Scientific Name - Hibiscus syriacus L. Echter
Popular names - Rose Chinese ibisco cymbals, Shrub Althea, Althea Rose.
Distribution and Habitat - a native of India and China, naturalized in southern Europe.
Description - shrub to 3 m high. Stems branched at the base, with white-gray bark, smooth. Leaves alternate, 4-7 cm, rhombic, toothed, crenate towards the top, 3-lobed, sparsely stellate-pubescent on the back, short stalks. Pedicel 1-2 cm. Epicaliciului segments 7-9, sepals united at base, persistent fruit, petals 5 cm, lilac or white, with a dark purple spot at the base. Blooms in July-September. Fruit ovoid capsule, 25 x 13 mm, stellate pubescent, yellowish hairs. Kidney-shaped seeds with white hairs on the edges.
Growth rate - Moderate.
Requirements - prefers moist soil, well drained, rich in organic matter, exhibitingii sunny or partially shaded.
Propagation - by cuttings or seeds.
Properties and Uses - cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and public gardens, the street alignments or as hedges. Become established in places where they could be replaced with Hydrangea sp., Philadelphus sp. Buddleia davidii, Hamamelis x intermedia.
Trees and shrubs
Chimonanthus praecox (L.) Link
Chimonanthus praecox - native species of China. Linnaeus described this species as the variety, as the Calycanthus praecox. In 1819 Lindley introduced a new kind Chimonanthus.
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Leaves opposite, entire, ovat-lanceolata, 7-20 cm long, thin, green, rough upper part, becoming yellow in autumn.
Punica granatum - pomegranate
Flourensia cernua - tarbush
Flourensia cernua is deciduous shrub, from Chihuahuan Desert. In northern Mexico, the leaves and flower heads were used historically to make a decoction for treating indigestion.
Dombeya tiliacea (Endl.) Planch.
Shrub or small tree, 3.10 x 2.7 m, trunk branched, bark dark gray, rough. Leaves alternate, 4.9 x 3-7 cm, three-lobed basis cordata, margine teeth face bottom covered with fine hairs, stalks pelos, 1-3 cm. Flowers campanulata, 3-4 cm diameter, axillary or terminal, solitary or grouped in a raceme, petals white, obovata.
Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .
Herbaceous perennial, 50-80 cm tall, vigorous root-branched, cylindrical, 5-20 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Strain fasciculated, erect, branched in upper parts. Leaves alternate, Terni-compound, the last segment with red ribbed, oblong-elliptic; foliolele are ongust-ovata or elliptic, 8-12 x 2-4 cm. 6.10 cm long stalks
Epilobium dodonaei - spcie originated in Europe and the Caucasus, increases debris, calcareous rocks, up to 1700 m altitude.
New species of Dianthus (Caryophyllaceae) found in Turkey
In Turkey the genus Dianthus consists in 71 species, two subspecies and 12 varieties (Reeve, 1967, Davis, Mill & Tan, 1988; Guner et al., 2000; Menemeni & Hamzaoglu, 2000; Aytaç & Duman, 2004).
Papaver aurantiacum - perennial species, grows on limestone debris and rocky places in alpine and subalpine region.
Symphoricarpos - Hurmuz
Shrubs decide, prostate or erect, 90-120 cm, originating in the U.S.. Buds scaly, 1.5 mm long. Leaves simple, opposite, short petiolate, 7 cm long. Raceme blossom. Campanulata Flowers in raceme children. Calyx tube slightly globos; Corola campanulata, 4-5 lobes. Fruit drupe, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, S. albus and S. occidentalis fruits white, pink-coral S. orbiculatus fruit. A fruit contains two seeds oblongata.