12
Feb
2009
Laurus nobilis
Green Pharmacy | Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida
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0

Scientific Name - Laurus nobilis

Synonyms -

Popular names - dafin, lauriello, Apollo's laurel, Asat sind Musa, bay laurel, bay.

Distribution and Habitat - a species native to the Mediterranean.

Description - small tree, 8-12 m tall. Crown thick and tapered, and ascending branches expanse. Bark smooth, green and dark gray or brown youth. Leaves persistent, coriacee, entire, alternate, oblong-lanceolata shape, margin entire or slightly wavy, tip acute, base cunea, the top is shiny and dark green, lighter green bottom and opaque. Flowers dioecious, greenish-yellow, fragrant, axillary, gathered in small umbele. Bloom in March-April. Drupa fruit stems, ovoid, 1-2 cm in diameter, dark green, glossy black and become mature.

Tolerances - sandy soils. Resistance to climate countriesrigid, air pollution and frequent trimming. Tolerate temperatures to -16 ° C.

Requirements - exhibitions prefer sunny or semi-shade, fertile soil, moist, well-drained.

Management - trimming is applied to preserve a compact crowns.

Propagation - by seedlings.

Properties and Uses - are suitable for hedges and topiary art.

The leaves are used in cooking, especially in potato dishes. Essential oils are extracted from the fruit and fat Flos in perfumery. The wood is white-roietic, hard, hard.

The leaves can be collected all year, but the best are those from July to August. Fruits are picked when fully ripe, in October-November.

The leaves are used fresh or dried, dried in the shade in well-ventilated. Fruits in warm or dry in oven at low temperatures. Store in containersglass.

Bay leaves in hot water bath results in a slightly perfumed bath, deodorant and stimulating.

Curiosity - and stay during the Greek branches of laurel were used to make crowns for the heads of heroes, and to honor poets.

Bibliography

Claire Kowalchik, William H. Hylton - Illustrated Encyclopedia of Herbs - Rodale Books, 1998

James R. Cothran - Gardens and Historic Plants of the Antebellum South - University of South Carolina Press, 2003

Jethro Kloss - Back to Eden - Lotus Press, 1997

Umberto Boni, Gianfranco Patria - Guida per Riconoscere Pratic is illustrated it is USAR Erbe - Gulliver, 1997

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