Scientific name - Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus L.. In 1753, Linnaeus adopted the Latin name Hemerocallis. In 1544 the name Hemerocallis was used by the Venetian humanist and doctor Pietro Andrea Mattioli, Mediterranean species of lilies.
Synonyms - Hemerocallis flava
Popular names - Lemon daylily, lemon lily, Xuan-cao.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in eastern Siberia and Japan, grows on rocks and mountains near rivers. It is naturalized in northeastern Italy and Slovenia.
Description - herbaceous perennial, growing in groups, rhizomes and tuberous roots spindle. Strain 1-1,3 m, erect, slightly branched. Leaves 30-90 x 1.0-2.5 cm, green, linear, top acute. Blossom terminal cimoasa with flowers 6.12. Tepalele 7.10 x 2-3 cm, yellow lemons, tepalele ex material basis are about 1.5 cm wide, the inner ones were 2.5 cm wide, ovoid. Blooms in June-July. Capsule 3.4 x 2 cm, oval. Seeds 0.6 cm, ovoid, black and shiny. 2n = 22
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - Shadowing, temperatures of -25 ˚ C, summer heat and humidity.
Requirements - soil well-drained, moist, sandy, pH 6.7, exhibitions sunny or partially shaded.
Propagation - by division and seeds. The seeds resemble the spring, under glass. The division is made after blooming.
Pests and diseases - can be attacked by snails.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Apricot', 'Hyperion', 'Iris Perry', 'Orangeman'.
Properties and Uses - root juice is an antidote in cases of poisoning with arsenic. In traditional medicine is used to treat cancer.A root tea is also a diuretic. The root is used to treat hepatitis, cystitis, epistaxis (nose bleed), toothache, uterine bleeding.
Attention! Floriferi are considered edible shoots, but roots are considered toxic and should not be ingested under any circumstances. Large doses cause frequent urination, labored breathing, dilated pupils and blindness.
Dose - 4.5-6 g, in decoction. Fresh juice of root is used externally only.
Hemerocallis flowers buds are used in traditional medicine. Maximum dose 30 g, to treat insomnia and hemorrhoids.
The plant is immune to attack rabbits.
Are planted individually or in some other species.
John P. Peat, Ted L. Petit - The Daylily - Timber Press, 2004
Joseph Hudak - Gardening with Perennials Month by Month - Timber Press, 1993
Steven Foster, Yue Chongxi - Herbal Emissaries - Healing Arts Press, 1992
Tomasz Anisko - When Perennials Bloom - Timber Press, 2008
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Leonotis Leonurus - a species native to southern Africa but cultivated throughout the world as ornamental species in parks and gardens.
Leonotis grecum derived from 'Leon' = lion, and 'Otis' = ear alluding to the shape of the corolla.
Viola odorata - bluebells
Viola odorata - herbaceous plant, perennial, native to Europe and Asia Minor, grows through groves, bushes, meadows, deciduous forest edge, in plain and hilly region.
Juicy perennial species, rizomatoasa. Leaves basal, linear, cylindrical, fleshy, 10-15 cm long. Floral stem is 45 cm long. Blossom flowers made up of 40-50 cm, arranged in Raceme 15-30 cm long.
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).
Allium schoenoprasum is used as an ornamental species for borders or pots.
Leaves eaten cooked or raw with oil and fish. Leaves used like raw onions or garlic in a salad.
Tulipa acuminata Vahl - The name of this species was introduced in 1813, when Martin Vahl, a professor of botany, including the list of plants grown in the Botanical Garden of Copenhagen.
Tulipa acuminata can grow to 40-50 cm high, leaves lanceolata, glauca. Flower solitary; tepale linear-lanceolata, acuminata; tepala is greater than 13 cm long.
Allium brussalisii (Aliaceae), new species from Greece
Planta voluble, originally from Indonesia and the Philippines. Cordiforme leaves, green with white spots, 6-8 cm long, thin stalks, 3-4 cm long, adult leaves oblong-or cordiforme lanceolata, 10-15 cm long, petiole 1.5-2 cm long.
Narcissus poeticus L.
Bulb ovoid, 3-4 x 1.5-2 cm, brown tunic. 4 basal leaves, limb 20-40 x 0,6-1,2 cm, green glauca; nervatiune parallel. Flower stalk 30-45 cm. Flower solitary, fragrant, perianth 5.7 cm wide; periantului tube 2-3 cm; tepale overlapping, reflection, white, ovat-orbiculare, 1.5-2.5 x 1.5-2 cm, top mucronata