Scientific name - Hyacinthus orientalis L.
Popular names - zambila, hijacint, giacinto comune, hyacinth, jacinto, jasint, sumbul.
Distribution and Habitat - Hyacinth origin is uncertain, indigenous to Palestine-Israel and northern Lebanon, but the plant has naturalized in the Mediterranean.
Description - bulbous perennial, bulb with membranous tunics. Stem 30 cm. Leaves 2.4 for a bulb, 15-35 x 0,4-4 cm, green, linear or linear lance-shaped, top round, entire edge, grooved, suberecte at first. Blossom Raceme dense, oblong, small bractei. 2-40 flowers, 2-2.5 cm, fragrant, pedicel 0,4-0,8 cm. Perianth 1-3,5 cm, thin tube and swollen at the base, lobes strongly recurbati, blue-violet, pink, white or yellow. Capsule 1-1.5 cm, conical-spherical, fleshy. Seeds black, wrinkled surface. 2n = 16, 24.
Hyacinthus orientalis subsp. chionophIlus - leaves from 1.2 to 1.5 cm wide, linear lanceolata, central Turkey.
Hyacinthus orientalis subsp. orientalis - leaves 4-5 mm wide, linear. 2.12 flowers perianth 2-3 cm, pale purple at the base, otherwise white, lobes longer than tube periantului.
Hyacinthus orientalis subsp. orientalis - leaves 4-5 mm wide, linear. 2.12 flowers perianth 2-3 cm, pale purple at the base, otherwise white, lobes longer than tube periantului. South-central Turkey, northwestern Syria and Lebanon, naturalized in southern Europe.
Hyacinthus orientalis var. albulus - originating in Greece. White flowers.
Growth rate --
Requirements - rich soil, sandy, well-drained, rich andn potassium and phosphates. Soil pH should be neutral. On clay soils do not give good results. Hyacinths exhibitions prefer sunny, but thrive well in 25-50% shade.
On clayey-sandy soils, hyacinths are planted to 10-12 cm depth. Rocks on land, are planted at 15 cm depth.
Management - Winter land is covered with leaves, or peat to giving the first leaves. The land is maintained wet, avoiding excess moisture. When the leaves turn yellow, the bulbs out and put in cold places, is replanteaza autumn. Bulbs mature matures with time, so apart bulbilii a bulb, and hothouse planted in soil at a depth of 5-8 cm, will thrive after three years.
Propagation - by bulbs. For plants in pots, are planted in August until late October, they go in the house when I'm ready to give leaf, warm and light position. For garden plants, are planted in October, 12-15inches deep and 15 cm distance between the bulbs in sunny exhibitions.
Diseases and pests -
Properties and Uses - bulbs are toxic, cause gastrointestinal problems.
Clive Stace - New Flora of The British Isles - Cambridge University Press, 1997
Diana Beresford-Kroeger - A Garden for Life - University of Michigan Press, 2004
Helen Albee - Hardy Plants for Cottage Gardens - Kimball Press, 2007
Spoerke, Susan C. Smolinske - Toxicity of Houseplants - CRC, 1990
The European Garden Flora Editorial Committee - European Garden Flora - Cambridge University Press, 1986
Cleome spinosa - flower spider
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