Scientific name - Liriodendron tulipifera
Popular names - yellow-poplar, tulip poplar, tuliptree
Distribution and Habitat - originating in North America.
Description - monoecious tree, 21-24 m tall, bark gray, smooth in youth, later fisureaza lengthwise. The wood is light, easily worked, and adaptable. Stalk sheet are brown. Leaves alternate, tri-lobate, lobe treminal is emarginat-truncated. 3 SEPA, obsolete, green and yellow autumn. 6 petals, campanulata, pale green to yellow-orange stain. Nested rags, indehiscente, decidue. Blooms in April-June. Fruit Samara wing, in aggregate, decide indehiscenta.
Growth rate - moderate. First blooms after 15-20 years to 200 years.
Tolerances - not tolerate arsita, drought and marine aerosols.
Requirements - moderately fertile soils, preferably slightly acidic, moist but well drained, in full sun or semiumbra.
Propagation - the seeds fall in containers in greenhouses, cold stratify seeds is 90 days. The seeds germinate well in soils rich in well-decomposed organic matter. After germination should be protected from wind and frost. It looks at 1 cm depth at 20 ˚ C, should germinate in 30-60 days.
Diseases and pests - Botryosphaeria dothidea, Cephalosporium sp., Cylindrosporium cercosporioides, Fusarium solani, Gloeosporium liriodendri, Mycosphaerella liriodendri, Nectria magnoliae, Phyllactinia corylea, ALBO-atrum Verticillium.
Natural partners and garden - Acer rubrum, Betula alleghaninesis, Cornus florida, Fraxinus americana, Juniperus virginiana, Liquidambar styraciflua, Nyssa sylvatica, Oxydendrum arboreum, Pinus strobus, Prunus serotina, Quercus velutina, Taxodium distichum, Tsuga canadensis.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Aureomarginatum' leaves and yellow-gold edges; 'Fastigiatum' narrow conical crown, 'Mediopictum' green leaves with a green-yellow stain in the middle, 'Purgatory' Variegata iregulat leaves with yellow.
Properties and Uses --
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Herit Ms. Jacqueline - Complete Trees, Shrubs & Hedges - Creative Homeowner, 2005
John R. Hartman, Thomas P. Piron, Mary Ann Sall - Piron's Tree Maintenance - Oxford University Press, 2000
Mary E. Wharton, Pleaseer W. Barbour - Trees and Shrubs of Kentucky - University Press of Kentucky, 1994
Michael A. Dirr - Dirr's Hardy Trees and Shrubs - Timber Press, 1997
Ronald Houtman, Royal Boskoop Horticultural Society Staff - Variegated Trees and Shrubs - Timber Press, 2004
Trees and shrubs
Caesalpinia gilliesii - a species native to temperate and subtropical regions of South America, grown on every continent as an ornamental species in parks and gardens, may naturalize in areas where the climate is favorable.
Morus nigra - mulberry tree
The fruit of Morus nigra contain 9% sugar, organic acids, pectin, tannin, vitamins A and C, minerals and other substances. Berries can be eaten raw or dried, in puddings, jams, or sauce.
Capparis spinosa L. - caper
Undergrowth, with root wood and lignificate stems at the base, erect in the basal portions. Leaves alternate, two stipele turned into thorns, persistent or obsolete, short stalks, oval or subrotund language, edge entire, flashy, green-glauca. Flowers solitary, peduncle long in upper leaf axilla; calyx of 4 sepa green, Corola of 4 white petals, stamens many red-purple color.
Hepatica nobilis Schreb
Herbaceous perennial, fibrous root. Leaves evergreen, coriacee, the young are green open and passwords, dark olive green on the upper face, and purple on the lower face at maturity and during flowering, cordiform 3-lobate, lobe ovat, margin entire, top obtuse.
Legousia speculum-veneris - Venus looking-glass
French botanist Legousia is dedicated Legouz name of Garland, founder of the botanical gardens in Digione 1773; speculum-veneris = mirror of Venus because of the corolla form.
Speculum-Veneris Legousia can become invasive of cereal fields.
Mutisia subspinosa Cav.
Undergrowth voluble, 2-3 m long. Strain poorly ramified, glabra, wavy, yellow-green, 3-wing, green wing, needle-spin, axillary buds are white tomentosi. Leaves alternate, Sesia, language hasta, 8-10 x 0.6-1.3 cm, green, toothed margins, 10-14 pairs of teeth mucronata, long-attenuated peak and ended with a Carcel
Dasiphora fruticosa - deciduu shrub, native of Asia, grows on wet soils and wet rocks.
Viburnum opulus L. - calin, snowball
Originally from Europe, grows spontaneously in the Netherlands, the soil rich in forests, and forest edge. Description - shrub, 1,3-3,5 m high; ritidom smooth, exfoliating in strips is, open gray on the outside, Brown -yellow on the inside, branched stem. Leaves opposite, 3-lobate, margin iregulat evening, the round or truncata, top acuminata, glabra on the upper face, lower face pubescent, dark green in summer, yellow-orange in autumn.