24
Feb
2010
Kigelia africana
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific Name – Kigelia africana (Lam) Benth.

Synonim – Kigelia pinnata (Jacq.) DC.

Common name(s) – sausagetree, saucissonnier, Leberwurstbaum, arbol de las salchichas, abu shutor, mussa, worsboom, umFongothi.

Distribution and Habitat – native to Africa, in lowland and medium altitude woodland and wooded grassland, often along rivers.

Description – medium to large tre, up to 10-20 m tall, with a dense rounded crown; squat trunk with light brown, flaky bark. Leaves opposites, crowded near the ends of branches, compound 5-11 leaflets; leaflets oblong, up to 6 x 10 cm, roughly hairy on both surfaces, yellowish-green above, paler green below, apex broadly tapering to rounded; base square, asymmetric in the lateral leaflets, symmetric in the terminal leaflet; margin entire; the lower leaflets shortly petiolulate, the terminal pair without petiolules; petiol up to 15 cm long. Flower dark maroon with heavy yellow veining on the outside, cup shaped, asymmetric, 15 cm across; in 6-12 flowered, lax, pendulous sprays up to 90 cm long. Calyx shortly tubular with 2-5 ribbed lobes; corolla widely cup shaped with 5 broad spreading lobes; 4 stamens. Flowering from August to October. Fruit inedible, 50 – 100 x 12 cm, grayish-brown, with lenticels, indehiscent, 9 kg.

Growth rate – fast-growing. The growth rath is at least 1 m/year, but it is slower in colder areas.

Tolerances –  tolerates temperatures ranging from 4 to 40 ̊C.

Requirements – prefers fertile, well-drained soils in sunny places.

Propagation – by seeds, viability is maintained for more than 3 years in hermetic storage. Fresh seded sown in sand in September. Protect young plants from frost.

Pest and Diseases – Newinia kigeliae.

Properties and Uses – In Tanzania roasted seeds are added to local beer and it is drunk as an aphrodisiac. Macerated too long, it causes severe headaches and poisons the beer.

In south Malawi, it is believed that hanging the fruits around a building can protect the building against virulent storms and hurricanes.

Kigelia Africana is suitable for riverbank stabilization.

Sausage tree is a shade tree, but has a invasive root system, so keep it clear of buildings and paving.

Curiosity – Kigelia is a genus with a single species, which is cultivated as an ornamental tree.

‘Sausage tree’ is derived from the cylindrical shape of the fruit. Kigelia is the Latinized version of a Mozambique name.

Raw fruit are poisonous to humans.

Bibliography

Ernst Schmidt, Mervyn Lotter, Warren McCleland -  Trees and Shrubs of Mpumalanga – Jacana Media, 2002

H.D. Neuwinger – African Ethnobotany – Posons and Drug – Chapman and Hall, 1996

W. Arthur Whistler – Tropical Ornamentals – Timber Press, 2000

See also
Top
Trees and shrubs
Westringia rigida

Shrub 3 m high. Leaves disposed in each vertical 3 (4), the busiest peak, linear, 1.5 cm long, acuminata-mucronata, bright green top and white on the inside of the main rib prominent, margins Revol.

 
Aesculus hippocastanum - common horsechestnut

Aesculus hippocastanum - is used in parks and gardens, the tree line, solitary or in groups. The flowers are bees, and seeds contain starch, protein, tannin, saponin and edible oil, which can be manufactured soap, technical oil, glue, medicines. Species not produce forest wood is of poor quality.

 
Abutilon darwinii

Abutilon darwinii - ornamental shrub originating in S Brazil. In hot climates are grown as ornamental plants in parks and gardens in cold climates are grown in pots for indoor or greenhouse.

 
Syzygium aromaticum - clove

Small, oblong fruit with little pulp. The dried flower buds of this tree are the cloves of commerce. All parts of the tree are highly aromatic. It is used in the form of a paste or mixture as dental cement.

 
Magnolia baillonii

Tree, 40 m high, truncated 1 m in diameter. Stalk, leaf stalks are brown and language violated. Petiole 1.5-3 cm long. Leaves elliptic, ovat-elliptic, 6-22 x 4.7 cm, protruding ribs on both surfaces, base cuneata, top acuminata.

 
Magnoliopsida
Calystegia sepium

Calystegia sepium - rhizomatic herbaceous perennial, grows spontaneously throughout Europe and Asia, infesting herbaceous crops, grain, grow on the stems bush bush, from 0 to 1400 m altitude.

 
Erinus alpinus L.

Herbaceous perennial, evergreen. Stem branched, forming bush, 5-15 cm high. Leaves spatulate, 4 cm long, needle tapered. Flowers purple, 1.25 cm diameter, arranged in raceme of 6 cm long. Seeds ellipsoidal, 0.6-0.8 x 0.35-0.45 mm supreafata glossy, dark brown.

 
Calophyllum inophyllum

Tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cime of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long.

 
Chrysosplenium alternifolium

Chrysosplenium alternifolium is a rare species that grows in damp and shady places.

 
Actinidia deliciosa - kiwi

Actinidia deliciosa fruits are edible, used for beverages, desserts, containing vitamin C, A and E and potassium.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links