Popular names: English - English Holly, Common Holly;
Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic. Flowers white, axillary, in bouquets, scented, 4 petals, stamens are arranged towards the petals rotate, stigma sessile, blooms in April-May. Pollination is done by insects. Baca fruit, green ripening to bright red is, 7 mm in diameter, caused domestic animals, but not for birds, contains 4 seeds.
Growth rate: slow.
Wood is strong.
Grows on acidic soils, well drained, moist, sunny exhibitions. Too acidic soils can d of poor growth. Tolerance towards dry soils. It protects from wind. Cuttings are made after December; topiaria excellent art and bonsai. 0 tolerance towards high temperature differences, conditions of stress can cause leaf fall.
Cultivation and Varieties: 'Amber' (orange fruit), 'Bacciflava' (yellow fruit), 'Gold Milkboy' (flat leaves, dark green with yellow center), 'myrtifolia' (small leaf, stem purple).
Qualities species Ilex aquifolium are laxative, narcotic and stimulant. Long, evergreen species used in gardens were a symbol of continuity of life in the dark days of winter. The culture is pagan symbol of fertility. The Christian faith is the crown of thorns and blood that Christ wore.
In China and Japan,on89589/Ilex_aquifolium "target =" _blank "> Ilex aquifolium, is used to decorate homes and temples on New Year day.
Bark contains a dye. Foliage and fruit if consumed can cause vomiting and diarrhea. Leaves used as a decoction is good for rheumatism. The roots are diuretic properties.
Romans planting close to home as Ilex thought you away evils.
Christop Bailes - Hollies for Gardeners - Timber Press, 2006
Clive Lane - Plants for Small Spaces - Horticulture Books, 2005
Jacqueline Herit - Complete Trees, Shrubs & Hedges - Creative Homeowner, 2005
Karan Junker - Gardening with Woodland Plants - Timber Press, 2007
Susan A. Roth - Taylor's Guide to Trees - Houghton Mifflin, 2001
Ziziphus jujuba Mill - jujuba
Deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm .
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing
Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes
Fraxinus excelsior - Ash
Deciduu tree, 30-40 m high, stem right, branched at the top, crown ovoid, large and rare. A young bark is smooth, light gray green and mature forms at the thick crust with a small crack, dark color. Lujerii round, flattened at the bud, glabra, green-olive trees, with dark buds.
Tribulus terrestris - the old woman's teeth
Herbaceous annual, prostrata, with branches 80 cm long. Paripenat-compound leaves, 4-8 folio, oblong folio, 4.12 x 4 mm. Sepa 2-4 mm long. Petals 3.6 mm long. Stigma pyramidal-elongated. Blooms in May-September.
Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.
Trees and shrubs
Viburnum opulus L. - calin, snowball
Originally from Europe, grows spontaneously in the Netherlands, the soil rich in forests, and forest edge. Description - shrub, 1,3-3,5 m high; ritidom smooth, exfoliating in strips is, open gray on the outside, Brown -yellow on the inside, branched stem. Leaves opposite, 3-lobate, margin iregulat evening, the round or truncata, top acuminata, glabra on the upper face, lower face pubescent, dark green in summer, yellow-orange in autumn.
Maclura tricuspidata - native to North America, used as an ornamental species, used for protection curtains.
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita
Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.
Davidia involucrata var. involucrata
Arbore pana la 20 m inaltime; coroana la inceput conica apoi devine neregulata, ramuri orizontale. Scoarta gri-maronie. Mugurele terminal are forma ovoida, 6-7 mm lungime, acuminat, rosu-brun inchis. Mugurii laterali 6-8 mm lungime.
Jasminum nudiflorum Lindl.
Decidua species native to China. Green stems, 60-90 cm high, 1-2 m diameter, edges, form adventitious roots. Brownish-red buds, ovoizi. Decidue leaves, opposite, pinnate-compound, 3 leaflets oblong, Sesi. Flowers solitary, six petals, 1-2 cm in diameter. Flowering period from January to March, before leaf. Baca fruit, fleshy, ripening black.
Quercus cerris L. - Turkey Oak
Quercus cerris - a species native to south-eastern Europe, cultivated as an ornamental tree, singly or in small groups.
Shrub 3 m high. Leaves disposed in each vertical 3 (4), the busiest peak, linear, 1.5 cm long, acuminata-mucronata, bright green top and white on the inside of the main rib prominent, margins Revol.
Salix reticulata is a shrub alpine areas grows, from 1800-2700 m altitude in association with Silene acaulis and Dryas octopetala.
Stachys palustris L. - marsh Jales
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome tuberizat, crawler. Stem erect, rarely branched, tetragon, dark pink-purple, with scrub edge stem, 30-120 cm tall. Caulinare upper leaves are Sesi, amplexicaule, narrow-lanceolata, evening and slightly wavy edge, basal leaves are short stalks.