Scientific Name – Kigelia africana (Lam) Benth.
Synonim – Kigelia pinnata (Jacq.) DC.
Common name(s) – sausagetree, saucissonnier, Leberwurstbaum, arbol de las salchichas, abu shutor, mussa, worsboom, umFongothi.
Distribution and Habitat – native to Africa, in lowland and medium altitude woodland and wooded grassland, often along rivers.
Description – medium to large tre, up to 10-20 m tall, with a dense rounded crown; squat trunk with light brown, flaky bark. Leaves opposites, crowded near the ends of branches, compound 5-11 leaflets; leaflets oblong, up to 6 x 10 cm, roughly hairy on both surfaces, yellowish-green above, paler green below, apex broadly tapering to rounded; base square, asymmetric in the lateral leaflets, symmetric in the terminal leaflet; margin entire; the lower leaflets shortly petiolulate, the terminal pair without petiolules; petiol up to 15 cm long. Flower dark maroon with heavy yellow veining on the outside, cup shaped, asymmetric, 15 cm across; in 6-12 flowered, lax, pendulous sprays up to 90 cm long. Calyx shortly tubular with 2-5 ribbed lobes; corolla widely cup shaped with 5 broad spreading lobes; 4 stamens. Flowering from August to October. Fruit inedible, 50 – 100 x 12 cm, grayish-brown, with lenticels, indehiscent, 9 kg.
Growth rate – fast-growing. The growth rath is at least 1 m/year, but it is slower in colder areas.
Tolerances – tolerates temperatures ranging from 4 to 40 ̊C.
Requirements – prefers fertile, well-drained soils in sunny places.
Propagation – by seeds, viability is maintained for more than 3 years in hermetic storage. Fresh seded sown in sand in September. Protect young plants from frost.
Pest and Diseases – Newinia kigeliae.
Properties and Uses – In Tanzania roasted seeds are added to local beer and it is drunk as an aphrodisiac. Macerated too long, it causes severe headaches and poisons the beer.
In south Malawi, it is believed that hanging the fruits around a building can protect the building against virulent storms and hurricanes.
Kigelia Africana is suitable for riverbank stabilization.
Sausage tree is a shade tree, but has a invasive root system, so keep it clear of buildings and paving.
Curiosity – Kigelia is a genus with a single species, which is cultivated as an ornamental tree.
‘Sausage tree’ is derived from the cylindrical shape of the fruit. Kigelia is the Latinized version of a Mozambique name.
Raw fruit are poisonous to humans.
Ernst Schmidt, Mervyn Lotter, Warren McCleland - Trees and Shrubs of Mpumalanga – Jacana Media, 2002
H.D. Neuwinger – African Ethnobotany – Posons and Drug – Chapman and Hall, 1996
W. Arthur Whistler – Tropical Ornamentals – Timber Press, 2000
Trees and shrubs
Actinidia deliciosa - kiwi
Actinidia deliciosa fruits are edible, used for beverages, desserts, containing vitamin C, A and E and potassium.
Evergreen tree. Leaves opposite, coriacee, oblong to elliptic-lanceolata, 8-18 x 2-4.5 cm, top acuminata, petiole 2-4 mm long. Male cones are cylindrical, grouped 3-4 at underarms, female cones are solitary, the armpit leaves.
Hibiscus syriacus - shrub to 3 m high, native of India and China, naturalized in southern Europe. cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and public gardens, the street alignments or as hedges.
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita
Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.
Heliosperma pusillum - herbaceous perennial, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone ravines, from 1000 to 2500 m altitude.
Eschscholzia californica - California poppy
Perennial species in the area of origin, in other regions is annual, reaching up to 5-60 cm high, glabra, glauca. Stem branched, decumbenta. Leaves basal and caulinare, green-glauca, sectors, lobes linear or obluongi, glabra. Floriferi buds are obconici pick. Flowers solitary, peduncle of 5-15 cm long, calyx acute or acuminata, glabru, glauca; Corola consisting of 4 petals yellow-orange, 5 cm long, numerous stamens.
Hydrangea - Hortensia
Genus includes 80 species, the most popular are H. macrophylla, H. arborescens, H. paniculata and H. quercifolia. Shrub or voluble species with opposite leaves. Flowers solitary or grouped in inflorescences type corymb, Raceme. Ovary compound, 2-10 rags, below. Capsule truncata. Seeds numerous, ribbed.
Calystegia sepium - rhizomatic herbaceous perennial, grows spontaneously throughout Europe and Asia, infesting herbaceous crops, grain, grow on the stems bush bush, from 0 to 1400 m altitude.