Scientific Name - Laurus nobilis
Popular names - dafin, lauriello, Apollo's laurel, Asat sind Musa, bay laurel, bay.
Distribution and Habitat - a species native to the Mediterranean.
Description - small tree, 8-12 m tall. Crown thick and tapered, and ascending branches expanse. Bark smooth, green and dark gray or brown youth. Leaves persistent, coriacee, entire, alternate, oblong-lanceolata shape, margin entire or slightly wavy, tip acute, base cunea, the top is shiny and dark green, lighter green bottom and opaque. Flowers dioecious, greenish-yellow, fragrant, axillary, gathered in small umbele. Bloom in March-April. Drupa fruit stems, ovoid, 1-2 cm in diameter, dark green, glossy black and become mature.
Tolerances - sandy soils. Resistance to climate countriesrigid, air pollution and frequent trimming. Tolerate temperatures to -16 ° C.
Requirements - exhibitions prefer sunny or semi-shade, fertile soil, moist, well-drained.
Management - trimming is applied to preserve a compact crowns.
Propagation - by seedlings.
Properties and Uses - are suitable for hedges and topiary art.
The leaves are used in cooking, especially in potato dishes. Essential oils are extracted from the fruit and fat Flos in perfumery. The wood is white-roietic, hard, hard.
The leaves can be collected all year, but the best are those from July to August. Fruits are picked when fully ripe, in October-November.
The leaves are used fresh or dried, dried in the shade in well-ventilated. Fruits in warm or dry in oven at low temperatures. Store in containersglass.
Bay leaves in hot water bath results in a slightly perfumed bath, deodorant and stimulating.
Curiosity - and stay during the Greek branches of laurel were used to make crowns for the heads of heroes, and to honor poets.
Claire Kowalchik, William H. Hylton - Illustrated Encyclopedia of Herbs - Rodale Books, 1998
James R. Cothran - Gardens and Historic Plants of the Antebellum South - University of South Carolina Press, 2003
Jethro Kloss - Back to Eden - Lotus Press, 1997
Umberto Boni, Gianfranco Patria - Guida per Riconoscere Pratic is illustrated it is USAR Erbe - Gulliver, 1997
Marrubium vulgare - Voronez
Perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks.
Kallstroemia Max (L.) Hook. & Arn.
Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .
Herbaceous annual, voluble, mono. Strain pentagonal in section, 6 m high. Leaves alternate, 5-7 lobate, the cordata, acuminata peak or acute, margins iregulat needle, 5-7 ribs, limb 15 x 15 cm, 10 cm long, ribbed, hairy. Flowers monoecious, in axillary Cime, long-pedunculate, yellow, 8 cm in diameter.
Trees and shrubs
Liquidambar styraciflua - a native of North and Central America, grows in forests of Pinus sp. and Quercus sp. 900 to 200 m altitude.
Dasiphora fruticosa - deciduu shrub, native of Asia, grows on wet soils and wet rocks.
Spartium junceum - native to the Canary Islands and Mediterranean Basin, grows in arid places, ground limestone, from plain to 600-2000 m, in association with Quercus pubescens, Quercus ilex, Fraxinus ornus, Cotinus coggygria.
Angophora hispida Blaxell
Shrub or small tree, 4-5 m high. Gray-red bark at first smooth, exfoliating in due course. Leaves opposite, Sesia or short stalks, cordiform, 5-10 x 2.5-4.5 cm, pale green, pubescent. 3.7 flowers in a corymb, 10-15 cm diameter. Sepa free (dialisepal), green, petals free (dialipetal), white cream. Blooming in January. Fruit capsule.
Tilia tomentosa - silver linden
Tree with dense crown, rich, 30 m high, with branches erect, rounded. Lujerii annual geniculati, brown-yellow, gray tomentosi with buds ovoid, with two external scales equal, also felt. At first bark is smooth and gray, mature form shallow longitudinal furrows.
Ostrya carpinifolia - used as an ornamental species for gardens, parks and green street.
Ostrya is derived from Greek 'Ostrya', referring to the shape of bracts that protect the fruit.
Anemoides trifolia - geofita rizomatoasa, native to southern Europe, grows in forests and mountain collinear, hornbeam and beech.
Tussilago windbag - coltsfoot
From the Latin Tussilago tussis = cough on the plant's medicinal properties, windbag is the old name of poplar because of similarities between these species leaves.
Windbag Tussilago Tussilago is the only species of the genus.
Dioscorides, used potbal leaves as a substitute for tobacco, and to treat cough and asthma.
Deciduu tree, 9-18 m high, crown iregulata, spherical, pyramid. Bark is thin, green, gray thorns present on the trunk and branches. Leaves alternate, palmately-compound, 5-7 folio, folio elliptic, margin evening, nervatiune pinnate, green, autumn remain ever green. Flowers solitary, axillary, hermaphrodite, pentamere, actinomorfe, pink or white.