Scientific Name - Laurus nobilis
Popular names - dafin, lauriello, Apollo's laurel, Asat sind Musa, bay laurel, bay.
Distribution and Habitat - a species native to the Mediterranean.
Description - small tree, 8-12 m tall. Crown thick and tapered, and ascending branches expanse. Bark smooth, green and dark gray or brown youth. Leaves persistent, coriacee, entire, alternate, oblong-lanceolata shape, margin entire or slightly wavy, tip acute, base cunea, the top is shiny and dark green, lighter green bottom and opaque. Flowers dioecious, greenish-yellow, fragrant, axillary, gathered in small umbele. Bloom in March-April. Drupa fruit stems, ovoid, 1-2 cm in diameter, dark green, glossy black and become mature.
Tolerances - sandy soils. Resistance to climate countriesrigid, air pollution and frequent trimming. Tolerate temperatures to -16 ° C.
Requirements - exhibitions prefer sunny or semi-shade, fertile soil, moist, well-drained.
Management - trimming is applied to preserve a compact crowns.
Propagation - by seedlings.
Properties and Uses - are suitable for hedges and topiary art.
The leaves are used in cooking, especially in potato dishes. Essential oils are extracted from the fruit and fat Flos in perfumery. The wood is white-roietic, hard, hard.
The leaves can be collected all year, but the best are those from July to August. Fruits are picked when fully ripe, in October-November.
The leaves are used fresh or dried, dried in the shade in well-ventilated. Fruits in warm or dry in oven at low temperatures. Store in containersglass.
Bay leaves in hot water bath results in a slightly perfumed bath, deodorant and stimulating.
Curiosity - and stay during the Greek branches of laurel were used to make crowns for the heads of heroes, and to honor poets.
Claire Kowalchik, William H. Hylton - Illustrated Encyclopedia of Herbs - Rodale Books, 1998
James R. Cothran - Gardens and Historic Plants of the Antebellum South - University of South Carolina Press, 2003
Jethro Kloss - Back to Eden - Lotus Press, 1997
Umberto Boni, Gianfranco Patria - Guida per Riconoscere Pratic is illustrated it is USAR Erbe - Gulliver, 1997
Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore
Shrub or small tree, 7.5-15 m high; ritidom thin, scaly, producing a scaly trunk. Leaves pungent rum, obovata to elliptic, 3-15 x 1.2-7.5 cm, acute to round at the narrow top, coriacee.
Herbaceous annual, voluble, mono. Strain pentagonal in section, 6 m high. Leaves alternate, 5-7 lobate, the cordata, acuminata peak or acute, margins iregulat needle, 5-7 ribs, limb 15 x 15 cm, 10 cm long, ribbed, hairy. Flowers monoecious, in axillary Cime, long-pedunculate, yellow, 8 cm in diameter.
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic
Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.
Species native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.
Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine.
Trees and shrubs
Genus Edgeworth is named in memory of botanist Michael Pakenham Edgeworth (1812-1881).
Edgeworth chrysantha deciduu is a shrub, of 1,8-2,4 m tall, native of China, Himalayas, naturalized in Chugoku. Foxy stalk. Leaves arranged alternate, short stalks or Sesi, language: lanceolata, acuminata top, edge entire, base cuneata; 8-20/3-5 cm.
Abutilon darwinii - ornamental shrub originating in S Brazil. In hot climates are grown as ornamental plants in parks and gardens in cold climates are grown in pots for indoor or greenhouse.
Tilia tomentosa - silver linden
Tree with dense crown, rich, 30 m high, with branches erect, rounded. Lujerii annual geniculati, brown-yellow, gray tomentosi with buds ovoid, with two external scales equal, also felt. At first bark is smooth and gray, mature form shallow longitudinal furrows.
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing
Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes
Acca sellowiana is a slow-growing, evergreen shrub, a native of South America, is now widely grown in the tropics and warm climates as an ornamental, and for its fruit. In late spring it produces quantities of flowers with proeminent red stamens and pinky-white edible petals. After flowering, the foliage can be hard pruned into any shape.
Primula elatior - perennial species, rizomatoasa, originally from Europe to western Asia, growing in mountain areas, pay attention in forests up to 1500 m altitude.
Kallstroemia Max (L.) Hook. & Arn.
Banksia ericifolia, originally from Australia, Blue Mountains. In 1992, Banksia ericifolia was chosen as the official emblem of Sydney.
Legousia speculum-veneris - Venus looking-glass
French botanist Legousia is dedicated Legouz name of Garland, founder of the botanical gardens in Digione 1773; speculum-veneris = mirror of Venus because of the corolla form.
Speculum-Veneris Legousia can become invasive of cereal fields.