02
Aug
2011
Harpephyllum caffrum
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Harpephyllum caffrum Bernh.

Synonyms -

Popular names - wild plum

Distribution and Habitat - endemic species in southern Africa, Eastern Cape to KwaZulu-Natal and southern Mozambiqului, grows in coastal forests.

Description - evergreen tree, 6-15 m tall. Bark is smooth when young, becoming rough, gray-brown. Leaves alternate, compound with 4-8 pairs imparipenat of leaflets plus a terminal foliole, lanceolate, top acute, base asymmetric, margin entire. Flowers in axillary panicule. Calyx lobes 4-5. Petals 4-5, white and green. Drupa fruit, oblong, red, 25-30 x 12-17 mm, edibil.

Requirements - prefer rich soils in sunny exhibitions.

Propagation - by seed, after pretreatment. The seeds are held a day in water and then remove the soft, is like the NISip bad. Germinate in 7-11 days.

Properties and Uses - ornamental tree, street alignments used in mild climates.

Curiosity - the fruits are eaten by birds, mammals and humans. The leaves are eaten by butterflies.

Harpephyllum caffrum belongs to the family Anacardiaceae, most family trees of southern Africa with approximately 80 species of trees and shrubs.

Harpephyllum caffrum can be mistaken for Ekebergia capensis, are differentiated by the falling leaves.

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Trees and shrubs
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.

Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long

 
Acer platanoides - norway maple

Acer platanoides - used as an ornamental species in parks and gardens, but also the green street.

In the United States was introduced around 1700 in East Pensilveniei. It was introduced as ornamental species, the green street, in many areas of culture out of control and become invasive species.

 
Salix reticulata

Salix reticulata is a shrub alpine areas grows, from 1800-2700 m altitude in association with Silene acaulis and Dryas octopetala.

 
Firmiana simplex

Firmiana simplex - also known as Sterculia platanifolia, was named in honor of Karl Joseph von Firmiana (1718-1782).

Firmiana simplex - ornamental species grown in parks and gardens in shady and protected from winds exhibitions.

 
Alnus incana (L.) Moench - white alder

Mano tree or shrub that can reach 20 m, with stem often crooked, crown with branches thick, upward, lush foliage, lujerii in young gray, pubescent. Bark smooth, shiny, whitish gray, the old copies, to the base with shallow cracks. Wide elliptical leaves up to ovata, by 4.10 cm long, 4-6 cm wide, rounded to the double needle and lobe, pointed, gray green face, white inside gray, furry, ready alternative.

 
Magnoliopsida
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.

Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long

 
Nepeta cataria

Nepeta cataria has similar properties with valeriana, amaro-tonic and sedative antispasmotica.

Nepeta cataria var. citronelol citriodora contains more essential oil used as perfume industry.

 
Erica canaliculata

Erica canaliculata - shrub originating from South Africa, used as an ornamental species in parks and gardens.

 
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful

Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.

 
Salpichroa organifolia

Salpichroa organifolia - perennial, rhizomatic and subfrutescenta. Hailing from South America, naturalized and naturalized French Atlantic coast, around the Mediterranean, Corsica and Spain wet substrates increases from 0 to 600 m altitude.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links