Scientific Name - Laurus nobilis
Popular names - dafin, lauriello, Apollo's laurel, Asat sind Musa, bay laurel, bay.
Distribution and Habitat - a species native to the Mediterranean.
Description - small tree, 8-12 m tall. Crown thick and tapered, and ascending branches expanse. Bark smooth, green and dark gray or brown youth. Leaves persistent, coriacee, entire, alternate, oblong-lanceolata shape, margin entire or slightly wavy, tip acute, base cunea, the top is shiny and dark green, lighter green bottom and opaque. Flowers dioecious, greenish-yellow, fragrant, axillary, gathered in small umbele. Bloom in March-April. Drupa fruit stems, ovoid, 1-2 cm in diameter, dark green, glossy black and become mature.
Tolerances - sandy soils. Resistance to climate countriesrigid, air pollution and frequent trimming. Tolerate temperatures to -16 ° C.
Requirements - exhibitions prefer sunny or semi-shade, fertile soil, moist, well-drained.
Management - trimming is applied to preserve a compact crowns.
Propagation - by seedlings.
Properties and Uses - are suitable for hedges and topiary art.
The leaves are used in cooking, especially in potato dishes. Essential oils are extracted from the fruit and fat Flos in perfumery. The wood is white-roietic, hard, hard.
The leaves can be collected all year, but the best are those from July to August. Fruits are picked when fully ripe, in October-November.
The leaves are used fresh or dried, dried in the shade in well-ventilated. Fruits in warm or dry in oven at low temperatures. Store in containersglass.
Bay leaves in hot water bath results in a slightly perfumed bath, deodorant and stimulating.
Curiosity - and stay during the Greek branches of laurel were used to make crowns for the heads of heroes, and to honor poets.
Claire Kowalchik, William H. Hylton - Illustrated Encyclopedia of Herbs - Rodale Books, 1998
James R. Cothran - Gardens and Historic Plants of the Antebellum South - University of South Carolina Press, 2003
Jethro Kloss - Back to Eden - Lotus Press, 1997
Umberto Boni, Gianfranco Patria - Guida per Riconoscere Pratic is illustrated it is USAR Erbe - Gulliver, 1997
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing
Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).
Tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cime of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long.
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.
Trees and shrubs
Canarina canariensis - herbaceous, commutes glaucescenta. Endemic from the Canary Islands, Tenerife, grows at the edge of forests, from 300 to 1000 m altitude.
Tilia platyphyllos - Large-leaved Linden
Tilia platyphyllos - thermophilic species, grows only in plain and low hills, Europe and western Asia.
Large-leaved Linden, used as decorative trees in parks, and street alignments.
Malus floribunda Siebold
Deciduu tree of 4.10 m high, native of Japan. Bark smooth, red-brown to gray on older branches is gray-brown. Floriferi buds are red. Leaves ovat-elliptic, alternate, deeply marigini soirees, ribbed, dark green in summer, yellow fall, 4-8 cm long, pinnate nervatiune.
Pinus coulteri D. Don
Monoecious tree, 15-25 m high, trunk 40-120 cm diameter, wide crown, pyramid, iregulata. Bark gray-brown, streaked andanc with solxi long iregulati. Branches ascending, stalk yearly thin, brown-purple, glauca, rugosa, become black after several years.
Calycanthus floridus L.
Shrub 1.8-4 m tall, multiple stems, erect, clocks the fruit. Buds small, round, naked, brown-pubescent. Scaorta smooth lenticele, by burning aromatic, dark gray-brown. Leaves opposite, decidue, simple ovata to elliptic, entire, aromatic if they are broken, shiny, dense tomentoase inside, spring green, autumn is yellow or yellow-versa.
Verbascum blattaria - Herbaceous biennial, glabra bottom of the stem and glandular hairs towards the top, grows spontaneously in the desert and the hot side of cultivated fields, rivers and channels, up to 800 m altitude.
Tribulus terrestris - the old woman's teeth
Herbaceous annual, prostrata, with branches 80 cm long. Paripenat-compound leaves, 4-8 folio, oblong folio, 4.12 x 4 mm. Sepa 2-4 mm long. Petals 3.6 mm long. Stigma pyramidal-elongated. Blooms in May-September.
Quercus robur - oak, Tufan
native trees (Romania), robust 50 m high, 1-2 m stem diameter, crown wide, irregular. Ritidom dark brown, deep furrow. Crown deep and wide, with vigorous branches, units, stretched horizontally, can cover the maximal development of 200-300 sqm. Lujerii annually, vigorous, edge, brown-olive trees, glabra, with small lenticele rare.
Evergreen tree, 10-40 m height, 3 m. Branches culture clocks or easy erection. Bark smooth, gray-white to silver. Leaves alternate, dark green, 7-20 cm long, slightly pubescent, oblong-elliptic, prominent central rib, full and wavy edges, top acute, base acute.