30
Mar
2009
Kallstroemia Max (L.) Hook. & Arn.
Green Pharmacy | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Kallstroemia Max (L.) Hook. & Arn.

Synonyms - Kallstroemia canescens Rydb, Tribulus Maximus

Linne called Tribulus Maximus After studying this species in Hortus Cliffortianus crops.

Popular names - Muelle de paquera, abrojilo, caldero, chitun KAX, hierba of pásmo, hierba de pollo, jepo longlo, jimiri, matte, verdolaga of abrojo, machoucherie, Centipede root shanapmucui, talacacao.

Distribution and Habitat - Species that grow in forests in the dry season in areas open to marigini road, and plains. Grow to 850 m altitude. Originally from Puerto Rico, where it grows and Kallstroemia pubescens.

Description - herbaceous prostate or s emi-decumbenta, annual, branched stem, slightly reddish, tomentoasa in youth and adulthood peloasa, 0.2-1 m long. Leaves opposite, pinnate-compound, 3-4 pairs of folio 0.5-2 cm long, oval-elliptic, unequal, top round or obtuse acuminata, the higher are long and wide, 1.10 mm long stalks. Stipele lanceolata-linear, 5 mm long. Flowers yellow to white, solitary, axillary, hermaphrodite, radially symmetrical, 2 cm wide, peduncle pelos, 5-20 mm long, 5 sepa free piloase, ovat-lanceolata, 3-8 x 2-4 mm, top acuminata; 5 free petals, 0.4 to 0.8 cm in length or truncated top round, creamy white with a red spot at the base; 10.12 lilac, yellow, ovary superior, puberulent, ovoid, 8-12 rags. Fruit ovoid, pyramid, calyx persistent.

Properties and Uses - People of El Salvador and Colombia cook K. Maxima and young plants they eat.

In Cuba, the decoction of Kallstroemia maximum applied as compresses on various skin problems, and decoction or infusion is used in controlling urticaria.

In Colombia, Kallstroemia maximum is considered diuretic and laxative. Chopped leaves of this plant are applied to treat spider bites. Relieve pain.

References

Daniel F. Austin - Florida ethnobotany - CRC Press, 2004

James A. Duke - Medicinal Plants of Latin America - CRC Press, 2008

Marianna Appel Kunów - Traditional Healing in Yucatan Maya Medicine - University of New Mexico Press, 2003

Magaret Gargiullo, Larry Kimball, Barbara Magnuson - A Field Guide to Plants of Costa Rica - OUP USA, 2008

Samael Aun Weor --

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