Popular names: English - English Holly, Common Holly;
Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic. Flowers white, axillary, in bouquets, scented, 4 petals, stamens are arranged towards the petals rotate, stigma sessile, blooms in April-May. Pollination is done by insects. Baca fruit, green ripening to bright red is, 7 mm in diameter, caused domestic animals, but not for birds, contains 4 seeds.
Growth rate: slow.
Wood is strong.
Grows on acidic soils, well drained, moist, sunny exhibitions. Too acidic soils can d of poor growth. Tolerance towards dry soils. It protects from wind. Cuttings are made after December; topiaria excellent art and bonsai. 0 tolerance towards high temperature differences, conditions of stress can cause leaf fall.
Cultivation and Varieties: 'Amber' (orange fruit), 'Bacciflava' (yellow fruit), 'Gold Milkboy' (flat leaves, dark green with yellow center), 'myrtifolia' (small leaf, stem purple).
Qualities species Ilex aquifolium are laxative, narcotic and stimulant. Long, evergreen species used in gardens were a symbol of continuity of life in the dark days of winter. The culture is pagan symbol of fertility. The Christian faith is the crown of thorns and blood that Christ wore.
In China and Japan,on89589/Ilex_aquifolium "target =" _blank "> Ilex aquifolium, is used to decorate homes and temples on New Year day.
Bark contains a dye. Foliage and fruit if consumed can cause vomiting and diarrhea. Leaves used as a decoction is good for rheumatism. The roots are diuretic properties.
Romans planting close to home as Ilex thought you away evils.
Christop Bailes - Hollies for Gardeners - Timber Press, 2006
Clive Lane - Plants for Small Spaces - Horticulture Books, 2005
Jacqueline Herit - Complete Trees, Shrubs & Hedges - Creative Homeowner, 2005
Karan Junker - Gardening with Woodland Plants - Timber Press, 2007
Susan A. Roth - Taylor's Guide to Trees - Houghton Mifflin, 2001
Aloe vera Mill.
Herbaceous perennial, 50-80 cm tall, vigorous root-branched, cylindrical, 5-20 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Strain fasciculated, erect, branched in upper parts. Leaves alternate, Terni-compound, the last segment with red ribbed, oblong-elliptic; foliolele are ongust-ovata or elliptic, 8-12 x 2-4 cm. 6.10 cm long stalks
Brassica nigra Koek. - Black mustard
Brassica nigra is herbaceous annual native to Asia Minor, but is cultivated on all continents for the seeds. The seeds are used for preparation of mustard.
Laurus nobilis - on time and stay Greeks, laurel branches were used to make crowns for the heads of heroes, and to honor poets.
Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .
Trees and shrubs
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Bark gray young branches are yellow-green. Leaves alternate; paripenat-compound, 4-6 pairs of folio oval-elliptic, 10-35 mm long, dark green in summer and autumn yellow, 5-10 cm long; spinescente Stipe. Flowers solitary, Corola yellow, 20-25 mm long, increase the armpit leaves, blooming from May to June.
Evergreen ornamental plant of the Theaceae family, native from Eastern Asia, its origin is still controversial, being considered by some as species indigenous from Japonia and, by others, from China. It was introduced into Europe by the Portuguese in 1542 and soon spread to Spain, England, France and Italy; into United States at the beginning of the 18th century, and in Australia during the mid 19th century.
Flourensia cernua - tarbush
Flourensia cernua is deciduous shrub, from Chihuahuan Desert. In northern Mexico, the leaves and flower heads were used historically to make a decoction for treating indigestion.
Polygala chamaebuxus - perennial, evergreen, subfrutescenta, native to Central, Eastern and South-East, it grows on rocky places in alpine floor.
Tree, 40 m high, truncated 1 m in diameter. Stalk, leaf stalks are brown and language violated. Petiole 1.5-3 cm long. Leaves elliptic, ovat-elliptic, 6-22 x 4.7 cm, protruding ribs on both surfaces, base cuneata, top acuminata.
Herbaceous annual or perennial. Strain decumbenta - upward, often is wood based. Leaves alternate, entire or pinnate-sectors. Capital solitary and axillary. Involucre with bractei placed on 2-3 lines. Flowers tubular, orange. Ligula sterile flowers, yellow-orange, top with 4 teeth. Receptacle convex or flat. Acorn obovoide, densely-hairy.
Physalis alkekengi - ripe fruits are edible, are rich in Vitamin C and has diuretic and laxative properties.