Scientific name - Gardenia jasminoides
Genus was named by Carl Linnaeus after Dr. Alexander Garden naturalist from North America.
Gardenia jasminoides was introduced in Europe in 1761 in China, Taiwan, Vietnam and Japan.
Popular names - Cape jasmine, common gardenia, gardenia, Huang-chi-tzu, Pinyin, Wade-Giles, Zhi-day.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in tropical regions of South Africa, China and Japan, comprises about 250 species of which the most widespread is Gardenia jasminoides.
Description - shrub or small tree, growing 1-15 m tall. Leaves glossy, evergreen, opposite, coriacee, oval or elliptical, dark green, 7-10 cmlength. Large solitary flowers, double or semiduble, white, 5.12 cm diameter. Bloom from May to September.
Requirements - grows well in bright environments but not direct sun, moist. Insufficient ambient humidity cause hair bud. Earth leaves acid totally limestone, pH 4.5-5.5. Spring-summer blooming varieties require a dormant period in winter, at a temperature of 12-18 ˚ C and with reduced watering (7-10 days). To thrive in winter temperatures should not fall below 16-18 ˚ C.
Management - cutting the crown correction is made after the fall or spring flowers. It fertilizeaza twice a month with a liquid fertilizer for plants acidofile, during the flowering season. No tap water should be used only natural mineral water status or demineralized water, unless the leaves turn yellow, green only remaining ribs. Adapters may be spring, whenroots have filled the dish. It uses a container with a greater degree than previously.
Propagation - by seedlings top, 8 cm long, spring. Ties takes place after 4-6 weeks at a temperature of 20-24 ˚ C. The seeds spring to 19-24 ˚ C.
Diseases and pests - Botrytis (fungus that appears on the roots and shoots in the species cultivated in the greenhouse), Cephaleuros virscens, Diaporthe gardeniae (yellowing leaves), Mycosphaerella gardeniae, Pestalotia langloisii, Pellicularia (appearance of spots on the leaves and stalks, causing death leaves; spots of 0.7-10 mm in diameter, circular), Phomopsis gardeniae, Phyllosticta, nematodes, mites.
Pellicularia can be controlled by breaking and destroying leaves contested and not be affected leaves wetted with water at all.
Controlling Botrytis is by breaking and destroying buds attacked.
Limestone soil leads to the appearance of excessive green-sickness. Controllinggreen-sickness is made by adding the iron fertilizers pa soaked in water.
If the buds turn yellow and fall, just before opening, because of an atmosphere is too dry and light Enough. Gardenia in Winter locate a cool, well-lit room and enlarged the humidity around the plant.
Loss of leaves can cause asphyxiation roots with too much water.
Meloidogyne incognita attack plants grown in greenhouse or apartment. Plants do not grow normally affected leaves become mottled.
Cultivars and varieties - 'August Beauty' white flowers, 'Florida' 1 m high, flowers white, 'Grandiflora' flowerswhite 'Radicans', 'Veitchii' double flowers, white.
Properties and Uses - fruits are prescribed for high fever, insomnia and vomit blood. External is used to bumps and bruises. 6.12 g of dried fruit, tea.
In traditional Chinese medicine is forbidden fruit of patients with spleen problems or diarrhea.
Constance Rogers, David J. Rogers - Woody Ornamentals for Deep South Gardens - University Press of Florida, 1991
Ellen Zachos - Tempting Tropicals - Timber Press, 2005
Herit Ms. Jacqueline - Complete Trees, Shrubs & Hedges - Creative Homeowner, 2005
Pascal P. Piron - Diseases and pests of ornamental plants - Wiley, 1978
Peter Loewer - The Evening Garden - Timber Press, 2002
Steven Foster, Yue Chongxi - Herbal Emissaries - Healing Arts Press, 1992
Aeonium arboreum - tree aeonium
Sunshrub native from Maroc, stem branching, leaves borne at the ends of the branches in rather flat rosettes.
Bush or undergrowth, 30-60 cm. Leaves petiolate, oblong-elliptic, entire, 25-30 x 7-10 cm, spiny-toothed, crenate or sinuous lobate, grooved records and white ribs. Blossom terminal or axillary, pyramidal spike. Flowers Sesi, yellow bractei large to ovata lanceolata. Calyx 8-10 mm. Corola yellow, 3.8-5 cm, corolla tube 3-3.5 cm, upper petal is erect, about 8 mm, biloba, lower petal is tri-lobate
Mammillaria tlalocii 'caespitosa' - cactus global branch at the base. Tulpuna spherical, time becomes columnara, 20 x 7 cm. 16-22 thorns radial, 1-2 mm long. 2.4 spin central, 6-10 mm long, dark brown. Flower pink-carmine, 12-14 x 8-10 mm.
Cyclamen persicum is a tuberous perennial species, originated in Persia. Cordiforme leaves, 2-14 cm long, dark green, mottled with silver, long petiole. Flowers axillary, solitary, 5 petals ciclamen reflected color, red, white, purple, floral stem of 5-15 cm tall, blooming from late winter to early spring. Fruit capsule.
Trees and shrubs
Abies concolor Lindl.
Silver tree - evergreen tree, used for ornamental purposes, because the pyramid shape of the crown, the colorii leaves and frost resistance. The name 'concolor' refers to the fact that leaves have the same color on both sides.
Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore
Shrub or small tree, 7.5-15 m high; ritidom thin, scaly, producing a scaly trunk. Leaves pungent rum, obovata to elliptic, 3-15 x 1.2-7.5 cm, acute to round at the narrow top, coriacee.
Symphoricarpos - Hurmuz
Shrubs decide, prostate or erect, 90-120 cm, originating in the U.S.. Buds scaly, 1.5 mm long. Leaves simple, opposite, short petiolate, 7 cm long. Raceme blossom. Campanulata Flowers in raceme children. Calyx tube slightly globos; Corola campanulata, 4-5 lobes. Fruit drupe, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, S. albus and S. occidentalis fruits white, pink-coral S. orbiculatus fruit. A fruit contains two seeds oblongata.
Digitalis grandiflora - Perennial species, pubescent; natural range is Eurosiberian, increases in forest edge, and boschetelor, from plain to 1600 m altitude.
Herbaceous perennial calcifuga, dioica, 30 cm high, caespitosa, densely pubescent. Prostrata strain or upward. Leaves acute seriacee with obvious central rib, lower leaves 9 x 1.5 cm subspatulate to oblong-lanceolata, ribbed, those of the middle stem is elliptical to oblong-lanceolata, united at the base.
Plants with succulent stems, leaves and flowers unisexuate asymmetric, long pedunculate, grouped dichaziu terminal. ♂ flowers usually are obsolete, consisting of 4 petals oval, two of which are shorter, the ♀ consist of 4 petals equal, persistent.
Dianthus sylvestris - perennial species, the stem short and woody. Increase the debris, limestone bedrock, from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Species are cultivated as ornamental for rocarii.