Scientific name - Gardenia jasminoides
Genus was named by Carl Linnaeus after Dr. Alexander Garden naturalist from North America.
Gardenia jasminoides was introduced in Europe in 1761 in China, Taiwan, Vietnam and Japan.
Popular names - Cape jasmine, common gardenia, gardenia, Huang-chi-tzu, Pinyin, Wade-Giles, Zhi-day.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in tropical regions of South Africa, China and Japan, comprises about 250 species of which the most widespread is Gardenia jasminoides.
Description - shrub or small tree, growing 1-15 m tall. Leaves glossy, evergreen, opposite, coriacee, oval or elliptical, dark green, 7-10 cmlength. Large solitary flowers, double or semiduble, white, 5.12 cm diameter. Bloom from May to September.
Requirements - grows well in bright environments but not direct sun, moist. Insufficient ambient humidity cause hair bud. Earth leaves acid totally limestone, pH 4.5-5.5. Spring-summer blooming varieties require a dormant period in winter, at a temperature of 12-18 ˚ C and with reduced watering (7-10 days). To thrive in winter temperatures should not fall below 16-18 ˚ C.
Management - cutting the crown correction is made after the fall or spring flowers. It fertilizeaza twice a month with a liquid fertilizer for plants acidofile, during the flowering season. No tap water should be used only natural mineral water status or demineralized water, unless the leaves turn yellow, green only remaining ribs. Adapters may be spring, whenroots have filled the dish. It uses a container with a greater degree than previously.
Propagation - by seedlings top, 8 cm long, spring. Ties takes place after 4-6 weeks at a temperature of 20-24 ˚ C. The seeds spring to 19-24 ˚ C.
Diseases and pests - Botrytis (fungus that appears on the roots and shoots in the species cultivated in the greenhouse), Cephaleuros virscens, Diaporthe gardeniae (yellowing leaves), Mycosphaerella gardeniae, Pestalotia langloisii, Pellicularia (appearance of spots on the leaves and stalks, causing death leaves; spots of 0.7-10 mm in diameter, circular), Phomopsis gardeniae, Phyllosticta, nematodes, mites.
Pellicularia can be controlled by breaking and destroying leaves contested and not be affected leaves wetted with water at all.
Controlling Botrytis is by breaking and destroying buds attacked.
Limestone soil leads to the appearance of excessive green-sickness. Controllinggreen-sickness is made by adding the iron fertilizers pa soaked in water.
If the buds turn yellow and fall, just before opening, because of an atmosphere is too dry and light Enough. Gardenia in Winter locate a cool, well-lit room and enlarged the humidity around the plant.
Loss of leaves can cause asphyxiation roots with too much water.
Meloidogyne incognita attack plants grown in greenhouse or apartment. Plants do not grow normally affected leaves become mottled.
Cultivars and varieties - 'August Beauty' white flowers, 'Florida' 1 m high, flowers white, 'Grandiflora' flowerswhite 'Radicans', 'Veitchii' double flowers, white.
Properties and Uses - fruits are prescribed for high fever, insomnia and vomit blood. External is used to bumps and bruises. 6.12 g of dried fruit, tea.
In traditional Chinese medicine is forbidden fruit of patients with spleen problems or diarrhea.
Constance Rogers, David J. Rogers - Woody Ornamentals for Deep South Gardens - University Press of Florida, 1991
Ellen Zachos - Tempting Tropicals - Timber Press, 2005
Herit Ms. Jacqueline - Complete Trees, Shrubs & Hedges - Creative Homeowner, 2005
Pascal P. Piron - Diseases and pests of ornamental plants - Wiley, 1978
Peter Loewer - The Evening Garden - Timber Press, 2002
Steven Foster, Yue Chongxi - Herbal Emissaries - Healing Arts Press, 1992
Euphorbia pulcherrima - Poinsetia
Description - shrub, 20-50 cm high. Decidue leaves, oval, 10-15 cm long needle, or pointed. Flowers small, yellow-green, surrounded by bracts 15-20 cm long, red, pink or white.
