Scientific name - Hedychium coronarium
Popular names - Flor de San Juan, gandasuli, heliotropo, Jasmin do Brejo, lirio blanco, Shat, white ginger, butterfly ginger.
Distribution and Habitat - grows in dry regions, the edges of roads, up to 1600-2000 m altitude. Originally from India. It is an invasive species in Australia.
Description - herbaceous perennial, 1-1.5 m inaltme, fleshy rhizome. Leaves alternate, decidue, language sessile 28-40 x 4.7 cm, narrow elliptic, apex long-acuminata, the acute glabra on top, the furry bottom steps. Flowering 4.10 x 3.6 cm. Bractei persistent ovat-triangulation, green, 4-7 x 2-4 cm, margins membranous. Calyx 3-4,5 cm long. Corola white, tube 7-8 cm long and 0.3 cm in diameter, petals linear, reflex, about 4 cm long. Label white, yellow at the base,4-4,5 x 5-6 cm, biloba on half the length. Blooms in April-November. Fruit capsule dehiscence, subgloboasa, orange, 2 cm long, seeds numerous, red, orange-red aril. Pollination is done by night butterflies and bees.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerance - tolerance towards moderate drought. Hang up to (-2) ˚ C.
Requirements - substrate composed of 2 parts peat, 2 parts perlite or pumice, 1 part clay, exhibitions sunny, but not direct sun, the land is maintained throughout the wet during the vegetative cycle. Apply fertilizers based on phosphorus and potassium, every week.
Management - not transvazeaza than if the rhizomes are too crammed with colors, adapters frequency decrease plant vigor. Winter watering dishes shall be reduced and cool or warm places, the dark, until spring. Remove stemsparties after wilting flowers.
Propagation - by rhizomes, spring. Rhizomes are planted about 10 inches deep, planting at depths too great to risk of exposing plant fungi. The seeds spring to resemble the substrate, on the greenhouse at 18 ˚ C. Are planted at 60-90 cm distance between plants.
Natural partners and Garden - Alpinia galanga, Costus speciosus, Cucurma amada, Globba bulbifera, Iris ensata, Nelumbo sp., Passiflora vitifolia, Thalia dealbata, Zantedeschia aethiopica.
Cultivars and varieties - H. Coronarium var. chrysoleucum 'Gold Spot'.
Properties and Uses - the plant is ideal for borders and in groups.
Rhizome has anti-inflammatory properties, antirheumatic, febrifuge and painkillers. Rhizome oil of Hedychium coronarium has its ownDaddy painkillers.
Beth Hanson - Summer-Blooming Bulbs - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2001
HP Khara - Indian Medicinal Plants - Springer, 2007
Elizabeth Lawrence - Southern Garden - University of North Carolina Press, 2001
Magaret Gargiullo, Larry Kimball, Barbara Magnuson - A Field Guide to Plants of Costa Rica - OUP USA, 2008
W. Arthur Whistler - Tropical Ornamentals - Timber Press, 2000
Aeonium arboreum - tree aeonium
Sunshrub native from Maroc, stem branching, leaves borne at the ends of the branches in rather flat rosettes.
Genus name comes from Prince Raimondo di Sangro (1710-1771) of San Severo, born in Naples, Italy. In 1753 Carl Linnaeus in Species Plantarum, including the genus Sansevieria in Aloe. Sansevieria genus was stabilized by Thunberg in 1794 described the second species, S. thyrsiflora and S. aethiopica.
Evergreen shrub, 1.2 m high. Strain with 4 edges. Leaves opposite, membranous, soft, dark green upper side and reddish on the underside, nervatiune obvious, limb oblong-lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, base cuneata, 8-12 x 20-30 cm. Cime axillary inflorescences. Calyx with 4 SEPA.
Lychnis coronaria - the king's beard, flower wedding
Herbaceous biennial. Stem erect, silvery-pubescent, simple or branched, 30-80 cm high. Basal leaves are petiolate, oblong-lanceolata, spatulate, 5-10 cm x 10-25 mm, margins entire, top acute, the caulinare are Sesi, oblong-ovata, Hirsute, 5.12 cm long. Blossom panic terminal peduncle 10 cm long
Saccharum officinarum - Sugar cane
Herbaceous perennial strain neramificata, 3-4 m high, 3-5 cm diameter. Roots of two ways, first type is formed from Butas after planting, are thin and bends, the second type of primary shoots grow roots flashy and less branched, with all the old roots are brown and dry.
Allium cepa L. - onion
Herbaceous biennial, bulb white, gold, red or purple, 5-8 x 3.10 cm. Leaves persistent, 4-10, fistula, 30-100 x 3-20 mm. Umbela blossom persistent, erect, compact, rear obsolete, ovata, ± equal, leading to acute acuminata.
Narcissus poeticus L.
Bulb ovoid, 3-4 x 1.5-2 cm, brown tunic. 4 basal leaves, limb 20-40 x 0,6-1,2 cm, green glauca; nervatiune parallel. Flower stalk 30-45 cm. Flower solitary, fragrant, perianth 5.7 cm wide; periantului tube 2-3 cm; tepale overlapping, reflection, white, ovat-orbiculare, 1.5-2.5 x 1.5-2 cm, top mucronata
Hyacinthus orientalis - bulbous perennial with linear to lance-shaped, channeled, bright green leaves, 15-35 cm long. Is classified as an ornamental, and is native to the Mediterranean region. The essential oils found only in the flowers have been used in cosmetics and soap fragrances.
Palm mono, with one strain. Trunk erect, gray, 20 m high and 50 cm in diameter. Paripenat-leaves are compound, folio 200-250 pairs of linear-lanceolata. 4,5-5,5 m long Frondele and stalks are covered quarter length. Foliolele have 1,5-5 cm wide. Ribbed rachides may be green or bronze.
Pontederia cordata L.
Species aquatic perennial, 45-60 cm tall, thin rhizome. Leaves basal, erect, ovat-lanceolata, with the cord; long petiole. Flowers violet-blue, rarely white, with an upper lobe yellow blossom disposed in ear type. Perianth campanulata, Revol tube after blooming, 6 stamens, 3 more unequal, May 3 children; anther elliptic, blue. Blooms in June-September. The fruit contains a single seed, indehiscent.
Lilium bulbiferum - bulbous species, native to Europe, growing in mountain and submontane grasslands and forests from 500-2200 m altitude. Cultivated as ornamental species on all continents.