Scientific name - Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus L.. In 1753, Linnaeus adopted the Latin name Hemerocallis. In 1544 the name Hemerocallis was used by the Venetian humanist and doctor Pietro Andrea Mattioli, Mediterranean species of lilies.
Synonyms - Hemerocallis flava
Popular names - Lemon daylily, lemon lily, Xuan-cao.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in eastern Siberia and Japan, grows on rocks and mountains near rivers. It is naturalized in northeastern Italy and Slovenia.
Description - herbaceous perennial, growing in groups, rhizomes and tuberous roots spindle. Strain 1-1,3 m, erect, slightly branched. Leaves 30-90 x 1.0-2.5 cm, green, linear, top acute. Blossom terminal cimoasa with flowers 6.12. Tepalele 7.10 x 2-3 cm, yellow lemons, tepalele ex material basis are about 1.5 cm wide, the inner ones were 2.5 cm wide, ovoid. Blooms in June-July. Capsule 3.4 x 2 cm, oval. Seeds 0.6 cm, ovoid, black and shiny. 2n = 22
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - Shadowing, temperatures of -25 ˚ C, summer heat and humidity.
Requirements - soil well-drained, moist, sandy, pH 6.7, exhibitions sunny or partially shaded.
Propagation - by division and seeds. The seeds resemble the spring, under glass. The division is made after blooming.
Pests and diseases - can be attacked by snails.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Apricot', 'Hyperion', 'Iris Perry', 'Orangeman'.
Properties and Uses - root juice is an antidote in cases of poisoning with arsenic. In traditional medicine is used to treat cancer.A root tea is also a diuretic. The root is used to treat hepatitis, cystitis, epistaxis (nose bleed), toothache, uterine bleeding.
Attention! Floriferi are considered edible shoots, but roots are considered toxic and should not be ingested under any circumstances. Large doses cause frequent urination, labored breathing, dilated pupils and blindness.
Dose - 4.5-6 g, in decoction. Fresh juice of root is used externally only.
Hemerocallis flowers buds are used in traditional medicine. Maximum dose 30 g, to treat insomnia and hemorrhoids.
The plant is immune to attack rabbits.
Are planted individually or in some other species.
John P. Peat, Ted L. Petit - The Daylily - Timber Press, 2004
Joseph Hudak - Gardening with Perennials Month by Month - Timber Press, 1993
Steven Foster, Yue Chongxi - Herbal Emissaries - Healing Arts Press, 1992
Tomasz Anisko - When Perennials Bloom - Timber Press, 2008
Lilium candidum - lily
Lilium candidum - geofita bulbous, originating in the Mediterranean region, rising to 600-700 m altitude.
The lily is a symbol of purity and chastity, became the symbol of the Virgin Mary and the archangel Gabriel.
Nigella sativa L.
Nigella sativa - annual species, native to the Mediterranean, the Balkans, Asia Minor, Caucasus, western Asia, India and North Africa.
It was used by Greeks to treat congestion agipteni and nose, toothaches, headaches, abdominal pains, rheumatism, and as a diuretic.
Dianthus carthusianorum - carnation field
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, simple or branched, 25-65 cm, glabra. Leaves opposite, lamina linear-spatulate, 3-13 cm, green edges glabrata. Blossom dense, 4-15 flowers; bractei lanceolata, equal to or greater than the calyx, herbaceous, 4-6 bracteole, brown, oblong-obovata. Pedicel 0.1-2 mm.
Centaurea uniflora subsp. nervosa
Centaurea uniflora subsp. nervosa - originally from Northern Apennines, the Alps, south-eastern Carpathians and the Balkans. Hemicriptofita species, grows on dry meadows and rocky, limestone, from 1100 up to 2600 m altitude.
Agave americana - herbaceous plant, perennial, rhizome drajonant. Arid soils increases in southern Texas, but naturalized in warm regions of the globe.
Agave blooms just once in its life cycle, from 80-100 years after the plant dies.
Genus name comes from Prince Raimondo di Sangro (1710-1771) of San Severo, born in Naples, Italy. In 1753 Carl Linnaeus in Species Plantarum, including the genus Sansevieria in Aloe. Sansevieria genus was stabilized by Thunberg in 1794 described the second species, S. thyrsiflora and S. aethiopica.
Galanthus nivalis L.
Bulbous perennial species with herbaceous matter, erect, bulb ovoid, dark brown tunic, 1.5 x 2.4 cm. Leaves basal, 20 cm long, linear-lanceolata, rounded at the top. Flowers generally solitary, clocks, accompanied by a shoulder 3-4 cm long, 3 tepale flower is composed of external and internal 3 tepale erection of about 1cm, biloba, white with green spots