Scientific name - Glycine max
Popular names - soya bean, soya, Sojabohne, soy.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from north-eastern and central China, Kazakhstan, Korea, Japan and Taiwan.
Description - herbaceous annual. The roots have an average capacity of penetrating the land, are symbiosis with Rhizobium japonicum. Strain reached 1.8 m height. Trifoliate leaves, folio oval or elliptical-lanceolata, top acute,but may also be a blunt or mucronata, the round or subtruncata, 6-15 cm long, narrow stipele to setacee lanceolata, 1-3 cm long. Flowers hermaphrodite, meeting in axillary raceme, 2-5 flowers, white or purple, the flowers are densely Hirsute, Corola white, pink or purple, 4-7 mm long, suborbicular-stindarul is obovata, emarginat, fertilization pollinating. Soybean flower stigma is receptive to pollen about 24 hours before anteza and remains receptive 48 hours after anteza. Period of bloom from July to September. The fruit is a capsule dehiscence viloasa, pendulum, contains 3.4 seeds. The seeds are round, slightly flattened, yellow-brown.
Propagation - by seeds, the tin in warm water 12 o'clock. After crossing the danger of late frosts, spring, seeds are planted on about. 2-3 cm depth and at 10-15 cm distance between seeds and the distance between the rows to be 60-75 cm. For seed germination needswet ground and 5-8 days at 20 ° C, or 14 days at 12-16 ° C. The optimal temperature to grow is 30 ° C. Grow on drained soils.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Agate' and 'Lammer's Black'.
Properties and Uses - Soy protein contains 45% dry and 18% oil.
Soy has high nutritional properties, contains 45% protein. Each gram of soy protein contains about 1.3 mg Isoflavone, it contains matairesinol, syringaresinol, lariciresinol, isolariciresinol and pinoresinol, lecithin and vitamin E.
Effects of estrogen contributes to protective effects against cardiovascular, cancer and menopausal symptoms.
Soy is indicated for pregnant and lactating women.
Soybean protein food has beneficial effects on cholesterol, cancer, heart problems, and possible positive effects on functiilor cognitive.
The seeds have laxative properties. Soybean seed oil has a large range of uses in manufacturing disinfectants, soap, linoleum, insecticides, and agents, stabilizers for food, cosmetics, pharmaceutical, plastics and industrial detergents. Foods such as tofu, sauces, milk, yogurt, cheese, pies, sausages and flour. Tofu was invented in the 2nd century in China. Soybean root decoction is astringent properties. Soy flour is used in diabetic food preparation.
Benjamin Watson - Heirloom Vegetables - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1996
Gary Stacey - Genetics and Genomics of soybean - Springer, 2008
Lesley Braun, Marc Cohen - Herbs and Natural Supplements - Churchill Livingstone, 2006
MJT Norman, CJ Pearson, PGE Searle - The Ecology of Tropical Food Crops - Cambridge University Press, 1995
Angelica archangel L. - Root Holy Spirit
Angelica, Arcangel, Angelica di Bohemia, archangel, wild celery, wild parsnip, bai zhi, engelwortel, Angélique, Angelika, Brustwurz, Chora, padaganghwal, erva do Espirito Santo, djagill, anschelika, Epiritu raiz del Santo, the root of the Holy Spirit.
Madhuca longifolia Macb.
Deciduu tree, 20 meters high, round crown. Leaves alternate, elliptic, 7.5-13 cm, margin entire, top acute, 10/12 pairs of ribs, stalks 1-2 cm long. Flowers axillary, creamy, fragrant, calyx covered with dense hairs; Corola pale yellow, 1 cm long, 6-12 petals
Allium cepa L. - onion
Herbaceous biennial, bulb white, gold, red or purple, 5-8 x 3.10 cm. Leaves persistent, 4-10, fistula, 30-100 x 3-20 mm. Umbela blossom persistent, erect, compact, rear obsolete, ovata, ± equal, leading to acute acuminata.
Brassica nigra Koek. - Black mustard
Brassica nigra is herbaceous annual native to Asia Minor, but is cultivated on all continents for the seeds. The seeds are used for preparation of mustard.
Cucumis sativus L. - cucumber
Herbaceous annual, monoecious, climbing, 1-4 m. Leaves alternate, palmate-lobate, lobes acute and angulosi-toothed, 7-20 x 7-15 cm, scabrous, 5-20 cm long stalks. Flowers unisexuat-mono, pentamere, calyx Vilos, 5 sepa narrow-triangular, 0.5-1 cm long; Corola campanulata, yellow-gold petals 2 cm long
Shrub 4 m high, dense crown. Bark brown, rough. Leaves persistent, coriacee, simple, language spatulate, entire edge, top round, the obovata, central rib obvious, and glossy dark green upper side, more open bottom, glabra, arranged in vertical false. Blossom umbela
Prunus armeniaca - apricot
Prunus armeniaca - shrub or small tree, native of northeastern China, knew and cultivated worldwide for its edible fruit.
The seeds of Prunus armeniaca extract oil used in perfume industry, cosmetics and pharmacy.