Scientific name - Gentiana lutea L.
Popular names - duntura, fierea pamantului, pale gentian, gelber enzian, genziana maggiore.
Distribution and Habitat - mountain species, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone bedrock, on pastures rich in organic matter, from 1000 to 2200 m altitude.
Description - Perennial plant herbaceous, 40-120 cm tall. Rhizome thick, branched, yellowish. Stems simple, robust, cylindrical. Basal leaves broadly lanceolate, margin entire, leaves caulinare Sessa, opposite bracteiforme with 5-7 parallel veins that join together at the top. Flowers gathered in verticil 3-10, the upper leaf axilla. Peduncle about 1 cm. Corolla deep yellow, sometimes with brown spots, 5 -6 petals united at the base, lanceolate, 2-3 cm long. Stamens and anthers free. Superior ovary. Blooms in June-July. Fruit capsule.
Growth Rate - slowly.
Curiosity - SpeciesRare, protected by law.
The pictures were made on Mount Albergian in Italy at 1800 m altitude.
Primula cousin - cuckoo boot
Primula cousin - Herbaceous perennial with cylindrical rhizome, native to Europe and Asia, grows through meadows, sunny pastures, edges of woods, from hills to the alpine region.
Doronicum grandiflorum - geofita rizomatoasa, native to southern Europe, the Iberian Peninsula and the Balkans, growing on calcareous substrates in mountain and alpine floor, the debris, slopes from 2000-2500 m altitude.
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.
Horminum pyrenaicum - herbaceous plant, perennial, rizomatoasa, native to Europe, alpine meadows and subalpine grows on limestone bedrock, from 1500 up to 2500 m altitude.
Ceiba pentandra - tree, native of tropical America, seen as a species cultivated in the Philippines, growing in arid regions,forests and grasslands from sea level to 1000 m altitude.
Herbaceous perennial. Procumbenta or decumbenta stem, 10-30 x 30-120 cm, with 4 edges, pear. Leaves tri-or tri-lobate penatsectat, lobes linear, 2-3.5 x 2-3 cm, entire or toothed, top obtuse. Flowers solitary in the armpit bracteelor, blue, purple, red-purple, lilac, or white. Calyx tubular, 6-9 mm needle 5 sepa unequal, linear, top acute.
Anemoides trifolia - geofita rizomatoasa, native to southern Europe, grows in forests and mountain collinear, hornbeam and beech.
Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .