Popular names: Torch Lily.
Originally from southern Africa. Kniphofia (complex hybrid) was one of the first species placed in the Cape, in the Netherlands in 1690.
Perennial species with rhizome, erect flower stem, 1.5 m high and 10 mm in diameter. Leaves basal, linear, glabra, smooth edge, 30-90 x 5-25 mm. Blossom terminal, Raceme, 6-15 cm long, more than 50 flowers, pedicel 2-5 mm long, bractei 9 x 4 mm. Perianth cylindrical, orange-red to yellow-green with orange-brown central stripe, tube 3-4 cm long and 6 mm diameter, lobes 3 x 2 mm. Stamens 3.5 cm long, anther 1.5 mm long. Blooms from July to September. Fruit ovoid to oblong capsule, seeds many, presents aryl.
Kniphofia grows on rich soil, moist but with good drainage.Excess water in the soil or the leaves can kill the plant.
Hybrids of Kniphofia grow well in humid, humus rich, fertile, well drained, with exhibitions sunny.
It can multiply by dividing rhizomes, Autumn.
Cultivation and Varieties: 'Shining Scepter', 'Bressingham Comet', 'Atlantia', 'Tawny King', 'Royal Standard', 'White Nancy', 'Primrose Beauty', 'Nobilis'.
Associations of plants Kniphofia: Molina carrier 'Variegata', Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus, Aralia elata, Lonicera nitida, Cotinus coggygria 'Royal Purple', Salvia, Echinops ritro, Nepeta, Platycodon, Oenothera.
Andy McIndoe - Perennials - David & Charles, 2005
C. Burrell - The Sunny Border - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2002
DO Wijnands - The Botany of the Commelins - CRC, 1983
January Cooke - Waterwise Gardening - New Holland, 2009
Jeff Cox - Perennial All-Stars - Roda Books, 2002
Julie Ryan - Perennial Gardens for Texas - University of Texas Press, 1998
Peter Sell, Gina Murrell, SM Walters - Flora of Great Britain and Ireland - Cambridge University Press, 1997
The European Garden Flora Editorial Committee - European Garden Flora - Cambridge University Press, 1986
Sue Chivers - Planting for Color - David & Charles, 2005
Tomasz Anisko - When Perennials Bloom - Timber Press, 2008
Stachys officinalis - a species native to Europe and the Caucasus, grass grows on soils, pastures arid and mountainous deciduous paduride collinear, from 0 to 1800 m altitude.
Convolvulus althaeoides - herbaceous plant, perennial. Originally from the Mediterranean basin, growing in dry places, on the streets.
Tropaeolum majus L. - nasturium, Capucine
Tropaeolum majus is originally from Peru, which grows along the coasts and forests of hardwood. Also in Peru, is cultivated to prepare salads. The leaves are rich in minerals, vitamin C and a natural antibiotic.
Bergen crassifolia (L.) Fritsch.
Herbaceous perennial forms a bush evergreen basal leaves, stems florifere up to 50 cm tall, dark purple. Leaves 25 cm wide, or elliptic obovata language, rim around the base cuneata, top obtuse, long petiole, 3-9 cm long. Panic blossom, flowers pink or dark pink open.
Narcissus poeticus L.
Bulb ovoid, 3-4 x 1.5-2 cm, brown tunic. 4 basal leaves, limb 20-40 x 0,6-1,2 cm, green glauca; nervatiune parallel. Flower stalk 30-45 cm. Flower solitary, fragrant, perianth 5.7 cm wide; periantului tube 2-3 cm; tepale overlapping, reflection, white, ovat-orbiculare, 1.5-2.5 x 1.5-2 cm, top mucronata
Ornithogalum umbelatum L. - balusca
Bulbous perennial species. Basal leaves semi-erect, linear, ribbed white-silver center, 25-30 cm long. Raceme with 6-20 corymb blossom type flowers, 2 cm diameter; tepale white with green on the outside, 6 stamens, 1 pistil.
Saccharum officinarum - Sugar cane
Herbaceous perennial strain neramificata, 3-4 m high, 3-5 cm diameter. Roots of two ways, first type is formed from Butas after planting, are thin and bends, the second type of primary shoots grow roots flashy and less branched, with all the old roots are brown and dry.
Hedychium coronarium - white ginger
Herbaceous perennial, 1-1.5 m inaltme, fleshy rhizome. Leaves alternate, decidue, language sessile 28-40 x 4.7 cm, narrow elliptic, apex long-acuminata, the acute glabra on top, the furry bottom steps. Flowering 4.10 x 3.6 cm. Bractei persistent ovat-triangulation, green, 4-7 x 2-4 cm, margins membranous.
Galanthus nivalis L.
Bulbous perennial species with herbaceous matter, erect, bulb ovoid, dark brown tunic, 1.5 x 2.4 cm. Leaves basal, 20 cm long, linear-lanceolata, rounded at the top. Flowers generally solitary, clocks, accompanied by a shoulder 3-4 cm long, 3 tepale flower is composed of external and internal 3 tepale erection of about 1cm, biloba, white with green spots