Scientific name - Leycesteria formosa Wall.
Named after English judge William Leycester (1775-1831).
Synonyms - Popular name - Schone Leycesterie, Himalayan Honeysuckle, Feithleann alainn.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in the Himalayas and southwestern China.
Description - Deciduu shrub, 1-2 m high. Stalk cylindrical, solid only at nodes, green. Buds 3.5 mm long, oblong-ovoid. Limb 5-18 cm long, ovoid to oblong-ovoid, up to the caudate-acuminata acuminata, the cordiforme, at first pubescent then glabrata. Flowers 3.10 cm long, grouped in Pendente raceme, purple-violet; Corola 1.5-2 cm long, white to purple, purple bracts. Blooms in June-September. Fruit Baca, ovoid, 1 cm long. Seeds ovoid-ellipsoidal, 1.5 mm long, brown.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerante - Does not tolerate frosts. Tolerates any soil and semiumbra. The stems are hollow and can be damage by strong winds.
Requirements - Exhibitions sunny soils rich in humus and well drained.
Management - Is clipped to April, trimming consists in cutting the branches dry and old. Plants can freeze in harsh winters, autumn mulceste to protect them.
Propagation - Naturally, the seeds scattered by birds pr wet soils.
Diseases and pests --
Partners garden - Cytisus scoparius, Hydrangea, Pieris, Viburnum.
Cultivars - 'Golden Lanterns' yellow foliage, new growth is red and yellow. 'Purple Rain' - purple fruit.
Properties and Uses - are planted in groups with other plants to protect againststrong winds.
Curiosity - Leycesteria formosa is an invasive species Macronesia in forests Cruptomeria Japan, Laurus Azores Azores and Erica, and cultures.
AD Webster - Hardy Ornamental Flowering Trees and Shrubs - Kessinger Publishing, 2004
A. Dirr - Dirr's Trees and Shrubs for Warm climates - Timber Press, 2002
Hanneke Van Dijk - Border Plants Encyclopedia - Routledge, 1999
John Simmons - Managing the Wet Garden - Timber Press, 2008
Lane Greer, John Dole - Woody Cut stems for Growers and Florists - Timber Press, 2008
William Trelease - Winter Botany - Dover Publications, 2003
Trees and shrubs
Ginkgo biloba - maidenhair tree
Ginkgo biloba is deciduous tree native to China. Is a hardy tree tolerating a variety of climate and soil types, but not tolerate extreme frost.
Alnus cordata - alder of Corsica
Alnus cordata is a deciduuous tree, native to Italy and Corsica, occurs naturally in poorly drained soils, in semi-shade. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure, dry conditions as well as a dusty atmosphere. Is cultivated as ornamental trees in gardens and parks.
Pinus coulteri D. Don
Monoecious tree, 15-25 m high, trunk 40-120 cm diameter, wide crown, pyramid, iregulata. Bark gray-brown, streaked andanc with solxi long iregulati. Branches ascending, stalk yearly thin, brown-purple, glauca, rugosa, become black after several years.
Evergreen ornamental plant of the Theaceae family, native from Eastern Asia, its origin is still controversial, being considered by some as species indigenous from Japonia and, by others, from China. It was introduced into Europe by the Portuguese in 1542 and soon spread to Spain, England, France and Italy; into United States at the beginning of the 18th century, and in Australia during the mid 19th century.
Nyssa sylvatica Marsh.
Dioecious tree, 25 meters high. Dark brown bark with deep cracks. Glabra or slightly hairy stalk, thin, red-brown, smooth; mugurele terminal 3-5 mm, nested, 6-8 scales visible, few pubescent and Chile, bicolori with red edges and the rest suprafatei green.
Sedum acre - perennial species, succulent, native to Europe and the Mediterranean Basin, from 600 to 2200 m altitude, common dry soil, sand, walls, rocks and limestone soils.
Genus was created by Portuguese botanist João de Loureiro (1717-1791) in the 1790 Flora Cochinchinensis for Campsis grandiflora. Linne named species with TECOM radicans and Thunberg gave the name of Bignonia radicans.