Scientific Name - Legousia speculum-Veneris (L.) Chaix.
Synonyms - speculate speculum-Veneris
Popular names - flower Saint Friday, Venus looking glass
Distribution and Habitat - increases in grain fields, sunny areas, up to 800 m altitude.
Description - annual species, fibrous roots. Ramified stem, edges, more or less pubescent, 10-40 cm high. Leaves basal, oblong-spatulate, obtuse tip; cauline leaves 0.5-2.5 x 0.3-1 cm, oblong-obovate, wavy edges, Sesi, semi-amplexicaule. Inflorescence branched, terminal. Flowers 1.5-2.3 cm in diameter, Sesi. Calyx 0.7-0.8 cm, green, five sepa linear, top acute recurv, pubescent. Corola 0.9-1.1 cm, violet-purple with a cream-based pataalb, five petals ovata, obtuse or acute mucron the top. Stamens 5, filaments white, anthers cream. Blooms in May-July. Capsule 1.0-1.5 cm oblunga, dehiscenta, persistent calyx. Seeds oval, glossy brown. 2n = 20
Propagation - the seeds germinate in 16 days.
Curiosity - French botanist Legousia is dedicated Legouz name of Garland, founder of the botanical gardens in Digione 1773-Veneris speculum = mirror round Aphrodite because of the corolla.
Speculum-Veneris Legousia can become invasive of cereal fields.
Coronilla vary - herbaceous perennial, native to SE Europe, grows on limestone rocks and ravines, arid plains, along the streets, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Callistephus chinensis - annual species, 10-70 cm tall, native to Asia. Species cultivated as ornamental in gardens and parks.
Pelargonium australe - Muscat
Herbaceous perennial, 50 cm high, sparsely hairy, stems covered with non-glandular hairs. Leaves opposite, lamina ovata, ± circular, 2-9 cm long, 2-8 cm wide, 5-7 lobes, lobes Curl crenata edge, pubescent or ± glabra, 13 cm long stalks. Flowers arranged in umbele, 4.12 flowers pedunculate, 3.10 cm long, pedicel 1-2 cm long. Calyx lobes are 4.7 mm long, 1-6-8 SEPA, 8 mm long.
Stachys officinalis - a species native to Europe and the Caucasus, grass grows on soils, pastures arid and mountainous deciduous paduride collinear, from 0 to 1800 m altitude.
Buxus sempervirens - evergreen shrub, native of northern Africa, Asia and Europe, up to 800 m altitude. Increases in rare deciduous forests on limestone substrates in sunny exhibition, in association with integerrimus Cotoneaster, Pyrus pyraster, Prunus spinosa and Amelanchier rotundifolia.
Nepeta cataria has similar properties with valeriana, amaro-tonic and sedative antispasmotica.
Nepeta cataria var. citronelol citriodora contains more essential oil used as perfume industry.
Alnus cordata - alder of Corsica
Alnus cordata is a deciduuous tree, native to Italy and Corsica, occurs naturally in poorly drained soils, in semi-shade. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure, dry conditions as well as a dusty atmosphere. Is cultivated as ornamental trees in gardens and parks.
Acer tataricum - tatarian maple
Acer tataricum - interest forest and ornamental tree grown in parks and gardens.It is used in dyeing natural fibers.