Scientific name - Hepatica nobilis Schreb
Synonyms - Anemone hepatica L., Anemone angulosa, Hepatica triloba Chaix.
Popular names - Erba Trinita.
Distribution and Habitat - originated in central and southern Europe, grows on calcareous substrates, on the edge of Quercus and Fagus forests, 100-2000 m altitude.
Description - herbaceous perennial, fibrous root. Leaves evergreen, coriacee, the young are green open and passwords, dark olive green on the upper face, and purple on the lower face at maturity and during flowering, cordiform 3-lobate, lobe ovat, margin entire, top obtuse. Floral stalk hairy, circinata, erect. Flower solitary, terminal. Involucre simple, persistent, composed of three leaves hairy, obtuse, entire, wrapped calyx. Calyx composed of 6.9 sepa petaloide, ovata, obtuse, colored from white to blue -purple. Stamens numerous. Blooms in February-May. Fruit achenes.
Growth rate - rhizomes grow about 0.5 cm / year, and live about 5-20 years.
Tolerances - tolerate pH 4 of soil, shade. It tolerates heat and drought.
Requirements - rich soil, light, partial shade, grow best in sunny locations only in the morning. The land must be kept slightly moist.
Propagation - by dividing the rhizomes, are planted in October.
Natural partners and Garden - Galanthus nivalis.
Properties and Uses - contain substances toxic to humans, which by drying the plant are lost.
Dried leaves are used to treat joint pain, external.
History and myth - in the past was used for liver and bladder diseases.
The Greeks Hepatica nobilis was dedicated to Jupiter, symbolizing fire and love.
Gentiana verna L.
Gentiana verna - a species native to southern central Europe, Russia, England and Ireland, increasing the Alpine and subalpine meadows, wetlands, from 400 to 2600 m altitude.
Nigella arvensis - annual species, increases samanaturi grain, plowing, sowing and road edge on clay or sandy soils, from plains to mountains.
Stachys officinalis - a species native to Europe and the Caucasus, grass grows on soils, pastures arid and mountainous deciduous paduride collinear, from 0 to 1800 m altitude.
Hyacinthus orientalis - bulbous perennial with linear to lance-shaped, channeled, bright green leaves, 15-35 cm long. Is classified as an ornamental, and is native to the Mediterranean region. The essential oils found only in the flowers have been used in cosmetics and soap fragrances.
Betula alba - species, ornamental, decorative crown shape and color of bark, in parks and gardens. The bark is rich in tannins, is used in cosmetics.
Leonotis Leonurus - a species native to southern Africa but cultivated throughout the world as ornamental species in parks and gardens.
Leonotis grecum derived from 'Leon' = lion, and 'Otis' = ear alluding to the shape of the corolla.
Herbaceous perennial species, dioecious. 5 cm diameter stalk. Leaves green to green-yellow with the main rib, which ends with a cylindrical Carcel which is longer than the tongue of the leaf, finished with a pitcher. Blossom panic or Raceme. Digestive glands are located inside the jar walls. Seeds are small and filiforme.
Cosmos sulphureus - used as an ornamental species for borders or groups, in association with Asclepias curassavica, Coreopsis tinctoria, Oenothera fruticosa, Rudbeckia hirta, Salvia farinacea, Solidago canadensis, Tagetes erecta.
Tilia tomentosa - silver linden
Tree with dense crown, rich, 30 m high, with branches erect, rounded. Lujerii annual geniculati, brown-yellow, gray tomentosi with buds ovoid, with two external scales equal, also felt. At first bark is smooth and gray, mature form shallow longitudinal furrows.