Scientific Name - Legousia speculum-Veneris (L.) Chaix.
Synonyms - speculate speculum-Veneris
Popular names - flower Saint Friday, Venus looking glass
Distribution and Habitat - increases in grain fields, sunny areas, up to 800 m altitude.
Description - annual species, fibrous roots. Ramified stem, edges, more or less pubescent, 10-40 cm high. Leaves basal, oblong-spatulate, obtuse tip; cauline leaves 0.5-2.5 x 0.3-1 cm, oblong-obovate, wavy edges, Sesi, semi-amplexicaule. Inflorescence branched, terminal. Flowers 1.5-2.3 cm in diameter, Sesi. Calyx 0.7-0.8 cm, green, five sepa linear, top acute recurv, pubescent. Corola 0.9-1.1 cm, violet-purple with a cream-based pataalb, five petals ovata, obtuse or acute mucron the top. Stamens 5, filaments white, anthers cream. Blooms in May-July. Capsule 1.0-1.5 cm oblunga, dehiscenta, persistent calyx. Seeds oval, glossy brown. 2n = 20
Propagation - the seeds germinate in 16 days.
Curiosity - French botanist Legousia is dedicated Legouz name of Garland, founder of the botanical gardens in Digione 1773-Veneris speculum = mirror round Aphrodite because of the corolla.
Speculum-Veneris Legousia can become invasive of cereal fields.
Reseda phyteuma - annual or perennial grass, native to southern Europe and southwest Asia, North Africa, it grows on basic soils, grassy edges of roads, from 0 to 1900 m altitude.
Oenothera biennis - Luminita
Oenothera biennis is a biennial species, native to North America, naturalized in southern Europe. It was introduced in Europe in 1614.
Digitalis grandiflora - Perennial species, pubescent; natural range is Eurosiberian, increases in forest edge, and boschetelor, from plain to 1600 m altitude.
Originally from Europe and western Asia, growing on wet soils and peat, from plain to 1800 m altitude.
Chrysosplenium alternifolium is a rare species that grows in damp and shady places.
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.
Tree 25 m high. Trunk erect, branched. Ritidom smooth, dark gray. Crown broad, thick, tapered. Leaves persistent, alternate, coriacee, lamina ovat-oblong, acute, entire and slightly wavy edge on the upper side and glossy green color, on the underside is brown-rust, pubescent, ribbed central rib obvious; nervatiuni pinnate secondary.
Malus floribunda Siebold
Deciduu tree of 4.10 m high, native of Japan. Bark smooth, red-brown to gray on older branches is gray-brown. Floriferi buds are red. Leaves ovat-elliptic, alternate, deeply marigini soirees, ribbed, dark green in summer, yellow fall, 4-8 cm long, pinnate nervatiune.