Scientific name - Hedychium coronarium
Popular names - Flor de San Juan, gandasuli, heliotropo, Jasmin do Brejo, lirio blanco, Shat, white ginger, butterfly ginger.
Distribution and Habitat - grows in dry regions, the edges of roads, up to 1600-2000 m altitude. Originally from India. It is an invasive species in Australia.
Description - herbaceous perennial, 1-1.5 m inaltme, fleshy rhizome. Leaves alternate, decidue, language sessile 28-40 x 4.7 cm, narrow elliptic, apex long-acuminata, the acute glabra on top, the furry bottom steps. Flowering 4.10 x 3.6 cm. Bractei persistent ovat-triangulation, green, 4-7 x 2-4 cm, margins membranous. Calyx 3-4,5 cm long. Corola white, tube 7-8 cm long and 0.3 cm in diameter, petals linear, reflex, about 4 cm long. Label white, yellow at the base,4-4,5 x 5-6 cm, biloba on half the length. Blooms in April-November. Fruit capsule dehiscence, subgloboasa, orange, 2 cm long, seeds numerous, red, orange-red aril. Pollination is done by night butterflies and bees.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerance - tolerance towards moderate drought. Hang up to (-2) ˚ C.
Requirements - substrate composed of 2 parts peat, 2 parts perlite or pumice, 1 part clay, exhibitions sunny, but not direct sun, the land is maintained throughout the wet during the vegetative cycle. Apply fertilizers based on phosphorus and potassium, every week.
Management - not transvazeaza than if the rhizomes are too crammed with colors, adapters frequency decrease plant vigor. Winter watering dishes shall be reduced and cool or warm places, the dark, until spring. Remove stemsparties after wilting flowers.
Propagation - by rhizomes, spring. Rhizomes are planted about 10 inches deep, planting at depths too great to risk of exposing plant fungi. The seeds spring to resemble the substrate, on the greenhouse at 18 ˚ C. Are planted at 60-90 cm distance between plants.
Natural partners and Garden - Alpinia galanga, Costus speciosus, Cucurma amada, Globba bulbifera, Iris ensata, Nelumbo sp., Passiflora vitifolia, Thalia dealbata, Zantedeschia aethiopica.
Cultivars and varieties - H. Coronarium var. chrysoleucum 'Gold Spot'.
Properties and Uses - the plant is ideal for borders and in groups.
Rhizome has anti-inflammatory properties, antirheumatic, febrifuge and painkillers. Rhizome oil of Hedychium coronarium has its ownDaddy painkillers.
Beth Hanson - Summer-Blooming Bulbs - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2001
HP Khara - Indian Medicinal Plants - Springer, 2007
Elizabeth Lawrence - Southern Garden - University of North Carolina Press, 2001
Magaret Gargiullo, Larry Kimball, Barbara Magnuson - A Field Guide to Plants of Costa Rica - OUP USA, 2008
W. Arthur Whistler - Tropical Ornamentals - Timber Press, 2000
Genus name comes from Prince Raimondo di Sangro (1710-1771) of San Severo, born in Naples, Italy. In 1753 Carl Linnaeus in Species Plantarum, including the genus Sansevieria in Aloe. Sansevieria genus was stabilized by Thunberg in 1794 described the second species, S. thyrsiflora and S. aethiopica.
Environmental problems of herbal apartment
Plants suffering physiological changes to adapt to climate change.
This is the time when plants suffer transported inside a time of stress. This exchange of environmental condition than growth, flowering, fruit production and in worst cases, can cause plant wilting.
Cultivation and maintenance of species Begonia rex
Rizomatoasa species. Leaves ovata, 20 cm long, the edges present pear, green metallic dark green stripe in the center and on the languages, separated by a concentric zone silver. Flowers pink, 3 cm in diameter. Blooms in winter.
Lotus maculatus Breitf.
Herbaceous, with the stem wood, under-shrub pendulum. Strain up to 1.5 m high, glabra, gray-green silky, internoduri 35-45 mm stipele children. Leaves imparipenat, 5 folio; foliole 10-25 x 1 mm, subulate or linear, convex upper and concave lower edges entire, top obtuse-rounded, surface moderately pubescent.
Hyacinthus orientalis - bulbous perennial with linear to lance-shaped, channeled, bright green leaves, 15-35 cm long. Is classified as an ornamental, and is native to the Mediterranean region. The essential oils found only in the flowers have been used in cosmetics and soap fragrances.
Marrubium vulgare - Voronez
Perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks.
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora
Crocosmia, comes from the Greek 'Krok' = Crocus, and 'osme' = odor, "smell of Crocus'. Crocosmia was described in 1851 by Jules Emile Planchon.
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora was created in France in 1880.
Bellis perennis L. - bucks
Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval
Herbaceous perennial, rustic. Rhizome with roots beam. Nastriforme leaves, gathered in bouquets. Raceme blossom or panic, small bracts, perianth campanulata, tepale united at the base, ovata, yellow or orange, 6 stamens attached to corolla tube, ovary inferior. Fruit capsule dehiscence.
Saccharum officinarum - Sugar cane
Herbaceous perennial strain neramificata, 3-4 m high, 3-5 cm diameter. Roots of two ways, first type is formed from Butas after planting, are thin and bends, the second type of primary shoots grow roots flashy and less branched, with all the old roots are brown and dry.
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic
Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.
Pontederia cordata L.
Species aquatic perennial, 45-60 cm tall, thin rhizome. Leaves basal, erect, ovat-lanceolata, with the cord; long petiole. Flowers violet-blue, rarely white, with an upper lobe yellow blossom disposed in ear type. Perianth campanulata, Revol tube after blooming, 6 stamens, 3 more unequal, May 3 children; anther elliptic, blue. Blooms in June-September. The fruit contains a single seed, indehiscent.