Scientific name - Gentiana lutea L.
Popular names - duntura, fierea pamantului, pale gentian, gelber enzian, genziana maggiore.
Distribution and Habitat - mountain species, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone bedrock, on pastures rich in organic matter, from 1000 to 2200 m altitude.
Description - Perennial plant herbaceous, 40-120 cm tall. Rhizome thick, branched, yellowish. Stems simple, robust, cylindrical. Basal leaves broadly lanceolate, margin entire, leaves caulinare Sessa, opposite bracteiforme with 5-7 parallel veins that join together at the top. Flowers gathered in verticil 3-10, the upper leaf axilla. Peduncle about 1 cm. Corolla deep yellow, sometimes with brown spots, 5 -6 petals united at the base, lanceolate, 2-3 cm long. Stamens and anthers free. Superior ovary. Blooms in June-July. Fruit capsule.
Growth Rate - slowly.
Curiosity - SpeciesRare, protected by law.
The pictures were made on Mount Albergian in Italy at 1800 m altitude.
Stachys Byzantine - perennial species, native to southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia, grows on dry slopes at the edge of forests, up to 2000 m altitude.
Tussilago windbag - coltsfoot
From the Latin Tussilago tussis = cough on the plant's medicinal properties, windbag is the old name of poplar because of similarities between these species leaves.
Windbag Tussilago Tussilago is the only species of the genus.
Dioscorides, used potbal leaves as a substitute for tobacco, and to treat cough and asthma.
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic
Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.
Anthurium amnicola - herbaceous perennial, epiphytic, originally from Panama, rainforest grows from 600 to 900 m altitude.
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).
Nyssa sylvatica Marsh.
Dioecious tree, 25 meters high. Dark brown bark with deep cracks. Glabra or slightly hairy stalk, thin, red-brown, smooth; mugurele terminal 3-5 mm, nested, 6-8 scales visible, few pubescent and Chile, bicolori with red edges and the rest suprafatei green.
Primula elatior - perennial species, rizomatoasa, originally from Europe to western Asia, growing in mountain areas, pay attention in forests up to 1500 m altitude.
Genus was created by Portuguese botanist João de Loureiro (1717-1791) in the 1790 Flora Cochinchinensis for Campsis grandiflora. Linne named species with TECOM radicans and Thunberg gave the name of Bignonia radicans.
Petasites hybridus - big skid
Perennial herbaceous plant, dioica. Rhizome hectic, thick, fleshy, short, thick with runners. Strain empty. Leaves large, round or reniforme basis cordata, iregulat edge gear, 100 x 60 cm, the bottom of the molding is covered with white fuzz, nervatiune palmate, petiole long, purple.
Tilia tomentosa - silver linden
Tree with dense crown, rich, 30 m high, with branches erect, rounded. Lujerii annual geniculati, brown-yellow, gray tomentosi with buds ovoid, with two external scales equal, also felt. At first bark is smooth and gray, mature form shallow longitudinal furrows.