10
Feb
2011
Liquidambar styraciflua
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific Name - Liquidambar styraciflua

Synonyms -

Popular names - sweet gum, satin walnut, ingamo, somerio.

Distribution and Habitat - a native of North and Central America, grows in forests of Pinus sp. and Quercus sp. 900 to 200 m altitude.

Description - deciduous tree, deciduu, Mono, 50 feet tall. Bark fissured, gray, 1 cm thick. Young branches are red-brown. Shoots 1.5 cm long, acute or dull, brown, glabra; stipele 2, 5 mm long, lanceolate, glabra, obsolete .. Leaves simple, spirally arranged, 3-5 lobed, lobes triangular edges soirees, top acuminata, base truncata or slightly cordata, 4-11 x 5-15 cm, dark green upper side and ep on the lower pale green, becoming red in autumn or yellow; nervatiune palm prominent. Petiole 1.5-9 cm long, green-brown, glabru. Flowers arranged in terminal or axillary panicule, 5-10 cm long. Florile male are placed in the top of panniculitis. Female flowers, 6-8 mm diameter, arranged in male flowers, 4-6 tepale, acute or truncate, lacking stamina, ovary semi-inferior. Blooms in January-March. Fruit capsule, 2.5-4 cm diameter, pendulum, peduncle 5-6.5 cm long, glabru. Seeds numerous, brown, wings, 6-8 mm long.

Requirements - prefer rich soil, moist, well-drained.

Propagation - by seeds. Seed germination keeps for 9 years, if they are closed tightly at 3 ° C.

Curiosity - the generic name, Liquidambar, derives from the Latin 'liquidus' = liquid, and arabesque 'Ambar', referring to an aromatic liquid secreted by the plant.

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