Scientific Name - Laurus nobilis
Popular names - dafin, lauriello, Apollo's laurel, Asat sind Musa, bay laurel, bay.
Distribution and Habitat - a species native to the Mediterranean.
Description - small tree, 8-12 m tall. Crown thick and tapered, and ascending branches expanse. Bark smooth, green and dark gray or brown youth. Leaves persistent, coriacee, entire, alternate, oblong-lanceolata shape, margin entire or slightly wavy, tip acute, base cunea, the top is shiny and dark green, lighter green bottom and opaque. Flowers dioecious, greenish-yellow, fragrant, axillary, gathered in small umbele. Bloom in March-April. Drupa fruit stems, ovoid, 1-2 cm in diameter, dark green, glossy black and become mature.
Tolerances - sandy soils. Resistance to climate countriesrigid, air pollution and frequent trimming. Tolerate temperatures to -16 ° C.
Requirements - exhibitions prefer sunny or semi-shade, fertile soil, moist, well-drained.
Management - trimming is applied to preserve a compact crowns.
Propagation - by seedlings.
Properties and Uses - are suitable for hedges and topiary art.
The leaves are used in cooking, especially in potato dishes. Essential oils are extracted from the fruit and fat Flos in perfumery. The wood is white-roietic, hard, hard.
The leaves can be collected all year, but the best are those from July to August. Fruits are picked when fully ripe, in October-November.
The leaves are used fresh or dried, dried in the shade in well-ventilated. Fruits in warm or dry in oven at low temperatures. Store in containersglass.
Bay leaves in hot water bath results in a slightly perfumed bath, deodorant and stimulating.
Curiosity - and stay during the Greek branches of laurel were used to make crowns for the heads of heroes, and to honor poets.
Claire Kowalchik, William H. Hylton - Illustrated Encyclopedia of Herbs - Rodale Books, 1998
James R. Cothran - Gardens and Historic Plants of the Antebellum South - University of South Carolina Press, 2003
Jethro Kloss - Back to Eden - Lotus Press, 1997
Umberto Boni, Gianfranco Patria - Guida per Riconoscere Pratic is illustrated it is USAR Erbe - Gulliver, 1997
Fraxinus excelsior - Ash
Deciduu tree, 30-40 m high, stem right, branched at the top, crown ovoid, large and rare. A young bark is smooth, light gray green and mature forms at the thick crust with a small crack, dark color. Lujerii round, flattened at the bud, glabra, green-olive trees, with dark buds.
Angelica archangel L. - Root Holy Spirit
Angelica, Arcangel, Angelica di Bohemia, archangel, wild celery, wild parsnip, bai zhi, engelwortel, Angélique, Angelika, Brustwurz, Chora, padaganghwal, erva do Espirito Santo, djagill, anschelika, Epiritu raiz del Santo, the root of the Holy Spirit.
Capparis spinosa L. - caper
Undergrowth, with root wood and lignificate stems at the base, erect in the basal portions. Leaves alternate, two stipele turned into thorns, persistent or obsolete, short stalks, oval or subrotund language, edge entire, flashy, green-glauca. Flowers solitary, peduncle long in upper leaf axilla; calyx of 4 sepa green, Corola of 4 white petals, stamens many red-purple color.
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta
Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.
Trees and shrubs
Drypetes natalensis (Harv.) Hutch
Small tree, 10 m high, branches edges. Leaves alternate, language narrow oblong or elliptic, round base, asymmetrical, margins deeply soirees, shiny dark green on the upper face, and green inside. Stipele linear, 0.1 cm. Flowers in bundles, appear in the armpit leaves and on old wood, male flowers are nested sepa 4.5, 0 petals
Nyssa sylvatica Marsh.
Dioecious tree, 25 meters high. Dark brown bark with deep cracks. Glabra or slightly hairy stalk, thin, red-brown, smooth; mugurele terminal 3-5 mm, nested, 6-8 scales visible, few pubescent and Chile, bicolori with red edges and the rest suprafatei green.
Cutter paniculata L.
Cutter paniculata L. - shrub or small tree of between 3-12 m tall, native of north-eastern India, Bengal, and Andaman. Ritidom black-brown. Leaves alternate, oval-lanceolata, top acute, margin entire or slightly evening, glabra, 10-20 cm long, ribbed by 1-1.5 cm, pubescent; stipele linear-lanceolata, acuminata, pubescent
Acer platanoides - norway maple
Acer platanoides - used as an ornamental species in parks and gardens, but also the green street.
In the United States was introduced around 1700 in East Pensilveniei. It was introduced as ornamental species, the green street, in many areas of culture out of control and become invasive species.
Calycanthus floridus L.
Shrub 1.8-4 m tall, multiple stems, erect, clocks the fruit. Buds small, round, naked, brown-pubescent. Scaorta smooth lenticele, by burning aromatic, dark gray-brown. Leaves opposite, decidue, simple ovata to elliptic, entire, aromatic if they are broken, shiny, dense tomentoase inside, spring green, autumn is yellow or yellow-versa.
Citrus - citrus
Bark smooth, thin, gray-brown to green. Most species have a single trunk, hardwood. Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit) has a thick trunk 0.5 - a, 75 m in diameter. Stalk young are edges, green. Stalk elderly are circular in section.
Reseda lutea - herbaceous annual, papilla or glabrous. Hailing from Europe, increases alkaline soils, fields, dry ribs, from 0 to 2000 m altitude.
Rhipsalis grandiflora Haworth 1819
Acacia anceps - evergreen shrub, 2-3 m tall. Originally from southern Australia, growing in limestone soils on coastal sand and red-brown sands.