30
Mar
2009
Hedychium coronarium - white ginger
House Plant | Flowers | Liliopsida
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Scientific name - Hedychium coronarium

Popular names - Flor de San Juan, gandasuli, heliotropo, Jasmin do Brejo, lirio blanco, Shat, white ginger, butterfly ginger.

Distribution and Habitat - grows in dry regions, the edges of roads, up to 1600-2000 m altitude. Originally from India. It is an invasive species in Australia.

Description - herbaceous perennial, 1-1.5 m inaltme, fleshy rhizome. Leaves alternate, decidue, language sessile 28-40 x 4.7 cm, narrow elliptic, apex long-acuminata, the acute glabra on top, the furry bottom steps. Flowering 4.10 x 3.6 cm. Bractei persistent ovat-triangulation, green, 4-7 x 2-4 cm, margins membranous. Calyx 3-4,5 cm long. Corola white, tube 7-8 cm long and 0.3 cm in diameter, petals linear, reflex, about 4 cm long. Label white, yellow at the base,4-4,5 x 5-6 cm, biloba on half the length. Blooms in April-November. Fruit capsule dehiscence, subgloboasa, orange, 2 cm long, seeds numerous, red, orange-red aril. Pollination is done by night butterflies and bees.

Growth rate - fast.

Tolerance - tolerance towards moderate drought. Hang up to (-2) ˚ C.

Requirements - substrate composed of 2 parts peat, 2 parts perlite or pumice, 1 part clay, exhibitions sunny, but not direct sun, the land is maintained throughout the wet during the vegetative cycle. Apply fertilizers based on phosphorus and potassium, every week.

Management - not transvazeaza than if the rhizomes are too crammed with colors, adapters frequency decrease plant vigor. Winter watering dishes shall be reduced and cool or warm places, the dark, until spring. Remove stemsparties after wilting flowers.

Propagation - by rhizomes, spring. Rhizomes are planted about 10 inches deep, planting at depths too great to risk of exposing plant fungi. The seeds spring to resemble the substrate, on the greenhouse at 18 ˚ C. Are planted at 60-90 cm distance between plants.

Natural partners and Garden - Alpinia galanga, Costus speciosus, Cucurma amada, Globba bulbifera, Iris ensata, Nelumbo sp., Passiflora vitifolia, Thalia dealbata, Zantedeschia aethiopica.

Cultivars and varieties - H. Coronarium var. chrysoleucum 'Gold Spot'.

Properties and Uses - the plant is ideal for borders and in groups.

Rhizome has anti-inflammatory properties, antirheumatic, febrifuge and painkillers. Rhizome oil of Hedychium coronarium has its ownDaddy painkillers.

References

Beth Hanson - Summer-Blooming Bulbs - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2001

HP Khara - Indian Medicinal Plants - Springer, 2007

Elizabeth Lawrence - Southern Garden - University of North Carolina Press, 2001

Magaret Gargiullo, Larry Kimball, Barbara Magnuson - A Field Guide to Plants of Costa Rica - OUP USA, 2008

W. Arthur Whistler - Tropical Ornamentals - Timber Press, 2000

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