Scientific Name - Hamamelis virginiana
Popular names - common Witch Hazel, Spotted-alder, snapping hazel, Tobacco Wood, pistachio, winter bloom.
Distribution and Habitat - native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.
Description - deciduu shrub, 2-5 m tall. Trunk bent, branched from the base, thin branches. Lateral buds ready, nude, on solitary leaf axilla. Obovoide leaves, the oblique, margin entire or sinuous to crenat-toothed, 8-15 cm long. Flowers bisexual, solitary or in groups of 2-3 in the armpit of a leaf, a global stem, calyx lobes are brown on the outside, 12 mm long, tube pubescent, obconic; lobes ovata, Chile, golden yellow petals, 4 stamens ; bloom from September to December, after the fall frunzeloR. Fruit capsule densely pubescent, 10-15 mm long, shall mature in October-November. Seeds oblong-ovoid or pear-shaped, rounded, 7.3 x 3.2 mm, smooth, glossy, dark-brown.
Requirements - soil moist, moderately fertile.
Properties and Uses - ornamental species, especially in winter.
Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine. Bark has sedative properties against tumors and external inflammations. A poultice of the inner bark, has proven effective against inflammation of the eye. Crust should recolatat spring, when only the 6% tannin and used for nasal bleeding. Autumn leaves collected, dried and stored in dark places. Edible fruit contains two seeds. Toman distilled from flowers can be used for astringent lotions.
Allium cepa L. - onion
Herbaceous biennial, bulb white, gold, red or purple, 5-8 x 3.10 cm. Leaves persistent, 4-10, fistula, 30-100 x 3-20 mm. Umbela blossom persistent, erect, compact, rear obsolete, ovata, ± equal, leading to acute acuminata.
Petasites hybridus - big skid
Perennial herbaceous plant, dioica. Rhizome hectic, thick, fleshy, short, thick with runners. Strain empty. Leaves large, round or reniforme basis cordata, iregulat edge gear, 100 x 60 cm, the bottom of the molding is covered with white fuzz, nervatiune palmate, petiole long, purple.
Madhuca longifolia Macb.
Deciduu tree, 20 meters high, round crown. Leaves alternate, elliptic, 7.5-13 cm, margin entire, top acute, 10/12 pairs of ribs, stalks 1-2 cm long. Flowers axillary, creamy, fragrant, calyx covered with dense hairs; Corola pale yellow, 1 cm long, 6-12 petals
Melia azedarach L.
Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.
Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.
Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic
Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.
Trees and shrubs
Spartium junceum - native to the Canary Islands and Mediterranean Basin, grows in arid places, ground limestone, from plain to 600-2000 m, in association with Quercus pubescens, Quercus ilex, Fraxinus ornus, Cotinus coggygria.
Acacia anceps - evergreen shrub, 2-3 m tall. Originally from southern Australia, growing in limestone soils on coastal sand and red-brown sands.
Punica granatum - pomegranate
Ilex perado - small tree, port pyramidal, evergreen. Originally from the Canary Islands, dense forests grow in the Aqua Garcia, in association with Apollonias barbujana, Arbutus canariensis, Laurus Azores, Myrsine canariensis, Ocotal foetens, Persea indica, Prunus Lusitania subsp. hixa, Visna mocanera.
Cutter paniculata L.
Cutter paniculata L. - shrub or small tree of between 3-12 m tall, native of north-eastern India, Bengal, and Andaman. Ritidom black-brown. Leaves alternate, oval-lanceolata, top acute, margin entire or slightly evening, glabra, 10-20 cm long, ribbed by 1-1.5 cm, pubescent; stipele linear-lanceolata, acuminata, pubescent