Scientific name - Hepatica nobilis Schreb
Synonyms - Anemone hepatica L., Anemone angulosa, Hepatica triloba Chaix.
Popular names - Erba Trinita.
Distribution and Habitat - originated in central and southern Europe, grows on calcareous substrates, on the edge of Quercus and Fagus forests, 100-2000 m altitude.
Description - herbaceous perennial, fibrous root. Leaves evergreen, coriacee, the young are green open and passwords, dark olive green on the upper face, and purple on the lower face at maturity and during flowering, cordiform 3-lobate, lobe ovat, margin entire, top obtuse. Floral stalk hairy, circinata, erect. Flower solitary, terminal. Involucre simple, persistent, composed of three leaves hairy, obtuse, entire, wrapped calyx. Calyx composed of 6.9 sepa petaloide, ovata, obtuse, colored from white to blue -purple. Stamens numerous. Blooms in February-May. Fruit achenes.
Growth rate - rhizomes grow about 0.5 cm / year, and live about 5-20 years.
Tolerances - tolerate pH 4 of soil, shade. It tolerates heat and drought.
Requirements - rich soil, light, partial shade, grow best in sunny locations only in the morning. The land must be kept slightly moist.
Propagation - by dividing the rhizomes, are planted in October.
Natural partners and Garden - Galanthus nivalis.
Properties and Uses - contain substances toxic to humans, which by drying the plant are lost.
Dried leaves are used to treat joint pain, external.
History and myth - in the past was used for liver and bladder diseases.
The Greeks Hepatica nobilis was dedicated to Jupiter, symbolizing fire and love.
Gentiana verna L.
Gentiana verna - a species native to southern central Europe, Russia, England and Ireland, increasing the Alpine and subalpine meadows, wetlands, from 400 to 2600 m altitude.
Allium cepa L. - onion
Herbaceous biennial, bulb white, gold, red or purple, 5-8 x 3.10 cm. Leaves persistent, 4-10, fistula, 30-100 x 3-20 mm. Umbela blossom persistent, erect, compact, rear obsolete, ovata, ± equal, leading to acute acuminata.
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta
Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.
Dianthus sylvestris - perennial species, the stem short and woody. Increase the debris, limestone bedrock, from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Species are cultivated as ornamental for rocarii.
A new species of Pastinaca L. in Turkey
Nigella arvensis - annual species, increases samanaturi grain, plowing, sowing and road edge on clay or sandy soils, from plains to mountains.
Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.
Teline canariensis - shrub native (endemic) of Tenerife and Gran Canaria, grows at the edge of forests of Pinus radiata and Laurus canariensis novo in association with Neotinea maculata, Hypericum reflexum and Cystus sympithifolius, from 500 to 1500 m altitude.