Scientific Name - Hamamelis virginiana
Popular names - common Witch Hazel, Spotted-alder, snapping hazel, Tobacco Wood, pistachio, winter bloom.
Distribution and Habitat - native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.
Description - deciduu shrub, 2-5 m tall. Trunk bent, branched from the base, thin branches. Lateral buds ready, nude, on solitary leaf axilla. Obovoide leaves, the oblique, margin entire or sinuous to crenat-toothed, 8-15 cm long. Flowers bisexual, solitary or in groups of 2-3 in the armpit of a leaf, a global stem, calyx lobes are brown on the outside, 12 mm long, tube pubescent, obconic; lobes ovata, Chile, golden yellow petals, 4 stamens ; bloom from September to December, after the fall frunzeloR. Fruit capsule densely pubescent, 10-15 mm long, shall mature in October-November. Seeds oblong-ovoid or pear-shaped, rounded, 7.3 x 3.2 mm, smooth, glossy, dark-brown.
Requirements - soil moist, moderately fertile.
Properties and Uses - ornamental species, especially in winter.
Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine. Bark has sedative properties against tumors and external inflammations. A poultice of the inner bark, has proven effective against inflammation of the eye. Crust should recolatat spring, when only the 6% tannin and used for nasal bleeding. Autumn leaves collected, dried and stored in dark places. Edible fruit contains two seeds. Toman distilled from flowers can be used for astringent lotions.
Herbaceous perennial, 50-80 cm tall, vigorous root-branched, cylindrical, 5-20 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Strain fasciculated, erect, branched in upper parts. Leaves alternate, Terni-compound, the last segment with red ribbed, oblong-elliptic; foliolele are ongust-ovata or elliptic, 8-12 x 2-4 cm. 6.10 cm long stalks
Ziziphus jujuba Mill - jujuba
Deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm .
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta
Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.
Allium cepa L. - onion
Herbaceous biennial, bulb white, gold, red or purple, 5-8 x 3.10 cm. Leaves persistent, 4-10, fistula, 30-100 x 3-20 mm. Umbela blossom persistent, erect, compact, rear obsolete, ovata, ± equal, leading to acute acuminata.
Trees and shrubs
Clerodendrum bungei - ornamental species grown in parks and gardens and in pots but terraces. Leaves crushed leaves an unpleasant odor. In hot and humid climates become invasive.
Shrub or small tree, evergreen, 1-4 m high. Prostrata strain or upward. Green stalk, glabra, thin, flexible, geniculati. Leaves 2-6 cm long, oblong-elliptic, top obtuse or acute, margin fine teeth 3 ribs prominent upper front glabra, 12-15 mm long stalks.
Hydrangea - Hortensia
Genus includes 80 species, the most popular are H. macrophylla, H. arborescens, H. paniculata and H. quercifolia. Shrub or voluble species with opposite leaves. Flowers solitary or grouped in inflorescences type corymb, Raceme. Ovary compound, 2-10 rags, below. Capsule truncata. Seeds numerous, ribbed.
Small tree, stem 6 m tall, thin. Lujerii are pubescent. Leaves with Lamine obovata, 9-19 x 3.5-5.5 cm, short top acuminata, the acute subcoriacee, subglabra mid rib, ribs side 10-13 pairs, petiole 3.5-10 mm, slightly pubescent.
Quercus robur - oak, Tufan
native trees (Romania), robust 50 m high, 1-2 m stem diameter, crown wide, irregular. Ritidom dark brown, deep furrow. Crown deep and wide, with vigorous branches, units, stretched horizontally, can cover the maximal development of 200-300 sqm. Lujerii annually, vigorous, edge, brown-olive trees, glabra, with small lenticele rare.