11
Jun
2009
Hemerocallis
Flowers | Liliopsida

Scientific name - Hemerocallis sp.

Synonyms --

Popular names - daylily, jin-pi, gum-chum, karizo, wasuregusa, kanso, dok May Cheena.

Distribution and Habitat - originally from China, Japan, Korea and Europe.

Description - herbaceous perennial, rustic. Rhizome with roots beam. Nastriforme leaves, gathered in bouquets. Raceme blossom or panic, small bracts, perianth campanulata, tepale united at the base, ovata, yellow or orange, 6 stamens attached to corolla tube, ovary inferior. Fruit capsule dehiscence.

Hemerocallis citrina, Hemerocallis fulva, Hemerocallis hakuunensis, Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus, Hemerocallis thunbergii.

Growth rate - fast.

Requirements - fertile soil in full sun or slightly shaded.

Management - after blooming, autumn leaves and stems are cut close to ground level. Spring and summer are applied based NPK fertilizer - 10-10-14.

Propagation - through rhizomes, can be planted in September to November or from February to May. Usually, the first year after planting is not blooming. If they are planted in shady position, Hemerocallis sp. Will not bloom. The seeds and seeds after harvesting is left to USCat a few days, after which they keep in the refrigerator at 3-4 ͦ C, away from moisture. After 30-45 days it may resemble.

Diseases and pests --

Natural partners and garden - Phlox paniculata, Sedum sp.,

Cultivars and varieties - 'Atlanta Irish Heart', 'Black Ruffles', 'China Bride', 'Gentle Shepherd', 'Hyperion', 'Diva Lady', 'Mary Todd', 'Red Rain', 'Stella d'Oro' , 'Tender Shepherd',

Properties and Uses - can be used as ornamental species for borders and flower patches.

In China, Hemerocallis fulva is used in medicine.

In Japan, the leaves are eaten as vegetables.

Floriferi buds are used as spice dried mature in China, and shoots proaharass is eat in China and North America salads. Wash fresh buds, stamens and pistil are away, before eating.

 

References

Allan M. Armitage - Armitage's Garden Perennials - Timber Press, 2000

Barbara W. Ellis - The Organic Gardener's Handbook of Natural Insect and Disease Control - Roda Press, 1996

George W. Staples, Michael S. Kristiansen - Ethnic Culinary Herbs - University of Hawaii Press, 2000

Tomasz Anisko - When Perennials Bloom - Timber Press, 2008

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