Scientific name - Gardenia jasminoides
Genus was named by Carl Linnaeus after Dr. Alexander Garden naturalist from North America.
Gardenia jasminoides was introduced in Europe in 1761 in China, Taiwan, Vietnam and Japan.
Popular names - Cape jasmine, common gardenia, gardenia, Huang-chi-tzu, Pinyin, Wade-Giles, Zhi-day.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in tropical regions of South Africa, China and Japan, comprises about 250 species of which the most widespread is Gardenia jasminoides.
Description - shrub or small tree, growing 1-15 m tall. Leaves glossy, evergreen, opposite, coriacee, oval or elliptical, dark green, 7-10 cmlength. Large solitary flowers, double or semiduble, white, 5.12 cm diameter. Bloom from May to September.
Requirements - grows well in bright environments but not direct sun, moist. Insufficient ambient humidity cause hair bud. Earth leaves acid totally limestone, pH 4.5-5.5. Spring-summer blooming varieties require a dormant period in winter, at a temperature of 12-18 ˚ C and with reduced watering (7-10 days). To thrive in winter temperatures should not fall below 16-18 ˚ C.
Management - cutting the crown correction is made after the fall or spring flowers. It fertilizeaza twice a month with a liquid fertilizer for plants acidofile, during the flowering season. No tap water should be used only natural mineral water status or demineralized water, unless the leaves turn yellow, green only remaining ribs. Adapters may be spring, whenroots have filled the dish. It uses a container with a greater degree than previously.
Propagation - by seedlings top, 8 cm long, spring. Ties takes place after 4-6 weeks at a temperature of 20-24 ˚ C. The seeds spring to 19-24 ˚ C.
Diseases and pests - Botrytis (fungus that appears on the roots and shoots in the species cultivated in the greenhouse), Cephaleuros virscens, Diaporthe gardeniae (yellowing leaves), Mycosphaerella gardeniae, Pestalotia langloisii, Pellicularia (appearance of spots on the leaves and stalks, causing death leaves; spots of 0.7-10 mm in diameter, circular), Phomopsis gardeniae, Phyllosticta, nematodes, mites.
Pellicularia can be controlled by breaking and destroying leaves contested and not be affected leaves wetted with water at all.
Controlling Botrytis is by breaking and destroying buds attacked.
Limestone soil leads to the appearance of excessive green-sickness. Controllinggreen-sickness is made by adding the iron fertilizers pa soaked in water.
If the buds turn yellow and fall, just before opening, because of an atmosphere is too dry and light Enough. Gardenia in Winter locate a cool, well-lit room and enlarged the humidity around the plant.
Loss of leaves can cause asphyxiation roots with too much water.
Meloidogyne incognita attack plants grown in greenhouse or apartment. Plants do not grow normally affected leaves become mottled.
Cultivars and varieties - 'August Beauty' white flowers, 'Florida' 1 m high, flowers white, 'Grandiflora' flowerswhite 'Radicans', 'Veitchii' double flowers, white.
Properties and Uses - fruits are prescribed for high fever, insomnia and vomit blood. External is used to bumps and bruises. 6.12 g of dried fruit, tea.
In traditional Chinese medicine is forbidden fruit of patients with spleen problems or diarrhea.
Constance Rogers, David J. Rogers - Woody Ornamentals for Deep South Gardens - University Press of Florida, 1991
Ellen Zachos - Tempting Tropicals - Timber Press, 2005
Herit Ms. Jacqueline - Complete Trees, Shrubs & Hedges - Creative Homeowner, 2005
Pascal P. Piron - Diseases and pests of ornamental plants - Wiley, 1978
Peter Loewer - The Evening Garden - Timber Press, 2002
Steven Foster, Yue Chongxi - Herbal Emissaries - Healing Arts Press, 1992
Evergreen shrub. Branches erect. Leaves green, alternate or subverticilate, 6-21 x 2.5 cm, limb oblong, coriaceu, top acuminata, edge entire, nervatiune pinnate. Flowers arranged in terminal panicule, small flowers, hermaphrodite
Cyclamen persicum is a tuberous perennial species, originated in Persia. Cordiforme leaves, 2-14 cm long, dark green, mottled with silver, long petiole. Flowers axillary, solitary, 5 petals ciclamen reflected color, red, white, purple, floral stem of 5-15 cm tall, blooming from late winter to early spring. Fruit capsule.
Environmental problems of herbal apartment
Plants suffering physiological changes to adapt to climate change.
This is the time when plants suffer transported inside a time of stress. This exchange of environmental condition than growth, flowering, fruit production and in worst cases, can cause plant wilting.
Trees and shrubs
Davidia involucrata var. involucrata
Arbore pana la 20 m inaltime; coroana la inceput conica apoi devine neregulata, ramuri orizontale. Scoarta gri-maronie. Mugurele terminal are forma ovoida, 6-7 mm lungime, acuminat, rosu-brun inchis. Mugurii laterali 6-8 mm lungime.
Mutisia subspinosa Cav.
Undergrowth voluble, 2-3 m long. Strain poorly ramified, glabra, wavy, yellow-green, 3-wing, green wing, needle-spin, axillary buds are white tomentosi. Leaves alternate, Sesia, language hasta, 8-10 x 0.6-1.3 cm, green, toothed margins, 10-14 pairs of teeth mucronata, long-attenuated peak and ended with a Carcel
Jasminum nudiflorum Lindl.
Decidua species native to China. Green stems, 60-90 cm high, 1-2 m diameter, edges, form adventitious roots. Brownish-red buds, ovoizi. Decidue leaves, opposite, pinnate-compound, 3 leaflets oblong, Sesi. Flowers solitary, six petals, 1-2 cm in diameter. Flowering period from January to March, before leaf. Baca fruit, fleshy, ripening black.
Ilex perado - small tree, port pyramidal, evergreen. Originally from the Canary Islands, dense forests grow in the Aqua Garcia, in association with Apollonias barbujana, Arbutus canariensis, Laurus Azores, Myrsine canariensis, Ocotal foetens, Persea indica, Prunus Lusitania subsp. hixa, Visna mocanera.
Rizomatoase two perennial species (Epimedium pubigerum and Epimedium alpinum) originating from southern Europe. Stem erect, to 25-38 cm tall, round, smooth, horizontal rhizome. Decidue or semi-evergreen leaves, cordiforme, acuminata, cilia-soirees, petiolate, 13 cm long, green becoming bronze in the fall, Pendente
Hebe x franciscana
Hebe x franciscana - evergreen shrub, up to 1.5 m tall.
Hebe x franciscana is a hybrid of Hebe speciosa Hebe from New Zealand and Elliptic.
Herbaceous perennial species, dioecious. 5 cm diameter stalk. Leaves green to green-yellow with the main rib, which ends with a cylindrical Carcel which is longer than the tongue of the leaf, finished with a pitcher. Blossom panic or Raceme. Digestive glands are located inside the jar walls. Seeds are small and filiforme.
Dalechampia spathulata is a shrub of the Euphorbiaceae family. Most species belonging to the genus Dalechampia multiply naturally by seeds.