Scientific name - Leycesteria formosa Wall.
Named after English judge William Leycester (1775-1831).
Synonyms - Popular name - Schone Leycesterie, Himalayan Honeysuckle, Feithleann alainn.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in the Himalayas and southwestern China.
Description - Deciduu shrub, 1-2 m high. Stalk cylindrical, solid only at nodes, green. Buds 3.5 mm long, oblong-ovoid. Limb 5-18 cm long, ovoid to oblong-ovoid, up to the caudate-acuminata acuminata, the cordiforme, at first pubescent then glabrata. Flowers 3.10 cm long, grouped in Pendente raceme, purple-violet; Corola 1.5-2 cm long, white to purple, purple bracts. Blooms in June-September. Fruit Baca, ovoid, 1 cm long. Seeds ovoid-ellipsoidal, 1.5 mm long, brown.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerante - Does not tolerate frosts. Tolerates any soil and semiumbra. The stems are hollow and can be damage by strong winds.
Requirements - Exhibitions sunny soils rich in humus and well drained.
Management - Is clipped to April, trimming consists in cutting the branches dry and old. Plants can freeze in harsh winters, autumn mulceste to protect them.
Propagation - Naturally, the seeds scattered by birds pr wet soils.
Diseases and pests --
Partners garden - Cytisus scoparius, Hydrangea, Pieris, Viburnum.
Cultivars - 'Golden Lanterns' yellow foliage, new growth is red and yellow. 'Purple Rain' - purple fruit.
Properties and Uses - are planted in groups with other plants to protect againststrong winds.
Curiosity - Leycesteria formosa is an invasive species Macronesia in forests Cruptomeria Japan, Laurus Azores Azores and Erica, and cultures.
AD Webster - Hardy Ornamental Flowering Trees and Shrubs - Kessinger Publishing, 2004
A. Dirr - Dirr's Trees and Shrubs for Warm climates - Timber Press, 2002
Hanneke Van Dijk - Border Plants Encyclopedia - Routledge, 1999
John Simmons - Managing the Wet Garden - Timber Press, 2008
Lane Greer, John Dole - Woody Cut stems for Growers and Florists - Timber Press, 2008
William Trelease - Winter Botany - Dover Publications, 2003
Trees and shrubs
Chimonanthus praecox (L.) Link
Chimonanthus praecox - native species of China. Linnaeus described this species as the variety, as the Calycanthus praecox. In 1819 Lindley introduced a new kind Chimonanthus.
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Leaves opposite, entire, ovat-lanceolata, 7-20 cm long, thin, green, rough upper part, becoming yellow in autumn.
Caesalpinia gilliesii - a species native to temperate and subtropical regions of South America, grown on every continent as an ornamental species in parks and gardens, may naturalize in areas where the climate is favorable.
Hibiscus syriacus - shrub to 3 m high, native of India and China, naturalized in southern Europe. cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and public gardens, the street alignments or as hedges.
Ilex perado - small tree, port pyramidal, evergreen. Originally from the Canary Islands, dense forests grow in the Aqua Garcia, in association with Apollonias barbujana, Arbutus canariensis, Laurus Azores, Myrsine canariensis, Ocotal foetens, Persea indica, Prunus Lusitania subsp. hixa, Visna mocanera.
Gentiana verna L.
Gentiana verna - a species native to southern central Europe, Russia, England and Ireland, increasing the Alpine and subalpine meadows, wetlands, from 400 to 2600 m altitude.
Digitalis grandiflora - Perennial species, pubescent; natural range is Eurosiberian, increases in forest edge, and boschetelor, from plain to 1600 m altitude.
Brachyscome multifida - herbaceous perennial, rizomatoasa, native to temperate regions of southern Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria.
Tilia platyphyllos - Large-leaved Linden
Tilia platyphyllos - thermophilic species, grows only in plain and low hills, Europe and western Asia.
Large-leaved Linden, used as decorative trees in parks, and street alignments.