17
Jan
2009
Glycine max - soybean
Green Pharmacy | Vegetables | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Glycine max

Synonyms --

Popular names - soya bean, soya, Sojabohne, soy.

Distribution and Habitat - originally from north-eastern and central China, Kazakhstan, Korea, Japan and Taiwan.

Glycine max is cultivated soybean, and Glycine soja is the wild. Growing soie was now domesticated 3000-5000 years ago in China. In Europe was introduced into the U.S. in 1700 and 1800.

Description - herbaceous annual. The roots have an average capacity of penetrating the land, are symbiosis with Rhizobium japonicum. Strain reached 1.8 m height. Trifoliate leaves, folio oval or elliptical-lanceolata, top acute,but may also be a blunt or mucronata, the round or subtruncata, 6-15 cm long, narrow stipele to setacee lanceolata, 1-3 cm long. Flowers hermaphrodite, meeting in axillary raceme, 2-5 flowers, white or purple, the flowers are densely Hirsute, Corola white, pink or purple, 4-7 mm long, suborbicular-stindarul is obovata, emarginat, fertilization pollinating. Soybean flower stigma is receptive to pollen about 24 hours before anteza and remains receptive 48 hours after anteza. Period of bloom from July to September. The fruit is a capsule dehiscence viloasa, pendulum, contains 3.4 seeds. The seeds are round, slightly flattened, yellow-brown.

 

Propagation - by seeds, the tin in warm water 12 o'clock. After crossing the danger of late frosts, spring, seeds are planted on about. 2-3 cm depth and at 10-15 cm distance between seeds and the distance between the rows to be 60-75 cm. For seed germination needswet ground and 5-8 days at 20 ° C, or 14 days at 12-16 ° C. The optimal temperature to grow is 30 ° C. Grow on drained soils.

 

Cultivars and varieties - 'Agate' and 'Lammer's Black'.

Properties and Uses - Soy protein contains 45% dry and 18% oil.

Soy has high nutritional properties, contains 45% protein. Each gram of soy protein contains about 1.3 mg Isoflavone, it contains matairesinol, syringaresinol, lariciresinol, isolariciresinol and pinoresinol, lecithin and vitamin E.

Effects of estrogen contributes to protective effects against cardiovascular, cancer and menopausal symptoms.

Soy is indicated for pregnant and lactating women.

Soybean protein food has beneficial effects on cholesterol, cancer, heart problems, and possible positive effects on functiilor cognitive.

The seeds have laxative properties. Soybean seed oil has a large range of uses in manufacturing disinfectants, soap, linoleum, insecticides, and agents, stabilizers for food, cosmetics, pharmaceutical, plastics and industrial detergents. Foods such as tofu, sauces, milk, yogurt, cheese, pies, sausages and flour. Tofu was invented in the 2nd century in China. Soybean root decoction is astringent properties. Soy flour is used in diabetic food preparation.

References

Benjamin Watson - Heirloom Vegetables - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1996

Gary Stacey - Genetics and Genomics of soybean - Springer, 2008

Lesley Braun, Marc Cohen - Herbs and Natural Supplements - Churchill Livingstone, 2006

MJT Norman, CJ Pearson, PGE Searle - The Ecology of Tropical Food Crops - Cambridge University Press, 1995

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