Scientific name-Galanthus nivalis L.
Synonyms - Galanthus angustifolius Koss.
Popular names - snowdrop, snow drop, Bucaneve, fior di neve.
Distribution and Habitat - native to the Mediterranean to the Caucasus. Grow on fertile land in forest species decidue.
Description - bulbous perennial species with herbaceous matter, erect, bulb ovoid, dark brown tunic, 1.5 x 2.4 cm. Leaves basal, 20 cm long, linear-lanceolata, rounded at the top. Flowers generally solitary, clocks, accompanied by a shoulder 3-4 cm long, 3 tepale flower is composed of external and internal 3 tepale erection of about 1cm, biloba, white with green spots, 6 stamens in the periantului; February-March period of prosperity. Fruit ellipsoidal or spherical capsule, three-loculara, 1.4 x 1,4 cm. Seeds brown-opened. The fruits are fully mature in June. Dissemination is done with ants.
Galanthus nivalis subsp. cilicicus - leaves of 16-18 cm, flowers from November to March.
Galanthus nivalis subsp. nivalis - leaves 9-16 cm, blooming from February to March;
Management - Every three years the bulbs should be removed in June or July, when the leaves change color and stored in dry place until August, when they replanted.
Propagation - by separation bulbililor. Bulbs are planted at 5.7 cm depth and distance of 5-7 cm join the others fall.
Properties and Uses - bulbs, leaves and flowers are poisonous. Reaching bulbs may cause skin irritation.
Myth, Legend and Forlclor - legend says that Adam and Eve, in their first days on earth, in the very cold winter, the thought Eva was sad to live in those conditions. An angel sent by God blowing snowflakes on it giving them the command to turn on shoots of hope, they reached the ground, were transformed into snowdrops, and Eve was very happy. From that day said that is enough to raise snowdrops in next month's first night in January to be happy all year.
Another legend says that one day in February was thirsty Jesus, Mary, his mother, went to a well but found an ice cream and said: 'How do I give water to my child?'. Earth heard these words, had 'to rise in snow a white flower of the mother give baby Jesus go to drink water.
Barbara Damrosch - The Garden Primer - Roda Press, 2003
Beth Hanson - Spring-Blooming Bulbs - BrookLyn Botanical Garden, 2002
Graham Rose - The Low Maintenance Garden - Frances Lincoln, 1983
John E. Bryan - Pocket Guide to Bulbs - Timber Press, 2005
Karan Junker - Gardening with Woodland Plants - Timber Press, 2007
Michael Hickey - 100 Families of Flowering Plants - Cambridge University Press, 1991
Rosemary Verey - The Garden in Winter - Frances Lincoln, 2006
The European Garden Flora Editorial Committee - European Garden Flora - Cambridge University Press, 1986
Juicy perennial species, rizomatoasa. Leaves basal, linear, cylindrical, fleshy, 10-15 cm long. Floral stem is 45 cm long. Blossom flowers made up of 40-50 cm, arranged in Raceme 15-30 cm long.
Dianthus carthusianorum - carnation field
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, simple or branched, 25-65 cm, glabra. Leaves opposite, lamina linear-spatulate, 3-13 cm, green edges glabrata. Blossom dense, 4-15 flowers; bractei lanceolata, equal to or greater than the calyx, herbaceous, 4-6 bracteole, brown, oblong-obovata. Pedicel 0.1-2 mm.
Polemonium caeruleum - species used as ornamental plants in gardens with spontaneous or rock gardens. Are planted at 30 cm distance between plants.
Tropaeolum majus L. - nasturium, Capucine
Tropaeolum majus is originally from Peru, which grows along the coasts and forests of hardwood. Also in Peru, is cultivated to prepare salads. The leaves are rich in minerals, vitamin C and a natural antibiotic.
Impatiens glandulifera - a species herbaceous annual. The genus name derives from the Latin 'impatient' = impatient, referring to the characteristic fruit to mature quickly open, releasing the seeds to great distances, and the specific name 'glandulifera' refers to small glands at the base of the petiole and foliar language .
Aloe vera Mill.
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora
Crocosmia, comes from the Greek 'Krok' = Crocus, and 'osme' = odor, "smell of Crocus'. Crocosmia was described in 1851 by Jules Emile Planchon.
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora was created in France in 1880.
Gymnadenia conopsea - can be planted in parks and public gardens, on lawns or grassy rocks.
Gymnadenia conopsea - Gymnadenia genus name comes from the Greek words 'gymnos' = empty and 'Aden' = gland.
Allium croaticum Bogdanovic Brullo, Mitic and Salmeri sp.nov. in Croatia