Popular names: Torch Lily.
Originally from southern Africa. Kniphofia (complex hybrid) was one of the first species placed in the Cape, in the Netherlands in 1690.
Perennial species with rhizome, erect flower stem, 1.5 m high and 10 mm in diameter. Leaves basal, linear, glabra, smooth edge, 30-90 x 5-25 mm. Blossom terminal, Raceme, 6-15 cm long, more than 50 flowers, pedicel 2-5 mm long, bractei 9 x 4 mm. Perianth cylindrical, orange-red to yellow-green with orange-brown central stripe, tube 3-4 cm long and 6 mm diameter, lobes 3 x 2 mm. Stamens 3.5 cm long, anther 1.5 mm long. Blooms from July to September. Fruit ovoid to oblong capsule, seeds many, presents aryl.
Kniphofia grows on rich soil, moist but with good drainage.Excess water in the soil or the leaves can kill the plant.
Hybrids of Kniphofia grow well in humid, humus rich, fertile, well drained, with exhibitions sunny.
It can multiply by dividing rhizomes, Autumn.
Cultivation and Varieties: 'Shining Scepter', 'Bressingham Comet', 'Atlantia', 'Tawny King', 'Royal Standard', 'White Nancy', 'Primrose Beauty', 'Nobilis'.
Associations of plants Kniphofia: Molina carrier 'Variegata', Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus, Aralia elata, Lonicera nitida, Cotinus coggygria 'Royal Purple', Salvia, Echinops ritro, Nepeta, Platycodon, Oenothera.
Andy McIndoe - Perennials - David & Charles, 2005
C. Burrell - The Sunny Border - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2002
DO Wijnands - The Botany of the Commelins - CRC, 1983
January Cooke - Waterwise Gardening - New Holland, 2009
Jeff Cox - Perennial All-Stars - Roda Books, 2002
Julie Ryan - Perennial Gardens for Texas - University of Texas Press, 1998
Peter Sell, Gina Murrell, SM Walters - Flora of Great Britain and Ireland - Cambridge University Press, 1997
The European Garden Flora Editorial Committee - European Garden Flora - Cambridge University Press, 1986
Sue Chivers - Planting for Color - David & Charles, 2005
Tomasz Anisko - When Perennials Bloom - Timber Press, 2008
Perennial species, 30 cm height, 60-90 cm diameter, forming a dense bush covering the ground well. Leaves linear-lanceolata, margin entire, shiny dark green, 2,5-4 cm long x 3.6 mm wide. Flowers white, 4 petals, blossom type corymb, 9 cm diameter, January-June period of prosperity. Fruit silicula, 7 mm long.
Reseda phyteuma - annual or perennial grass, native to southern Europe and southwest Asia, North Africa, it grows on basic soils, grassy edges of roads, from 0 to 1900 m altitude.
Gentiana crucial - originated in southern, central and eastern Europe, it grows on sunny pastures on limestone soils, from 200 to 2000 m altitude.
Pontederia cordata L.
Species aquatic perennial, 45-60 cm tall, thin rhizome. Leaves basal, erect, ovat-lanceolata, with the cord; long petiole. Flowers violet-blue, rarely white, with an upper lobe yellow blossom disposed in ear type. Perianth campanulata, Revol tube after blooming, 6 stamens, 3 more unequal, May 3 children; anther elliptic, blue. Blooms in June-September. The fruit contains a single seed, indehiscent.
Commelina communis - grows naturally in East Asia, prefer shade and moist forests in 0-6000 altit.
Commelina genus species is often confused with species of the genus Tradescantia, both belonging to the same family, Commelinaceae. Commelina flowers genre has two large petals and a small petal, flowers from three species of Tradescantia petals are equal in size.
Galanthus nivalis L.
Bulbous perennial species with herbaceous matter, erect, bulb ovoid, dark brown tunic, 1.5 x 2.4 cm. Leaves basal, 20 cm long, linear-lanceolata, rounded at the top. Flowers generally solitary, clocks, accompanied by a shoulder 3-4 cm long, 3 tepale flower is composed of external and internal 3 tepale erection of about 1cm, biloba, white with green spots
Herbaceous perennial, rustic. Rhizome with roots beam. Nastriforme leaves, gathered in bouquets. Raceme blossom or panic, small bracts, perianth campanulata, tepale united at the base, ovata, yellow or orange, 6 stamens attached to corolla tube, ovary inferior. Fruit capsule dehiscence.