Scientific Name - Hamamelis virginiana
Popular names - common Witch Hazel, Spotted-alder, snapping hazel, Tobacco Wood, pistachio, winter bloom.
Distribution and Habitat - native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.
Description - deciduu shrub, 2-5 m tall. Trunk bent, branched from the base, thin branches. Lateral buds ready, nude, on solitary leaf axilla. Obovoide leaves, the oblique, margin entire or sinuous to crenat-toothed, 8-15 cm long. Flowers bisexual, solitary or in groups of 2-3 in the armpit of a leaf, a global stem, calyx lobes are brown on the outside, 12 mm long, tube pubescent, obconic; lobes ovata, Chile, golden yellow petals, 4 stamens ; bloom from September to December, after the fall frunzeloR. Fruit capsule densely pubescent, 10-15 mm long, shall mature in October-November. Seeds oblong-ovoid or pear-shaped, rounded, 7.3 x 3.2 mm, smooth, glossy, dark-brown.
Requirements - soil moist, moderately fertile.
Properties and Uses - ornamental species, especially in winter.
Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine. Bark has sedative properties against tumors and external inflammations. A poultice of the inner bark, has proven effective against inflammation of the eye. Crust should recolatat spring, when only the 6% tannin and used for nasal bleeding. Autumn leaves collected, dried and stored in dark places. Edible fruit contains two seeds. Toman distilled from flowers can be used for astringent lotions.
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.
Rosmarinus officinalis L.
Evergreen shrub, 50 - 300 cm, stem erect, latita to the very ramified, in the lower trunk bark is exfoliating in longitudinal strips, dark brown. The leaves are coriacee, persistent, Sesia, linear
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita
Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.
Herbaceous perennial, 50-80 cm tall, vigorous root-branched, cylindrical, 5-20 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Strain fasciculated, erect, branched in upper parts. Leaves alternate, Terni-compound, the last segment with red ribbed, oblong-elliptic; foliolele are ongust-ovata or elliptic, 8-12 x 2-4 cm. 6.10 cm long stalks
Petasites hybridus - big skid
Perennial herbaceous plant, dioica. Rhizome hectic, thick, fleshy, short, thick with runners. Strain empty. Leaves large, round or reniforme basis cordata, iregulat edge gear, 100 x 60 cm, the bottom of the molding is covered with white fuzz, nervatiune palmate, petiole long, purple.
Trees and shrubs
Flourensia cernua - tarbush
Flourensia cernua is deciduous shrub, from Chihuahuan Desert. In northern Mexico, the leaves and flower heads were used historically to make a decoction for treating indigestion.
Quercus robur - oak, Tufan
native trees (Romania), robust 50 m high, 1-2 m stem diameter, crown wide, irregular. Ritidom dark brown, deep furrow. Crown deep and wide, with vigorous branches, units, stretched horizontally, can cover the maximal development of 200-300 sqm. Lujerii annually, vigorous, edge, brown-olive trees, glabra, with small lenticele rare.
Genus belongs to the Malvaceae, tribe Malvavisceae, which is characterized by a number of corporate sites is double that of carpelelor.
Dombeya tiliacea (Endl.) Planch.
Shrub or small tree, 3.10 x 2.7 m, trunk branched, bark dark gray, rough. Leaves alternate, 4.9 x 3-7 cm, three-lobed basis cordata, margine teeth face bottom covered with fine hairs, stalks pelos, 1-3 cm. Flowers campanulata, 3-4 cm diameter, axillary or terminal, solitary or grouped in a raceme, petals white, obovata.
Viburnum opulus L. - calin, snowball
Originally from Europe, grows spontaneously in the Netherlands, the soil rich in forests, and forest edge. Description - shrub, 1,3-3,5 m high; ritidom smooth, exfoliating in strips is, open gray on the outside, Brown -yellow on the inside, branched stem. Leaves opposite, 3-lobate, margin iregulat evening, the round or truncata, top acuminata, glabra on the upper face, lower face pubescent, dark green in summer, yellow-orange in autumn.