15
Jan
2009
Kniphofia
Flowers | Liliopsida

Popular names: Torch Lily.

Originally from southern Africa. Kniphofia (complex hybrid) was one of the first species placed in the Cape, in the Netherlands in 1690.

Perennial species with rhizome, erect flower stem, 1.5 m high and 10 mm in diameter. Leaves basal, linear, glabra, smooth edge, 30-90 x 5-25 mm. Blossom terminal, Raceme, 6-15 cm long, more than 50 flowers, pedicel 2-5 mm long, bractei 9 x 4 mm. Perianth cylindrical, orange-red to yellow-green with orange-brown central stripe, tube 3-4 cm long and 6 mm diameter, lobes 3 x 2 mm. Stamens 3.5 cm long, anther 1.5 mm long. Blooms from July to September. Fruit ovoid to oblong capsule, seeds many, presents aryl.

Kniphofia grows on rich soil, moist but with good drainage.Excess water in the soil or the leaves can kill the plant.

Hybrids of Kniphofia grow well in humid, humus rich, fertile, well drained, with exhibitions sunny.

It can multiply by dividing rhizomes, Autumn.

Cultivation and Varieties: 'Shining Scepter', 'Bressingham Comet', 'Atlantia', 'Tawny King', 'Royal Standard', 'White Nancy', 'Primrose Beauty', 'Nobilis'.

Associations of plants Kniphofia: Molina carrier 'Variegata', Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus, Aralia elata, Lonicera nitida, Cotinus coggygria 'Royal Purple', Salvia, Echinops ritro, Nepeta, Platycodon, Oenothera.

References

Andy McIndoe - Perennials - David & Charles, 2005

C. Burrell - The Sunny Border - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2002

DO Wijnands - The Botany of the Commelins - CRC, 1983

January Cooke - Waterwise Gardening - New Holland, 2009

Jeff Cox - Perennial All-Stars - Roda Books, 2002

Julie Ryan - Perennial Gardens for Texas - University of Texas Press, 1998

Peter Sell, Gina Murrell, SM Walters - Flora of Great Britain and Ireland - Cambridge University Press, 1997

The European Garden Flora Editorial Committee - European Garden Flora - Cambridge University Press, 1986

Sue Chivers - Planting for Color - David & Charles, 2005

Tomasz Anisko - When Perennials Bloom - Timber Press, 2008

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