30
Mar
2009
Hedychium coronarium - white ginger
House Plant | Flowers | Liliopsida

Scientific name - Hedychium coronarium

Popular names - Flor de San Juan, gandasuli, heliotropo, Jasmin do Brejo, lirio blanco, Shat, white ginger, butterfly ginger.

Distribution and Habitat - grows in dry regions, the edges of roads, up to 1600-2000 m altitude. Originally from India. It is an invasive species in Australia.

Description - herbaceous perennial, 1-1.5 m inaltme, fleshy rhizome. Leaves alternate, decidue, language sessile 28-40 x 4.7 cm, narrow elliptic, apex long-acuminata, the acute glabra on top, the furry bottom steps. Flowering 4.10 x 3.6 cm. Bractei persistent ovat-triangulation, green, 4-7 x 2-4 cm, margins membranous. Calyx 3-4,5 cm long. Corola white, tube 7-8 cm long and 0.3 cm in diameter, petals linear, reflex, about 4 cm long. Label white, yellow at the base,4-4,5 x 5-6 cm, biloba on half the length. Blooms in April-November. Fruit capsule dehiscence, subgloboasa, orange, 2 cm long, seeds numerous, red, orange-red aril. Pollination is done by night butterflies and bees.

Growth rate - fast.

Tolerance - tolerance towards moderate drought. Hang up to (-2) ˚ C.

Requirements - substrate composed of 2 parts peat, 2 parts perlite or pumice, 1 part clay, exhibitions sunny, but not direct sun, the land is maintained throughout the wet during the vegetative cycle. Apply fertilizers based on phosphorus and potassium, every week.

Management - not transvazeaza than if the rhizomes are too crammed with colors, adapters frequency decrease plant vigor. Winter watering dishes shall be reduced and cool or warm places, the dark, until spring. Remove stemsparties after wilting flowers.

Propagation - by rhizomes, spring. Rhizomes are planted about 10 inches deep, planting at depths too great to risk of exposing plant fungi. The seeds spring to resemble the substrate, on the greenhouse at 18 ˚ C. Are planted at 60-90 cm distance between plants.

Natural partners and Garden - Alpinia galanga, Costus speciosus, Cucurma amada, Globba bulbifera, Iris ensata, Nelumbo sp., Passiflora vitifolia, Thalia dealbata, Zantedeschia aethiopica.

Cultivars and varieties - H. Coronarium var. chrysoleucum 'Gold Spot'.

Properties and Uses - the plant is ideal for borders and in groups.

Rhizome has anti-inflammatory properties, antirheumatic, febrifuge and painkillers. Rhizome oil of Hedychium coronarium has its ownDaddy painkillers.

References

Beth Hanson - Summer-Blooming Bulbs - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2001

HP Khara - Indian Medicinal Plants - Springer, 2007

Elizabeth Lawrence - Southern Garden - University of North Carolina Press, 2001

Magaret Gargiullo, Larry Kimball, Barbara Magnuson - A Field Guide to Plants of Costa Rica - OUP USA, 2008

W. Arthur Whistler - Tropical Ornamentals - Timber Press, 2000

See also
Top
House Plant
Culture and maintenance of species of Aechmea

Aechmea is a genus that belongs to the family Bromeliaceae, including about 50 evergreen species, almost all epiphytic. Most are grown Aechmea fulgens and Aechmea fasciata.

Species of Aechmea are originating from Brazil, Paraguay, Honduras.

 
Corryocactus quadrangularis F. Ritter 1958

Corryocactus is a genus of cacti native of western South America, with strong columnare strains. Flowers are bell shaped. Fruit large overall, with thorns, edible.

 
Spathiphyllum wallisii

Wallisii Spathiphyllum is one of the most common plants of the genus grown as indoor plants. Appearance herbaceous, 30 cm tall, with short stem, oval leaves with long petiole-lanceolata. Flowers small, yellow blossom gathered in a cylinder surrounded by a white shoulder.

 
Hatiora gaertneri

Hatiora gaertneri pendence is a shrub, very branched. Originally from southeastern Brazil, which grows at altitudes of 350-1300 m. The stem is segmented, each segment is about 5 cm, with small notches on the edges, green mat. Is devoid of thorns, or are very small.

 
Flowers
Epilobium dodonaei

Epilobium dodonaei - spcie originated in Europe and the Caucasus, increases debris, calcareous rocks, up to 1700 m altitude.

 
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta

Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.

 
Ajuga chamaepitys

Ajuga chamaepitys - herbaceous annual Euro-Mediterranean, grows around the Mediterranean, in warm and dry, up to 1500 m altitude.

 
Salvia nemorosa

Salvia nemorosa - perennial species, native to southeastern Europe, with an area richer in Carpatico-Danubian region, increases the arid grasslands of the plains up to 1000 m altitude.

 
Reseda phyteuma

Reseda phyteuma - annual or perennial grass, native to southern Europe and southwest Asia, North Africa, it grows on basic soils, grassy edges of roads, from 0 to 1900 m altitude.

 
Liliopsida
American Agave

Agave americana - herbaceous plant, perennial, rhizome drajonant. Arid soils increases in southern Texas, but naturalized in warm regions of the globe.

Agave blooms just once in its life cycle, from 80-100 years after the plant dies.

 
Four new species of Maranta L. Marantaceae in Brazil

Family Marantaceae species are distributed, the majority of 80% in tropical regions, 11% in Asia and 9% in Africa (Hammel, 1986). The family includes about 530 species and 31 genera, are the most widespread genus Calathea.

 
Bulbine frutescens

Juicy perennial species, rizomatoasa. Leaves basal, linear, cylindrical, fleshy, 10-15 cm long. Floral stem is 45 cm long. Blossom flowers made up of 40-50 cm, arranged in Raceme 15-30 cm long.

 
Allium croaticum Bogdanovic Brullo, Mitic and Salmeri sp.nov. in Croatia

Allium croaticum presents a bulb ovoid 15-18 x 10-12 mm, the tunics membranous, light brown. Strain reaches 20-30 cm tall, cylindrical, glabra, erect. Leaves semi-cylindrical, glabra, glauca green, ribbed, 10-23 cm long. About 1 mm wide. Shoulder is persistent, with two unequal valves.

 
Gymnadenia conopsea

Gymnadenia conopsea - can be planted in parks and public gardens, on lawns or grassy rocks.

Gymnadenia conopsea - Gymnadenia genus name comes from the Greek words 'gymnos' = empty and 'Aden' = gland.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links