Scientific name - Leycesteria formosa Wall.
Named after English judge William Leycester (1775-1831).
Synonyms - Popular name - Schone Leycesterie, Himalayan Honeysuckle, Feithleann alainn.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in the Himalayas and southwestern China.
Description - Deciduu shrub, 1-2 m high. Stalk cylindrical, solid only at nodes, green. Buds 3.5 mm long, oblong-ovoid. Limb 5-18 cm long, ovoid to oblong-ovoid, up to the caudate-acuminata acuminata, the cordiforme, at first pubescent then glabrata. Flowers 3.10 cm long, grouped in Pendente raceme, purple-violet; Corola 1.5-2 cm long, white to purple, purple bracts. Blooms in June-September. Fruit Baca, ovoid, 1 cm long. Seeds ovoid-ellipsoidal, 1.5 mm long, brown.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerante - Does not tolerate frosts. Tolerates any soil and semiumbra. The stems are hollow and can be damage by strong winds.
Requirements - Exhibitions sunny soils rich in humus and well drained.
Management - Is clipped to April, trimming consists in cutting the branches dry and old. Plants can freeze in harsh winters, autumn mulceste to protect them.
Propagation - Naturally, the seeds scattered by birds pr wet soils.
Diseases and pests --
Partners garden - Cytisus scoparius, Hydrangea, Pieris, Viburnum.
Cultivars - 'Golden Lanterns' yellow foliage, new growth is red and yellow. 'Purple Rain' - purple fruit.
Properties and Uses - are planted in groups with other plants to protect againststrong winds.
Curiosity - Leycesteria formosa is an invasive species Macronesia in forests Cruptomeria Japan, Laurus Azores Azores and Erica, and cultures.
AD Webster - Hardy Ornamental Flowering Trees and Shrubs - Kessinger Publishing, 2004
A. Dirr - Dirr's Trees and Shrubs for Warm climates - Timber Press, 2002
Hanneke Van Dijk - Border Plants Encyclopedia - Routledge, 1999
John Simmons - Managing the Wet Garden - Timber Press, 2008
Lane Greer, John Dole - Woody Cut stems for Growers and Florists - Timber Press, 2008
William Trelease - Winter Botany - Dover Publications, 2003
Trees and shrubs
Citrus - citrus
Bark smooth, thin, gray-brown to green. Most species have a single trunk, hardwood. Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit) has a thick trunk 0.5 - a, 75 m in diameter. Stalk young are edges, green. Stalk elderly are circular in section.
Tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cime of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long.
Abutilon darwinii - ornamental shrub originating in S Brazil. In hot climates are grown as ornamental plants in parks and gardens in cold climates are grown in pots for indoor or greenhouse.
Mutisia subspinosa Cav.
Undergrowth voluble, 2-3 m long. Strain poorly ramified, glabra, wavy, yellow-green, 3-wing, green wing, needle-spin, axillary buds are white tomentosi. Leaves alternate, Sesia, language hasta, 8-10 x 0.6-1.3 cm, green, toothed margins, 10-14 pairs of teeth mucronata, long-attenuated peak and ended with a Carcel
Robinia pseudoacacia - Acacia
Tree, 25 m high, crown iregulata, oval, open. Maroni stalk, thin, tomato-brown of thorns present 1.5-2.5 cm long. Small buds superimposed. Leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, 7-19 folio elliptical, obovata, opposite, entire edge, nervatiune pinnate, 4-5 cm long, green or green glauca, are yellow in autumn.
Aesculus hippocastanum - common horsechestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum - is used in parks and gardens, the tree line, solitary or in groups. The flowers are bees, and seeds contain starch, protein, tannin, saponin and edible oil, which can be manufactured soap, technical oil, glue, medicines. Species not produce forest wood is of poor quality.
Indigofera jucunda - shrub or small tree, evergreen, native to the forests of Africa, Kwazulu-Natal, near rocks and rivers.
Punica granatum - pomegranate
Salvia nemorosa - perennial species, native to southeastern Europe, with an area richer in Carpatico-Danubian region, increases the arid grasslands of the plains up to 1000 m altitude.
Pachira aquatica growing naturally along rivers in Central and South America. Is cultivated in world wide like ornamental, in hedges or solitary. Resistant to drought anf flooding.
The seeds of P. aquatica are delicious raw, boiled or roasted. Young leaves and flowers are also edible. The seeds are high in protein and edible oil.