Scientific Name – Kigelia africana (Lam) Benth.
Synonim – Kigelia pinnata (Jacq.) DC.
Common name(s) – sausagetree, saucissonnier, Leberwurstbaum, arbol de las salchichas, abu shutor, mussa, worsboom, umFongothi.
Distribution and Habitat – native to Africa, in lowland and medium altitude woodland and wooded grassland, often along rivers.
Description – medium to large tre, up to 10-20 m tall, with a dense rounded crown; squat trunk with light brown, flaky bark. Leaves opposites, crowded near the ends of branches, compound 5-11 leaflets; leaflets oblong, up to 6 x 10 cm, roughly hairy on both surfaces, yellowish-green above, paler green below, apex broadly tapering to rounded; base square, asymmetric in the lateral leaflets, symmetric in the terminal leaflet; margin entire; the lower leaflets shortly petiolulate, the terminal pair without petiolules; petiol up to 15 cm long. Flower dark maroon with heavy yellow veining on the outside, cup shaped, asymmetric, 15 cm across; in 6-12 flowered, lax, pendulous sprays up to 90 cm long. Calyx shortly tubular with 2-5 ribbed lobes; corolla widely cup shaped with 5 broad spreading lobes; 4 stamens. Flowering from August to October. Fruit inedible, 50 – 100 x 12 cm, grayish-brown, with lenticels, indehiscent, 9 kg.
Growth rate – fast-growing. The growth rath is at least 1 m/year, but it is slower in colder areas.
Tolerances – tolerates temperatures ranging from 4 to 40 ̊C.
Requirements – prefers fertile, well-drained soils in sunny places.
Propagation – by seeds, viability is maintained for more than 3 years in hermetic storage. Fresh seded sown in sand in September. Protect young plants from frost.
Pest and Diseases – Newinia kigeliae.
Properties and Uses – In Tanzania roasted seeds are added to local beer and it is drunk as an aphrodisiac. Macerated too long, it causes severe headaches and poisons the beer.
In south Malawi, it is believed that hanging the fruits around a building can protect the building against virulent storms and hurricanes.
Kigelia Africana is suitable for riverbank stabilization.
Sausage tree is a shade tree, but has a invasive root system, so keep it clear of buildings and paving.
Curiosity – Kigelia is a genus with a single species, which is cultivated as an ornamental tree.
‘Sausage tree’ is derived from the cylindrical shape of the fruit. Kigelia is the Latinized version of a Mozambique name.
Raw fruit are poisonous to humans.
Ernst Schmidt, Mervyn Lotter, Warren McCleland - Trees and Shrubs of Mpumalanga – Jacana Media, 2002
H.D. Neuwinger – African Ethnobotany – Posons and Drug – Chapman and Hall, 1996
W. Arthur Whistler – Tropical Ornamentals – Timber Press, 2000
Trees and shrubs
Teline canariensis - shrub native (endemic) of Tenerife and Gran Canaria, grows at the edge of forests of Pinus radiata and Laurus canariensis novo in association with Neotinea maculata, Hypericum reflexum and Cystus sympithifolius, from 500 to 1500 m altitude.
Evergreen tree, 15-20 m high. Leaves simple, alternate, coriacee, limb oval edge gear, 2.5-5 cm long, short stalks. Flowers arranged in dense corymb, hermaphrodite, pentamere, white, 1.5 cm in diameter, calyx of 5 SEPA. Fruit capsule, containing 10-20 seeds.
Viburnum opulus L. - calin, snowball
Originally from Europe, grows spontaneously in the Netherlands, the soil rich in forests, and forest edge. Description - shrub, 1,3-3,5 m high; ritidom smooth, exfoliating in strips is, open gray on the outside, Brown -yellow on the inside, branched stem. Leaves opposite, 3-lobate, margin iregulat evening, the round or truncata, top acuminata, glabra on the upper face, lower face pubescent, dark green in summer, yellow-orange in autumn.
Tilia tomentosa - silver linden
Tree with dense crown, rich, 30 m high, with branches erect, rounded. Lujerii annual geniculati, brown-yellow, gray tomentosi with buds ovoid, with two external scales equal, also felt. At first bark is smooth and gray, mature form shallow longitudinal furrows.
Calycanthus floridus L.
Shrub 1.8-4 m tall, multiple stems, erect, clocks the fruit. Buds small, round, naked, brown-pubescent. Scaorta smooth lenticele, by burning aromatic, dark gray-brown. Leaves opposite, decidue, simple ovata to elliptic, entire, aromatic if they are broken, shiny, dense tomentoase inside, spring green, autumn is yellow or yellow-versa.
Cassia angustifolia - ornamental shrub, belongs to the family Fabaceae, native of northern Africa.
Euphorbia pulcherrima - Poinsetia
Description - shrub, 20-50 cm high. Decidue leaves, oval, 10-15 cm long needle, or pointed. Flowers small, yellow-green, surrounded by bracts 15-20 cm long, red, pink or white.
Tolerances - not tolerate too hot environments, usacte and poorly lit, leaves turn yellow and fall.
Coffea charrieriana Stoff & F. Anthony sp.nov.
Shrub, 1-1.5 m high. Stalk 1-2 mm in diameter, pubescent. Stipele triangulation to the Delta, about 2 mm long, nested, pubescent. Petiole 2 mm long. Lamina elliptical to narrow elliptical, 5-7 x 2,2-3,5 cm, thin
Reseda phyteuma - annual or perennial grass, native to southern Europe and southwest Asia, North Africa, it grows on basic soils, grassy edges of roads, from 0 to 1900 m altitude.
Herbaceous annual or perennial. Strain decumbenta - upward, often is wood based. Leaves alternate, entire or pinnate-sectors. Capital solitary and axillary. Involucre with bractei placed on 2-3 lines. Flowers tubular, orange. Ligula sterile flowers, yellow-orange, top with 4 teeth. Receptacle convex or flat. Acorn obovoide, densely-hairy.