Scientific Name - Lantana camara
Synonyms - Camara vulgaris, Lantana aculeata, brittonii Lantana, Lantana scabrida.
Popular names - largeleaf lantana, lantana, ach man, flowered sage, camara de espinto, Wandelroeschen, wild sage.
Distribution and Habitat - a native of Central and South America.
Description - aromatic shrub, 1-3 m tall. Tulpini edges, more or less pubescent. Leaves opposite, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 2.5-10 x 1.8-7.5 cm, margins crenate or toothed, rough on top and pubescent on the underside. Corymb flowering, axillary or terminal contains 20-40 flowers, 2.5 cm diameter, corolla yellow, densely pubescent outside, 4 unequal petals, 4 stamens. Fruit drupa, spherical, dark purple to black, 6 mm in diameter at maturity. Seeds 1.5 mm.
Tolerances - tolerate drought, ex-intolerantcess of soil water leads to root rot.
Requirements - prefers fertile soils, well-drained, sunny and exhibitions.
Management - apply light trimming summer to encourage new flowering.
Propagation - by cuttings or by seeds.
Properties and Uses - a species cultivated as ornamental shrubs in parks and gardens or as potted plant.
Curiosity - the leaves are poisonous to animals but also for humans.
Lantana can become an invasive species, seeds are dispersed by birds.
In 1960, Dutch explorers introduced her to the Netherlands from Mexico and was raised in greenhouses and then as ornamental species.
Trees and shrubs
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.
Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long
Thevetia peruviana - leandru yellow
Evergreen shrub, 6 m high. Stem erect, cylindrical, branched, smooth, green, presents latex. Leaves simple subsesile, alternate, arranged spiral limb linear, entire edge, top acute, glabra, 8-16 cm long.
Salix reticulata is a shrub alpine areas grows, from 1800-2700 m altitude in association with Silene acaulis and Dryas octopetala.
Tibouchina urvilleana - shrub, to 4 m high. Belong to the genus Tibouchina about 350 species of shrubs and undergrowth of tropical America, most of them being found across the globe species grown as ornamentals.
Ageratum houstonianum - rods
Ageratum houstonianum is an ornamental species cultivated for borders, cut flowers or pots. In Europe it is cultivated as ornamental plants in the 1800.
Citrus - citrus
Bark smooth, thin, gray-brown to green. Most species have a single trunk, hardwood. Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit) has a thick trunk 0.5 - a, 75 m in diameter. Stalk young are edges, green. Stalk elderly are circular in section.
Acanthus mollis - Bear's Breeches
Native of the Mediterranean area, grows in gardens like ornamentals. Flower can be over 1.8 m tall, the purple-pink bracts contrasting with the white flowers. Prefer shelter and deep, moist soil.
Aeonium arboreum - tree aeonium
Sunshrub native from Maroc, stem branching, leaves borne at the ends of the branches in rather flat rosettes.
Cardamine bulbifera - herbaceous species, perennial. Hailing from Europe and Asia Minor, grow on fertile soils, limestone, 200 to 1800 m altit., In association with Coryllus avellana, Carpinus betulus, Crataegus laevigata, Fraxinus excelsior, Quercus robur, ursinum Allium, Carex pendula, Hyacinthoides non- scripta, Mercurialis perennis, Lamiastrum galeobdolon.