19
Aug
2011
Gentiana lutea
Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Gentiana lutea L.

Synonyms -

Popular names - duntura, fierea pamantului, pale gentian, gelber enzian, genziana maggiore.

Distribution and Habitat - mountain species, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone bedrock, on pastures rich in organic matter, from 1000 to 2200 m altitude.

Description - Perennial plant herbaceous, 40-120 cm tall. Rhizome thick, branched, yellowish. Stems simple, robust, cylindrical. Basal leaves broadly lanceolate, margin entire, leaves caulinare Sessa, opposite bracteiforme with 5-7 parallel veins that join together at the top. Flowers gathered in verticil 3-10, the upper leaf axilla. Peduncle about 1 cm. Corolla deep yellow, sometimes with brown spots, 5 -6 petals united at the base, lanceolate, 2-3 cm long. Stamens and anthers free. Superior ovary. Blooms in June-July. Fruit capsule.

Growth Rate - slowly.

Curiosity - SpeciesRare, protected by law.

The pictures were made on Mount Albergian in Italy at 1800 m altitude.

Bibliography

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