Scientific name - Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus L.. In 1753, Linnaeus adopted the Latin name Hemerocallis. In 1544 the name Hemerocallis was used by the Venetian humanist and doctor Pietro Andrea Mattioli, Mediterranean species of lilies.
Synonyms - Hemerocallis flava
Popular names - Lemon daylily, lemon lily, Xuan-cao.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in eastern Siberia and Japan, grows on rocks and mountains near rivers. It is naturalized in northeastern Italy and Slovenia.
Description - herbaceous perennial, growing in groups, rhizomes and tuberous roots spindle. Strain 1-1,3 m, erect, slightly branched. Leaves 30-90 x 1.0-2.5 cm, green, linear, top acute. Blossom terminal cimoasa with flowers 6.12. Tepalele 7.10 x 2-3 cm, yellow lemons, tepalele ex material basis are about 1.5 cm wide, the inner ones were 2.5 cm wide, ovoid. Blooms in June-July. Capsule 3.4 x 2 cm, oval. Seeds 0.6 cm, ovoid, black and shiny. 2n = 22
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - Shadowing, temperatures of -25 ˚ C, summer heat and humidity.
Requirements - soil well-drained, moist, sandy, pH 6.7, exhibitions sunny or partially shaded.
Propagation - by division and seeds. The seeds resemble the spring, under glass. The division is made after blooming.
Pests and diseases - can be attacked by snails.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Apricot', 'Hyperion', 'Iris Perry', 'Orangeman'.
Properties and Uses - root juice is an antidote in cases of poisoning with arsenic. In traditional medicine is used to treat cancer.A root tea is also a diuretic. The root is used to treat hepatitis, cystitis, epistaxis (nose bleed), toothache, uterine bleeding.
Attention! Floriferi are considered edible shoots, but roots are considered toxic and should not be ingested under any circumstances. Large doses cause frequent urination, labored breathing, dilated pupils and blindness.
Dose - 4.5-6 g, in decoction. Fresh juice of root is used externally only.
Hemerocallis flowers buds are used in traditional medicine. Maximum dose 30 g, to treat insomnia and hemorrhoids.
The plant is immune to attack rabbits.
Are planted individually or in some other species.
John P. Peat, Ted L. Petit - The Daylily - Timber Press, 2004
Joseph Hudak - Gardening with Perennials Month by Month - Timber Press, 1993
Steven Foster, Yue Chongxi - Herbal Emissaries - Healing Arts Press, 1992
Tomasz Anisko - When Perennials Bloom - Timber Press, 2008
Heliosperma pusillum - herbaceous perennial, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone ravines, from 1000 to 2500 m altitude.
Cyclamen persicum is a tuberous perennial species, originated in Persia. Cordiforme leaves, 2-14 cm long, dark green, mottled with silver, long petiole. Flowers axillary, solitary, 5 petals ciclamen reflected color, red, white, purple, floral stem of 5-15 cm tall, blooming from late winter to early spring. Fruit capsule.
Lychnis flos-cuckoo - cuckoo flower
Lychnis flos-cuckoo - perennial species, native to Europe, Siberia and the Caucasus, grows spontaneously in grassy places, wet the edge of ponds, through meadows and wet meadows, from 0 to 1600 m altitude.
Leaves in basal rosette, 5.12 x 1.5-3 mm, limb oblong-lanceolata, 1.3 mm peak cuspidata, dilated to the wing edges pinnate-lobate, 5 cm long stalks. Blossom wing, 20-40 cm, hispida, bracts 5-10 mm.
Hedychium coronarium - white ginger
Herbaceous perennial, 1-1.5 m inaltme, fleshy rhizome. Leaves alternate, decidue, language sessile 28-40 x 4.7 cm, narrow elliptic, apex long-acuminata, the acute glabra on top, the furry bottom steps. Flowering 4.10 x 3.6 cm. Bractei persistent ovat-triangulation, green, 4-7 x 2-4 cm, margins membranous.
Aloe vera Mill.
Tulipa acuminata Vahl - The name of this species was introduced in 1813, when Martin Vahl, a professor of botany, including the list of plants grown in the Botanical Garden of Copenhagen.
Tulipa acuminata can grow to 40-50 cm high, leaves lanceolata, glauca. Flower solitary; tepale linear-lanceolata, acuminata; tepala is greater than 13 cm long.
Allium schoenoprasum is used as an ornamental species for borders or pots.
Leaves eaten cooked or raw with oil and fish. Leaves used like raw onions or garlic in a salad.