Scientific name - Glycine max
Popular names - soya bean, soya, Sojabohne, soy.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from north-eastern and central China, Kazakhstan, Korea, Japan and Taiwan.
Description - herbaceous annual. The roots have an average capacity of penetrating the land, are symbiosis with Rhizobium japonicum. Strain reached 1.8 m height. Trifoliate leaves, folio oval or elliptical-lanceolata, top acute,but may also be a blunt or mucronata, the round or subtruncata, 6-15 cm long, narrow stipele to setacee lanceolata, 1-3 cm long. Flowers hermaphrodite, meeting in axillary raceme, 2-5 flowers, white or purple, the flowers are densely Hirsute, Corola white, pink or purple, 4-7 mm long, suborbicular-stindarul is obovata, emarginat, fertilization pollinating. Soybean flower stigma is receptive to pollen about 24 hours before anteza and remains receptive 48 hours after anteza. Period of bloom from July to September. The fruit is a capsule dehiscence viloasa, pendulum, contains 3.4 seeds. The seeds are round, slightly flattened, yellow-brown.
Propagation - by seeds, the tin in warm water 12 o'clock. After crossing the danger of late frosts, spring, seeds are planted on about. 2-3 cm depth and at 10-15 cm distance between seeds and the distance between the rows to be 60-75 cm. For seed germination needswet ground and 5-8 days at 20 ° C, or 14 days at 12-16 ° C. The optimal temperature to grow is 30 ° C. Grow on drained soils.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Agate' and 'Lammer's Black'.
Properties and Uses - Soy protein contains 45% dry and 18% oil.
Soy has high nutritional properties, contains 45% protein. Each gram of soy protein contains about 1.3 mg Isoflavone, it contains matairesinol, syringaresinol, lariciresinol, isolariciresinol and pinoresinol, lecithin and vitamin E.
Effects of estrogen contributes to protective effects against cardiovascular, cancer and menopausal symptoms.
Soy is indicated for pregnant and lactating women.
Soybean protein food has beneficial effects on cholesterol, cancer, heart problems, and possible positive effects on functiilor cognitive.
The seeds have laxative properties. Soybean seed oil has a large range of uses in manufacturing disinfectants, soap, linoleum, insecticides, and agents, stabilizers for food, cosmetics, pharmaceutical, plastics and industrial detergents. Foods such as tofu, sauces, milk, yogurt, cheese, pies, sausages and flour. Tofu was invented in the 2nd century in China. Soybean root decoction is astringent properties. Soy flour is used in diabetic food preparation.
Benjamin Watson - Heirloom Vegetables - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1996
Gary Stacey - Genetics and Genomics of soybean - Springer, 2008
Lesley Braun, Marc Cohen - Herbs and Natural Supplements - Churchill Livingstone, 2006
MJT Norman, CJ Pearson, PGE Searle - The Ecology of Tropical Food Crops - Cambridge University Press, 1995
Marrubium vulgare - Voronez
Perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks.
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing
Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita
Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.
Fraxinus excelsior - Ash
Deciduu tree, 30-40 m high, stem right, branched at the top, crown ovoid, large and rare. A young bark is smooth, light gray green and mature forms at the thick crust with a small crack, dark color. Lujerii round, flattened at the bud, glabra, green-olive trees, with dark buds.
Solanum lycopersicum - herbaceous plant annually. In Europe, Solanum lycopersicum, was introduced in the early sixteenth century. Joseph Pitton of Tournefort was first described in the genus Lycopersicon tomatoes.
Cucumis sativus L. - cucumber
Herbaceous annual, monoecious, climbing, 1-4 m. Leaves alternate, palmate-lobate, lobes acute and angulosi-toothed, 7-20 x 7-15 cm, scabrous, 5-20 cm long stalks. Flowers unisexuat-mono, pentamere, calyx Vilos, 5 sepa narrow-triangular, 0.5-1 cm long; Corola campanulata, yellow-gold petals 2 cm long
Brassica nigra Koek. - Black mustard
Brassica nigra is herbaceous annual native to Asia Minor, but is cultivated on all continents for the seeds. The seeds are used for preparation of mustard.
Cerastium tomentosum - snow in summer
Cerastium tomentosum - is a commonly grown rock-garden, often escape from cultivation.
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta
Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.
Herbaceous perennial, 50-80 cm tall, vigorous root-branched, cylindrical, 5-20 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Strain fasciculated, erect, branched in upper parts. Leaves alternate, Terni-compound, the last segment with red ribbed, oblong-elliptic; foliolele are ongust-ovata or elliptic, 8-12 x 2-4 cm. 6.10 cm long stalks
Primula cousin - cuckoo boot
Primula cousin - Herbaceous perennial with cylindrical rhizome, native to Europe and Asia, grows through meadows, sunny pastures, edges of woods, from hills to the alpine region.