Scientific name-Galanthus nivalis L.
Synonyms - Galanthus angustifolius Koss.
Popular names - snowdrop, snow drop, Bucaneve, fior di neve.
Distribution and Habitat - native to the Mediterranean to the Caucasus. Grow on fertile land in forest species decidue.
Description - bulbous perennial species with herbaceous matter, erect, bulb ovoid, dark brown tunic, 1.5 x 2.4 cm. Leaves basal, 20 cm long, linear-lanceolata, rounded at the top. Flowers generally solitary, clocks, accompanied by a shoulder 3-4 cm long, 3 tepale flower is composed of external and internal 3 tepale erection of about 1cm, biloba, white with green spots, 6 stamens in the periantului; February-March period of prosperity. Fruit ellipsoidal or spherical capsule, three-loculara, 1.4 x 1,4 cm. Seeds brown-opened. The fruits are fully mature in June. Dissemination is done with ants.
Galanthus nivalis subsp. cilicicus - leaves of 16-18 cm, flowers from November to March.
Galanthus nivalis subsp. nivalis - leaves 9-16 cm, blooming from February to March;
Management - Every three years the bulbs should be removed in June or July, when the leaves change color and stored in dry place until August, when they replanted.
Propagation - by separation bulbililor. Bulbs are planted at 5.7 cm depth and distance of 5-7 cm join the others fall.
Properties and Uses - bulbs, leaves and flowers are poisonous. Reaching bulbs may cause skin irritation.
Myth, Legend and Forlclor - legend says that Adam and Eve, in their first days on earth, in the very cold winter, the thought Eva was sad to live in those conditions. An angel sent by God blowing snowflakes on it giving them the command to turn on shoots of hope, they reached the ground, were transformed into snowdrops, and Eve was very happy. From that day said that is enough to raise snowdrops in next month's first night in January to be happy all year.
Another legend says that one day in February was thirsty Jesus, Mary, his mother, went to a well but found an ice cream and said: 'How do I give water to my child?'. Earth heard these words, had 'to rise in snow a white flower of the mother give baby Jesus go to drink water.
Barbara Damrosch - The Garden Primer - Roda Press, 2003
Beth Hanson - Spring-Blooming Bulbs - BrookLyn Botanical Garden, 2002
Graham Rose - The Low Maintenance Garden - Frances Lincoln, 1983
John E. Bryan - Pocket Guide to Bulbs - Timber Press, 2005
Karan Junker - Gardening with Woodland Plants - Timber Press, 2007
Michael Hickey - 100 Families of Flowering Plants - Cambridge University Press, 1991
Rosemary Verey - The Garden in Winter - Frances Lincoln, 2006
The European Garden Flora Editorial Committee - European Garden Flora - Cambridge University Press, 1986
Ajacis delphinium - annual species, native to southern Europe, cultivated in different forms as ornamental horticulture.
Herbaceous perennial. Floral stem erect, 3-15 cm high. Basal leaves often nested, lamina lanceolata, 0.4-1.5 cm x 0.8-2.0 mm, margins cartilaginous, top acute, glabra, nauseating. Flowers solitary, bisexual or unisexuate. Pedicel 2-40 mm.
Anemone hupehensis var. japonica
Anemone hupehensis var. japonica - a species native to China and Japan, was first described by Carl Thunberg in Flora Japonica.
Allium cepa L. - onion
Herbaceous biennial, bulb white, gold, red or purple, 5-8 x 3.10 cm. Leaves persistent, 4-10, fistula, 30-100 x 3-20 mm. Umbela blossom persistent, erect, compact, rear obsolete, ovata, ± equal, leading to acute acuminata.
Narcissus poeticus L.
Bulb ovoid, 3-4 x 1.5-2 cm, brown tunic. 4 basal leaves, limb 20-40 x 0,6-1,2 cm, green glauca; nervatiune parallel. Flower stalk 30-45 cm. Flower solitary, fragrant, perianth 5.7 cm wide; periantului tube 2-3 cm; tepale overlapping, reflection, white, ovat-orbiculare, 1.5-2.5 x 1.5-2 cm, top mucronata
Encyclia Hanbury (Lindley) Schlechter, 1914.
Herbaceous perennial, evergreen. Pseudobulb 8 x 4 cm. 1.2 leaves, elliptic-lanceolata, or elliptic-oblong, obtuse, 23 x 3 cm. Raceme blossom or panic, 100 cm long, 15-35 flowers, flower 5 cm diameter.
Herbaceous perennial, rustic. Rhizome with roots beam. Nastriforme leaves, gathered in bouquets. Raceme blossom or panic, small bracts, perianth campanulata, tepale united at the base, ovata, yellow or orange, 6 stamens attached to corolla tube, ovary inferior. Fruit capsule dehiscence.
Saccharum officinarum - Sugar cane
Herbaceous perennial strain neramificata, 3-4 m high, 3-5 cm diameter. Roots of two ways, first type is formed from Butas after planting, are thin and bends, the second type of primary shoots grow roots flashy and less branched, with all the old roots are brown and dry.