14
Jan
2009
Ilex aquifolium
Green Pharmacy | Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Popular names: English - English Holly, Common Holly;

Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic. Flowers white, axillary, in bouquets, scented, 4 petals, stamens are arranged towards the petals rotate, stigma sessile, blooms in April-May. Pollination is done by insects. Baca fruit, green ripening to bright red is, 7 mm in diameter, caused domestic animals, but not for birds, contains 4 seeds.

Growth rate: slow.

Wood is strong.

Grows on acidic soils, well drained, moist, sunny exhibitions. Too acidic soils can d of poor growth. Tolerance towards dry soils. It protects from wind. Cuttings are made after December; topiaria excellent art and bonsai. 0 tolerance towards high temperature differences, conditions of stress can cause leaf fall.

Cultivation and Varieties: 'Amber' (orange fruit), 'Bacciflava' (yellow fruit), 'Gold Milkboy' (flat leaves, dark green with yellow center), 'myrtifolia' (small leaf, stem purple).

Qualities species Ilex aquifolium are laxative, narcotic and stimulant. Long, evergreen species used in gardens were a symbol of continuity of life in the dark days of winter. The culture is pagan symbol of fertility. The Christian faith is the crown of thorns and blood that Christ wore.

In China and Japan,on89589/Ilex_aquifolium "target =" _blank "> Ilex aquifolium, is used to decorate homes and temples on New Year day.

Bark contains a dye. Foliage and fruit if consumed can cause vomiting and diarrhea. Leaves used as a decoction is good for rheumatism. The roots are diuretic properties.

Romans planting close to home as Ilex thought you away evils.

References

Christop Bailes - Hollies for Gardeners - Timber Press, 2006

Clive Lane - Plants for Small Spaces - Horticulture Books, 2005

Jacqueline Herit - Complete Trees, Shrubs & Hedges - Creative Homeowner, 2005

Karan Junker - Gardening with Woodland Plants - Timber Press, 2007

Susan A. Roth - Taylor's Guide to Trees - Houghton Mifflin, 2001

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Green Pharmacy
Ziziphus jujuba Mill - jujuba

Deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm .

 
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita

Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.

 
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta

Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.

 
Tilia cordata - Small-leaved lime, lime hill

Scientific Name - Tilia cordata

Synonyms - Tilia parvifolia Ehrh., Tilia ulmifolia Purpose ..

Names of people - small-leaved lime, lime sulfur, lime hill, Littleleaf Linden, Lindenbluten, Tiliae flos, Fleur de Tilleul.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe, grows on nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.

Description - tree, 20 feet tall. Trunk as thick (can reach up to 1 m diameter). Bark on young specimens is smooth, gray to dark gray becomes mature specimens or brown, pitted. Crown oval, conical. Olive-green stems, at first pubescent then glabrata. Buds 4-6 mm long, usually two outer scales unequal, shiny, olive-green to red-brown, terminal bud is absent. Leaves alternate, simple, subrotunde - ovate, 5-7 c

Tilia cordata - tree, native of Europe, increases in nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.

Lime flowers are the most popular remedy for colds and flu, tea is used to treat headaches, anxiety and nervous tension.

 
Hamamelis mollis

Species from China (Anhui, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan), at altitudes of 800-1400 m, where grows beside Quercus serrata , Corylopsis sinensis , Castanea seguinii , Rhododendron simsii , Hosta ventricosa and Linder sp. .

 
Trees and shrubs
Gardenia jasminoides - Gardenia

Shrub or small tree, growing 1-15 m tall. Leaves glossy, evergreen, opposite, coriacee, oval or elliptical, dark green, 7-10 cm long. Large solitary flowers, double or semiduble, white, 5.12 cm diameter. Bloom from May to September.

 
Acer tataricum - tatarian maple

Acer tataricum - interest forest and ornamental tree grown in parks and gardens.It is used in dyeing natural fibers.

 
Chorisia speciosa

Deciduu tree, 9-18 m high, crown iregulata, spherical, pyramid. Bark is thin, green, gray thorns present on the trunk and branches. Leaves alternate, palmately-compound, 5-7 folio, folio elliptic, margin evening, nervatiune pinnate, green, autumn remain ever green. Flowers solitary, axillary, hermaphrodite, pentamere, actinomorfe, pink or white.

 
Dracaena marginata Lemarck

Popular names: English - Red-edged Dracaena, Madagascar Dragon-Tree, Hawaii - money tree.

Dracaena marginata Lemarck is an evergreen species native to Madagascar, was imported into Europe in the XVII century. Bush by 6 m high, formed more vertical stems. Leaves arranged spiral, simple, Sesia, entire, linear, evergreen, green with reddish margins, 15-45 x 0,7-3 cm; nervatiuni parallel.

 
Asclepias currasavica - scarlet milkweed

Asclepias currasavica - species used as ornamental plants for small gardens, in combination with other herbs such as Echinacea purpurea, Ratibida pinnata, ornamental grasses.

 
Magnoliopsida
Pavone multiflora

Genus belongs to the Malvaceae, tribe Malvavisceae, which is characterized by a number of corporate sites is double that of carpelelor.

 
Actinidia deliciosa - kiwi

Actinidia deliciosa fruits are edible, used for beverages, desserts, containing vitamin C, A and E and potassium.

 
Lotus maculatus Breitf.

Herbaceous, with the stem wood, under-shrub pendulum. Strain up to 1.5 m high, glabra, gray-green silky, internoduri 35-45 mm stipele children. Leaves imparipenat, 5 folio; foliole 10-25 x 1 mm, subulate or linear, convex upper and concave lower edges entire, top obtuse-rounded, surface moderately pubescent.

 
Ranunculus asiaticus

Perennial herbaceous, stem 7-40 cm high. Caulinare different from the basal leaves, the basal are lobate, and those are areas caulinare. Flower 3-5 cm diameter, white, yellow or red; 3.5 sepa obsolete; 5 or more petals, stamens numerous. Fruit achenes, top acuminata recurbat, 4,5-5,6 x 3,0-3,7 mm, brown doll. 2n = 16.

 
Marrubium vulgare - Voronez

Perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links