Scientific Name - Impatiens glandulifera Royle
Synonyms - Impatiens Walpers Royle
Popular names - balsamina ghiandolosa, impatient glanduleuse, Indian Balsam, drusiges Springkraut, Himalayan balsam.
Distribution and Habitat - native to Asia.
Description - herbaceous species, annual. Stems fleshy, 100-200 m tall, vigorous, glabra, erecta, translucent, reddish and thickened at nodes. Leaves opposite or in whorl of 3, petiolate, lanceolate, margins evenings (18-50 teeth on each side), top acuminata, glandule towards the base, 5-18 x 2.5-7 cm long, inflorescence axillary raceme, 5-12 flowers . Flowers hermaphrodite, zigomorfe, clocks, 2.5-4 cm long, pink, rarely white. Sepals 3, 12-20 x 9-17 mm, spur 2-5 mm. Blooms in June and September. Fruit 1.5-3 cm dish, glabru.
Requirements - prefers light soils, sandy, moist, egsemi-shaded position.
Propagation - by seeds, sown in spring.
Curiosity - invasive species. Impatiens gladulifera was introduced from Asia, and naturalized in many parts of Europe, growing on the canals, rivers and very wet soils, from 200 to 600 m altitude.
The genus name derives from the Latin 'impatient' = impatient, referring to the characteristic fruit to mature quickly open, releasing the seeds to great distances, and the specific name 'glandulifera' refers to small glands at the base of the petiole and foliar language .
Coronilla vary - herbaceous perennial, native to SE Europe, grows on limestone rocks and ravines, arid plains, along the streets, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Oenothera biennis - Luminita
Oenothera biennis is a biennial species, native to North America, naturalized in southern Europe. It was introduced in Europe in 1614.
Impatiens parviflora - species herbaceous annual. Hailing from northeast Asia, Europe grow in the forests of beech, river edges, from 500 to 1200 m altitude.
Tussilago windbag - coltsfoot
From the Latin Tussilago tussis = cough on the plant's medicinal properties, windbag is the old name of poplar because of similarities between these species leaves.
Windbag Tussilago Tussilago is the only species of the genus.
Dioscorides, used potbal leaves as a substitute for tobacco, and to treat cough and asthma.
Tithonia rotundifolia - annual species, native to Mexico and Central Aerica, cultivated as ornamental species.
Angophora hispida Blaxell
Shrub or small tree, 4-5 m high. Gray-red bark at first smooth, exfoliating in due course. Leaves opposite, Sesia or short stalks, cordiform, 5-10 x 2.5-4.5 cm, pale green, pubescent. 3.7 flowers in a corymb, 10-15 cm diameter. Sepa free (dialisepal), green, petals free (dialipetal), white cream. Blooming in January. Fruit capsule.
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita
Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.