11
Feb
2010
Leycesteria formosa Wall.
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Leycesteria formosa Wall.

Named after English judge William Leycester (1775-1831).

Synonyms - Popular name - Schone Leycesterie, Himalayan Honeysuckle, Feithleann alainn.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in the Himalayas and southwestern China.

Description - Deciduu shrub, 1-2 m high. Stalk cylindrical, solid only at nodes, green. Buds 3.5 mm long, oblong-ovoid. Limb 5-18 cm long, ovoid to oblong-ovoid, up to the caudate-acuminata acuminata, the cordiforme, at first pubescent then glabrata. Flowers 3.10 cm long, grouped in Pendente raceme, purple-violet; Corola 1.5-2 cm long, white to purple, purple bracts. Blooms in June-September. Fruit Baca, ovoid, 1 cm long. Seeds ovoid-ellipsoidal, 1.5 mm long, brown.

Growth rate - fast.

Tolerante - Does not tolerate frosts. Tolerates any soil and semiumbra. The stems are hollow and can be damage by strong winds.

Requirements - Exhibitions sunny soils rich in humus and well drained.

Management - Is clipped to April, trimming consists in cutting the branches dry and old. Plants can freeze in harsh winters, autumn mulceste to protect them.

Propagation - Naturally, the seeds scattered by birds pr wet soils.

Diseases and pests --

Partners garden - Cytisus scoparius, Hydrangea, Pieris, Viburnum.

Cultivars - 'Golden Lanterns' yellow foliage, new growth is red and yellow. 'Purple Rain' - purple fruit.

Properties and Uses - are planted in groups with other plants to protect againststrong winds.

Curiosity - Leycesteria formosa is an invasive species Macronesia in forests Cruptomeria Japan, Laurus Azores Azores and Erica, and cultures.

References

AD Webster - Hardy Ornamental Flowering Trees and Shrubs - Kessinger Publishing, 2004

A. Dirr - Dirr's Trees and Shrubs for Warm climates - Timber Press, 2002

Hanneke Van Dijk - Border Plants Encyclopedia - Routledge, 1999

John Simmons - Managing the Wet Garden - Timber Press, 2008

Lane Greer, John Dole - Woody Cut stems for Growers and Florists - Timber Press, 2008

William Trelease - Winter Botany - Dover Publications, 2003

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