05
Mar
2009
Hyacinthus orientalis
Flowers | Liliopsida

Scientific name - Hyacinthus orientalis L.

Synonyms

Popular names - zambila, hijacint, giacinto comune, hyacinth, jacinto, jasint, sumbul.

Distribution and Habitat - Hyacinth origin is uncertain, indigenous to Palestine-Israel and northern Lebanon, but the plant has naturalized in the Mediterranean.

Description - bulbous perennial, bulb with membranous tunics. Stem 30 cm. Leaves 2.4 for a bulb, 15-35 x 0,4-4 cm, green, linear or linear lance-shaped, top round, entire edge, grooved, suberecte at first. Blossom Raceme dense, oblong, small bractei. 2-40 flowers, 2-2.5 cm, fragrant, pedicel 0,4-0,8 cm. Perianth 1-3,5 cm, thin tube and swollen at the base, lobes strongly recurbati, blue-violet, pink, white or yellow. Capsule 1-1.5 cm, conical-spherical, fleshy. Seeds black, wrinkled surface. 2n = 16, 24.

Hyacinthus orientalis subsp. chionophIlus - leaves from 1.2 to 1.5 cm wide, linear lanceolata, central Turkey.

Hyacinthus orientalis subsp. orientalis - leaves 4-5 mm wide, linear. 2.12 flowers perianth 2-3 cm, pale purple at the base, otherwise white, lobes longer than tube periantului.

Hyacinthus orientalis subsp. orientalis - leaves 4-5 mm wide, linear. 2.12 flowers perianth 2-3 cm, pale purple at the base, otherwise white, lobes longer than tube periantului. South-central Turkey, northwestern Syria and Lebanon, naturalized in southern Europe.

Hyacinthus orientalis var. albulus - originating in Greece. White flowers.

Growth rate --

Tolerances --

Requirements - rich soil, sandy, well-drained, rich andn potassium and phosphates. Soil pH should be neutral. On clay soils do not give good results. Hyacinths exhibitions prefer sunny, but thrive well in 25-50% shade.

On clayey-sandy soils, hyacinths are planted to 10-12 cm depth. Rocks on land, are planted at 15 cm depth.

Management - Winter land is covered with leaves, or peat to giving the first leaves. The land is maintained wet, avoiding excess moisture. When the leaves turn yellow, the bulbs out and put in cold places, is replanteaza autumn. Bulbs mature matures with time, so apart bulbilii a bulb, and hothouse planted in soil at a depth of 5-8 cm, will thrive after three years.

Propagation - by bulbs. For plants in pots, are planted in August until late October, they go in the house when I'm ready to give leaf, warm and light position. For garden plants, are planted in October, 12-15inches deep and 15 cm distance between the bulbs in sunny exhibitions.

Diseases and pests

Partners garden - Narcissus, Syringa vulgaris, sessile Trillium, Tulipa, Viburnum Farrer, Ceanothus impressus.

Cultivars --

Properties and Uses - bulbs are toxic, cause gastrointestinal problems.

Curiosity

References

Clive Stace - New Flora of The British Isles - Cambridge University Press, 1997

Diana Beresford-Kroeger - A Garden for Life - University of Michigan Press, 2004

Helen Albee - Hardy Plants for Cottage Gardens - Kimball Press, 2007

Spoerke, Susan C. Smolinske - Toxicity of Houseplants - CRC, 1990

The European Garden Flora Editorial Committee - European Garden Flora - Cambridge University Press, 1986

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Flowers
Ranunculus ficaria

Ranunculus ficaria is a member of Buttercup Family.

 
Silene acaulis

Herbaceous perennial. Floral stem erect, 3-15 cm high. Basal leaves often nested, lamina lanceolata, 0.4-1.5 cm x 0.8-2.0 mm, margins cartilaginous, top acute, glabra, nauseating. Flowers solitary, bisexual or unisexuate. Pedicel 2-40 mm.

 
Cleome spinosa - flower spider

Herbaceous annual. Stem herbaceous, simple, viscid-pubescent, 1 m high. Leaves alternate, petiolate, palmate-compound. Petiole 10-15 cm long, glandular and pubescent. Folio 5-7, onblong-anceolate to elliptic, top acute - acuminata, the conical, 15 cm long, margin entire, glandular-pubescent on the upper surface and slightly pubescent on the underside. Raceme blossom, dense, compact, terminal.

 
Pelargonium australe - Muscat

Herbaceous perennial, 50 cm high, sparsely hairy, stems covered with non-glandular hairs. Leaves opposite, lamina ovata, ± circular, 2-9 cm long, 2-8 cm wide, 5-7 lobes, lobes Curl crenata edge, pubescent or ± glabra, 13 cm long stalks. Flowers arranged in umbele, 4.12 flowers pedunculate, 3.10 cm long, pedicel 1-2 cm long. Calyx lobes are 4.7 mm long, 1-6-8 SEPA, 8 mm long.

 
Dianthus barbatus

Dianthus barbatus - perennial herb, native to southern Europe, grows at the edge of forests, bushes and meadows. Cultivated in parks and gardens as ornamentals.

 
Liliopsida
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic

Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.

 
Cocos nucifera

Palm mono, with one strain. Trunk erect, gray, 20 m high and 50 cm in diameter. Paripenat-leaves are compound, folio 200-250 pairs of linear-lanceolata. 4,5-5,5 m long Frondele and stalks are covered quarter length. Foliolele have 1,5-5 cm wide. Ribbed rachides may be green or bronze.

 
Aloe vera Mill.

Aloe Vera - perennial herb with stem wood, 2-3 m, simple neramificata, covered by remnants of dried leaves. Rosette leaves collected in the top of the trunk, Sesia, triangulation into sections and are consistent meat lower surface is convex, the top is concave according to the turgid leaf

 
Allium schoenoprasum

Allium schoenoprasum is used as an ornamental species for borders or pots.

Leaves eaten cooked or raw with oil and fish. Leaves used like raw onions or garlic in a salad.

 
Allium cepa L. - onion

Herbaceous biennial, bulb white, gold, red or purple, 5-8 x 3.10 cm. Leaves persistent, 4-10, fistula, 30-100 x 3-20 mm. Umbela blossom persistent, erect, compact, rear obsolete, ovata, ± equal, leading to acute acuminata.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links