05
Mar
2009
Hyacinthus orientalis
Flowers | Liliopsida
6
0

Scientific name - Hyacinthus orientalis L.

Synonyms

Popular names - zambila, hijacint, giacinto comune, hyacinth, jacinto, jasint, sumbul.

Distribution and Habitat - Hyacinth origin is uncertain, indigenous to Palestine-Israel and northern Lebanon, but the plant has naturalized in the Mediterranean.

Description - bulbous perennial, bulb with membranous tunics. Stem 30 cm. Leaves 2.4 for a bulb, 15-35 x 0,4-4 cm, green, linear or linear lance-shaped, top round, entire edge, grooved, suberecte at first. Blossom Raceme dense, oblong, small bractei. 2-40 flowers, 2-2.5 cm, fragrant, pedicel 0,4-0,8 cm. Perianth 1-3,5 cm, thin tube and swollen at the base, lobes strongly recurbati, blue-violet, pink, white or yellow. Capsule 1-1.5 cm, conical-spherical, fleshy. Seeds black, wrinkled surface. 2n = 16, 24.

Hyacinthus orientalis subsp. chionophIlus - leaves from 1.2 to 1.5 cm wide, linear lanceolata, central Turkey.

Hyacinthus orientalis subsp. orientalis - leaves 4-5 mm wide, linear. 2.12 flowers perianth 2-3 cm, pale purple at the base, otherwise white, lobes longer than tube periantului.

Hyacinthus orientalis subsp. orientalis - leaves 4-5 mm wide, linear. 2.12 flowers perianth 2-3 cm, pale purple at the base, otherwise white, lobes longer than tube periantului. South-central Turkey, northwestern Syria and Lebanon, naturalized in southern Europe.

Hyacinthus orientalis var. albulus - originating in Greece. White flowers.

Growth rate --

Tolerances --

Requirements - rich soil, sandy, well-drained, rich andn potassium and phosphates. Soil pH should be neutral. On clay soils do not give good results. Hyacinths exhibitions prefer sunny, but thrive well in 25-50% shade.

On clayey-sandy soils, hyacinths are planted to 10-12 cm depth. Rocks on land, are planted at 15 cm depth.

Management - Winter land is covered with leaves, or peat to giving the first leaves. The land is maintained wet, avoiding excess moisture. When the leaves turn yellow, the bulbs out and put in cold places, is replanteaza autumn. Bulbs mature matures with time, so apart bulbilii a bulb, and hothouse planted in soil at a depth of 5-8 cm, will thrive after three years.

Propagation - by bulbs. For plants in pots, are planted in August until late October, they go in the house when I'm ready to give leaf, warm and light position. For garden plants, are planted in October, 12-15inches deep and 15 cm distance between the bulbs in sunny exhibitions.

Diseases and pests

Partners garden - Narcissus, Syringa vulgaris, sessile Trillium, Tulipa, Viburnum Farrer, Ceanothus impressus.

Cultivars --

Properties and Uses - bulbs are toxic, cause gastrointestinal problems.

Curiosity

References

Clive Stace - New Flora of The British Isles - Cambridge University Press, 1997

Diana Beresford-Kroeger - A Garden for Life - University of Michigan Press, 2004

Helen Albee - Hardy Plants for Cottage Gardens - Kimball Press, 2007

Spoerke, Susan C. Smolinske - Toxicity of Houseplants - CRC, 1990

The European Garden Flora Editorial Committee - European Garden Flora - Cambridge University Press, 1986

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Flowers
Echinacea purpurea

Herbaceous perennial, rhizome cylindrical. Reddish stem, 80-100 cm tall, easy hirsuta-pubescent, branched. Leaves alternate, petiolare, lanceolata-ovata, margine evening, slightly pubescent; to the top of the stem leaves are Sesi.

 
Dianthus carthusianorum - carnation field

Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, simple or branched, 25-65 cm, glabra. Leaves opposite, lamina linear-spatulate, 3-13 cm, green edges glabrata. Blossom dense, 4-15 flowers; bractei lanceolata, equal to or greater than the calyx, herbaceous, 4-6 bracteole, brown, oblong-obovata. Pedicel 0.1-2 mm.

 
Solidago caesia - blue-stemmed goldenrod

Solidago box to - perennial species, native to North America, grows naturally in dry soils on roadsides.

 
Tussilago windbag - coltsfoot

From the Latin Tussilago tussis = cough on the plant's medicinal properties, windbag is the old name of poplar because of similarities between these species leaves.

Windbag Tussilago Tussilago is the only species of the genus.

Dioscorides, used potbal leaves as a substitute for tobacco, and to treat cough and asthma.

 
Bletilla striata

Bletilla are easy to grow,  to shady borders, where they make a handsome textural combination with ferns.

 
Liliopsida
Anigozanthos rufus - Leg of kangaroo

Herbaceous rizomatoasa, Geof, 100-150 cm height. Mate leaves, gray-green, glabra, evergreen, 20-40 x 2-6 cm, margins scabrous. Escape very branched, tomentos. Inflorescences numerous, raceme. Red-purple flowers with pear, rare yellow-orange. Perianth law zigomorfic, lobate, tubular tomntoase, red, 25-35 mm long

 
Narcissus poeticus L.

Bulb ovoid, 3-4 x 1.5-2 cm, brown tunic. 4 basal leaves, limb 20-40 x 0,6-1,2 cm, green glauca; nervatiune parallel. Flower stalk 30-45 cm. Flower solitary, fragrant, perianth 5.7 cm wide; periantului tube 2-3 cm; tepale overlapping, reflection, white, ovat-orbiculare, 1.5-2.5 x 1.5-2 cm, top mucronata

 
Allium brussalisii (Aliaceae), new species from Greece

Genus Allium (Alliaceae) is represented in Greece by 85 species, 22 of them discovered in the last 25 years.

Species Allium brussalisii is very small and has a flourishing genre different from other species of autumn.

 
Areca catechu L.

Popular names - English: Areca, Areca-nut, betel nut palm, French: cachou falling within subheading, Arequier, German: Betelnusspalme, Guam: pugua, India: Pan, Spanish: catechou hand, Yap: bu.

Areca catechu - originating in eastern Africa, southern Asia and the Pacific Islands. Grows in tropical climates at altitudes from 0 to 900 m.

 
Lachenalia peersii

Genus name is given after the name of the Swiss professor of botany, Werner of Lachen.

Lachenalia is endemic in southern Africa with a wide distribution in south-western regions Namibia, Cape Province.

 
Comments
Top
comments powered by Disqus
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links