Scientific name - Hepatica nobilis Schreb
Synonyms - Anemone hepatica L., Anemone angulosa, Hepatica triloba Chaix.
Popular names - Erba Trinita.
Distribution and Habitat - originated in central and southern Europe, grows on calcareous substrates, on the edge of Quercus and Fagus forests, 100-2000 m altitude.
Description - herbaceous perennial, fibrous root. Leaves evergreen, coriacee, the young are green open and passwords, dark olive green on the upper face, and purple on the lower face at maturity and during flowering, cordiform 3-lobate, lobe ovat, margin entire, top obtuse. Floral stalk hairy, circinata, erect. Flower solitary, terminal. Involucre simple, persistent, composed of three leaves hairy, obtuse, entire, wrapped calyx. Calyx composed of 6.9 sepa petaloide, ovata, obtuse, colored from white to blue -purple. Stamens numerous. Blooms in February-May. Fruit achenes.
Growth rate - rhizomes grow about 0.5 cm / year, and live about 5-20 years.
Tolerances - tolerate pH 4 of soil, shade. It tolerates heat and drought.
Requirements - rich soil, light, partial shade, grow best in sunny locations only in the morning. The land must be kept slightly moist.
Propagation - by dividing the rhizomes, are planted in October.
Natural partners and Garden - Galanthus nivalis.
Properties and Uses - contain substances toxic to humans, which by drying the plant are lost.
Dried leaves are used to treat joint pain, external.
History and myth - in the past was used for liver and bladder diseases.
The Greeks Hepatica nobilis was dedicated to Jupiter, symbolizing fire and love.
Ajacis delphinium - annual species, native to southern Europe, cultivated in different forms as ornamental horticulture.
Bush or undergrowth, 30-60 cm. Leaves petiolate, oblong-elliptic, entire, 25-30 x 7-10 cm, spiny-toothed, crenate or sinuous lobate, grooved records and white ribs. Blossom terminal or axillary, pyramidal spike. Flowers Sesi, yellow bractei large to ovata lanceolata. Calyx 8-10 mm. Corola yellow, 3.8-5 cm, corolla tube 3-3.5 cm, upper petal is erect, about 8 mm, biloba, lower petal is tri-lobate
Lysimachia vulgaris - perennial species, herbaceous with underground rhizome widespread in temperate regions of Europe and Asia, grows in wet environments, wetlands, side channels and water courses, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Cerastium tomentosum - snow in summer
Cerastium tomentosum - is a commonly grown rock-garden, often escape from cultivation.
Cichorium intybus - Chicory
Herbaceous biennial or perennial. Stem erect, with branches hispida, geniculate .30 to 120 cm tall. Roots spindle, long on break leaving a bitter white latex. Basal leaves in rosette, petiolate, lamina oblong-lanceolata, lirat-pinatifide or toothed, 30 x 12 cm. The leaves are caulinare Sesi, alternate, oblong-lanceolata.
Tribulus terrestris - the old woman's teeth
Herbaceous annual, prostrata, with branches 80 cm long. Paripenat-compound leaves, 4-8 folio, oblong folio, 4.12 x 4 mm. Sepa 2-4 mm long. Petals 3.6 mm long. Stigma pyramidal-elongated. Blooms in May-September.
Angelica archangel L. - Root Holy Spirit
Angelica, Arcangel, Angelica di Bohemia, archangel, wild celery, wild parsnip, bai zhi, engelwortel, Angélique, Angelika, Brustwurz, Chora, padaganghwal, erva do Espirito Santo, djagill, anschelika, Epiritu raiz del Santo, the root of the Holy Spirit.
Haplophyllum patavinum belongs to the family Rutaceae, dedicated to the city of Padova (IT). Species by extinction due to habitat destruction, species protected by law (in Italy).
Epilobium dodonaei - spcie originated in Europe and the Caucasus, increases debris, calcareous rocks, up to 1700 m altitude.