02
Aug
2011
Harpephyllum caffrum
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida
5
0

Scientific name - Harpephyllum caffrum Bernh.

Synonyms -

Popular names - wild plum

Distribution and Habitat - endemic species in southern Africa, Eastern Cape to KwaZulu-Natal and southern Mozambiqului, grows in coastal forests.

Description - evergreen tree, 6-15 m tall. Bark is smooth when young, becoming rough, gray-brown. Leaves alternate, compound with 4-8 pairs imparipenat of leaflets plus a terminal foliole, lanceolate, top acute, base asymmetric, margin entire. Flowers in axillary panicule. Calyx lobes 4-5. Petals 4-5, white and green. Drupa fruit, oblong, red, 25-30 x 12-17 mm, edibil.

Requirements - prefer rich soils in sunny exhibitions.

Propagation - by seed, after pretreatment. The seeds are held a day in water and then remove the soft, is like the NISip bad. Germinate in 7-11 days.

Properties and Uses - ornamental tree, street alignments used in mild climates.

Curiosity - the fruits are eaten by birds, mammals and humans. The leaves are eaten by butterflies.

Harpephyllum caffrum belongs to the family Anacardiaceae, most family trees of southern Africa with approximately 80 species of trees and shrubs.

Harpephyllum caffrum can be mistaken for Ekebergia capensis, are differentiated by the falling leaves.

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