17
Mar
2009
Hepatica nobilis Schreb
Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Hepatica nobilis Schreb

Synonyms - Anemone hepatica L., Anemone angulosa, Hepatica triloba Chaix.

Popular names - Erba Trinita.

Distribution and Habitat - originated in central and southern Europe, grows on calcareous substrates, on the edge of Quercus and Fagus forests, 100-2000 m altitude.

Description - herbaceous perennial, fibrous root. Leaves evergreen, coriacee, the young are green open and passwords, dark olive green on the upper face, and purple on the lower face at maturity and during flowering, cordiform 3-lobate, lobe ovat, margin entire, top obtuse. Floral stalk hairy, circinata, erect. Flower solitary, terminal. Involucre simple, persistent, composed of three leaves hairy, obtuse, entire, wrapped calyx. Calyx composed of 6.9 sepa petaloide, ovata, obtuse, colored from white to blue -purple. Stamens numerous. Blooms in February-May. Fruit achenes.

Growth rate - rhizomes grow about 0.5 cm / year, and live about 5-20 years.

Tolerances - tolerate pH 4 of soil, shade. It tolerates heat and drought.

Requirements - rich soil, light, partial shade, grow best in sunny locations only in the morning. The land must be kept slightly moist.

Propagation - by dividing the rhizomes, are planted in October.

Natural partners and Garden - Galanthus nivalis.

Properties and Uses - contain substances toxic to humans, which by drying the plant are lost.

Dried leaves are used to treat joint pain, external.

History and myth - in the past was used for liver and bladder diseases.

The Greeks Hepatica nobilis was dedicated to Jupiter, symbolizing fire and love.

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