Scientific Name - Hamamelis virginiana
Popular names - common Witch Hazel, Spotted-alder, snapping hazel, Tobacco Wood, pistachio, winter bloom.
Distribution and Habitat - native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.
Description - deciduu shrub, 2-5 m tall. Trunk bent, branched from the base, thin branches. Lateral buds ready, nude, on solitary leaf axilla. Obovoide leaves, the oblique, margin entire or sinuous to crenat-toothed, 8-15 cm long. Flowers bisexual, solitary or in groups of 2-3 in the armpit of a leaf, a global stem, calyx lobes are brown on the outside, 12 mm long, tube pubescent, obconic; lobes ovata, Chile, golden yellow petals, 4 stamens ; bloom from September to December, after the fall frunzeloR. Fruit capsule densely pubescent, 10-15 mm long, shall mature in October-November. Seeds oblong-ovoid or pear-shaped, rounded, 7.3 x 3.2 mm, smooth, glossy, dark-brown.
Requirements - soil moist, moderately fertile.
Properties and Uses - ornamental species, especially in winter.
Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine. Bark has sedative properties against tumors and external inflammations. A poultice of the inner bark, has proven effective against inflammation of the eye. Crust should recolatat spring, when only the 6% tannin and used for nasal bleeding. Autumn leaves collected, dried and stored in dark places. Edible fruit contains two seeds. Toman distilled from flowers can be used for astringent lotions.
Marrubium vulgare - Voronez
Perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks.
Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .
Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore
Shrub or small tree, 7.5-15 m high; ritidom thin, scaly, producing a scaly trunk. Leaves pungent rum, obovata to elliptic, 3-15 x 1.2-7.5 cm, acute to round at the narrow top, coriacee.
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).
Trees and shrubs
Erica canaliculata - shrub originating from South Africa, used as an ornamental species in parks and gardens.
Hydrangea - Hortensia
Genus includes 80 species, the most popular are H. macrophylla, H. arborescens, H. paniculata and H. quercifolia. Shrub or voluble species with opposite leaves. Flowers solitary or grouped in inflorescences type corymb, Raceme. Ovary compound, 2-10 rags, below. Capsule truncata. Seeds numerous, ribbed.
Tree 25 m high. Trunk erect, branched. Ritidom smooth, dark gray. Crown broad, thick, tapered. Leaves persistent, alternate, coriacee, lamina ovat-oblong, acute, entire and slightly wavy edge on the upper side and glossy green color, on the underside is brown-rust, pubescent, ribbed central rib obvious; nervatiuni pinnate secondary.
Diospyros kaki L. - Khaki
Monoecious tree, 6-12 m high. Trunk erect, conical crown, brown bark is exfoliating in small plates. Leaves fell, coriacee, alternate, language oval-elliptic, margin entire, top acuminata, the attenuated, shiny green on top and pubescent towards the bottom, 7-20 x 4.10 cm, petiole 1-1.5 cm long.