Scientific Name - Legousia speculum-Veneris (L.) Chaix.
Synonyms - speculate speculum-Veneris
Popular names - flower Saint Friday, Venus looking glass
Distribution and Habitat - increases in grain fields, sunny areas, up to 800 m altitude.
Description - annual species, fibrous roots. Ramified stem, edges, more or less pubescent, 10-40 cm high. Leaves basal, oblong-spatulate, obtuse tip; cauline leaves 0.5-2.5 x 0.3-1 cm, oblong-obovate, wavy edges, Sesi, semi-amplexicaule. Inflorescence branched, terminal. Flowers 1.5-2.3 cm in diameter, Sesi. Calyx 0.7-0.8 cm, green, five sepa linear, top acute recurv, pubescent. Corola 0.9-1.1 cm, violet-purple with a cream-based pataalb, five petals ovata, obtuse or acute mucron the top. Stamens 5, filaments white, anthers cream. Blooms in May-July. Capsule 1.0-1.5 cm oblunga, dehiscenta, persistent calyx. Seeds oval, glossy brown. 2n = 20
Propagation - the seeds germinate in 16 days.
Curiosity - French botanist Legousia is dedicated Legouz name of Garland, founder of the botanical gardens in Digione 1773-Veneris speculum = mirror round Aphrodite because of the corolla.
Speculum-Veneris Legousia can become invasive of cereal fields.
Gossypium herbaceum - Cotton
Gossypium herbaceum - Cotton fiber is the most popular material obtained from this plant and the second is cotton oil rich in protein.
Sternbergia lutea - geofita bulbs, grow at the edge of deciduous forests, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Stylosa Phuopsis annual herbaceous plant, native to eastern Turkey and northern Iran, used as an ornamental species.
Saponaria officinalis - perennial species, rhizome cylindrical, highly branched, crawler, with sterile and fertile shoots. Originally from Europe and Asia, growing on the river, along fences, roads and crops edges.
Aquilegia fragrans - fragrant caldarea
Herbaceous perennial. Roots thin. Stem 30-100 cm tall, branched, slightly pubescent on the underside, becoming glandular-pubescent in the upper. Basal leaves bi or tri-Ternate, glauca, lobes 2-3-lobate, 1.5-4 x 1.5-4 cm, base cuneata, obovata, glabra green glauca and upper face, and pale green inside pubescent, hairy stalks.
Haplophyllum patavinum belongs to the family Rutaceae, dedicated to the city of Padova (IT). Species by extinction due to habitat destruction, species protected by law (in Italy).
Deciduu or semi-evergreen shrub, prostrat, 50-150 cm tall and 1.2-1.8 m wide, often branched, with horizontal branches. Buds are pink opening spring. Suborbiculare or elliptical leaves, glossy dark green. The flowers are pink, small, almost Sesi, 1-2, anther white blooms in May-June, attracting bees.
Lonicera xylosteum - shrub originating from Europe, the Caucasus and Siberia, growing at the edge of deciduous forests, from lowland to 1600 m altitude. They prefer warm places and limestone associated with Cornus sanguinela, Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus padus and Rubus idaeus.
Acca sellowiana is a slow-growing, evergreen shrub, a native of South America, is now widely grown in the tropics and warm climates as an ornamental, and for its fruit. In late spring it produces quantities of flowers with proeminent red stamens and pinky-white edible petals. After flowering, the foliage can be hard pruned into any shape.
Stem very thin, erect, branched, finely pubescent, 15-45 cm high. Leaves ovat until obovata-oblong, ribbed, few soirees, top obtuse, base narrow, glabra, slightly pubescent, thin, upper leaves are smaller. Flowers in bunches, axillary, pedicel pubescent, less than or equal to calyx, calyx pubescent, lobes 3 short and 2 longer lobes. Corola white or blue-violet. Blooms in July-September.