Scientific Name - Liquidambar styraciflua
Popular names - sweet gum, satin walnut, ingamo, somerio.
Distribution and Habitat - a native of North and Central America, grows in forests of Pinus sp. and Quercus sp. 900 to 200 m altitude.
Description - deciduous tree, deciduu, Mono, 50 feet tall. Bark fissured, gray, 1 cm thick. Young branches are red-brown. Shoots 1.5 cm long, acute or dull, brown, glabra; stipele 2, 5 mm long, lanceolate, glabra, obsolete .. Leaves simple, spirally arranged, 3-5 lobed, lobes triangular edges soirees, top acuminata, base truncata or slightly cordata, 4-11 x 5-15 cm, dark green upper side and ep on the lower pale green, becoming red in autumn or yellow; nervatiune palm prominent. Petiole 1.5-9 cm long, green-brown, glabru. Flowers arranged in terminal or axillary panicule, 5-10 cm long. Florile male are placed in the top of panniculitis. Female flowers, 6-8 mm diameter, arranged in male flowers, 4-6 tepale, acute or truncate, lacking stamina, ovary semi-inferior. Blooms in January-March. Fruit capsule, 2.5-4 cm diameter, pendulum, peduncle 5-6.5 cm long, glabru. Seeds numerous, brown, wings, 6-8 mm long.
Requirements - prefer rich soil, moist, well-drained.
Propagation - by seeds. Seed germination keeps for 9 years, if they are closed tightly at 3 ° C.
Curiosity - the generic name, Liquidambar, derives from the Latin 'liquidus' = liquid, and arabesque 'Ambar', referring to an aromatic liquid secreted by the plant.
Trees and shrubs
Harpephyllum caffrum - evergreen tree, endemic to southern Africa, Eastern Cape to KwaZulu-Natal and southern Mozambiqului, grows in coastal forests.
Tree, 20-30 m tall stem, 30-100 cm diameter, cintorsionata right, conical crown, becoming round-payment. Bark gray to reddish-brown, deeply breazdata. Curved branches, stalk thin, red-brown, sometimes glauca.
Angophora hispida Blaxell
Shrub or small tree, 4-5 m high. Gray-red bark at first smooth, exfoliating in due course. Leaves opposite, Sesia or short stalks, cordiform, 5-10 x 2.5-4.5 cm, pale green, pubescent. 3.7 flowers in a corymb, 10-15 cm diameter. Sepa free (dialisepal), green, petals free (dialipetal), white cream. Blooming in January. Fruit capsule.
Gardenia jasminoides - Gardenia
Shrub or small tree, growing 1-15 m tall. Leaves glossy, evergreen, opposite, coriacee, oval or elliptical, dark green, 7-10 cm long. Large solitary flowers, double or semiduble, white, 5.12 cm diameter. Bloom from May to September.
Chimonanthus praecox (L.) Link
Chimonanthus praecox - native species of China. Linnaeus described this species as the variety, as the Calycanthus praecox. In 1819 Lindley introduced a new kind Chimonanthus.
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Leaves opposite, entire, ovat-lanceolata, 7-20 cm long, thin, green, rough upper part, becoming yellow in autumn.
Dovyalis caffra - kei-apple
Dovyalis caffra - fruit edible, with a high vitamin C content (80-120 mg/g), potassium (600 mg), and makes an excellent jam.
Shrub or small tree, 1-5 m height, stalk Rosietici, smooth or slightly ribbed or tubers, glauca, purple. Leaves with lamina narrow-lanceolata, lanceolata or narrow-oblong-elliptical, 8-21 x 3.8 cm, the attenuated cuneata, top acute or obtuse, petiole up to 5 mm long. Petals 2-3, 8.12 mm long, ovata.
Cleome spinosa - flower spider
Herbaceous annual. Stem herbaceous, simple, viscid-pubescent, 1 m high. Leaves alternate, petiolate, palmate-compound. Petiole 10-15 cm long, glandular and pubescent. Folio 5-7, onblong-anceolate to elliptic, top acute - acuminata, the conical, 15 cm long, margin entire, glandular-pubescent on the upper surface and slightly pubescent on the underside. Raceme blossom, dense, compact, terminal.
Acer platanoides - norway maple
Acer platanoides - used as an ornamental species in parks and gardens, but also the green street.
In the United States was introduced around 1700 in East Pensilveniei. It was introduced as ornamental species, the green street, in many areas of culture out of control and become invasive species.
Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.