Popular names: Torch Lily.
Originally from southern Africa. Kniphofia (complex hybrid) was one of the first species placed in the Cape, in the Netherlands in 1690.
Perennial species with rhizome, erect flower stem, 1.5 m high and 10 mm in diameter. Leaves basal, linear, glabra, smooth edge, 30-90 x 5-25 mm. Blossom terminal, Raceme, 6-15 cm long, more than 50 flowers, pedicel 2-5 mm long, bractei 9 x 4 mm. Perianth cylindrical, orange-red to yellow-green with orange-brown central stripe, tube 3-4 cm long and 6 mm diameter, lobes 3 x 2 mm. Stamens 3.5 cm long, anther 1.5 mm long. Blooms from July to September. Fruit ovoid to oblong capsule, seeds many, presents aryl.
Kniphofia grows on rich soil, moist but with good drainage.Excess water in the soil or the leaves can kill the plant.
Hybrids of Kniphofia grow well in humid, humus rich, fertile, well drained, with exhibitions sunny.
It can multiply by dividing rhizomes, Autumn.
Cultivation and Varieties: 'Shining Scepter', 'Bressingham Comet', 'Atlantia', 'Tawny King', 'Royal Standard', 'White Nancy', 'Primrose Beauty', 'Nobilis'.
Associations of plants Kniphofia: Molina carrier 'Variegata', Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus, Aralia elata, Lonicera nitida, Cotinus coggygria 'Royal Purple', Salvia, Echinops ritro, Nepeta, Platycodon, Oenothera.
Andy McIndoe - Perennials - David & Charles, 2005
C. Burrell - The Sunny Border - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2002
DO Wijnands - The Botany of the Commelins - CRC, 1983
January Cooke - Waterwise Gardening - New Holland, 2009
Jeff Cox - Perennial All-Stars - Roda Books, 2002
Julie Ryan - Perennial Gardens for Texas - University of Texas Press, 1998
Peter Sell, Gina Murrell, SM Walters - Flora of Great Britain and Ireland - Cambridge University Press, 1997
The European Garden Flora Editorial Committee - European Garden Flora - Cambridge University Press, 1986
Sue Chivers - Planting for Color - David & Charles, 2005
Tomasz Anisko - When Perennials Bloom - Timber Press, 2008
Tithonia rotundifolia - annual species, native to Mexico and Central Aerica, cultivated as ornamental species.
Cardamine bulbifera - herbaceous species, perennial. Hailing from Europe and Asia Minor, grow on fertile soils, limestone, 200 to 1800 m altit., In association with Coryllus avellana, Carpinus betulus, Crataegus laevigata, Fraxinus excelsior, Quercus robur, ursinum Allium, Carex pendula, Hyacinthoides non- scripta, Mercurialis perennis, Lamiastrum galeobdolon.
Scrophularia nodosa - perennial species, grows in wet forests, rape and besides water, from 0-1800 m altitude.
Papaver aurantiacum - perennial species, grows on limestone debris and rocky places in alpine and subalpine region.
Stachys palustris L. - marsh Jales
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome tuberizat, crawler. Stem erect, rarely branched, tetragon, dark pink-purple, with scrub edge stem, 30-120 cm tall. Caulinare upper leaves are Sesi, amplexicaule, narrow-lanceolata, evening and slightly wavy edge, basal leaves are short stalks.
Agapanthus species. Cultivation and maintenance
Gymnadenia conopsea - can be planted in parks and public gardens, on lawns or grassy rocks.
Gymnadenia conopsea - Gymnadenia genus name comes from the Greek words 'gymnos' = empty and 'Aden' = gland.
Hyacinthus orientalis - bulbous perennial with linear to lance-shaped, channeled, bright green leaves, 15-35 cm long. Is classified as an ornamental, and is native to the Mediterranean region. The essential oils found only in the flowers have been used in cosmetics and soap fragrances.
Allium brussalisii (Aliaceae), new species from Greece
Aloe vera Mill.