Scientific Name - Hibiscus syriacus L. Echter
Popular names - Rose Chinese ibisco cymbals, Shrub Althea, Althea Rose.
Distribution and Habitat - a native of India and China, naturalized in southern Europe.
Description - shrub to 3 m high. Stems branched at the base, with white-gray bark, smooth. Leaves alternate, 4-7 cm, rhombic, toothed, crenate towards the top, 3-lobed, sparsely stellate-pubescent on the back, short stalks. Pedicel 1-2 cm. Epicaliciului segments 7-9, sepals united at base, persistent fruit, petals 5 cm, lilac or white, with a dark purple spot at the base. Blooms in July-September. Fruit ovoid capsule, 25 x 13 mm, stellate pubescent, yellowish hairs. Kidney-shaped seeds with white hairs on the edges.
Growth rate - Moderate.
Requirements - prefers moist soil, well drained, rich in organic matter, exhibitingii sunny or partially shaded.
Propagation - by cuttings or seeds.
Properties and Uses - cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and public gardens, the street alignments or as hedges. Become established in places where they could be replaced with Hydrangea sp., Philadelphus sp. Buddleia davidii, Hamamelis x intermedia.
Trees and shrubs
Pachira aquatica growing naturally along rivers in Central and South America. Is cultivated in world wide like ornamental, in hedges or solitary. Resistant to drought anf flooding.
The seeds of P. aquatica are delicious raw, boiled or roasted. Young leaves and flowers are also edible. The seeds are high in protein and edible oil.
Teline nervosa - endemic of the Canary Islands, rape increases from 650 to 700 m altitude, in association with Aeonium undulatum, Carlina salicifolia, Crambe pritzelii, Hypericum canariensis, Olea europaea subsp. cerasiformis, Sonchus leptocephalus.
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita
Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.
Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore
Shrub or small tree, 7.5-15 m high; ritidom thin, scaly, producing a scaly trunk. Leaves pungent rum, obovata to elliptic, 3-15 x 1.2-7.5 cm, acute to round at the narrow top, coriacee.
Sinningia speciosa Nees - Gloxinia
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).
Kallstroemia Max (L.) Hook. & Arn.
Dianthus sylvestris - perennial species, the stem short and woody. Increase the debris, limestone bedrock, from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Species are cultivated as ornamental for rocarii.
Evergreen ornamental plant of the Theaceae family, native from Eastern Asia, its origin is still controversial, being considered by some as species indigenous from Japonia and, by others, from China. It was introduced into Europe by the Portuguese in 1542 and soon spread to Spain, England, France and Italy; into United States at the beginning of the 18th century, and in Australia during the mid 19th century.