08
Apr
2009
Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus L.
Flowers | Liliopsida

Scientific name - Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus L.. In 1753, Linnaeus adopted the Latin name Hemerocallis. In 1544 the name Hemerocallis was used by the Venetian humanist and doctor Pietro Andrea Mattioli, Mediterranean species of lilies.

Synonyms - Hemerocallis flava

Popular names - Lemon daylily, lemon lily, Xuan-cao.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in eastern Siberia and Japan, grows on rocks and mountains near rivers. It is naturalized in northeastern Italy and Slovenia.

Description - herbaceous perennial, growing in groups, rhizomes and tuberous roots spindle. Strain 1-1,3 m, erect, slightly branched. Leaves 30-90 x 1.0-2.5 cm, green, linear, top acute. Blossom terminal cimoasa with flowers 6.12. Tepalele 7.10 x 2-3 cm, yellow lemons, tepalele ex material basis are about 1.5 cm wide, the inner ones were 2.5 cm wide, ovoid. Blooms in June-July. Capsule 3.4 x 2 cm, oval. Seeds 0.6 cm, ovoid, black and shiny. 2n = 22

Growth rate - fast.

Tolerances - Shadowing, temperatures of -25 ˚ C, summer heat and humidity.

Requirements - soil well-drained, moist, sandy, pH 6.7, exhibitions sunny or partially shaded.

Propagation - by division and seeds. The seeds resemble the spring, under glass. The division is made after blooming.

Pests and diseases - can be attacked by snails.

Natural partners and Garden - Anthemis tinctoria, Achillea filipendulina ‘Gold Plate’, Centranthus ruber, Paeonia lactiflora, Salvia sylvestris, Nepeta, Helenium, Echinops ritro, Thalictrum.

Cultivars and varieties - 'Apricot', 'Hyperion', 'Iris Perry', 'Orangeman'.

Properties and Uses - root juice is an antidote in cases of poisoning with arsenic. In traditional medicine is used to treat cancer.A root tea is also a diuretic. The root is used to treat hepatitis, cystitis, epistaxis (nose bleed), toothache, uterine bleeding.

Attention! Floriferi are considered edible shoots, but roots are considered toxic and should not be ingested under any circumstances. Large doses cause frequent urination, labored breathing, dilated pupils and blindness.

Dose - 4.5-6 g, in decoction. Fresh juice of root is used externally only.

Hemerocallis flowers buds are used in traditional medicine. Maximum dose 30 g, to treat insomnia and hemorrhoids.

The plant is immune to attack rabbits.

Are planted individually or in some other species.

References

John P. Peat, Ted L. Petit - The Daylily - Timber Press, 2004

Joseph Hudak - Gardening with Perennials Month by Month - Timber Press, 1993

Steven Foster, Yue Chongxi - Herbal Emissaries - Healing Arts Press, 1992

Tomasz Anisko - When Perennials Bloom - Timber Press, 2008

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