Scientific name - Harpephyllum caffrum Bernh.
Popular names - wild plum
Distribution and Habitat - endemic species in southern Africa, Eastern Cape to KwaZulu-Natal and southern Mozambiqului, grows in coastal forests.
Description - evergreen tree, 6-15 m tall. Bark is smooth when young, becoming rough, gray-brown. Leaves alternate, compound with 4-8 pairs imparipenat of leaflets plus a terminal foliole, lanceolate, top acute, base asymmetric, margin entire. Flowers in axillary panicule. Calyx lobes 4-5. Petals 4-5, white and green. Drupa fruit, oblong, red, 25-30 x 12-17 mm, edibil.
Requirements - prefer rich soils in sunny exhibitions.
Propagation - by seed, after pretreatment. The seeds are held a day in water and then remove the soft, is like the NISip bad. Germinate in 7-11 days.
Properties and Uses - ornamental tree, street alignments used in mild climates.
Curiosity - the fruits are eaten by birds, mammals and humans. The leaves are eaten by butterflies.
Harpephyllum caffrum belongs to the family Anacardiaceae, most family trees of southern Africa with approximately 80 species of trees and shrubs.
Harpephyllum caffrum can be mistaken for Ekebergia capensis, are differentiated by the falling leaves.
Trees and shrubs
Dasiphora fruticosa - deciduu shrub, native of Asia, grows on wet soils and wet rocks.
Evergreen ornamental plant of the Theaceae family, native from Eastern Asia, its origin is still controversial, being considered by some as species indigenous from Japonia and, by others, from China. It was introduced into Europe by the Portuguese in 1542 and soon spread to Spain, England, France and Italy; into United States at the beginning of the 18th century, and in Australia during the mid 19th century.
Asclepias currasavica - scarlet milkweed
Asclepias currasavica - species used as ornamental plants for small gardens, in combination with other herbs such as Echinacea purpurea, Ratibida pinnata, ornamental grasses.
Carica papaya - originally from Costa Rica, USA, tropical to temperate areas, up to 1500 m altitude.
The fruit contains protein, carbohydrates, potassium, phosphorus, vitamin A, vitamin C.
Cornus sanguinea grows throughout Europe, rarer in the north, in the thicket, forest edges and edges of streets, from plain to 1000 m altitude.
Solidago caesia - blue-stemmed goldenrod
Solidago box to - perennial species, native to North America, grows naturally in dry soils on roadsides.
Shrub 4 m high, dense crown. Bark brown, rough. Leaves persistent, coriacee, simple, language spatulate, entire edge, top round, the obovata, central rib obvious, and glossy dark green upper side, more open bottom, glabra, arranged in vertical false. Blossom umbela
Symphoricarpos - Hurmuz
Shrubs decide, prostate or erect, 90-120 cm, originating in the U.S.. Buds scaly, 1.5 mm long. Leaves simple, opposite, short petiolate, 7 cm long. Raceme blossom. Campanulata Flowers in raceme children. Calyx tube slightly globos; Corola campanulata, 4-5 lobes. Fruit drupe, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, S. albus and S. occidentalis fruits white, pink-coral S. orbiculatus fruit. A fruit contains two seeds oblongata.
Cleome spinosa - flower spider
Herbaceous annual. Stem herbaceous, simple, viscid-pubescent, 1 m high. Leaves alternate, petiolate, palmate-compound. Petiole 10-15 cm long, glandular and pubescent. Folio 5-7, onblong-anceolate to elliptic, top acute - acuminata, the conical, 15 cm long, margin entire, glandular-pubescent on the upper surface and slightly pubescent on the underside. Raceme blossom, dense, compact, terminal.