Scientific name - Leycesteria formosa Wall.
Named after English judge William Leycester (1775-1831).
Synonyms - Popular name - Schone Leycesterie, Himalayan Honeysuckle, Feithleann alainn.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in the Himalayas and southwestern China.
Description - Deciduu shrub, 1-2 m high. Stalk cylindrical, solid only at nodes, green. Buds 3.5 mm long, oblong-ovoid. Limb 5-18 cm long, ovoid to oblong-ovoid, up to the caudate-acuminata acuminata, the cordiforme, at first pubescent then glabrata. Flowers 3.10 cm long, grouped in Pendente raceme, purple-violet; Corola 1.5-2 cm long, white to purple, purple bracts. Blooms in June-September. Fruit Baca, ovoid, 1 cm long. Seeds ovoid-ellipsoidal, 1.5 mm long, brown.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerante - Does not tolerate frosts. Tolerates any soil and semiumbra. The stems are hollow and can be damage by strong winds.
Requirements - Exhibitions sunny soils rich in humus and well drained.
Management - Is clipped to April, trimming consists in cutting the branches dry and old. Plants can freeze in harsh winters, autumn mulceste to protect them.
Propagation - Naturally, the seeds scattered by birds pr wet soils.
Diseases and pests --
Partners garden - Cytisus scoparius, Hydrangea, Pieris, Viburnum.
Cultivars - 'Golden Lanterns' yellow foliage, new growth is red and yellow. 'Purple Rain' - purple fruit.
Properties and Uses - are planted in groups with other plants to protect againststrong winds.
Curiosity - Leycesteria formosa is an invasive species Macronesia in forests Cruptomeria Japan, Laurus Azores Azores and Erica, and cultures.
AD Webster - Hardy Ornamental Flowering Trees and Shrubs - Kessinger Publishing, 2004
A. Dirr - Dirr's Trees and Shrubs for Warm climates - Timber Press, 2002
Hanneke Van Dijk - Border Plants Encyclopedia - Routledge, 1999
John Simmons - Managing the Wet Garden - Timber Press, 2008
Lane Greer, John Dole - Woody Cut stems for Growers and Florists - Timber Press, 2008
William Trelease - Winter Botany - Dover Publications, 2003
Trees and shrubs
Corylus avellana - hazelnut
Corylus avellana - shrub, common in Europe and western Asia, from plains to 1,200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.
Actinidia deliciosa - kiwi
Actinidia deliciosa fruits are edible, used for beverages, desserts, containing vitamin C, A and E and potassium.
Thunberg mysorensis is used as an ornamental species for rapid growth and flowers arranged in raceme. Blooms in July-September.
Portulaca grandiflora - annual species, succulent, native to Brazil. Can be used in parks and gardens as ornamental species for borders or pots on terraces species for sunny.
Ailanthus altissima - cenuser, false castor
Ailanthus altissima - tree quickly ascending, with large pinnate leaves and terminal flower bouquets green-white.
Acacia anceps - evergreen shrub, 2-3 m tall. Originally from southern Australia, growing in limestone soils on coastal sand and red-brown sands.