Scientific name - Leycesteria formosa Wall.
Named after English judge William Leycester (1775-1831).
Synonyms - Popular name - Schone Leycesterie, Himalayan Honeysuckle, Feithleann alainn.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in the Himalayas and southwestern China.
Description - Deciduu shrub, 1-2 m high. Stalk cylindrical, solid only at nodes, green. Buds 3.5 mm long, oblong-ovoid. Limb 5-18 cm long, ovoid to oblong-ovoid, up to the caudate-acuminata acuminata, the cordiforme, at first pubescent then glabrata. Flowers 3.10 cm long, grouped in Pendente raceme, purple-violet; Corola 1.5-2 cm long, white to purple, purple bracts. Blooms in June-September. Fruit Baca, ovoid, 1 cm long. Seeds ovoid-ellipsoidal, 1.5 mm long, brown.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerante - Does not tolerate frosts. Tolerates any soil and semiumbra. The stems are hollow and can be damage by strong winds.
Requirements - Exhibitions sunny soils rich in humus and well drained.
Management - Is clipped to April, trimming consists in cutting the branches dry and old. Plants can freeze in harsh winters, autumn mulceste to protect them.
Propagation - Naturally, the seeds scattered by birds pr wet soils.
Diseases and pests --
Partners garden - Cytisus scoparius, Hydrangea, Pieris, Viburnum.
Cultivars - 'Golden Lanterns' yellow foliage, new growth is red and yellow. 'Purple Rain' - purple fruit.
Properties and Uses - are planted in groups with other plants to protect againststrong winds.
Curiosity - Leycesteria formosa is an invasive species Macronesia in forests Cruptomeria Japan, Laurus Azores Azores and Erica, and cultures.
AD Webster - Hardy Ornamental Flowering Trees and Shrubs - Kessinger Publishing, 2004
A. Dirr - Dirr's Trees and Shrubs for Warm climates - Timber Press, 2002
Hanneke Van Dijk - Border Plants Encyclopedia - Routledge, 1999
John Simmons - Managing the Wet Garden - Timber Press, 2008
Lane Greer, John Dole - Woody Cut stems for Growers and Florists - Timber Press, 2008
William Trelease - Winter Botany - Dover Publications, 2003
Trees and shrubs
Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore
Shrub or small tree, 7.5-15 m high; ritidom thin, scaly, producing a scaly trunk. Leaves pungent rum, obovata to elliptic, 3-15 x 1.2-7.5 cm, acute to round at the narrow top, coriacee.
Asclepias currasavica - scarlet milkweed
Asclepias currasavica - species used as ornamental plants for small gardens, in combination with other herbs such as Echinacea purpurea, Ratibida pinnata, ornamental grasses.
Jasminum nudiflorum Lindl.
Decidua species native to China. Green stems, 60-90 cm high, 1-2 m diameter, edges, form adventitious roots. Brownish-red buds, ovoizi. Decidue leaves, opposite, pinnate-compound, 3 leaflets oblong, Sesi. Flowers solitary, six petals, 1-2 cm in diameter. Flowering period from January to March, before leaf. Baca fruit, fleshy, ripening black.
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Bark gray young branches are yellow-green. Leaves alternate; paripenat-compound, 4-6 pairs of folio oval-elliptic, 10-35 mm long, dark green in summer and autumn yellow, 5-10 cm long; spinescente Stipe. Flowers solitary, Corola yellow, 20-25 mm long, increase the armpit leaves, blooming from May to June.
Ajacis delphinium - annual species, native to southern Europe, cultivated in different forms as ornamental horticulture.
New species of Dianthus (Caryophyllaceae) found in Turkey
In Turkey the genus Dianthus consists in 71 species, two subspecies and 12 varieties (Reeve, 1967, Davis, Mill & Tan, 1988; Guner et al., 2000; Menemeni & Hamzaoglu, 2000; Aytaç & Duman, 2004).
Morus nigra - mulberry tree
The fruit of Morus nigra contain 9% sugar, organic acids, pectin, tannin, vitamins A and C, minerals and other substances. Berries can be eaten raw or dried, in puddings, jams, or sauce.