Scientific name - Harpephyllum caffrum Bernh.
Popular names - wild plum
Distribution and Habitat - endemic species in southern Africa, Eastern Cape to KwaZulu-Natal and southern Mozambiqului, grows in coastal forests.
Description - evergreen tree, 6-15 m tall. Bark is smooth when young, becoming rough, gray-brown. Leaves alternate, compound with 4-8 pairs imparipenat of leaflets plus a terminal foliole, lanceolate, top acute, base asymmetric, margin entire. Flowers in axillary panicule. Calyx lobes 4-5. Petals 4-5, white and green. Drupa fruit, oblong, red, 25-30 x 12-17 mm, edibil.
Requirements - prefer rich soils in sunny exhibitions.
Propagation - by seed, after pretreatment. The seeds are held a day in water and then remove the soft, is like the NISip bad. Germinate in 7-11 days.
Properties and Uses - ornamental tree, street alignments used in mild climates.
Curiosity - the fruits are eaten by birds, mammals and humans. The leaves are eaten by butterflies.
Harpephyllum caffrum belongs to the family Anacardiaceae, most family trees of southern Africa with approximately 80 species of trees and shrubs.
Harpephyllum caffrum can be mistaken for Ekebergia capensis, are differentiated by the falling leaves.
Trees and shrubs
Carica papaya - originally from Costa Rica, USA, tropical to temperate areas, up to 1500 m altitude.
The fruit contains protein, carbohydrates, potassium, phosphorus, vitamin A, vitamin C.
Viburnum opulus L. - calin, snowball
Originally from Europe, grows spontaneously in the Netherlands, the soil rich in forests, and forest edge. Description - shrub, 1,3-3,5 m high; ritidom smooth, exfoliating in strips is, open gray on the outside, Brown -yellow on the inside, branched stem. Leaves opposite, 3-lobate, margin iregulat evening, the round or truncata, top acuminata, glabra on the upper face, lower face pubescent, dark green in summer, yellow-orange in autumn.
Albizzia julibrissin - cultivated as ornamental species in parks and gardens, in groups of three, or street alignments.
Genus was named by Antonio Duranzzini, in 1772 by Italian Filippo degli Albizzi.
Bush deciduu, wood. Iregulata crown, branches couples glabra, 4-5 m high. Leaves alternate, simple, rough, 12 x 2-4 cm long, the upper part at first is tomentoasa then becomes glabra, opaque green, the underside is silver viloasa easy.
Genus Edgeworth is named in memory of botanist Michael Pakenham Edgeworth (1812-1881).
Edgeworth chrysantha deciduu is a shrub, of 1,8-2,4 m tall, native of China, Himalayas, naturalized in Chugoku. Foxy stalk. Leaves arranged alternate, short stalks or Sesi, language: lanceolata, acuminata top, edge entire, base cuneata; 8-20/3-5 cm.
Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore
Shrub or small tree, 7.5-15 m high; ritidom thin, scaly, producing a scaly trunk. Leaves pungent rum, obovata to elliptic, 3-15 x 1.2-7.5 cm, acute to round at the narrow top, coriacee.
Herbaceous annual, voluble, mono. Strain pentagonal in section, 6 m high. Leaves alternate, 5-7 lobate, the cordata, acuminata peak or acute, margins iregulat needle, 5-7 ribs, limb 15 x 15 cm, 10 cm long, ribbed, hairy. Flowers monoecious, in axillary Cime, long-pedunculate, yellow, 8 cm in diameter.
Prunus laurocerasus L.
Shrub or small tree, 6 m high. Leaves evergreen, alternate, coriacee, lamina lanceolata-obovata, top acute, base cuneata, upper surface glossy green, the bottom is opaque, ribbed clear, ribbed robust short.
Pedicularis rostrata-capitata - grows on alpine and subalpine meadows, cave sites, 1800-2400 m altitude.
Pedicularis rostrata-capital belongs to the family Orobanchaceae, which contain parasites or semiparazite, with or without chlorophyll, leaf bracteiforme.
Pimelea physodes is a species indigenous to Australia. Stem erect, branched, 0.2-1 m high and 80 cm in diameter. Leaves opposite, Sesia, elliptic, acute nested. Capital terminal, solitary, nutant, large bracts, 4-6 cm, yellow, green, red or purple, perianth roots, the average tube, stamens long.