Scientific name - Gentiana lutea L.
Popular names - duntura, fierea pamantului, pale gentian, gelber enzian, genziana maggiore.
Distribution and Habitat - mountain species, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone bedrock, on pastures rich in organic matter, from 1000 to 2200 m altitude.
Description - Perennial plant herbaceous, 40-120 cm tall. Rhizome thick, branched, yellowish. Stems simple, robust, cylindrical. Basal leaves broadly lanceolate, margin entire, leaves caulinare Sessa, opposite bracteiforme with 5-7 parallel veins that join together at the top. Flowers gathered in verticil 3-10, the upper leaf axilla. Peduncle about 1 cm. Corolla deep yellow, sometimes with brown spots, 5 -6 petals united at the base, lanceolate, 2-3 cm long. Stamens and anthers free. Superior ovary. Blooms in June-July. Fruit capsule.
Growth Rate - slowly.
Curiosity - SpeciesRare, protected by law.
The pictures were made on Mount Albergian in Italy at 1800 m altitude.
Prenanthes purpurea - rabbit salad
Herbaceous perennial. Stem branched, 25-150 cm, pubescent. Amplexicaule leaves, elliptical, oblong or fidate, margin entire or Pinata-fidata, glauca. Flowers arranged in panicule, ligula flowers are purple, with 5 teeth, tubular flowers absent.
Heliosperma pusillum - herbaceous perennial, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone ravines, from 1000 to 2500 m altitude.
Horminum pyrenaicum - herbaceous plant, perennial, rizomatoasa, native to Europe, alpine meadows and subalpine grows on limestone bedrock, from 1500 up to 2500 m altitude.
Originally from Europe and western Asia, growing on wet soils and peat, from plain to 1800 m altitude.
Sophora derived from Arabic and means tree with pea flowers. Specific epithet is in honor davidii Abbe Armand David, a French missionary and naturalist who contributed to the knowledge of flora and fauna of China.
Sophora davidii is from Hubei, China, where it grows on rocky places at elevations of 1 000 - 3 500 m.
Evergreen tree, 15-20 m high. Leaves simple, alternate, coriacee, limb oval edge gear, 2.5-5 cm long, short stalks. Flowers arranged in dense corymb, hermaphrodite, pentamere, white, 1.5 cm in diameter, calyx of 5 SEPA. Fruit capsule, containing 10-20 seeds.
Chimonanthus praecox (L.) Link
Chimonanthus praecox - native species of China. Linnaeus described this species as the variety, as the Calycanthus praecox. In 1819 Lindley introduced a new kind Chimonanthus.
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Leaves opposite, entire, ovat-lanceolata, 7-20 cm long, thin, green, rough upper part, becoming yellow in autumn.
Cleome spinosa - flower spider
Herbaceous annual. Stem herbaceous, simple, viscid-pubescent, 1 m high. Leaves alternate, petiolate, palmate-compound. Petiole 10-15 cm long, glandular and pubescent. Folio 5-7, onblong-anceolate to elliptic, top acute - acuminata, the conical, 15 cm long, margin entire, glandular-pubescent on the upper surface and slightly pubescent on the underside. Raceme blossom, dense, compact, terminal.