Scientific name - Gardenia jasminoides
Genus was named by Carl Linnaeus after Dr. Alexander Garden naturalist from North America.
Gardenia jasminoides was introduced in Europe in 1761 in China, Taiwan, Vietnam and Japan.
Popular names - Cape jasmine, common gardenia, gardenia, Huang-chi-tzu, Pinyin, Wade-Giles, Zhi-day.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in tropical regions of South Africa, China and Japan, comprises about 250 species of which the most widespread is Gardenia jasminoides.
Description - shrub or small tree, growing 1-15 m tall. Leaves glossy, evergreen, opposite, coriacee, oval or elliptical, dark green, 7-10 cmlength. Large solitary flowers, double or semiduble, white, 5.12 cm diameter. Bloom from May to September.
Requirements - grows well in bright environments but not direct sun, moist. Insufficient ambient humidity cause hair bud. Earth leaves acid totally limestone, pH 4.5-5.5. Spring-summer blooming varieties require a dormant period in winter, at a temperature of 12-18 ˚ C and with reduced watering (7-10 days). To thrive in winter temperatures should not fall below 16-18 ˚ C.
Management - cutting the crown correction is made after the fall or spring flowers. It fertilizeaza twice a month with a liquid fertilizer for plants acidofile, during the flowering season. No tap water should be used only natural mineral water status or demineralized water, unless the leaves turn yellow, green only remaining ribs. Adapters may be spring, whenroots have filled the dish. It uses a container with a greater degree than previously.
Propagation - by seedlings top, 8 cm long, spring. Ties takes place after 4-6 weeks at a temperature of 20-24 ˚ C. The seeds spring to 19-24 ˚ C.
Diseases and pests - Botrytis (fungus that appears on the roots and shoots in the species cultivated in the greenhouse), Cephaleuros virscens, Diaporthe gardeniae (yellowing leaves), Mycosphaerella gardeniae, Pestalotia langloisii, Pellicularia (appearance of spots on the leaves and stalks, causing death leaves; spots of 0.7-10 mm in diameter, circular), Phomopsis gardeniae, Phyllosticta, nematodes, mites.
Pellicularia can be controlled by breaking and destroying leaves contested and not be affected leaves wetted with water at all.
Controlling Botrytis is by breaking and destroying buds attacked.
Limestone soil leads to the appearance of excessive green-sickness. Controllinggreen-sickness is made by adding the iron fertilizers pa soaked in water.
If the buds turn yellow and fall, just before opening, because of an atmosphere is too dry and light Enough. Gardenia in Winter locate a cool, well-lit room and enlarged the humidity around the plant.
Loss of leaves can cause asphyxiation roots with too much water.
Meloidogyne incognita attack plants grown in greenhouse or apartment. Plants do not grow normally affected leaves become mottled.
Cultivars and varieties - 'August Beauty' white flowers, 'Florida' 1 m high, flowers white, 'Grandiflora' flowerswhite 'Radicans', 'Veitchii' double flowers, white.
Properties and Uses - fruits are prescribed for high fever, insomnia and vomit blood. External is used to bumps and bruises. 6.12 g of dried fruit, tea.
In traditional Chinese medicine is forbidden fruit of patients with spleen problems or diarrhea.
Constance Rogers, David J. Rogers - Woody Ornamentals for Deep South Gardens - University Press of Florida, 1991
Ellen Zachos - Tempting Tropicals - Timber Press, 2005
Herit Ms. Jacqueline - Complete Trees, Shrubs & Hedges - Creative Homeowner, 2005
Pascal P. Piron - Diseases and pests of ornamental plants - Wiley, 1978
Peter Loewer - The Evening Garden - Timber Press, 2002
Steven Foster, Yue Chongxi - Herbal Emissaries - Healing Arts Press, 1992
Plants with succulent stems, leaves and flowers unisexuate asymmetric, long pedunculate, grouped dichaziu terminal. ♂ flowers usually are obsolete, consisting of 4 petals oval, two of which are shorter, the ♀ consist of 4 petals equal, persistent.
Agapanthus species. Cultivation and maintenance
Compositions with Camelia, Azalea and Hyacinthus
Camellia, Rhododendron and Hyacinthus - a simple way to celebrate spring is to cultivate these species.Brilliant blue of Hyacinthus "Blue Skies" with Hyacinthus 'Hollyhock', Rhododendron 'Vuyk's Warriors "and Camellia japonica' CM Wilson 'double pink flowers on a dark green background provided by Hedera helix' Heron's Foot" and Cymbalaria muralis "globosa "grown in terracotta pots on the balcony or terrace, without the need of transfer for several successive years.
Trees and shrubs
Pinus coulteri D. Don
Monoecious tree, 15-25 m high, trunk 40-120 cm diameter, wide crown, pyramid, iregulata. Bark gray-brown, streaked andanc with solxi long iregulati. Branches ascending, stalk yearly thin, brown-purple, glauca, rugosa, become black after several years.
Catalpa bignonioides - deciduu tree, a native of south-eastern United States in Alabama, Florida and Mississippi. Cultivated as an ornamental tree.
Tilia platyphyllos - Large-leaved Linden
Tilia platyphyllos - thermophilic species, grows only in plain and low hills, Europe and western Asia.
Large-leaved Linden, used as decorative trees in parks, and street alignments.
Rosa 'American Pillar'
Rambler, 4-6 x 3 m. The simple flowers grouped in bouquets of flowers or solitary, 5-20, 5-6 cm diameter, red-fuchsia, deep red with a white spot in center, yellow anthers are visible. Leaves dark green, shiny, becoming purple before falling. Bloom once a year in June-July.
Euphorbia pulcherrima - Poinsetia
Description - shrub, 20-50 cm high. Decidue leaves, oval, 10-15 cm long needle, or pointed. Flowers small, yellow-green, surrounded by bracts 15-20 cm long, red, pink or white.
Tolerances - not tolerate too hot environments, usacte and poorly lit, leaves turn yellow and fall.
Ribes uva-crispa - agris, grapes bear
Thorny shrub, 1 m high. Gray-brown bark is exfoliating. Rich stem branched divaricata. Branches long, thin, gray-brown with yellow top, pubescent glabrata in youth and adulthood. Leaves simple, cordiforme, 3-5 lobed, toothed, long stalks
Indigofera jucunda - shrub or small tree, evergreen, native to the forests of Africa, Kwazulu-Natal, near rocks and rivers.