Tolerances - not tolerate too hot environments, usacte and poorly lit, leaves turn yellow and fall.
Dracaena marginata Lemarck
Popular names: English - Red-edged Dracaena, Madagascar Dragon-Tree, Hawaii - money tree.
Dracaena marginata Lemarck is an evergreen species native to Madagascar, was imported into Europe in the XVII century. Bush by 6 m high, formed more vertical stems. Leaves arranged spiral, simple, Sesia, entire, linear, evergreen, green with reddish margins, 15-45 x 0,7-3 cm; nervatiuni parallel.
Petiole long, brown at the base. Language leaves to ovat ovat-elliptic, top short acuminata, the round or obtuse, dark green on top with green central rib, except nervurii glabra. Blossom terminal, spike side flat, narrow oblong, 15-40 cm long, peduncle 25 cm long, 4,5-6 cm wide, green-yellow bractei
Mammillaria tlalocii 'caespitosa' - cactus global branch at the base. Tulpuna spherical, time becomes columnara, 20 x 7 cm. 16-22 thorns radial, 1-2 mm long. 2.4 spin central, 6-10 mm long, dark brown. Flower pink-carmine, 12-14 x 8-10 mm.
Trees and shrubs
Bush single, thorny, 2-4 m high. Branches long, arched, with many thorns collected 3; in young yellow, then brown, yellow-gray in old age. Yellow Wood. Leaves simple, outdated, short stalks; oblung language, dark green, glossy on top, the more open on the underside, edge finely toothed, are inserted into the beam to ascela thorns.
Malacothamnus fasciculatus Greene
Evergreen shrub, vigorous, well branched, 1-4.5 m high. The stem and leaves are pubescent, stellate hairs. Leaves alternate, petiolate; language ovat-round, palmate lobate, 0-7 lobes rounded, toothed margins, 2.11 cm. Blossom spike, flowers Sesi.
Canarina canariensis - herbaceous, commutes glaucescenta. Endemic from the Canary Islands, Tenerife, grows at the edge of forests, from 300 to 1000 m altitude.
Symphoricarpos - Hurmuz
Shrubs decide, prostate or erect, 90-120 cm, originating in the U.S.. Buds scaly, 1.5 mm long. Leaves simple, opposite, short petiolate, 7 cm long. Raceme blossom. Campanulata Flowers in raceme children. Calyx tube slightly globos; Corola campanulata, 4-5 lobes. Fruit drupe, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, S. albus and S. occidentalis fruits white, pink-coral S. orbiculatus fruit. A fruit contains two seeds oblongata.
New species of Betula in China
Tree, strain 25 m high and 60 cm in diameter. Bark dark gray or gray-brown, longitudinal cracks and is exfoliating. Branches reddish brown or gray-brown, densely glandular Vilo and resin. Petiole 1.5-3.0 cm, densely dotted Vilos resin.
Dalechampia spathulata is a shrub of the Euphorbiaceae family. Most species belonging to the genus Dalechampia multiply naturally by seeds.
Herbaceous perennial, 50-80 cm tall, vigorous root-branched, cylindrical, 5-20 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Strain fasciculated, erect, branched in upper parts. Leaves alternate, Terni-compound, the last segment with red ribbed, oblong-elliptic; foliolele are ongust-ovata or elliptic, 8-12 x 2-4 cm. 6.10 cm long stalks
Orobanche portoiliciana A. Pujadas & MB Crespo
Herbaceous species, stem 15-34 cm tall neramificata air, branched underground stem. Thin air stem, 7-12 mm diameter base, whitish at first glabra, glandular Vilos-time, 0.3 mm long hairs. Basal leaves 4.10 x 4.8 mm, triangulation until lanceolata, nested, leaves stems 8-14 x 2-5 mm length