Scientific name - Gardenia jasminoides
Genus was named by Carl Linnaeus after Dr. Alexander Garden naturalist from North America.
Gardenia jasminoides was introduced in Europe in 1761 in China, Taiwan, Vietnam and Japan.
Popular names - Cape jasmine, common gardenia, gardenia, Huang-chi-tzu, Pinyin, Wade-Giles, Zhi-day.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in tropical regions of South Africa, China and Japan, comprises about 250 species of which the most widespread is Gardenia jasminoides.
Description - shrub or small tree, growing 1-15 m tall. Leaves glossy, evergreen, opposite, coriacee, oval or elliptical, dark green, 7-10 cmlength. Large solitary flowers, double or semiduble, white, 5.12 cm diameter. Bloom from May to September.
Requirements - grows well in bright environments but not direct sun, moist. Insufficient ambient humidity cause hair bud. Earth leaves acid totally limestone, pH 4.5-5.5. Spring-summer blooming varieties require a dormant period in winter, at a temperature of 12-18 ˚ C and with reduced watering (7-10 days). To thrive in winter temperatures should not fall below 16-18 ˚ C.
Management - cutting the crown correction is made after the fall or spring flowers. It fertilizeaza twice a month with a liquid fertilizer for plants acidofile, during the flowering season. No tap water should be used only natural mineral water status or demineralized water, unless the leaves turn yellow, green only remaining ribs. Adapters may be spring, whenroots have filled the dish. It uses a container with a greater degree than previously.
Propagation - by seedlings top, 8 cm long, spring. Ties takes place after 4-6 weeks at a temperature of 20-24 ˚ C. The seeds spring to 19-24 ˚ C.
Diseases and pests - Botrytis (fungus that appears on the roots and shoots in the species cultivated in the greenhouse), Cephaleuros virscens, Diaporthe gardeniae (yellowing leaves), Mycosphaerella gardeniae, Pestalotia langloisii, Pellicularia (appearance of spots on the leaves and stalks, causing death leaves; spots of 0.7-10 mm in diameter, circular), Phomopsis gardeniae, Phyllosticta, nematodes, mites.
Pellicularia can be controlled by breaking and destroying leaves contested and not be affected leaves wetted with water at all.
Controlling Botrytis is by breaking and destroying buds attacked.
Limestone soil leads to the appearance of excessive green-sickness. Controllinggreen-sickness is made by adding the iron fertilizers pa soaked in water.
If the buds turn yellow and fall, just before opening, because of an atmosphere is too dry and light Enough. Gardenia in Winter locate a cool, well-lit room and enlarged the humidity around the plant.
Loss of leaves can cause asphyxiation roots with too much water.
Meloidogyne incognita attack plants grown in greenhouse or apartment. Plants do not grow normally affected leaves become mottled.
Cultivars and varieties - 'August Beauty' white flowers, 'Florida' 1 m high, flowers white, 'Grandiflora' flowerswhite 'Radicans', 'Veitchii' double flowers, white.
Properties and Uses - fruits are prescribed for high fever, insomnia and vomit blood. External is used to bumps and bruises. 6.12 g of dried fruit, tea.
In traditional Chinese medicine is forbidden fruit of patients with spleen problems or diarrhea.
Constance Rogers, David J. Rogers - Woody Ornamentals for Deep South Gardens - University Press of Florida, 1991
Ellen Zachos - Tempting Tropicals - Timber Press, 2005
Herit Ms. Jacqueline - Complete Trees, Shrubs & Hedges - Creative Homeowner, 2005
Pascal P. Piron - Diseases and pests of ornamental plants - Wiley, 1978
Peter Loewer - The Evening Garden - Timber Press, 2002
Steven Foster, Yue Chongxi - Herbal Emissaries - Healing Arts Press, 1992
Petiole long, brown at the base. Language leaves to ovat ovat-elliptic, top short acuminata, the round or obtuse, dark green on top with green central rib, except nervurii glabra. Blossom terminal, spike side flat, narrow oblong, 15-40 cm long, peduncle 25 cm long, 4,5-6 cm wide, green-yellow bractei
Aloe vera Mill.
Culture and maintenance of species of Aechmea
Juicy perennial species, rizomatoasa. Leaves basal, linear, cylindrical, fleshy, 10-15 cm long. Floral stem is 45 cm long. Blossom flowers made up of 40-50 cm, arranged in Raceme 15-30 cm long.
Evergreen shrub, 3-4 m high. Leaves alternate, long-petiolate, palmately-compound, with 7.9 Folio, coriacee, folio obovata, glabra, margin entire, nervatiune pinnate, petiole thin, 12-15 cm long. Blossom terminal, glabra, 20 cm long, flowers arranged in umbele raceme, 0.7-1 cm in diameter, pedicel 5.8 mm long. Fruit drupe, ovoid, orange, 5 x 4 mm.
Trees and shrubs
Evergreen shrub. Branches erect. Leaves green, alternate or subverticilate, 6-21 x 2.5 cm, limb oblong, coriaceu, top acuminata, edge entire, nervatiune pinnate. Flowers arranged in terminal panicule, small flowers, hermaphrodite
Harpephyllum caffrum - evergreen tree, endemic to southern Africa, Eastern Cape to KwaZulu-Natal and southern Mozambiqului, grows in coastal forests.
Symphoricarpos - Hurmuz
Shrubs decide, prostate or erect, 90-120 cm, originating in the U.S.. Buds scaly, 1.5 mm long. Leaves simple, opposite, short petiolate, 7 cm long. Raceme blossom. Campanulata Flowers in raceme children. Calyx tube slightly globos; Corola campanulata, 4-5 lobes. Fruit drupe, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, S. albus and S. occidentalis fruits white, pink-coral S. orbiculatus fruit. A fruit contains two seeds oblongata.
Genus Edgeworth is named in memory of botanist Michael Pakenham Edgeworth (1812-1881).
Edgeworth chrysantha deciduu is a shrub, of 1,8-2,4 m tall, native of China, Himalayas, naturalized in Chugoku. Foxy stalk. Leaves arranged alternate, short stalks or Sesi, language: lanceolata, acuminata top, edge entire, base cuneata; 8-20/3-5 cm.
Lonicera xylosteum - shrub originating from Europe, the Caucasus and Siberia, growing at the edge of deciduous forests, from lowland to 1600 m altitude. They prefer warm places and limestone associated with Cornus sanguinela, Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus padus and Rubus idaeus.
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.
Quercus cerris L. - Turkey Oak
Quercus cerris - a species native to south-eastern Europe, cultivated as an ornamental tree, singly or in small groups.
Bellis perennis L. - bucks
Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval