Scientific name - Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus L.. In 1753, Linnaeus adopted the Latin name Hemerocallis. In 1544 the name Hemerocallis was used by the Venetian humanist and doctor Pietro Andrea Mattioli, Mediterranean species of lilies.
Synonyms - Hemerocallis flava
Popular names - Lemon daylily, lemon lily, Xuan-cao.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in eastern Siberia and Japan, grows on rocks and mountains near rivers. It is naturalized in northeastern Italy and Slovenia.
Description - herbaceous perennial, growing in groups, rhizomes and tuberous roots spindle. Strain 1-1,3 m, erect, slightly branched. Leaves 30-90 x 1.0-2.5 cm, green, linear, top acute. Blossom terminal cimoasa with flowers 6.12. Tepalele 7.10 x 2-3 cm, yellow lemons, tepalele ex material basis are about 1.5 cm wide, the inner ones were 2.5 cm wide, ovoid. Blooms in June-July. Capsule 3.4 x 2 cm, oval. Seeds 0.6 cm, ovoid, black and shiny. 2n = 22
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - Shadowing, temperatures of -25 ˚ C, summer heat and humidity.
Requirements - soil well-drained, moist, sandy, pH 6.7, exhibitions sunny or partially shaded.
Propagation - by division and seeds. The seeds resemble the spring, under glass. The division is made after blooming.
Pests and diseases - can be attacked by snails.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Apricot', 'Hyperion', 'Iris Perry', 'Orangeman'.
Properties and Uses - root juice is an antidote in cases of poisoning with arsenic. In traditional medicine is used to treat cancer.A root tea is also a diuretic. The root is used to treat hepatitis, cystitis, epistaxis (nose bleed), toothache, uterine bleeding.
Attention! Floriferi are considered edible shoots, but roots are considered toxic and should not be ingested under any circumstances. Large doses cause frequent urination, labored breathing, dilated pupils and blindness.
Dose - 4.5-6 g, in decoction. Fresh juice of root is used externally only.
Hemerocallis flowers buds are used in traditional medicine. Maximum dose 30 g, to treat insomnia and hemorrhoids.
The plant is immune to attack rabbits.
Are planted individually or in some other species.
John P. Peat, Ted L. Petit - The Daylily - Timber Press, 2004
Joseph Hudak - Gardening with Perennials Month by Month - Timber Press, 1993
Steven Foster, Yue Chongxi - Herbal Emissaries - Healing Arts Press, 1992
Tomasz Anisko - When Perennials Bloom - Timber Press, 2008
Gossypium herbaceum - Cotton
Gossypium herbaceum - Cotton fiber is the most popular material obtained from this plant and the second is cotton oil rich in protein.
Dianthus sylvestris - perennial species, the stem short and woody. Increase the debris, limestone bedrock, from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Species are cultivated as ornamental for rocarii.
Eryngium campestre - rostogol
Eryngium campestre - a species native to Central and S, V Asia, grows on rocky places, sandy in dry meadows and pastures, along roads.
Erinus alpinus L.
Herbaceous perennial, evergreen. Stem branched, forming bush, 5-15 cm high. Leaves spatulate, 4 cm long, needle tapered. Flowers purple, 1.25 cm diameter, arranged in raceme of 6 cm long. Seeds ellipsoidal, 0.6-0.8 x 0.35-0.45 mm supreafata glossy, dark brown.
Lilium candidum - lily
Lilium candidum - geofita bulbous, originating in the Mediterranean region, rising to 600-700 m altitude.
The lily is a symbol of purity and chastity, became the symbol of the Virgin Mary and the archangel Gabriel.
Anthurium amnicola - herbaceous perennial, epiphytic, originally from Panama, rainforest grows from 600 to 900 m altitude.
Lilium bulbiferum - bulbous species, native to Europe, growing in mountain and submontane grasslands and forests from 500-2200 m altitude. Cultivated as ornamental species on all continents.
Areca catechu L.
Popular names - English: Areca, Areca-nut, betel nut palm, French: cachou falling within subheading, Arequier, German: Betelnusspalme, Guam: pugua, India: Pan, Spanish: catechou hand, Yap: bu.
Areca catechu - originating in eastern Africa, southern Asia and the Pacific Islands. Grows in tropical climates at altitudes from 0 to 900 m.
Four new species of Maranta L. Marantaceae in Brazil