14
Jan
2009
Ilex aquifolium
Green Pharmacy | Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Popular names: English - English Holly, Common Holly;

Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic. Flowers white, axillary, in bouquets, scented, 4 petals, stamens are arranged towards the petals rotate, stigma sessile, blooms in April-May. Pollination is done by insects. Baca fruit, green ripening to bright red is, 7 mm in diameter, caused domestic animals, but not for birds, contains 4 seeds.

Growth rate: slow.

Wood is strong.

Grows on acidic soils, well drained, moist, sunny exhibitions. Too acidic soils can d of poor growth. Tolerance towards dry soils. It protects from wind. Cuttings are made after December; topiaria excellent art and bonsai. 0 tolerance towards high temperature differences, conditions of stress can cause leaf fall.

Cultivation and Varieties: 'Amber' (orange fruit), 'Bacciflava' (yellow fruit), 'Gold Milkboy' (flat leaves, dark green with yellow center), 'myrtifolia' (small leaf, stem purple).

Qualities species Ilex aquifolium are laxative, narcotic and stimulant. Long, evergreen species used in gardens were a symbol of continuity of life in the dark days of winter. The culture is pagan symbol of fertility. The Christian faith is the crown of thorns and blood that Christ wore.

In China and Japan,on89589/Ilex_aquifolium "target =" _blank "> Ilex aquifolium, is used to decorate homes and temples on New Year day.

Bark contains a dye. Foliage and fruit if consumed can cause vomiting and diarrhea. Leaves used as a decoction is good for rheumatism. The roots are diuretic properties.

Romans planting close to home as Ilex thought you away evils.

References

Christop Bailes - Hollies for Gardeners - Timber Press, 2006

Clive Lane - Plants for Small Spaces - Horticulture Books, 2005

Jacqueline Herit - Complete Trees, Shrubs & Hedges - Creative Homeowner, 2005

Karan Junker - Gardening with Woodland Plants - Timber Press, 2007

Susan A. Roth - Taylor's Guide to Trees - Houghton Mifflin, 2001

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