Scientific name - Hemerocallis sp.
Popular names - daylily, jin-pi, gum-chum, karizo, wasuregusa, kanso, dok May Cheena.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from China, Japan, Korea and Europe.
Description - herbaceous perennial, rustic. Rhizome with roots beam. Nastriforme leaves, gathered in bouquets. Raceme blossom or panic, small bracts, perianth campanulata, tepale united at the base, ovata, yellow or orange, 6 stamens attached to corolla tube, ovary inferior. Fruit capsule dehiscence.
Growth rate - fast.
Requirements - fertile soil in full sun or slightly shaded.
Management - after blooming, autumn leaves and stems are cut close to ground level. Spring and summer are applied based NPK fertilizer - 10-10-14.
Propagation - through rhizomes, can be planted in September to November or from February to May. Usually, the first year after planting is not blooming. If they are planted in shady position, Hemerocallis sp. Will not bloom. The seeds and seeds after harvesting is left to USCat a few days, after which they keep in the refrigerator at 3-4 ͦ C, away from moisture. After 30-45 days it may resemble.
Diseases and pests --
Natural partners and garden - Phlox paniculata, Sedum sp.,
Cultivars and varieties - 'Atlanta Irish Heart', 'Black Ruffles', 'China Bride', 'Gentle Shepherd', 'Hyperion', 'Diva Lady', 'Mary Todd', 'Red Rain', 'Stella d'Oro' , 'Tender Shepherd',
Properties and Uses - can be used as ornamental species for borders and flower patches.
In China, Hemerocallis fulva is used in medicine.
In Japan, the leaves are eaten as vegetables.
Floriferi buds are used as spice dried mature in China, and shoots proaharass is eat in China and North America salads. Wash fresh buds, stamens and pistil are away, before eating.
Allan M. Armitage - Armitage's Garden Perennials - Timber Press, 2000
Barbara W. Ellis - The Organic Gardener's Handbook of Natural Insect and Disease Control - Roda Press, 1996
George W. Staples, Michael S. Kristiansen - Ethnic Culinary Herbs - University of Hawaii Press, 2000
Tomasz Anisko - When Perennials Bloom - Timber Press, 2008
Bergen crassifolia (L.) Fritsch.
Herbaceous perennial forms a bush evergreen basal leaves, stems florifere up to 50 cm tall, dark purple. Leaves 25 cm wide, or elliptic obovata language, rim around the base cuneata, top obtuse, long petiole, 3-9 cm long. Panic blossom, flowers pink or dark pink open.
Oenothera biennis - Luminita
Oenothera biennis is a biennial species, native to North America, naturalized in southern Europe. It was introduced in Europe in 1614.
Semi-evergreen or evergreen species that cover the ground well. Leaves linear alternee or rosettes on stems, 1.5-2 cm long and 2 mm wide, Sesia, subulate. Cimoasa blossom or panic terminal flower formed of 3.9. Corola formed of 5 petals emarginate at top, obovata, 1 cm long, 5 mm wide, glabra, 1.3 cm long tube. 5 stamens, in the corolla tube of different heights.
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic
Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.
Hyacinthus orientalis - bulbous perennial with linear to lance-shaped, channeled, bright green leaves, 15-35 cm long. Is classified as an ornamental, and is native to the Mediterranean region. The essential oils found only in the flowers have been used in cosmetics and soap fragrances.
Hedychium coronarium - white ginger
Herbaceous perennial, 1-1.5 m inaltme, fleshy rhizome. Leaves alternate, decidue, language sessile 28-40 x 4.7 cm, narrow elliptic, apex long-acuminata, the acute glabra on top, the furry bottom steps. Flowering 4.10 x 3.6 cm. Bractei persistent ovat-triangulation, green, 4-7 x 2-4 cm, margins membranous.
Pontederia cordata L.
Species aquatic perennial, 45-60 cm tall, thin rhizome. Leaves basal, erect, ovat-lanceolata, with the cord; long petiole. Flowers violet-blue, rarely white, with an upper lobe yellow blossom disposed in ear type. Perianth campanulata, Revol tube after blooming, 6 stamens, 3 more unequal, May 3 children; anther elliptic, blue. Blooms in June-September. The fruit contains a single seed, indehiscent.