05
Mar
2009
Hyacinthus orientalis
Flowers | Liliopsida

Scientific name - Hyacinthus orientalis L.

Synonyms

Popular names - zambila, hijacint, giacinto comune, hyacinth, jacinto, jasint, sumbul.

Distribution and Habitat - Hyacinth origin is uncertain, indigenous to Palestine-Israel and northern Lebanon, but the plant has naturalized in the Mediterranean.

Description - bulbous perennial, bulb with membranous tunics. Stem 30 cm. Leaves 2.4 for a bulb, 15-35 x 0,4-4 cm, green, linear or linear lance-shaped, top round, entire edge, grooved, suberecte at first. Blossom Raceme dense, oblong, small bractei. 2-40 flowers, 2-2.5 cm, fragrant, pedicel 0,4-0,8 cm. Perianth 1-3,5 cm, thin tube and swollen at the base, lobes strongly recurbati, blue-violet, pink, white or yellow. Capsule 1-1.5 cm, conical-spherical, fleshy. Seeds black, wrinkled surface. 2n = 16, 24.

Hyacinthus orientalis subsp. chionophIlus - leaves from 1.2 to 1.5 cm wide, linear lanceolata, central Turkey.

Hyacinthus orientalis subsp. orientalis - leaves 4-5 mm wide, linear. 2.12 flowers perianth 2-3 cm, pale purple at the base, otherwise white, lobes longer than tube periantului.

Hyacinthus orientalis subsp. orientalis - leaves 4-5 mm wide, linear. 2.12 flowers perianth 2-3 cm, pale purple at the base, otherwise white, lobes longer than tube periantului. South-central Turkey, northwestern Syria and Lebanon, naturalized in southern Europe.

Hyacinthus orientalis var. albulus - originating in Greece. White flowers.

Growth rate --

Tolerances --

Requirements - rich soil, sandy, well-drained, rich andn potassium and phosphates. Soil pH should be neutral. On clay soils do not give good results. Hyacinths exhibitions prefer sunny, but thrive well in 25-50% shade.

On clayey-sandy soils, hyacinths are planted to 10-12 cm depth. Rocks on land, are planted at 15 cm depth.

Management - Winter land is covered with leaves, or peat to giving the first leaves. The land is maintained wet, avoiding excess moisture. When the leaves turn yellow, the bulbs out and put in cold places, is replanteaza autumn. Bulbs mature matures with time, so apart bulbilii a bulb, and hothouse planted in soil at a depth of 5-8 cm, will thrive after three years.

Propagation - by bulbs. For plants in pots, are planted in August until late October, they go in the house when I'm ready to give leaf, warm and light position. For garden plants, are planted in October, 12-15inches deep and 15 cm distance between the bulbs in sunny exhibitions.

Diseases and pests

Partners garden - Narcissus, Syringa vulgaris, sessile Trillium, Tulipa, Viburnum Farrer, Ceanothus impressus.

Cultivars --

Properties and Uses - bulbs are toxic, cause gastrointestinal problems.

Curiosity

References

Clive Stace - New Flora of The British Isles - Cambridge University Press, 1997

Diana Beresford-Kroeger - A Garden for Life - University of Michigan Press, 2004

Helen Albee - Hardy Plants for Cottage Gardens - Kimball Press, 2007

Spoerke, Susan C. Smolinske - Toxicity of Houseplants - CRC, 1990

The European Garden Flora Editorial Committee - European Garden Flora - Cambridge University Press, 1986

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Flowers
Eschscholzia californica - California poppy

Perennial species in the area of origin, in other regions is annual, reaching up to 5-60 cm high, glabra, glauca. Stem branched, decumbenta. Leaves basal and caulinare, green-glauca, sectors, lobes linear or obluongi, glabra. Floriferi buds are obconici pick. Flowers solitary, peduncle of 5-15 cm long, calyx acute or acuminata, glabru, glauca; Corola consisting of 4 petals yellow-orange, 5 cm long, numerous stamens.

 
Viola odorata - bluebells

Viola odorata - herbaceous plant, perennial, native to Europe and Asia Minor, grows through groves, bushes, meadows, deciduous forest edge, in plain and hilly region.

 
Luffa cylindrica

Herbaceous annual, voluble, mono. Strain pentagonal in section, 6 m high. Leaves alternate, 5-7 lobate, the cordata, acuminata peak or acute, margins iregulat needle, 5-7 ribs, limb 15 x 15 cm, 10 cm long, ribbed, hairy. Flowers monoecious, in axillary Cime, long-pedunculate, yellow, 8 cm in diameter.

 
Cosmos sulphureus

Cosmos sulphureus - used as an ornamental species for borders or groups, in association with Asclepias curassavica, Coreopsis tinctoria, Oenothera fruticosa, Rudbeckia hirta, Salvia farinacea, Solidago canadensis, Tagetes erecta.

 
Acta spicata

Acta spicata - a species native to Europe and Asia, grows in mountain forests in beech forests from 400 to 1500 m altitude.

 
Liliopsida
Eichhorn crassipes

Popular names: Water Hyacinth.

Genus Eichhorn contains 8 species, the most common is E. crassipes. It is easily confused with E. Azure, a difference between them is the language which in E. Azurea is cuneata and the E. crassipes is truncata or heart failure.

 
Paraensis Alstroemeria sp. November.

Alstroemeria paraensis - herbaceous perennial, 1-1,4 m high, stem cylindrical, 0,4-0,8 mm diameter, glabra. Leaves stripped vegetation are 12-18 x 2,5-6 cm, elliptic, top acuminata, the attenuated both sides glabra, prominent ribs

 
Galanthus nivalis L.

Bulbous perennial species with herbaceous matter, erect, bulb ovoid, dark brown tunic, 1.5 x 2.4 cm. Leaves basal, 20 cm long, linear-lanceolata, rounded at the top. Flowers generally solitary, clocks, accompanied by a shoulder 3-4 cm long, 3 tepale flower is composed of external and internal 3 tepale erection of about 1cm, biloba, white with green spots

 
Strelitzia reginae - Bird of Paradise

Strelitzia is a genus containing five species of perennial, originating from southern Africa belong to the family Strelitziaceae.

Genus name is derived from the queen of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, wife of King George III of England, promoter of botany.

 
Anthurium amnicola

Anthurium amnicola - herbaceous perennial, epiphytic, originally from Panama, rainforest grows from 600 to 900 m altitude.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links