Scientific Name - Gossypium herbaceum L.
Synonyms - Gossypium obtusifolium Roxb.
Popular names - bumbac, kutum, cotton, levant cotton, Baumwolle, algodon.
Distribution and Habitat - a species indigenous to India, but grows in Egypt, Asia Minor, Arabia and China.
Description - shrub, 1-1.5 m high. Roots spindle. Green stem, pubescent, rarely glabra. Leaves long petiolate, palmate-lobed, 3-5 lobes, ovata or oblong, margins entire, the heart, top acute, pubescent, light green. Yellow flowers, calyx Campanula, surrounded by an involucre with 6-8 lobes, persistent, yellow petals with a purple patch at the base. Fruit capsule lodges 3-5, 3-5 seeds enveloped in cotton. 2n = 26
Requirements - by herbaceus seedlings and seeds. The seeds germinate at 25 C.
Pests and diseases - Alternaria macrospores, A. alternata, Aphis gossypii, Helicoverpa armigera, Scirtothrips dorsalis.
Properties and Uses - Cotton fiber is the most popular material obtained from this plant and the second is cotton oil rich in protein.
Curiosity - the first writings on cotton were found in the Rig-Veda, Hindu, and written around the 15th century BC
Cotton, derived from the Arabic word or kutum qutum.
Gossypium herbaceum derived from wild species G. herbaceum var. africanum that grows naturally in southern Africa.
Lampranthus aurantiacus. perennial species, succulent native to South Africa. Cultivated as ornamental species for rocarii.
Buphthalmum salicifolium - herbaceous plant, perennial. Originally from the Balkans and Eastern Alps, growing limestone land in arid forests, wet meadows and sunny, from 200 to 2100 m altitude.
Gymnadenia conopsea - can be planted in parks and public gardens, on lawns or grassy rocks.
Gymnadenia conopsea - Gymnadenia genus name comes from the Greek words 'gymnos' = empty and 'Aden' = gland.
Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus L.
Herbaceous perennial, growing in groups, rhizomes and tuberous roots spindle. Strain 1-1,3 m, erect, slightly branched. Leaves 30-90 x 1.0-2.5 cm, green, linear, top acute. Blossom terminal cimoasa with flowers 6.12. Tepalele 7.10 x 2-3 cm, yellow lemons, outer tepalele have about 1.5 cm wide, the inner ones were 2.5 cm wide, ovoid. Blooms in June-July.
Linum viscosum - increases in floor and alpine mountain in southern Europe, from Iberia to the Balkans, the arid grasslands and bushes, the limestone bedrock, from plain to 1600 m altitude.
Evergreen tree, 10-40 m height, 3 m. Branches culture clocks or easy erection. Bark smooth, gray-white to silver. Leaves alternate, dark green, 7-20 cm long, slightly pubescent, oblong-elliptic, prominent central rib, full and wavy edges, top acute, base acute.
A new species of Lathyrus L. in Turkey
Lotus maculatus Breitf.
Herbaceous, with the stem wood, under-shrub pendulum. Strain up to 1.5 m high, glabra, gray-green silky, internoduri 35-45 mm stipele children. Leaves imparipenat, 5 folio; foliole 10-25 x 1 mm, subulate or linear, convex upper and concave lower edges entire, top obtuse-rounded, surface moderately pubescent.