15
Feb
2011
Lantana camara
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida
10
0

Scientific Name - Lantana camara

Synonyms - Camara vulgaris, Lantana aculeata, brittonii Lantana, Lantana scabrida.

Popular names - largeleaf lantana, lantana, ach man, flowered sage, camara de espinto, Wandelroeschen, wild sage.

Distribution and Habitat - a native of Central and South America.

Description - aromatic shrub, 1-3 m tall. Tulpini edges, more or less pubescent. Leaves opposite, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 2.5-10 x 1.8-7.5 cm, margins crenate or toothed, rough on top and pubescent on the underside. Corymb flowering, axillary or terminal contains 20-40 flowers, 2.5 cm diameter, corolla yellow, densely pubescent outside, 4 unequal petals, 4 stamens. Fruit drupa, spherical, dark purple to black, 6 mm in diameter at maturity. Seeds 1.5 mm.

Tolerances - tolerate drought, ex-intolerantcess of soil water leads to root rot.

Requirements - prefers fertile soils, well-drained, sunny and exhibitions.

Management - apply light trimming summer to encourage new flowering.

Propagation - by cuttings or by seeds.

Properties and Uses - a species cultivated as ornamental shrubs in parks and gardens or as potted plant.

Curiosity - the leaves are poisonous to animals but also for humans.

Lantana can become an invasive species, seeds are dispersed by birds.

In 1960, Dutch explorers introduced her to the Netherlands from Mexico and was raised in greenhouses and then as ornamental species.

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