Scientific Name - Lantana camara
Synonyms - Camara vulgaris, Lantana aculeata, brittonii Lantana, Lantana scabrida.
Popular names - largeleaf lantana, lantana, ach man, flowered sage, camara de espinto, Wandelroeschen, wild sage.
Distribution and Habitat - a native of Central and South America.
Description - aromatic shrub, 1-3 m tall. Tulpini edges, more or less pubescent. Leaves opposite, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 2.5-10 x 1.8-7.5 cm, margins crenate or toothed, rough on top and pubescent on the underside. Corymb flowering, axillary or terminal contains 20-40 flowers, 2.5 cm diameter, corolla yellow, densely pubescent outside, 4 unequal petals, 4 stamens. Fruit drupa, spherical, dark purple to black, 6 mm in diameter at maturity. Seeds 1.5 mm.
Tolerances - tolerate drought, ex-intolerantcess of soil water leads to root rot.
Requirements - prefers fertile soils, well-drained, sunny and exhibitions.
Management - apply light trimming summer to encourage new flowering.
Propagation - by cuttings or by seeds.
Properties and Uses - a species cultivated as ornamental shrubs in parks and gardens or as potted plant.
Curiosity - the leaves are poisonous to animals but also for humans.
Lantana can become an invasive species, seeds are dispersed by birds.
In 1960, Dutch explorers introduced her to the Netherlands from Mexico and was raised in greenhouses and then as ornamental species.
Trees and shrubs
Fraxinus excelsior - Ash
Deciduu tree, 30-40 m high, stem right, branched at the top, crown ovoid, large and rare. A young bark is smooth, light gray green and mature forms at the thick crust with a small crack, dark color. Lujerii round, flattened at the bud, glabra, green-olive trees, with dark buds.
Schinus molle - evergreen tree, 3-15 m tall. Originally from Argentina, Bolivia and Peru where it grows from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Cultivated soil erosion, but also as ornamental species, or bonsai.
Viburnum opulus L. - calin, snowball
Originally from Europe, grows spontaneously in the Netherlands, the soil rich in forests, and forest edge. Description - shrub, 1,3-3,5 m high; ritidom smooth, exfoliating in strips is, open gray on the outside, Brown -yellow on the inside, branched stem. Leaves opposite, 3-lobate, margin iregulat evening, the round or truncata, top acuminata, glabra on the upper face, lower face pubescent, dark green in summer, yellow-orange in autumn.
Ginkgo biloba - maidenhair tree
Ginkgo biloba is deciduous tree native to China. Is a hardy tree tolerating a variety of climate and soil types, but not tolerate extreme frost.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful
Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.
Nepeta cataria has similar properties with valeriana, amaro-tonic and sedative antispasmotica.
Nepeta cataria var. citronelol citriodora contains more essential oil used as perfume industry.
Callistephus chinensis - annual species, 10-70 cm tall, native to Asia. Species cultivated as ornamental in gardens and parks.
Impatiens parviflora - species herbaceous annual. Hailing from northeast Asia, Europe grow in the forests of beech, river edges, from 500 to 1200 m altitude.