14
Jan
2009
Ilex aquifolium
Green Pharmacy | Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Popular names: English - English Holly, Common Holly;

Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic. Flowers white, axillary, in bouquets, scented, 4 petals, stamens are arranged towards the petals rotate, stigma sessile, blooms in April-May. Pollination is done by insects. Baca fruit, green ripening to bright red is, 7 mm in diameter, caused domestic animals, but not for birds, contains 4 seeds.

Growth rate: slow.

Wood is strong.

Grows on acidic soils, well drained, moist, sunny exhibitions. Too acidic soils can d of poor growth. Tolerance towards dry soils. It protects from wind. Cuttings are made after December; topiaria excellent art and bonsai. 0 tolerance towards high temperature differences, conditions of stress can cause leaf fall.

Cultivation and Varieties: 'Amber' (orange fruit), 'Bacciflava' (yellow fruit), 'Gold Milkboy' (flat leaves, dark green with yellow center), 'myrtifolia' (small leaf, stem purple).

Qualities species Ilex aquifolium are laxative, narcotic and stimulant. Long, evergreen species used in gardens were a symbol of continuity of life in the dark days of winter. The culture is pagan symbol of fertility. The Christian faith is the crown of thorns and blood that Christ wore.

In China and Japan,on89589/Ilex_aquifolium "target =" _blank "> Ilex aquifolium, is used to decorate homes and temples on New Year day.

Bark contains a dye. Foliage and fruit if consumed can cause vomiting and diarrhea. Leaves used as a decoction is good for rheumatism. The roots are diuretic properties.

Romans planting close to home as Ilex thought you away evils.

References

Christop Bailes - Hollies for Gardeners - Timber Press, 2006

Clive Lane - Plants for Small Spaces - Horticulture Books, 2005

Jacqueline Herit - Complete Trees, Shrubs & Hedges - Creative Homeowner, 2005

Karan Junker - Gardening with Woodland Plants - Timber Press, 2007

Susan A. Roth - Taylor's Guide to Trees - Houghton Mifflin, 2001

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Green Pharmacy
Hamamelis mollis

Species from China (Anhui, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan), at altitudes of 800-1400 m, where grows beside Quercus serrata , Corylopsis sinensis , Castanea seguinii , Rhododendron simsii , Hosta ventricosa and Linder sp. .

 
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita

Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.

 
Marrubium vulgare - Voronez

Perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks.

 
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful

Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.

 
Hamamelis virginiana

Species native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.

Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine.

 
Trees and shrubs
African Sparmannia

African Sparmannia - shrub or small tree, native of southern Africa, as a species grown across the globe or outdoor ornamental pot.

 
Bonsai of Araucaria heterophylla

ARAUCARIA heterophylla is originally from Norfolk Island, Australia. Dioecious tree, 25 meters high. Crown symmetrical, conical, branches located in verticil. Leaves evergreen, in verticil, piled, covering the stem. Male cones 3,5-7 cm long, oblong, female cones 10-13 cm long, ovoid.

 
Edgeworth chrysantha

Genus Edgeworth is named in memory of botanist Michael Pakenham Edgeworth (1812-1881).

Edgeworth chrysantha deciduu is a shrub, of 1,8-2,4 m tall, native of China, Himalayas, naturalized in Chugoku. Foxy stalk. Leaves arranged alternate, short stalks or Sesi, language: lanceolata, acuminata top, edge entire, base cuneata; 8-20/3-5 cm.

 
Annona muricata

Annona muricata is ornamental species. Fructul is edible as it is consumed fresh, as dessert, or mixed with ice cream or milk. Fruits containing vitamin B (0.07 mg/100g) and C (20 mg/100g), calcium and phosphorus.

 
Abutilon darwinii

Abutilon darwinii - ornamental shrub originating in S Brazil. In hot climates are grown as ornamental plants in parks and gardens in cold climates are grown in pots for indoor or greenhouse.

 
Magnoliopsida
Robinia pseudoacacia - Acacia

Tree, 25 m high, crown iregulata, oval, open. Maroni stalk, thin, tomato-brown of thorns present 1.5-2.5 cm long. Small buds superimposed. Leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, 7-19 folio elliptical, obovata, opposite, entire edge, nervatiune pinnate, 4-5 cm long, green or green glauca, are yellow in autumn.

 
Melia azedarach L.

Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.

Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.

Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.

 
A new species of Eugenia from southeastern Brazil

Eugenia L. It is a genre with a large number of species belonging to the family Myrtaceae. I estimated about 500 species have been found in South America, 350 species cited in Brazil.

 
Citrus - citrus

Bark smooth, thin, gray-brown to green. Most species have a single trunk, hardwood. Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit) has a thick trunk 0.5 - a, 75 m in diameter. Stalk young are edges, green. Stalk elderly are circular in section.

 
Lonicera xylosteum

Lonicera xylosteum - shrub originating from Europe, the Caucasus and Siberia, growing at the edge of deciduous forests, from lowland to 1600 m altitude. They prefer warm places and limestone associated with Cornus sanguinela, Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus padus and Rubus idaeus.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links