Scientific name - Hepatica nobilis Schreb
Synonyms - Anemone hepatica L., Anemone angulosa, Hepatica triloba Chaix.
Popular names - Erba Trinita.
Distribution and Habitat - originated in central and southern Europe, grows on calcareous substrates, on the edge of Quercus and Fagus forests, 100-2000 m altitude.
Description - herbaceous perennial, fibrous root. Leaves evergreen, coriacee, the young are green open and passwords, dark olive green on the upper face, and purple on the lower face at maturity and during flowering, cordiform 3-lobate, lobe ovat, margin entire, top obtuse. Floral stalk hairy, circinata, erect. Flower solitary, terminal. Involucre simple, persistent, composed of three leaves hairy, obtuse, entire, wrapped calyx. Calyx composed of 6.9 sepa petaloide, ovata, obtuse, colored from white to blue -purple. Stamens numerous. Blooms in February-May. Fruit achenes.
Growth rate - rhizomes grow about 0.5 cm / year, and live about 5-20 years.
Tolerances - tolerate pH 4 of soil, shade. It tolerates heat and drought.
Requirements - rich soil, light, partial shade, grow best in sunny locations only in the morning. The land must be kept slightly moist.
Propagation - by dividing the rhizomes, are planted in October.
Natural partners and Garden - Galanthus nivalis.
Properties and Uses - contain substances toxic to humans, which by drying the plant are lost.
Dried leaves are used to treat joint pain, external.
History and myth - in the past was used for liver and bladder diseases.
The Greeks Hepatica nobilis was dedicated to Jupiter, symbolizing fire and love.
Prenanthes purpurea - rabbit salad
Herbaceous perennial. Stem branched, 25-150 cm, pubescent. Amplexicaule leaves, elliptical, oblong or fidate, margin entire or Pinata-fidata, glauca. Flowers arranged in panicule, ligula flowers are purple, with 5 teeth, tubular flowers absent.
Polemonium caeruleum - species used as ornamental plants in gardens with spontaneous or rock gardens. Are planted at 30 cm distance between plants.
Sedum album - common species in mountain areas in Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America, grows on limestone rocks, up to 2500 m altitude.
Stylosa Phuopsis annual herbaceous plant, native to eastern Turkey and northern Iran, used as an ornamental species.
Prunus armeniaca - apricot
Prunus armeniaca - shrub or small tree, native of northeastern China, knew and cultivated worldwide for its edible fruit.
The seeds of Prunus armeniaca extract oil used in perfume industry, cosmetics and pharmacy.
A new species of Pastinaca L. in Turkey
Lysimachia vulgaris - perennial species, herbaceous with underground rhizome widespread in temperate regions of Europe and Asia, grows in wet environments, wetlands, side channels and water courses, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).