Scientific name - Hedychium coronarium
Popular names - Flor de San Juan, gandasuli, heliotropo, Jasmin do Brejo, lirio blanco, Shat, white ginger, butterfly ginger.
Distribution and Habitat - grows in dry regions, the edges of roads, up to 1600-2000 m altitude. Originally from India. It is an invasive species in Australia.
Description - herbaceous perennial, 1-1.5 m inaltme, fleshy rhizome. Leaves alternate, decidue, language sessile 28-40 x 4.7 cm, narrow elliptic, apex long-acuminata, the acute glabra on top, the furry bottom steps. Flowering 4.10 x 3.6 cm. Bractei persistent ovat-triangulation, green, 4-7 x 2-4 cm, margins membranous. Calyx 3-4,5 cm long. Corola white, tube 7-8 cm long and 0.3 cm in diameter, petals linear, reflex, about 4 cm long. Label white, yellow at the base,4-4,5 x 5-6 cm, biloba on half the length. Blooms in April-November. Fruit capsule dehiscence, subgloboasa, orange, 2 cm long, seeds numerous, red, orange-red aril. Pollination is done by night butterflies and bees.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerance - tolerance towards moderate drought. Hang up to (-2) ˚ C.
Requirements - substrate composed of 2 parts peat, 2 parts perlite or pumice, 1 part clay, exhibitions sunny, but not direct sun, the land is maintained throughout the wet during the vegetative cycle. Apply fertilizers based on phosphorus and potassium, every week.
Management - not transvazeaza than if the rhizomes are too crammed with colors, adapters frequency decrease plant vigor. Winter watering dishes shall be reduced and cool or warm places, the dark, until spring. Remove stemsparties after wilting flowers.
Propagation - by rhizomes, spring. Rhizomes are planted about 10 inches deep, planting at depths too great to risk of exposing plant fungi. The seeds spring to resemble the substrate, on the greenhouse at 18 ˚ C. Are planted at 60-90 cm distance between plants.
Natural partners and Garden - Alpinia galanga, Costus speciosus, Cucurma amada, Globba bulbifera, Iris ensata, Nelumbo sp., Passiflora vitifolia, Thalia dealbata, Zantedeschia aethiopica.
Cultivars and varieties - H. Coronarium var. chrysoleucum 'Gold Spot'.
Properties and Uses - the plant is ideal for borders and in groups.
Rhizome has anti-inflammatory properties, antirheumatic, febrifuge and painkillers. Rhizome oil of Hedychium coronarium has its ownDaddy painkillers.
Beth Hanson - Summer-Blooming Bulbs - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2001
HP Khara - Indian Medicinal Plants - Springer, 2007
Elizabeth Lawrence - Southern Garden - University of North Carolina Press, 2001
Magaret Gargiullo, Larry Kimball, Barbara Magnuson - A Field Guide to Plants of Costa Rica - OUP USA, 2008
W. Arthur Whistler - Tropical Ornamentals - Timber Press, 2000
Compositions with Camelia, Azalea and Hyacinthus
Camellia, Rhododendron and Hyacinthus - a simple way to celebrate spring is to cultivate these species.Brilliant blue of Hyacinthus "Blue Skies" with Hyacinthus 'Hollyhock', Rhododendron 'Vuyk's Warriors "and Camellia japonica' CM Wilson 'double pink flowers on a dark green background provided by Hedera helix' Heron's Foot" and Cymbalaria muralis "globosa "grown in terracotta pots on the balcony or terrace, without the need of transfer for several successive years.
Leaves opposite, or verticil every 3.5 leaves, simple, and with the parties they lanceolata, 1-25 cm long, evergreen or decidue. Flower swing; 4 sepa long, thin, short petals 4, ovary inferior. Fruit 5-25 mm, green-reddish, red or purple, edible. Seeds numerous.
Agapanthus species. Cultivation and maintenance
Strelitzia reginae - Bird of Paradise
Aloe vera Mill.
Gymnadenia conopsea - can be planted in parks and public gardens, on lawns or grassy rocks.
Gymnadenia conopsea - Gymnadenia genus name comes from the Greek words 'gymnos' = empty and 'Aden' = gland.
Herbaceous perennial calcifuga, dioica, 30 cm high, caespitosa, densely pubescent. Prostrata strain or upward. Leaves acute seriacee with obvious central rib, lower leaves 9 x 1.5 cm subspatulate to oblong-lanceolata, ribbed, those of the middle stem is elliptical to oblong-lanceolata, united at the base.
Saponaria officinalis - perennial species, rhizome cylindrical, highly branched, crawler, with sterile and fertile shoots. Originally from Europe and Asia, growing on the river, along fences, roads and crops edges.
Anemone hupehensis var. japonica
Anemone hupehensis var. japonica - a species native to China and Japan, was first described by Carl Thunberg in Flora Japonica.
Agapanthus species. Cultivation and maintenance
Saccharum officinarum - Sugar cane
Herbaceous perennial strain neramificata, 3-4 m high, 3-5 cm diameter. Roots of two ways, first type is formed from Butas after planting, are thin and bends, the second type of primary shoots grow roots flashy and less branched, with all the old roots are brown and dry.
Sternbergia lutea - geofita bulbs, grow at the edge of deciduous forests, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Lilium bulbiferum - bulbous species, native to Europe, growing in mountain and submontane grasslands and forests from 500-2200 m altitude. Cultivated as ornamental species on all continents.
Galanthus nivalis L.
Bulbous perennial species with herbaceous matter, erect, bulb ovoid, dark brown tunic, 1.5 x 2.4 cm. Leaves basal, 20 cm long, linear-lanceolata, rounded at the top. Flowers generally solitary, clocks, accompanied by a shoulder 3-4 cm long, 3 tepale flower is composed of external and internal 3 tepale erection of about 1cm, biloba, white with green spots