Scientific Name - Legousia speculum-Veneris (L.) Chaix.
Synonyms - speculate speculum-Veneris
Popular names - flower Saint Friday, Venus looking glass
Distribution and Habitat - increases in grain fields, sunny areas, up to 800 m altitude.
Description - annual species, fibrous roots. Ramified stem, edges, more or less pubescent, 10-40 cm high. Leaves basal, oblong-spatulate, obtuse tip; cauline leaves 0.5-2.5 x 0.3-1 cm, oblong-obovate, wavy edges, Sesi, semi-amplexicaule. Inflorescence branched, terminal. Flowers 1.5-2.3 cm in diameter, Sesi. Calyx 0.7-0.8 cm, green, five sepa linear, top acute recurv, pubescent. Corola 0.9-1.1 cm, violet-purple with a cream-based pataalb, five petals ovata, obtuse or acute mucron the top. Stamens 5, filaments white, anthers cream. Blooms in May-July. Capsule 1.0-1.5 cm oblunga, dehiscenta, persistent calyx. Seeds oval, glossy brown. 2n = 20
Propagation - the seeds germinate in 16 days.
Curiosity - French botanist Legousia is dedicated Legouz name of Garland, founder of the botanical gardens in Digione 1773-Veneris speculum = mirror round Aphrodite because of the corolla.
Speculum-Veneris Legousia can become invasive of cereal fields.
Nicotiana alata - perennial species, native to Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay. The genus name 'Nicotiana' was given in honor of Jean Nicot of Villemain, French consul in Lisbon, which in 1560 sent seeds to France.
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic
Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.
Digitalis grandiflora - Perennial species, pubescent; natural range is Eurosiberian, increases in forest edge, and boschetelor, from plain to 1600 m altitude.
Soldanella alpina - grows in coniferous forests and grasslands, from 1000 up to 2500 m altitude, moist substrates, rocks, rich in humus.
Lantana camara - aromatic shrub originating from Central and South America, cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens or as potted plant.
Tussilago windbag - coltsfoot
From the Latin Tussilago tussis = cough on the plant's medicinal properties, windbag is the old name of poplar because of similarities between these species leaves.
Windbag Tussilago Tussilago is the only species of the genus.
Dioscorides, used potbal leaves as a substitute for tobacco, and to treat cough and asthma.
Coreopsis tinctoria - North American native grass, cultivated as ornamental species for mixed borders, in pots and cut flowers.