02
Aug
2011
Harpephyllum caffrum
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Harpephyllum caffrum Bernh.

Synonyms -

Popular names - wild plum

Distribution and Habitat - endemic species in southern Africa, Eastern Cape to KwaZulu-Natal and southern Mozambiqului, grows in coastal forests.

Description - evergreen tree, 6-15 m tall. Bark is smooth when young, becoming rough, gray-brown. Leaves alternate, compound with 4-8 pairs imparipenat of leaflets plus a terminal foliole, lanceolate, top acute, base asymmetric, margin entire. Flowers in axillary panicule. Calyx lobes 4-5. Petals 4-5, white and green. Drupa fruit, oblong, red, 25-30 x 12-17 mm, edibil.

Requirements - prefer rich soils in sunny exhibitions.

Propagation - by seed, after pretreatment. The seeds are held a day in water and then remove the soft, is like the NISip bad. Germinate in 7-11 days.

Properties and Uses - ornamental tree, street alignments used in mild climates.

Curiosity - the fruits are eaten by birds, mammals and humans. The leaves are eaten by butterflies.

Harpephyllum caffrum belongs to the family Anacardiaceae, most family trees of southern Africa with approximately 80 species of trees and shrubs.

Harpephyllum caffrum can be mistaken for Ekebergia capensis, are differentiated by the falling leaves.

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Trees and shrubs
Pinus coulteri D. Don

Monoecious tree, 15-25 m high, trunk 40-120 cm diameter, wide crown, pyramid, iregulata. Bark gray-brown, streaked andanc with solxi long iregulati. Branches ascending, stalk yearly thin, brown-purple, glauca, rugosa, become black after several years.

 
Nageia fleuryi

Evergreen tree. Leaves opposite, coriacee, oblong to elliptic-lanceolata, 8-18 x 2-4.5 cm, top acuminata, petiole 2-4 mm long. Male cones are cylindrical, grouped 3-4 at underarms, female cones are solitary, the armpit leaves.

 
Catalpa bignonioides

Catalpa bignonioides - deciduu tree, a native of south-eastern United States in Alabama, Florida and Mississippi. Cultivated as an ornamental tree.

 
Abies concolor Lindl.

Silver tree - evergreen tree, used for ornamental purposes, because the pyramid shape of the crown, the colorii leaves and frost resistance. The name 'concolor' refers to the fact that leaves have the same color on both sides.

 
Polygala chamaebuxus

Polygala chamaebuxus - perennial, evergreen, subfrutescenta, native to Central, Eastern and South-East, it grows on rocky places in alpine floor.

 
Magnoliopsida
Limonium sinuatum

Leaves in basal rosette, 5.12 x 1.5-3 mm, limb oblong-lanceolata, 1.3 mm peak cuspidata, dilated to the wing edges pinnate-lobate, 5 cm long stalks. Blossom wing, 20-40 cm, hispida, bracts 5-10 mm.

 
Viburnum opulus L. - calin, snowball

Originally from Europe, grows spontaneously in the Netherlands, the soil rich in forests, and forest edge. Description - shrub, 1,3-3,5 m high; ritidom smooth, exfoliating in strips is, open gray on the outside, Brown -yellow on the inside, branched stem. Leaves opposite, 3-lobate, margin iregulat evening, the round or truncata, top acuminata, glabra on the upper face, lower face pubescent, dark green in summer, yellow-orange in autumn.

 
Cirsium heterophyllum

Cirsium heterophyllum - originating in Europe - Siberia, growing on peat bogs, on wet meadows, along rivers, on the edge of forests at 800-2100 m altitude.

 
Kalanchoe eriophylla

Kalanchoe eriophylla - was first described by R. Hilsenbeck and W. Bojer, in 1857. Originally from Madagascar, which grows at high altitudes, on rocks.

Kalanchoe eriophylla - epiphytic species, herbaceous perennial, 30 cm height. Decumbenta strain or swing. Leaves opposite, Sesia, in rosettes at the base, language juicy, sub-ovoid, 10-35 x 6-17 mm, pubescent, base truncata or amplexicaule, top obtuse, margin entire or crenata.

 
Tasmannia purpurascens

Shrub or small tree, 1-5 m height, stalk Rosietici, smooth or slightly ribbed or tubers, glauca, purple. Leaves with lamina narrow-lanceolata, lanceolata or narrow-oblong-elliptical, 8-21 x 3.8 cm, the attenuated cuneata, top acute or obtuse, petiole up to 5 mm long. Petals 2-3, 8.12 mm long, ovata.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links