Scientific name - Glycine max
Popular names - soya bean, soya, Sojabohne, soy.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from north-eastern and central China, Kazakhstan, Korea, Japan and Taiwan.
Description - herbaceous annual. The roots have an average capacity of penetrating the land, are symbiosis with Rhizobium japonicum. Strain reached 1.8 m height. Trifoliate leaves, folio oval or elliptical-lanceolata, top acute,but may also be a blunt or mucronata, the round or subtruncata, 6-15 cm long, narrow stipele to setacee lanceolata, 1-3 cm long. Flowers hermaphrodite, meeting in axillary raceme, 2-5 flowers, white or purple, the flowers are densely Hirsute, Corola white, pink or purple, 4-7 mm long, suborbicular-stindarul is obovata, emarginat, fertilization pollinating. Soybean flower stigma is receptive to pollen about 24 hours before anteza and remains receptive 48 hours after anteza. Period of bloom from July to September. The fruit is a capsule dehiscence viloasa, pendulum, contains 3.4 seeds. The seeds are round, slightly flattened, yellow-brown.
Propagation - by seeds, the tin in warm water 12 o'clock. After crossing the danger of late frosts, spring, seeds are planted on about. 2-3 cm depth and at 10-15 cm distance between seeds and the distance between the rows to be 60-75 cm. For seed germination needswet ground and 5-8 days at 20 ° C, or 14 days at 12-16 ° C. The optimal temperature to grow is 30 ° C. Grow on drained soils.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Agate' and 'Lammer's Black'.
Properties and Uses - Soy protein contains 45% dry and 18% oil.
Soy has high nutritional properties, contains 45% protein. Each gram of soy protein contains about 1.3 mg Isoflavone, it contains matairesinol, syringaresinol, lariciresinol, isolariciresinol and pinoresinol, lecithin and vitamin E.
Effects of estrogen contributes to protective effects against cardiovascular, cancer and menopausal symptoms.
Soy is indicated for pregnant and lactating women.
Soybean protein food has beneficial effects on cholesterol, cancer, heart problems, and possible positive effects on functiilor cognitive.
The seeds have laxative properties. Soybean seed oil has a large range of uses in manufacturing disinfectants, soap, linoleum, insecticides, and agents, stabilizers for food, cosmetics, pharmaceutical, plastics and industrial detergents. Foods such as tofu, sauces, milk, yogurt, cheese, pies, sausages and flour. Tofu was invented in the 2nd century in China. Soybean root decoction is astringent properties. Soy flour is used in diabetic food preparation.
Benjamin Watson - Heirloom Vegetables - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1996
Gary Stacey - Genetics and Genomics of soybean - Springer, 2008
Lesley Braun, Marc Cohen - Herbs and Natural Supplements - Churchill Livingstone, 2006
MJT Norman, CJ Pearson, PGE Searle - The Ecology of Tropical Food Crops - Cambridge University Press, 1995
Species native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.
Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine.
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).
Laurus nobilis - on time and stay Greeks, laurel branches were used to make crowns for the heads of heroes, and to honor poets.
Tribulus terrestris - the old woman's teeth
Herbaceous annual, prostrata, with branches 80 cm long. Paripenat-compound leaves, 4-8 folio, oblong folio, 4.12 x 4 mm. Sepa 2-4 mm long. Petals 3.6 mm long. Stigma pyramidal-elongated. Blooms in May-September.
Herbaceous annual, voluble, mono. Strain pentagonal in section, 6 m high. Leaves alternate, 5-7 lobate, the cordata, acuminata peak or acute, margins iregulat needle, 5-7 ribs, limb 15 x 15 cm, 10 cm long, ribbed, hairy. Flowers monoecious, in axillary Cime, long-pedunculate, yellow, 8 cm in diameter.
Brassica nigra Koek. - Black mustard
Brassica nigra is herbaceous annual native to Asia Minor, but is cultivated on all continents for the seeds. The seeds are used for preparation of mustard.
Cucumis sativus L. - cucumber
Herbaceous annual, monoecious, climbing, 1-4 m. Leaves alternate, palmate-lobate, lobes acute and angulosi-toothed, 7-20 x 7-15 cm, scabrous, 5-20 cm long stalks. Flowers unisexuat-mono, pentamere, calyx Vilos, 5 sepa narrow-triangular, 0.5-1 cm long; Corola campanulata, yellow-gold petals 2 cm long
Cassia angustifolia - ornamental shrub, belongs to the family Fabaceae, native of northern Africa.
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing
Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes
Betula alba - species, ornamental, decorative crown shape and color of bark, in parks and gardens. The bark is rich in tannins, is used in cosmetics.
Calycanthus floridus L.
Shrub 1.8-4 m tall, multiple stems, erect, clocks the fruit. Buds small, round, naked, brown-pubescent. Scaorta smooth lenticele, by burning aromatic, dark gray-brown. Leaves opposite, decidue, simple ovata to elliptic, entire, aromatic if they are broken, shiny, dense tomentoase inside, spring green, autumn is yellow or yellow-versa.