turn on shoots of hope, they reached the ground, were transformed into snowdrops, and Eve was very happy. From that day said that is enough to raise snowdrops in next month's first night in January to be happy all year.
Another legend says that one day in February was thirsty Jesus, Mary, his mother, went to a well but found an ice cream and said: 'How do I give water to my child?'. Earth heard these words, had 'to rise in snow a white flower of the mother give baby Jesus go to drink water.
Barbara Damrosch - The Garden Primer - Roda Press, 2003
Beth Hanson - Spring-Blooming Bulbs - BrookLyn Botanical Garden, 2002
Graham Rose - The Low Maintenance Garden - Frances Lincoln, 1983
John E. Bryan - Pocket Guide to Bulbs - Timber Press, 2005
Karan Junker - Gardening with Woodland Plants - Timber Press, 2007
Michael Hickey - 100 Families of Flowering Plants - Cambridge University Press, 1991
Rosemary Verey - The Garden in Winter - Frances Lincoln, 2006
The European Garden Flora Editorial Committee - European Garden Flora - Cambridge University Press, 1986
Herbaceous perennial. Floral stem erect, 3-15 cm high. Basal leaves often nested, lamina lanceolata, 0.4-1.5 cm x 0.8-2.0 mm, margins cartilaginous, top acute, glabra, nauseating. Flowers solitary, bisexual or unisexuate. Pedicel 2-40 mm.
Heliosperma pusillum - herbaceous perennial, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone ravines, from 1000 to 2500 m altitude.
Hepatica nobilis Schreb
Herbaceous perennial, fibrous root. Leaves evergreen, coriacee, the young are green open and passwords, dark olive green on the upper face, and purple on the lower face at maturity and during flowering, cordiform 3-lobate, lobe ovat, margin entire, top obtuse.
Cardamine bulbifera - herbaceous species, perennial. Hailing from Europe and Asia Minor, grow on fertile soils, limestone, 200 to 1800 m altit., In association with Coryllus avellana, Carpinus betulus, Crataegus laevigata, Fraxinus excelsior, Quercus robur, ursinum Allium, Carex pendula, Hyacinthoides non- scripta, Mercurialis perennis, Lamiastrum galeobdolon.
Allium schoenoprasum is used as an ornamental species for borders or pots.
Leaves eaten cooked or raw with oil and fish. Leaves used like raw onions or garlic in a salad.
Encyclia Hanbury (Lindley) Schlechter, 1914.
Herbaceous perennial, evergreen. Pseudobulb 8 x 4 cm. 1.2 leaves, elliptic-lanceolata, or elliptic-oblong, obtuse, 23 x 3 cm. Raceme blossom or panic, 100 cm long, 15-35 flowers, flower 5 cm diameter.
Hyacinthus orientalis - bulbous perennial with linear to lance-shaped, channeled, bright green leaves, 15-35 cm long. Is classified as an ornamental, and is native to the Mediterranean region. The essential oils found only in the flowers have been used in cosmetics and soap fragrances.
Petiole long, brown at the base. Language leaves to ovat ovat-elliptic, top short acuminata, the round or obtuse, dark green on top with green central rib, except nervurii glabra. Blossom terminal, spike side flat, narrow oblong, 15-40 cm long, peduncle 25 cm long, 4,5-6 cm wide, green-yellow bractei
Palm mono, with one strain. Trunk erect, gray, 20 m high and 50 cm in diameter. Paripenat-leaves are compound, folio 200-250 pairs of linear-lanceolata. 4,5-5,5 m long Frondele and stalks are covered quarter length. Foliolele have 1,5-5 cm wide. Ribbed rachides may be green or bronze.