Scientific Name - Gossypium herbaceum L.
Synonyms - Gossypium obtusifolium Roxb.
Popular names - bumbac, kutum, cotton, levant cotton, Baumwolle, algodon.
Distribution and Habitat - a species indigenous to India, but grows in Egypt, Asia Minor, Arabia and China.
Description - shrub, 1-1.5 m high. Roots spindle. Green stem, pubescent, rarely glabra. Leaves long petiolate, palmate-lobed, 3-5 lobes, ovata or oblong, margins entire, the heart, top acute, pubescent, light green. Yellow flowers, calyx Campanula, surrounded by an involucre with 6-8 lobes, persistent, yellow petals with a purple patch at the base. Fruit capsule lodges 3-5, 3-5 seeds enveloped in cotton. 2n = 26
Requirements - by herbaceus seedlings and seeds. The seeds germinate at 25 C.
Pests and diseases - Alternaria macrospores, A. alternata, Aphis gossypii, Helicoverpa armigera, Scirtothrips dorsalis.
Properties and Uses - Cotton fiber is the most popular material obtained from this plant and the second is cotton oil rich in protein.
Curiosity - the first writings on cotton were found in the Rig-Veda, Hindu, and written around the 15th century BC
Cotton, derived from the Arabic word or kutum qutum.
Gossypium herbaceum derived from wild species G. herbaceum var. africanum that grows naturally in southern Africa.
Musa sp. - Bananas
Herbaceous perennial, 2-9 m high. Fibrous roots may reach up to 1.5 m deep. Trunk false shoots. 6-20 leaves arranged spiral around the edge at first, wrapped trunk. Unisexuate hermaphrodite flowers in bunches, each bunch is covered by a red to purple bracts.
Tulipa acuminata Vahl - The name of this species was introduced in 1813, when Martin Vahl, a professor of botany, including the list of plants grown in the Botanical Garden of Copenhagen.
Tulipa acuminata can grow to 40-50 cm high, leaves lanceolata, glauca. Flower solitary; tepale linear-lanceolata, acuminata; tepala is greater than 13 cm long.
Bletilla are easy to grow, to shady borders, where they make a handsome textural combination with ferns.
Angelica archangel L. - Root Holy Spirit
Angelica, Arcangel, Angelica di Bohemia, archangel, wild celery, wild parsnip, bai zhi, engelwortel, Angélique, Angelika, Brustwurz, Chora, padaganghwal, erva do Espirito Santo, djagill, anschelika, Epiritu raiz del Santo, the root of the Holy Spirit.
Scrophularia nodosa - perennial species, grows in wet forests, rape and besides water, from 0-1800 m altitude.
Tilia platyphyllos - Large-leaved Linden
Tilia platyphyllos - thermophilic species, grows only in plain and low hills, Europe and western Asia.
Large-leaved Linden, used as decorative trees in parks, and street alignments.
Coronilla vary - herbaceous perennial, native to SE Europe, grows on limestone rocks and ravines, arid plains, along the streets, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Rosa gallia L.
Bush, 100-150 cm tall, robust system radically, lignificat produces underground runners. The stems are green, with red points. Leaves imparipenate; 3.7 Folio, oval or elliptical, or short stalks Sesi, evening edge, glabra upper surface and glossy, the lower part is lighter and has many glandular hairs