Scientific Name - Hamamelis virginiana
Popular names - common Witch Hazel, Spotted-alder, snapping hazel, Tobacco Wood, pistachio, winter bloom.
Distribution and Habitat - native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.
Description - deciduu shrub, 2-5 m tall. Trunk bent, branched from the base, thin branches. Lateral buds ready, nude, on solitary leaf axilla. Obovoide leaves, the oblique, margin entire or sinuous to crenat-toothed, 8-15 cm long. Flowers bisexual, solitary or in groups of 2-3 in the armpit of a leaf, a global stem, calyx lobes are brown on the outside, 12 mm long, tube pubescent, obconic; lobes ovata, Chile, golden yellow petals, 4 stamens ; bloom from September to December, after the fall frunzeloR. Fruit capsule densely pubescent, 10-15 mm long, shall mature in October-November. Seeds oblong-ovoid or pear-shaped, rounded, 7.3 x 3.2 mm, smooth, glossy, dark-brown.
Requirements - soil moist, moderately fertile.
Properties and Uses - ornamental species, especially in winter.
Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine. Bark has sedative properties against tumors and external inflammations. A poultice of the inner bark, has proven effective against inflammation of the eye. Crust should recolatat spring, when only the 6% tannin and used for nasal bleeding. Autumn leaves collected, dried and stored in dark places. Edible fruit contains two seeds. Toman distilled from flowers can be used for astringent lotions.
Green tea properties
Contains an antioxidant 100 times more powerful and effective than vitamin C and 25 times more effective than vitamin E in protecting cells. Inhibit the growth of new tumor cells and destroy some of the existing ones, without destroying the healthy.
Kallstroemia Max (L.) Hook. & Arn.
Fraxinus excelsior - Ash
Deciduu tree, 30-40 m high, stem right, branched at the top, crown ovoid, large and rare. A young bark is smooth, light gray green and mature forms at the thick crust with a small crack, dark color. Lujerii round, flattened at the bud, glabra, green-olive trees, with dark buds.
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta
Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita
Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.
Trees and shrubs
Viburnum opulus L. - calin, snowball
Originally from Europe, grows spontaneously in the Netherlands, the soil rich in forests, and forest edge. Description - shrub, 1,3-3,5 m high; ritidom smooth, exfoliating in strips is, open gray on the outside, Brown -yellow on the inside, branched stem. Leaves opposite, 3-lobate, margin iregulat evening, the round or truncata, top acuminata, glabra on the upper face, lower face pubescent, dark green in summer, yellow-orange in autumn.
Buxus sempervirens - evergreen shrub, native of northern Africa, Asia and Europe, up to 800 m altitude. Increases in rare deciduous forests on limestone substrates in sunny exhibition, in association with integerrimus Cotoneaster, Pyrus pyraster, Prunus spinosa and Amelanchier rotundifolia.
Quercus robur - oak, Tufan
native trees (Romania), robust 50 m high, 1-2 m stem diameter, crown wide, irregular. Ritidom dark brown, deep furrow. Crown deep and wide, with vigorous branches, units, stretched horizontally, can cover the maximal development of 200-300 sqm. Lujerii annually, vigorous, edge, brown-olive trees, glabra, with small lenticele rare.
Shrub 3 m high. Leaves disposed in each vertical 3 (4), the busiest peak, linear, 1.5 cm long, acuminata-mucronata, bright green top and white on the inside of the main rib prominent, margins Revol.